- Oxford Library of Psychology
- Short Contents
- Oxford Library of Psychology
- About the Editors
- Introduction: Historical Landmarks and Current Status of Sleep Research and Practice: An Introduction to the Timeliness, Aims, and Scope
of this Handbook
- Sleep and the Brain
- The Regulation of Human Sleep and Wakefulness: Sleep Homeostasis and Circadian Rhythmicity
- The Functions of Sleep
- Sleep and Human Development
- Sleep and Human Performance
- The Role of Sleep in Neurocognitive Function
- Sleep and Emotion
- Sleep, Dreams, and Dreaming
- Sleep and Psychopathology
- Sleep and Psychotropic Drugs
- Sleep and Society
- Sleep, Work, and Occupational Stress
- Sleep and Gender: The Paradox of Sex and Sleep?
- Sleep and the Psychology Curriculum
- The Epidemiology of Sleep
- A Socioeconomic Perspective of Sleep Disorders (Insomnia and Obstructive Sleep Apnea)
- Forensic Aspects of Sleep Medicine
- Sleep Disorders Classification and Diagnosis
- Clinical Assessment of Sleep–Wake Complaints
- Insomnia I: Etiology and Conceptualization
- Insomnia II: Behavioral and Physiological Assessment
- Insomnia III: Therapeutic Approaches
- Sleep and Psychiatric Disorders
- Sleep and Medical Disorders
- Sleep and Substance Use Disorders
- Parasomnias I: Nightmares
- Parasomnias II: Sleep Terrors and Somnambulism
- Circadian Rhythm Disorders I: Phase-Advanced & Phase-Delayed Syndromes
- Circadian Rhythm Disorders II: Shift Work
- Circadian Rhythm Disorders III: Jet Lag
- Sleep-Related Breathing Disorders
- Hypersomnia and Narcolepsy
- Restless Legs Syndrome (Willis-Ekbom Disease) and Periodic Limb Movements
- Sleep-Related Problems in Childhood
- Sleep-Related Problems in Adolescence and Emerging Adulthood
- Sleep Disorders in the Elderly
- Sleep Disturbances and Learning Disability (Mental Retardation)
- Sleep–Wake Disturbances and Fatigue in Individuals with Traumatic Brain Injury
- Sleep Disturbance and Chronic Pain: Biobehavioral Interactions
- Conclusion: Overview, Emerging Trends, and Future Directions in Sleep Research and Practice
Abstract and Keywords
The phenomenological experience of sleep as a cessation of waking activity is misleading. Indeed, it suggests that sleep constitutes, like a switch, a simple mechanism by which are shut off all neurophysiological processes associated with an active and costly wake state of vigilance. In this chapter, we present a summary description of sleep and its defining features, viewed from behavioral, neurobiological, neurophysiological, and functional neuroanatomical perspectives. Given the universality of sleep and/or sleep-like phenomena across animal species, we review also the phylogenesis of sleep. As the reader will realize, the simplistic view that sleep is a mere state of inactivity must be replaced by the conception of a complex, multidimensional, and active state of the brain.
Philippe Peigneux, Neuropsychology and Functional Neuroimaging Research Unit, Université Libre de Bruxelles, and Cyclotron Research Centre, University of Liège.
Charline Urbain, Neuropsychology and Functional Neuroimaging Research Unit, Université Libre de Bruxelles.
Remy Schmitz, Neuropsychology and Functional Neuroimaging Research Unit, Université Libre de Bruxelles.
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