Abstract and Keywords
This article profiles the history of the discovery of the forgotten kingdom of Urartu and the deciphering of its language, yet another hitherto-unknown linguistic tradition of Anatolia. Through this deciphering, the magnificent monuments of this eastern Anatolian kingdom, which extended well beyond the eastern border of present-day Turkey, come to life. The most minimal definition of an Urartian would be someone who spoke the language of the royal inscriptions of Biainili. The discussion begins with linguistic considerations, before returning to the question of who should be included among the Urartians.
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