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date: 05 July 2022

Abstract and Keywords

Intelligence and law enforcement are different but they are parallel worlds that have a common dimension. While they are severely different, on closer introspection, they are almost similar. Both are aspects of national power and both are applied to the threats and problems to national security. This article discusses the complex relationship of intelligence and law enforcement, particularly the challenge of achieving balance between the parts of the two worlds that are irreconcilable. Although the Central Intelligence Agency and Federal Bureau of Investigation can continue to co-exist peacefully, they are faced with continuing issues such as: the creation of a domestic intelligence organization that is separate from law enforcement and foreign intelligence establishments; the notions that the due process in the law enforcement hampers the primary role of intelligence; the restriction of military involvement with domestic civilian law enforcement; and the notions of government scrutiny and citizen's privacy. These issues that probably may have no solution are best addressed if the professionals of both worlds act in well-informed and well-intentioned ways to support and deconflict their activities and missions. These different communities with different cultures and narratives are significant and important. They affect the view that each has of the other and of themselves. They affect the ability of the managers to manage them, the ability of the overseers to oversee them, and more importantly the ability of the U.S. government to succeed in their areas of operation.

Keywords: intelligence, law enforcement, Central Intelligence Agency, Federal Bureau of Investigation, law

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