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date: 28 May 2020

(p. 523) Index

(p. 523) Index

Note: Page numbers in italics indicate figures or tables.

Aakhus, Mark, 205, 212–14, 218
ABC, 123
Abhiram, Karthik, “Bose earphones,” 386–87
Abril Music, 503
Abu Ghraib, 225;
iPods and, 225–27, 226;
iRaq (Abu Ghraib prisoner) Forkscrew Graphics, 225–27, 226
Acari Records, 500
accessibility, 419
Access Industries Inc.’s Warner Music Group, 88
activism, mobile phones and, 356–67
adolescents, mobile music and, 315, 317–58, 331
Adorno, Theodor, 14–15, 79, 124;
Current of Music, 13
Advanced Audio Distribution Profile (A2DP), 215
AIMster, 45
Airbus, 39
Akihiro, Amano, 478
“All in One” Improved Edison Phonograph advertisement 1905, 16
All Music Guide, 473
Amabis, Rica, 514
Amazon, 39, 76, 468;
Cloud Player, 77
Amazon’s Mechanical Turk, 94
América Móvil, 417, 423
American Graffiti (Lucas), 119, 122, 125
American Society of Composers, Authors, and Publishers (ASCAP), 59, 66, 68
Americom, 9
Amp’d Mobile Inc., 426
AM radio, 125
Amtrak, 136, 150
Anderson, Chris, 95, 504, 505;
Long Tail, 504
Android, 76, 463
Another Day of Life (Kapucinski), 193
answering machine menu, 154
anthropomorphized personas, 147
anti-urban narrative, 112
anytime, anywhere, 16, 23–24
AOL, 66
Apollo Portable Gramophone, 9
Apparatgeist theory, 83, 85, 212, 214
Apple, 3, 39–40, 49, 76, 77, 94, 106, 321, 477, 483, 487
Apple App Store, 463
appuri (app/widget) platform, 480, 481
Aquino, Benigno Jr., 359
Aquino, Benigno “Noynoy” III, 359
Aquino, Corazon, 359, 362, 363
Arkette, Sophie, 80
Armed Forces of the Philippines (AFP), 371
Armour, Lawrence A., 19
Arroyo, Gloria Macapagal, 359–60, 361, 362, 363, 367–72, 374
artistasmovistar.com, 422
artists, rights of, 508–9
Asian artists, 423
Assange, Julian Paul, 87
AT&T, 144, 215–16
ATM machines, 145
Attali, Jacques, 403
audile technique, 338, 343, 349–50
Audioscrobbler, 469
auditory imagination, names and, 202–5
Augusto, João, 503
Auslander, Philip, 170
(p. 524) automated personas, 148
automation, 145
Avex, 477, 480, 481–82, 487, 489
Axtel, 417
Azteca, 421, 423
Bagua, B. P., 405–6
Bahague, Rick, 365–66
Ballinger, Robin, 406
Baratos e Afins, 497
Baron, Naomi, 82
BASF, 48
Batchelor, Arthur, 103
battery life, 18, 215, 405
Bayan Muna (“Nation First”), 371, 372
BBC Radio One, 47, 123, 128
Beaster-Jones, Jayson, 434–55
Beaumarchais, 57
Beer, David, 83, 84
Bee TV service, 482, 489
Being and Time (Heidegger), 87
Bell Laboratories, 139, 267–68
Belo Horizonte, Brazil, 497, 499
Benjamin, Walter, 14, 78, 84
Benkler, Yochai, 81–82, 93–94
Beon.com, 421
Berg, Craig, 387
Bergh, Arild, 317–34
Bergh, Maia, 317–34
Bergson, Henri, 84–85, 88
Berland, Jody, 121, 124
Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works of 1886, 61
Berry, Chuck “Maybellene,” 122, 127
Bhopal, India, 434, 437, 444–46, 445, 449–50, 452–53
Bickford, Tyler, 335–58
BIEM (Bureau International des Sociétés Gérant les Droits d’Enregistrement et de Reproduction Mécanique ), 61, 63
Billboard: Billboard’s Top 100, 123;
Hot Ringtone chart, 424
Biscoito Fino, 500, 502–3
BitTorrent, 45
Blackberry, 79, 459, 460, 463, 472
Bliss, Arthur, 5
Block.fm, 488
Bluetooth, 108, 215
B-Mello, 403
Boechat, Marcela, 506–7
Bologna, Ann, 147
boombox, 399–412
Booth, Gregory, 386, 387
bootlegging, 420, 441. See also piracy
Borrill, Paul, 97
“Bose earphones” (Abhiram), 386–87
Bose Sounddock, 236
bossa nova, 501
Bourdieu, Paul, 498–99
Bourdieu, Pierre, 47
Boyer, Bill Bahng, 399–412
Bracy, Michael, 90
Braga, Antônio Carlos de Almeida, 502
Braga, Kati de Almeida, 502–3
Brandenburg, Karlheinz, 39, 42, 89
Brandt, Fernanda, 508, 511
Br-Asia, 423
Br-Asian Mobile, 426
Braverman, Harry, 138
Bray, Charles, 267–68
Brazil, x;
independent music industry in, 496–522;
social networking in, 504
Brenkman, John, 407
Brett, Charles C.C., 141
Brett, Peter V., “The Warded Man,” 186
Bridge Ratings, 457–58, 460
British Broadcasting: A Study in Monopoly (Coase), 46
British Broadcasting Company, 59
British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC), 46
British Performing Rights Society, 59
Broadcast Music Inc. (BMI), 59
Brown, Ivor, 11, 13, 15;
“The Victory of Tumult,” 12
Brown, Wendy, 361, 371–72
Bruce, I. P. C., 143
Buckhart, Patrick, 415–33
Bull, Michael, 20, 22, 80, 83–84, 88, 103–17, 120–21, 214, 230, 324, 343, 350, 384, 391–92
BulletFlight, 247
bundling, 422
Burkhart, Patrick, 415–33
Bussab, Maurício, 505
Butcher, Dan, 148
Byrne, David, 90–91
(p. 525) call centers, 153
calypso, 500
camera phones, 475
Cannes Accord, 62
Caribbean, names and nicknames in, 202–5
carioca, 500
Carr, Nicholas, 78
carriage-content partnerships, 416, 423, 423, 424–26
carrier-catalog hybrids, 423
carrier-content portal affiliations, 423
cassettes, 400–401, 438–39
CatchMedia, 77
CBS, 123
CBS Radio, 463
“Celestial Jukebox” distribution model, 416
cell phones. See mobile phones; smartphones
Center for Performing Rights Administration, 479
central licensing agreement (CLA), 62
Cerberus, 40
Chambers, Iain, 124
Chen, Yi-Fan, 83
Cheng, Roger, 148
Chess Records, 127
Ch’ien, Evelyn Nien-Ming, 169–200
childhood, 350–58
children: African American, 408;
audile technique and, 349–51;
as “digital natives,” 338–42;
mobile music listening and, 315, 317–58;
sharing headphones as social media, 335–58
China mobile, 483
Chinese characters, 169, 178–79
choro, 500
Chorost, Michael, 261
Chrysler Corporation, 144
cinema. See film
cinematic listening, 391–92
circulation, 435–36;
modes of, 441–43, 448;
unauthorized, 435
CISAC (Confédération Internationale des Sociétés d´Auteurs et Compositeurs), 61, 63, 67
Citigroup, Inc., 88
civilians, interests in sounds of war, 227
Civil Rights Movement, 20
Clarke, Arthur C., 139
Clear Channel, 91, 95, 486
“Close to the Borderline” (Joel), 406–7
cloud computing, music mobility and, 75–102
Clover, Joshua, 399
CNN, 39
Coase, Ronald, British Broadcasting: A Study in Monopoly, 46
co-branding, 426
cochlear implants, 261–97
Cogumelo Records, 497
Collins, Arthur, 15
Colombo, Gianluca, 85
Colter, Sarah, 186
combat, iPod and, 230–47
Comedy Central, 147
ComercioMas, 421, 422
commodities, 434–55
Communication and Transportation Secretary (Mexico), 427
Communist Party of the Philippines (CPP), 370, 371
Community FM, 479
Community Simul Radio Alliance, 479
competition, 427, 428
compilation, 443
Conner, William C. Sr., 66–68
“The Conquest of Ubiquity” (La conquête de l’ubiquité) (Valéry), 12–15
Constantino, Florencio, 15
consumption, 442, 466
container technologies, 86
content-carrier distributors, 423
content-carrier model, 419, 423
content providers, 419–24;
content-distribution partnerships, 422;
market structure of, 419–24
converters, mobilization of, 25
Cooper, Jack L., 126
Copper Greene, 225
“copyleft,” 505–6
copyright, 56–57, 60, 420, 479, 484, 505–6
Copyright Royalty Board, 60
Copyright Royalty board, 468
Cosentino, Gabrielle, 94
counterfeiting, 420, 441, 443, 449–50. See also piracy
(p. 526) Crary, Jonathan, 23
Creative Commons licensing, 505
Creitz, William W., 141–43
crowd sourcing, 94
crowdSPRING, 94
Cscout Japan, 186
Cultural Mobility: A Manifesto (Greenblatt et al.), 3
Current of Music (Adorno), 13
customer service, 138, 144, 161
CWM (“Comes With Music”) service, 512–13
Damasceno, Tejo, 514
Darknet, 416
DAT (digital audio tape), 300
data services, 419
Daughtry, J. Martin, 221–60
deafness, cochlear implants and, 261–97
Deaf studies, 285
Decca portable gramophone, 22
Deck, 503, 510–14. See also Deckdisc
Deckdisc, 499, 502, 509, 510–14
democracy, in the Philippines, 361, 370–72, 373
DeNA, 487
DeNora, Tia, 20, 317–34
Department of Justice (DOJ) (Philippines), 360
Derrida, Jacques, 170
de Souza e Silva, Adriana, 87
Deutsche Telekom, 40
Diamond Multimedia, 42
digital consolidation services, 506, 509–10, 511–12
digital content alliances, 421
digital images, 201, 207, 208
digital media, 434–55
Digital Media/Association, 65
Digital Millennium Copyright Act, 468
digital music, 1, 7, 41, 43–49, 88, 91, 105, 230, 235, 330, 335, 339, 348, 385, 388, 405, 434–35, 446–47;
battle playlists, 231;
circulation of, 50, 435;
digital sales online, 510–14;
distribution of, 49, 435, 513–14;
dominance of, 45;
history of, 37–43;
mobile phones and, 49;
MP3 format, 37–54;
MPEG standard and, 38;
music sharing and, 42;
piracy and, 37, 43–48, 45, 434–35, 444, 445–47, 448, 448, 451;
promotion of, 44;
ubiquity of, 37–54;
use of by young teens, 319
digital rights management (DRM), 416, 423, 509
digital sales online, independent music industry and, 506–10
Dimock, Wai Chee, 184
Dinkins, David, 408
disc jockeys, 118
disintermediation, 76, 90, 92
distribution: “Celestial Jukebox” distribution model, 416;
digital, 513–14;
of digital music, 49, 435, 513–14;
of mobile music, 417, 497–98;
of MP3 format, 49;
promotion and, 505–6;
service-based distribution model, 76
Do the Right Thing (Lee), 399, 400, 407–8
Dourish, Paul, 83
downloading, 55–74, 415–16, 422–23;
background, 56–57;
digital age, 63–66;
illegal, 476;
international coordination and legal characterization, 60–63;
legal qualification issue and, 57–58;
as public performance, 66–68;
technological change in radio and recordings, 58–60
Dual-Tone Multi-Frequency (DTMF), 145
Dubas Música, 501, 506–7, 516
dubbing, 442, 457
DVD players, miniaturized, 1
DVDs, 447, 448
d-Video, 489
earbuds, 335–58
ears, cochlear implants and, 262, 264–69, 271, 275
The Echo Nest, 486
ecologies, urban, 359–412
Edison phonograph, 15, 16
EDSA shrine, 362
electronic dance music, 500
electronic wallets, 475
electro-otiatics, 285
Emap, 423
eMbience Inc., 423
embodiment, recording and, 436
eMexico Internet universal service program, 419
(p. 527) EMI Group, 48, 88, 420, 421, 422, 422, 480
emoticons, 188–92
emotional work, mobile music and, 324
eMusic, 41, 44, 506
enemy combatants, 362
English, Paul, 138, 160
Eshun, Kodwo, 505
Esmas.com, 421, 422
Esmas Móvil, 421
EsMas Player, 421
Estrada, Joseph, 362, 367, 370
ethnographic experience, unbound digital recording and, 302–7
ethnographic field recording, history of, 300–302
ethnography, 298–307
ethnomusicology, 208
“Eulogy for the Boombox,” 410
European Digital Audio Broadcasting, 40
exchange, 436, 442–43, 451
exclusion, stratification and, 346–47
EZSoundTrax, 515–16
Fab Five Freddy, 403
Facebook, 76
Federal Commission for Telecommunications (COFETEL) (Mexico), 427
Federal Commission on Competitiveness (COFECO) (Mexico), 427, 428
Federal Telecommunications Law, 427
Federal Telecommunications Law (Mexico), 427
Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce and Industry (FICCI), 440
Feld, Steven, 208
field recorder, portable, 2
“Fight the Power” (Public Enemy), 407
Filipinos, 359–75
film, 383–84;
cinematic listening, 391–92;
film songs, 383–84, 388–91;
in India, 383–84, 386, 388–92
film songs, 383–84, 388–91
Finholt, Thomas A., 86
flashmobs, 84
flexible accumulation, 409
FM music formats, 125
FM radio, 125
FM Tokyo, 479
Focus on the Family, 39
Fonovisa, 420, 421
Fora do Eixo, 500
Ford, Gerald, 144
Forkscrew Graphics, 225, 226;
iRaq (Abu Ghraib prisoner), 225–27, 226
formats, x
forró, 500
Fortaleza, Brazil, 500
Fortunati, 82
4G service, 419
Francis, Graham, 184
Fraunhofer, 39–42, 45–46, 49, 89
Freed, Alan, 127
free trade agreements, 416
Friedman, Thomas, 78–79
Fukuyama, Francis, 399
FUNARTE (Brazilian National Foundation of the Arts), 502
funk, 500
Future of Music Coalition, 90
Ganjaman, Daniel, 514
Garcia, Bobbito, 401, 402
Garcillano, Virgilio, 359–60, 371
Garrad, Kevin, iPod and, 223, 224–25
General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS), 426–27;
“Reference Letter,” 426
“Generation Txt,” 362
GetHuman website, 138, 160
gift exchange, 442, 443, 451
Gil, Gilberto, 505–6
Gilroy, Paul, 25, 148
Gladwell, Malcolm, 151
Global Positioning Systems (GPS), 1
Globe Telecom, 362, 363
GNU General Public License, 82
gnutella, 45
Goggin, Gerard, 5–6
Goldschmitt, Kariann, 496–522
Goodman, Steve, 505;
Sonic Warfare: Sound, Affect, and the Ecology of Fear, 92
Google, 3, 76, 482
Google+, 77
Google Music, 77
Google Play Music, 486
(p. 528) Gopinath, Sumanth, 1–36, 513
gorging, 416
gospel, 500
gramophones, portable, 2, 9, 15, 21, 22
Graser, Charles, 280, 282–86, 288–91;
cochlear implant field test notes, 280–93;
early percutaneous cochlear implant, 279;
guides to two of Graser’s early processors, 273;
interview with, 274–79;
letter to Dr. Bill House, 292;
at Urban Engineering, 263
Greenberg, Karl, 149
Greenblatt, Stephen, Cultural Mobility: A Manifesto, 3
Green Zone, iPods in the Iraq War and, 236–38
Grooveshark, 462
Groovy, 487, 488
Grupo Sanborns, 421
Guadalajara, Mexico, 415–33
“guerrilheiro,” 507–8. See also guerrilla warfare, metaphor of
guerrilla warfare, metaphor of, 497–98, 499, 507–8
Gumbrecht, Hans Ulrich, 171
HAL-9000, 139
Haley, Bill, “Rock Around the Clock,” 122
“The Hammer Lady” (Shaw), 138
Handler, Howard, 146
handsets, 422, 424, 425, 475–76
Hardt, Michael, 368, 409
hardware-software synergies, 424–26
“Harmony for the Homeless,” 387
Harry Fox Agency, 60
Harvey, David, 409
hawkers, 439, 444–45, 445, 445–47
Hawley, Wanda, 21
headphones, 335–58, 385–88
hearing aids, 2
hearing, definitions of, 284–85
Heartsboro Central School (HCS), in Vermont, 336
Heidegger, Martin, Being and Time, 86–87
Helio LLC, 148
Hello Garci ringtone, 361, 367–68, 369–70, 373–74
“Hello Garci” scandal, 359–60, 367–68, 369–70
Herriot, Jim, 97
high-speed mobile devices, 76
Hilmes, Michele, 126
Hime, Olivia, 502
hip-hop, 92, 183, 401, 402–3, 408, 500
HMV, 48
hoarding, 416
hold music, 152
home audio system (Hi-Fi), 125
Home Office, 423
Hong Kong, 487
Horowitz, Bradley, 89
Horst, Heather A., 201–10
Hosokawa, Shuhei, 5
House, William, 269–70, 275–77
Hubmaier, Benoni, 515
Hyman, David, 89
Hype Machine (website), 78
IBM, 140
iCloud, 77
Ideas Music Store, 421
ideologemes of mobility, ix
ideologies of mobility, ix
iHeart Radio, 486
immediacy, 16, 170, 187
iMusica, 421
iMúsica, 497, 499, 509, 510–14
independent music industry: in Brazil, 496–522;
digital sales online and, 506–10;
mobile tactics of, 496–522
India, x;
cell phones in, 298–300;
circulation in, 435–36;
digital media in, 434–55;
ethnography and, 298–300;
film in, 383–84, 386, 388–92;
headphones in, 385–88;
piracy in, 437–41;
popular culture in, 382–98;
privacy in, 385–88;
soundscape in, 382–98
Indian Music Industry (IMI), 436–38, 439, 440–42, 450–52
Indian Phonographic Industries (IPI), 438
informants, study of mobile music in adolescent life, 318–19, 321, 324–25, 327–30, 331
information communications technology (ICT) industry, Filipino, 365
infrastructure, x
INGrooves, 506;
more?, 509
(p. 529) Institute for Economic Affairs (IEA), 46;
Competition in Radio, 46;
Copyright and the Creative Artist, 46;
TV: From Monopoly to Competition, 46
instrumentalization, 138
Interactive Voice Response. See IVR (Interactive Voice Response) Technology
Interactive Voice Response (IVR) technology, 135
interconnection regulations, 417
International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC), 38
International Federation of the Phonographic Industry (IFPI), 61–62, 420
International Organization for Standardization (ISO), 38
international trade, 428
International Federation of the Phonographic Industry (IFPI), 420, 438, 504
Internet, 23, 484–85;
Internet Underground Music Archive (IUMA), 41
intimacy, 170
IODA, 506–7, 509
iPad, 3, 80
iPhone, 3, 76, 80, 192, 458–61, 463, 468, 471–72, 475, 482. See also smartphones
iPod, 1–2, 20, 80–81, 84, 88, 105–7, 120, 331, 336;
in the age of mechanical reproduction, 103–17;
anti-cosmopolitanism and, 112–15;
children’s listening and, 338–42;
as digital Sherpa, 107–10;
military use of, 103–17, 221–60, 233, 241;
privatization and, 103–17;
Simmel’s iPod, 110–12;
teens and, 317, 319, 321–22, 324–26, 328–29;
urban space and, 105–7
iPods, 388
iPod Touch, 330
i-Radio.fm, 479
Iraq, use of iPods by US Military in, 221–60
iRaq (Abu Ghraib prisoner) Forkscrew Graphics, 226
Ishii, Hiroshi, 87
iTunes, 4, 77, 94, 321, 468, 477, 479, 506
iTunes Japan, 477, 487
iTunes Radio, 487
Iusacell, 417–18, 419, 422–23, 423, 424
IVR (Interactive Voice Response) Technology, 138, 139, 142, 143
IVR-enabled automated call centers, 135–68
Jacobs, Paul, 2
Jamaica, 201–10
Jameson, Fredric, 3
Jansen, Luke, 87
Japan, x;
3G service in, 475;
carriers in, 482–83;
copyright in, 479;
internet in, 484–85;
iPhone in, 475;
manufacturing, 128;
mobile music in, 489;
mobile phone novels in, 186;
online radio in, 454, 457, 478–81, 483–84, 487;
radio manufacturing, 128;
smartphones in, 475–76, 487, 489;
streaming in, 475, 486;
subscription-based entertainment services in, 477–78
Japanese Society for Rights of Authors, Composers and Publishers (JASRAC), 469, 479, 481
Jenkins, Kiely, 402
Joel, Billy, “Close to the Borderline,” 406–7
Johnny’s, 477
Joint Innovation Laboratory (JIL), 483
Joint Online License, 66
Jones, Dylan, 141
J-Pop, 488
Kabataan party, 372
Kapucinski, Ryszard, Another Day of Life, 193
Karapatan, 371
Kassabian, Anahid, 50
Katz, James E., 83, 205, 212–14, 218
Kauffman, Stuart, 97
KDDI, 477, 487
Kelly, John, 95, 139
Kittler, Friedrich, 78, 82
KKBox, 487
Kubrick, Stanley, 2001: A Space Odyssey, 142
Lacy, Sara, 169
Lala, 77
Lanier, Jaron, 79, 85, 95, 97
LaPlante, Alice, 90–91
laptop computer, 1
Latin America, 416, 417, 423, 424, 425, 506, 513. See also specific countries
Lawler, L., 85
Lazzarato, Maurizio, 97
Lee, Adriana, 186
Lee, Spike, Do the Right Thing, 407
legal qualification, 57
Lever, Katie M., 83
Lever-Mazzuto, Katie M., 211–20
Ley Federal de Telecomunicaciones. See Federal Telecommunications Law (Mexico)
LG, 425
licensing, 514–17;
central licensing agreement (CLA), 62;
Creative Commons, 505;
digital, 506;
online licensing agreements, 509;
synchronization, 514–17
Lindsay, Arto, 194–95
Lira Paulistana, 497
listening: cinematic, 391–92;
listening behavior, 457–59;
to mobile music, 317–58;
outloud, 383–85;
urban listening practices, 384
Livedoor Netoraji, 479
Live Nation, 91
Llerena, Felippe, 511, 512–13
Lockbaum, Carol, 139
Long Range Acoustic Device (LRAD), 241
Long Tail (Anderson), 504
“long tail” theory, 504–5, 504
Lua Discos, 501
Lucas, George, American Graffiti, 119, 122, 125
Macromedia, 40
Malaysia, 487
Malm, Krister, “Music on the Move,” 24–25
Manabe, Noriko, 456–95
Mann, Sharon, 186
Marantz, 401, 404
Marcos, Ferdinand, 359, 363, 370
Marx, Karl, 137, 145, 409
Mashed Up: Music, Technology, and the Rise of Configurable Culture (Clay), 92
mastertones, 475
material culture, 442–46
materiality, 436, 442, 446
Mattel, 39
Mauss, Marcel, 442, 443
Maxcom, 426
“Maybellene” (Berry), 122, 127
McCarthy, David, 135–68
MCD World Music, 501, 510
McLuhan, Marshall, 83, 105
m-commerce, 416, 426
Meadows, Kristen, 140
Mechanical-Copyright Protection Society (MCPS) (Britain), 60, 62
mechanical royalties, 60
media, 76;
compact forms of, 25;
digital, 38–39, 98;
formats of, 39;
mobile media market, 3;
mobility and, 7, 78;
new media activism, 356–75;
ubiquity and, 12, 50
mediation, in the age of mechanical reproduction, 103–17
Mexican mobile music, 415–33
Mexican music markets, in United States, 424–25
Mexican popular music, cross-border fluidity of, 416
Mexico, x, 415–33;
Communication and Transportation Secretary, 427;
Federal Commission for Telecommunications (COFETEL), 427;
Federal Commission on Competitiveness (COFECO), 427, 428;
Federal Telecommunications Law, 427;
Ley Federal de Telecomunicaciones, 427;
Secretary of Communications and Transport (SCT), 427
Mexico City, Mexico, 415–33
MIB (música instrumental brasileira), 500
Michelson, Robin, 269
microbrowsers, 419
Microsoft, 39–40, 42, 76
“Miles from Nowhere” De Forest D-74 Portable Radio advertisement, 17
militarization, of iPod during Operation Iraqi Freedom, 221–60
military, use of iPod in, 221–48
Mills, Mara, 10, 261–97
miniaturization, 7, 10–15
MiniDisc, 301, 306
Mitchell, William, 82, 84
Mixi Radio, 480–81, 488
(p. 531) “Mobile Bollywood Initiative,” 426
mobile computing, 86
mobile devices: capabilities by carrier, 216;
characteristics of current, 319–20;
cultural fragmentation and, 80;
noise and, 214;
social isolation and, 80;
sound quality and music in, 211–20. See also specific devices
mobile listening experiences, 384–85
mobile market, Japanese, 484–85
mobile music, 510–11;
anytime, anywhere, 15–24;
body and, 11–15;
devices, 1–36;
distribution of, 417, 497–98;
genealogy of, 5–6;
in Japan, 489;
markets for, 1–36;
Mexican, 415–33;
miniaturization and, 11–15;
mobility studies, 3–4;
mobilizing converters and receptacles, 24–27;
as “not a big deal,” 327;
portability and, 6–24;
as social, 327;
teens and, 317–34;
theories of, 1–36;
as ubiquitous, 11–15, 327;
in US, 489
mobile music carriers, 417–19, 419, 420–24, 423
mobile music catalogs, 419–20
mobile music listening, 121, 317–58
mobile music markets: Indian, 434–55;
mergers and acquisitions in, 419;
national, 415–522
mobile music studies, 25–26
mobile music workshops, 6
mobile phone markets, consolidation of, 416
mobile phone novel, 186
mobile phones, 106–7;
activism and, 356–67;
attachment to, 193–95;
auditory imagination and, 208;
capabilities according to carrier, 216;
contact list and, 201–10;
emoticons and, 181–86;
names and identities in, 201–10;
names and nicknames in the Caribbean, 202–5;
noise and, 214;
onomastics and, 202–5;
orality and, 201–10;
poetry and, 181–86;
pricing of, 362;
in rural India, 298–300;
sound and, 201–10;
sound quality and music in, 211–20. See also smartphones; specific brands
mobile semiotics: attachment to mobile phones, 193–95;
emoticons and, 188–92;
mobile literature, 186–87;
Mobile phone literature, 181–86;
phonetic equivalents and, 178–81;
representation and diminutization, 192–93;
text and message, 172–78;
texting and hybridity, 169–72
mobile sound culture, 2
mobile streaming, 415–16, 457–59. See also streaming
Mobile Virtual Network Operators (MVNOs), 426
mobility, 3, 85, 399–412, 416, 436
mobilization, 25
Monterrey, Mexico, 415–33
Motion Picture Experts Group, 38
Motorola, 39, 417
Moulard, V., 85
Moura, Júlio, 501, 503
Movistar, 416, 418, 419, 423
Movistar Música, 422
“Mozart Effect,” 327
MP3-CDs, 434–35, 444, 445–47, 448, 448, 451
MP3 format, 43–49;
distribution of, 49;
dominance of, 45;
economic function of piracy and, 43–48;
global circulation of, 50;
history of, 37–43;
MPEG standard and, 38;
music piracy and, 37, 43–48;
promotion of, 44;
ubiquity of, 37–54
MP3 players, 7, 49, 385, 388, 405;
mobile phones, 49
MPB (música popular brasileira), 500, 501, 502
MPEG Audio Layer-3, 39
MPEG format, 38, 39, 40
Mukku, 476
Mumbai, India, 437, 449–51;
hawking music in, 446–48;
sharing music in, 450–51
music: analysis of in mobile devices, 215–18;
capabilities by carrier, 216;
as commodity, 436, 452;
as content, 76;
in factors of the 1940, 104;
Fordist use of, 104;
military uses of, 226–28;
in mobile devices, 211–20;
mobility of, 388–91;
service-based distribution model, 76;
social mobility and, 127–28. See also digital music;
mobile music
musical compositions, copyright and, 56
(p. 532) musical experience, privacy and, 385–88
“Music Almighty” site, 422
musical value, theorizing, 451–53
Música Real, 423
music business, 89–90
Music Concierge service, 486
music discovery, 465–66
music ethnography, 307–9
Music Genome Project, 462
Music Genome Service, 463–65, 471
music industry, 55, 415–33;
Brazilian, 496–522;
cost of file sharing to, 45;
globalization and, 55, 88;
Japanese, 476–77, 478–82, 488;
mergers and acquisitions in, 420–21, 423;
technological change in, 55;
vertical approach in, 509. See also music labels
music labels, 416–17;
Brazilian, 496–522, 499;
consolidation of, 416;
independent, 496–522;
market share of, 419–20, 420;
rights of, 508–9. See also specific labels
music mobility, cloud computing and, 75–102
“Music on the Move” (Malm), 24–25
music publishers, 419
music purchasing, on Pandora, 466
music reproduction, automation of, 12
music selection: by professional DJs, 472–75;
social networking and, 469–71
music sharing, 420, 438, 440, 446, 450–51, 462. See also gift exchange
Music Unlimited, 487, 488
Muzak, 104
Muzak Corporation, 104
M. Witmark & Sons v. L. Bamberger & Co, 59
names, 202–5, 208
Napster, 42, 44–45, 462, 474, 477, 488
Napster Japan, 477–78, 481
Natasha Records, 502
National Democratic Front of the Philippines (NDFP), 370, 371
national mobile music markets, 415–522
National Music Publisher’s Association, 65
National Public Radio, 403, 410
NBC, 123
Negri, Antonio, 368, 409
Nelson, Ted, 97
neoliberalism, 361–67, 371–74, 375
Netflix, 93
new media activism, 356–75
New People’s Army (NPA), 370, 371
Nextel de México, 417–18, 423, 424;
Cellmania, 423;
“Shots Online” portal, 423
Nichols, Byron J., 144, 151
Nicknames, in the Caribbean, 202–5
Nico Nico Douga, 481–82, 487
9 Squared, 423
Nippon Broadcasting, 479
Noiselab, 421
Nokia, 422;
5200 phone, 512;
“Comes with Music” program, 422;
CWM (“Comes With Music”) service, 512–13;
“Music Almighty” site, 422
non-economic values, 417
NSM Music, 40
NTT Docomo, 477, 482, 483, 487
Nye, Mark, 298–316
Ochoa, Martin, 364, 367, 368, 369–70, 372, 373–74
offsetting, 423
OK GO, 91–92
1-seg, 475
online licensing agreements, 509
online music, 42. See also Internet; online radio; streaming
online music stores, 421, 422
online radio, 454–95, 459, 460;
in Japan, 457, 478–81, 483–84, 487;
skepticism about, 478–80;
smartphones and, 457–61, 459, 460;
“Open Air Music!” Apollo Portable Gramophone advertisement, 9
Operation Iraqi Freedom, militarization of the iPod in, 221–60
Oplan Bantay Laya (OBL), 370, 371
the Orchard, 506, 509
osaifu-keitai, 475
outloud listening, 383–85
over-the-air TV, 421
P2P sharing sites, 462, 474
packaging, 438–39, 447–48, 448
Padios, Jan Maghinay, 359–81
(p. 533) Paglia, Camille, 181
Panasonic, 39, 401, 404
Pandora, 55, 77, 95, 330, 456, 460–75, 479, 484–87, 489;
business model of, 468–69;
criticisms of, 467–68;
music discovery on, 465–66;
Music Genome Service, 462–65;
music purchasing on, 466;
paths for growth, 469
Pandora One, 468
Partner, Simon, 128
Passmore, Emma, 184
path dependency, 39–40
Paul and Jay, 401–2, 410
pay-per-download model, 477
pay-per entertainment services, 416, 417
pay TV, 421
Peckham, Jeremy B., 139, 141
People Power 2, 362–63, 373
People Power 3, 374
People Power Revolution, 359
performance: downloading and, 66–68;
performance rights, 57, 61;
US copyright law and, 58
Perlman, Marc, 55–74
personal digital assistants (PDAs), 1
personal stereos, 384–88, 399–412
Philco, 9
Philco Portables, 19
Philips, 39, 42, 48
Philippine Center for Investigative Journalism (PCIJ), 369–70
Philippine Long Distance Telephone company (PLDT), 364
Philippine National Telecommunications Commission (NTC), 360
Philippines, 359–75;
American popular music in, 369–70;
coup in, 362;
crisis facing progressive and left politics in, 372–74;
democracy in, 370–72, 373;
regulatory environment and, 364;
war on terror and, 367–72
“Philippines 2000” program, 364
phonetic equivalents, texting and, 172–78
phonograph, 15, 16
piano rolls, 59–60
piracy, 42, 44, 46, 49, 420, 423, 434–55, 497;
in Bhopal, India, 444;
cassette duplication and, 47–48;
definition of, 438–41, 442;
economic function of, 43–48;
in India, 437–41;
modes of, 441–43;
MP3 format and, 37, 43–48;
official discourses on, 436–37;
pirate broadcasting, 47;
software piracy, 46;
technology and, 43–48;
value and, 452–53
playlists, 109–10, 232–35
Pocket Group, 426
poetry, mobile phones and, 181–86
politics, technology and, 359–75
Polygram, 48, 62
Pony Canyon, 480
pop, 500
Popp, Harold, 39, 42
portability, 7
post-paid subscription services, 418
preloading, 425
“presence,” 171
Presley, Elvis, 127
privacy, musical experience and, 385–88, 415–16
privatization, mechanical reproduction and, 103–17
production, 442
promotion, distribution and, 505–6
proprietary video, 481–82
Psychological Operations (PSYOPS), iPods and, 240, 241
Public Enemy, 399, 408;
“Fight the Power,” 407
public space, 407
Pupilo, 514
Qualcomm, 2
Quannum Projects, 515
radio, 14;
automobile, 120–22;
in Britain, 122;
online, 454–95;
radio programming, 127;
terrestrial, 478–80;
in US, 122, 123;
XM radio, 215. See also transistor radio
Radio Móvil Dipsa, 417
Radio Raheem, 399, 407–8, 409
radio receivers, portable, 120
radios, portable, 9, 13, 17
Rafael, Vicente, 365, 373
Ramos, Fidel, 363–64
“Rapper’s Delight,” 402
RCA Victor Pick-Me-Up radio set, 19
Reader’s Digest Mexico, 420–21
Real Audio, 40
RealNetworks, 42, 66, 462
receptacles, mobilization of, 25
Recochoku, 487, 488
Record Industry Association of Japan (RIAJ), 476, 478
recording, embodiment and, 436
Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA), 42, 44, 49, 65, 420, 438
recordings: as adaptations of musical works, 58;
copyright statutes and, 59
recording sound, collecting, 307–9
recording technology, 298–316
record labels. See music labels
Red Herring, 462
reggae, 500
regulations, 417, 426–27, 484
remix recordings, 449–50
Revuluri, Sindhumathi, 382–98
Rhapsody, 457, 461–62, 463, 474, 486, 506
Rheingold, Howard, 84
Ribes, David, 86
ringmasters, 416, 424
ringtones, 183, 359–75, 416, 423, 424, 475
Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 498–501, 499, 505
risk-taking, 497–98
Rives, 188, 189–90
Rob Digital, 501
Robles, Erica, 83
rock, 500
“Rock Around the Clock” (Haley), 122
Rolandi, Walter, 135, 146, 149
Roman, Elias, 486
romanization, 179–80
Rose, Tricia, 403
Roth, Thomas, 501
royalties, 35, 38, 39, 60, 62, 436, 450, 464, 468–69, 478–79, 485, 486
Ruíz, Roberto, 510
samba, 500
SanDisk, 425
São Paulo, Brazil, 497, 498–501, 499, 514
Sasse, Jonathan, 457, 473, 505
Saturday Club, 128
Saussure, Ferdinand de, 170
Sawhill, Bruce, 97
Say Anything, 399, 400, 407, 408–9
Scherzinger, Martin, 75–102
Schiffer, Michael, 7–8
Schloss, Joseph, 399–412, 399–414
Schultz, Anna, 298–316
scrobbling, 470–71, 480
Secretary of Communications and Transport (SCT) (Mexico), 427
self, miniaturization of, 188
self-service, 145
Sello, 422
Selo Instituto, 514
semiotics, mobile phones and, 169–200
Sennett, Richard, 106, 110
sertaneja, 500
server farms, 87
Sharp, 404
Shaw, Mona, “The Hammer Lady,” 138
Shazam, 460
sheet-music industry, 11
Shelemay, Kay Kaufman, 320–21, 329
Sheller, Mimi, 3
Sherman Antitrust Act, 59
Shirky, Clay, 82, 91, 94;
Mashed Up: Music, Technology, and the Rise of Configurable Culture, 92
ShoutCAST radio, 479
sideloading, 422–23, 425
Siemens, 48
Silveira, Fábio, 509
Silveira, Rodrigo, 514
Simmel, Georg, The Metropolis and Mental Life, 110
Simone (automated voice of Virgin Mobile), 135, 147, 149
Simplify Media, 77
Sin, Cardinal, 362
Singapore, 487
Sinnreich, Aram, 92
Sison, José, 372–73
Skype, 482
Slacker, 457, 463, 471, 472–75, 484
Slacker Radio, 463
Slim Helú, Carlos, 421
(p. 535) slotMusic cards, 425
Smart Communications, 362
smartphones, 1, 2, 457–59, 463, 4865;
in Japan, 475–76, 487, 489;
with MP3 players, 385;
online radio and, 457–61, 459, 460;
in US, 457–59, 475, 484–85. See also specific brands
Smith Micro, 423
Smolin, Lee, 97
SMS (short message service), 362–63, 415, 419
Smule, 6
SNS, 488
Social fragmentation, children’s listening and, 338–42
social networking, 469–71, 483–84, 504
Société des auteurs, compositeurs et éditeurs de musique (SACEM), 57
Société des auteurs et compositeurs dramatiques, 57
Softbank, 482, 483
software: software piracy, 46;
voice recognition, 139, 140
soldiers, iPods and, 221–60
Som Livre, 503
SomZoom, 500, 509
song-and-dance sequences, 383, 388–91, 392
songs, 445–46;
American, 369–70;
collections of, 446, 448;
dubbing of, 441. See also film songs
Songza, 486
sonic portability, 11
sonic ubiquity, 11
Sonic Warfare: Sound, Affect, and the Ecology of Fear (Goodman), 92
Sony, 300, 401, 425, 487
Sony-BMG, 420, 422;
“PlayNow,” 422
Sony Corp.’s Music Entertainment, 88
Sony Discman, 107
Sony Electronics, 46
Sony Ericsson, 422, 425
Sony Music, 46, 423
Sony Music Entertainment, 477, 480, 487
Sony Walkman, 5, 7, 20, 22, 106–7, 120, 214, 317, 328, 339, 401, 405, 406, 410
Sophia, Zoë, 86, 87
“Sorry Po” ringtone, 360, 367–69, 374
“So Small It’s the Biggest News in Radio” Eveready “B” Battery advertisement, 11
sound-producing devices, 10
sound quality, 211–20, 216
sound recorder, 305
SoundScan, 95
soundscape, 382–98
sound studies, 4–5, 26
Sousa, John Philip, 15
South by Southwest, 472
Spain, 417
SpeakFreely, 143
Spears, Britney, 149
spectrum availability, 418–19
speech recognition software, 139, 140, 143
speech synthesis software, 139–40
Spotify, 55, 76–77, 330, 463, 471, 486, 487, 488
Sprint, 136, 215–16
Stanyek, Jason, 1–36
Star Trek, 142
STEMRA, 62
Sterne, Jonathan, 37–54, 86, 89, 91, 137, 338, 343, 348–50
Sterns Music, 515
Stinneford, Julie, 150
Stortz, Todd, 125
streaming, 459–61, 459, 460, 483;
in Japan, 457–75, 486;
mobile, 457–59;
skepticism about, 476–77;
in US, 457–75, 486. See also online radio
students, earbuds and, 336–37, 338, 340, 343
subscription-based entertainment services, 416, 418, 461–62, 474, 477–78, 487–88
Suisman, David, 12
Suono Dolce, 479
Symphony Sid, 126
synchronization licenses, streamlining, 514–17
Szajman, Abram, 502
Szajman, André, 502
Szajman, Cláudio, 502
tablets, 1
Tadiar, Neferti, 372, 375;
Things Fall Away, 372–73
Tagliari, Maurício, 507–8, 514–15
Taiwan, 487
Takahashi, Taku, 488
(p. 536) Tanaka, Aya, 186
Tarabú, 421
tastemakers, 486
taxation, 506
Taylor, Charles, 114
technology: culture and, 400–1;
politics and, 359–75;
privatizing impulse and, 105–7;
traffic in music and, 43–48;
urban space and, 105–7
tecnobrega, 505
Telcel, 416, 417, 418–19, 421, 423, 424, 425, 428
Telco 2.0, 426
telco carriers, 362, 416, 417–19, 482–83, 513. See also specific carriers
Telecommunications Act (Philippines), 364
telecommunications industry: Filipino, 361–62, 364–66;
Japanese, 482–83. See also specific companies
telecommunications liberalization, 426
teledensity, 193
Telefónica de España, 417
Telefónica Moviles México (TMM Movistar), 417–18, 419, 422, 423
Telemundo, 421
telenovelas, 421
telephony, 415, 427. See also mobile phones
Televisa, 421, 427, 428
Televisa Digital, 421
Telmex, 417, 427, 428
Telos Systems, 40
terror, war on, 367–72
texting: hybridity and, 169–72;
messages and, 172–78;
power of, 361–67;
semiotics and, 169–200;
text poetry, 182;
text-to-speech (TTS) applications, 140. See also SMS (short message service)
“thank you Fraunhofer” hack, 41, 45
Théberge, Paul, 42
Things Fall Away (Tadiar), 372–73
3G service, 417, 418–19, 475
3G spectrum auctions, 417
3NaMassa, 514
3.5G service, 419
Ticketmaster, 91
Tigerspike, 87
T-Mobile, 215–16
Tokyo FM, 482
Top 40, 122
Tower Records Japan, 477, 479
Toyotism, 409
Trama, 500, 502
transistor radio, 2, 9, 118, 118–34;
new radio technology and, 119–21;
portable, 20, 22;
radio identity, 126–28;
radio space, 121–24;
radio time, 124–26;
technological determinism and, 119–21;
as transformative technology, 128
transistors, 120, 128
Tratore, 505
trench gramophone, 21
triple play, 427
Truetones, 511, 513
T-Series, 48, 439
tube radios, 120
Tuneto.com, 461
Turkle, Sherry, 79, 82
24/7, 23
2001: A Space Odyssey (Kubrick), 139, 140, 142
ubiquitous computing, 87
“unbound digital era” of field recording, music ethnography and, 298–316
Unefón, 417–18, 419
United Kingdom, 423
United Kingdom’s Statute of Anne, 56
United States, 423, 426;
internet in, 484–85;
Mexican music markets in, 424–25, 428;
mobile music in, 489;
mobile streaming in, 457–59;
online radio in, 454–75, 483–84;
smartphones in, 457–59, 475, 484–85;
streaming in, 475, 486;
War on Terror, 370–71
United States Trade Representative (USTR), 440
United States v. ASCAP, 67
Universal, 422, 480, 503
Universal Service Policy, 364
Universal Univision, 421
Univision, 420, 421
Univision Tonos, 423
Urban, Jack, 264, 270, 275–76, 278, 286–87
(p. 537) urban ecologies, 359–412. See also urban space
urban life, 111
urban listening practices, 384
urban space, 104, 105–7, 108, 113, 114, 115, 206, 237, 383, 385, 399, 403, 410
Urry, John, 3–4
US Antarctic Program, 107–8
US Congress, 58, 60, 468
US copyright law, 58, 64, 66
US Copyright Office, 68
US Department of Justice, 59
US Digital Millennium Copyright Act, 47
user generated content, 95
US Supreme Court, 59–60
Uula, 487, 489
“Vacation Time” Portable Victrola advertisement, 8
Valéry, Paul, “The Conquest of Ubiquity” (La conquête de l’ubiquité), 12–15
value, 434–55
value-added services (VAS), 417, 426–27;
VAS market, 427;
VAS networks, 423;
VAS providers, 419, 427, 428
vanguarda paulista, 497
VCDs, 435, 448
Vcommunicator Mobile promotional, 244
Verizon, 215–16, 483
Vermont, 335–58
Vevo, 77
Vicente, Eduardo, 502
“The Victory of Tumult” (Brown), 12
Victrola advertisement, 9
video, 481–82, 489
Vintage Boombox and Ghetto Blaster Museum, 401–2, 410
Virgin, 503
Virgin Group Ltd., 146
Virgin Mobile, 135–36, 138, 140, 143, 146, 153
Virno, Paulo, 97, 409
“virtual presence,” 171
VIVA, 417
Vivendi SA’s Universal Music Group, 88
Vivendi-Universal, 420
Vodafone, 483
voice recognition software, 140
Voice User Interface Company, 135
VR (Vale Refeiçoes), 502
walkie-talkies, 2
Wall, Tim, 118–34
Wallace, George, 20
walled-garden portals, 421
Walmart, 145
WAP (wireless access point), 419
“The Warded Man” (Brett), 186
Warner, 420, 422, 480, 481–82
Warner Brasil, 508
Warner Records Japan, 480
War on Terror, 367–72
wartime, iPod in, 221–27
wax cylinder, 75, 307
Webber, Nick, 118–34
Weber, Joe, 15
Weber and Fields comedy duo, 15
Weems, Robert E., 147
Weingarten, Chris, 79, 82, 92
Weinstein, Eric, 97
Weiser, Mark, 12, 87
Wells, Tina, 146
Westergren, Tim, 457, 462, 463–64, 468, 469, 486
Westgate, Christopher Joseph, 415–33
Wever, Ernest Glen, 267–68
Wever-Bray experiment, 268
Wide Area Telephone Service (WATS), 144–45
Wikipedia, 82
Wikström, Patrik, 88–91
Williams, Amanda, 83
Willis, A. R., 143
Wimax carriers, 419, 428
Windows Media Player, 40
WinPlay3, 41
Winston, Brian, 120
WIPO Copyright Treaty (WCT), 63
WIPO Performances and Phonograms Treaty (WPPT), 67–68
Wolfman Jack, 122, 125
WordSpace, 40
World Intellectual Property Organization, 63
(p. 538) world music, mobile music and, 26
World Series, transistor radios and, 20
World Trade Organization Telecom Annex, 426
World War I, 21
XM radio, 215
Yahoo! 66
YBMusic, 499, 507–8, 514–17
YouTube, 77, 458, 460, 462, 481, 488
Zed, 423
Zephyr, 40
Zirngibl, Michael, 161
Zoe, 421
Zona de Tonos, 423
Zuckerberg, Mark, 169