Abstract and Keywords
The idea of coping has been central to our understanding of adaptation to stressors for more than 30 years. Models of coping have included factors such as traits or other dispositions, appraisals, expectancies, moods, characteristics of the situation, and health outcomes themselves. Despite the fact that coping theory was initially construed as dynamic and transactional in nature, most models of coping have been unidirectional, and have treated coping as a static outcome of the constituent factors. In this chapter we argue that unidirectional models of coping and adaptation have come about as a result of our difficulty in measuring coping as a dynamic process that unfolds over time, and that coping changes moment to moment or day to day depending on the situational determinants and the coping processes that have occurred before. Daily process and momentary assessment technologies, allied with multi-level statistical techniques, are now allowing a more detailed understanding of coping and its complexities. In this chapter we review the development of new coping models and how intensive measurement is enhancing our view of how coping works.
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