Abstract and Keywords
This article analyses the issue of smart growth in relation to urban planning. It describes currently available smart-growth tools and provides an overview of the current knowledge base regarding the determinants of local adoption of smart-growth tools. The article evaluates the efficacy of smart growth in bringing compact, pedestrian-oriented, multimodal, affordable, and revitalized forms, and identifies understudied areas regarding smart-growth adoption and outcomes. It also discusses the result of a survey in the United States that reveals little change in the use of plans, zoning, or urban-growth boundaries by local governments from 1994 to 2003.
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