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date: 25 October 2020

Abstract and Keywords

This article focuses on the codes, rules, and standards in urban planning. It explains that codes and standards determine the minimum requirements in which the physical environment must be built and perform, as well as the legal and moral instruments through which professionals can guarantee the good of the public. The article also describes how concerns over environmental conditions, depleting resources, and uncontrolled growth have prompted various organizations and government agencies to take a fresh look at their current models of operation. It mentions the Institute of Transportation Engineers' (ITE) re-examination of its street standards and the American Planning Association's (APA) publication of a model regulatory book for smart growth.

Keywords: urban planning, codes and standards, legal instruments, moral instruments, ITE, street standards, American Planning Association, smart growth

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