- The Oxford Handbook of Eating Disorders OXFORD LIBRARY OF PSYCHOLOGY
- short contents
- Oxford Library of Psychology
- About the Editor
- Introduction and Overview
- The Classification of Eating Disorders
- Epidemiology and Course of Eating Disorders
- Proposed Syndromes and the <i>Diagnostic and Statistical Manual V</i>
- Controversies and Questions in Current Evaluation, Treatment, and Research Related to Child and Adolescent Eating Disorders
- Appetitive Regulation in Anorexia Nervosa and Bulimia Nervosa
- Genetic Influences on Eating and the Eating Disorders
- Psychosocial Risk Factors for Eating Disorders
- Development of Child Taste and Food Preferences: The Role of Exposure
- Dieting and the Eating Disorders
- Mood, Emotions, and Eating Disorders
- Eating and Weight Concerns in Eating Disorders
- Cultural Influences on Body Image and the Eating Disorders
- Psychological Assessment of the Eating Disorders
- Medical Comorbidities of Eating Disorders
- Medical Screening and Management of Eating Disorders in Adolescents
- Psychological Comorbidity of Eating Disorders
- Prevention: Current Status and Underlying Theory
- Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Eating Disorders
- Interpersonal Psychotherapy for the Treatment of Eating Disorders
- Family Therapy
- Self-Help and Stepped Care in Eating Disorders
- Dialectical Behavior Therapy
- Pharmacotherapy of the Eating Disorders
- Evidence-Based Treatment for the Eating Disorders
- Costs and Cost-Effectiveness in Eating Disorders
Abstract and Keywords
The objective of this chapter is to provide an updated overview of risk factors for eating disorders on the basis of the risk factor taxonomy described by Kraemer et al. (1997). The chapter summarizes risk factors identified in longitudinal studies and markers and retrospective correlates from cross-sectional studies through April 2002 for the eating disorder syndromes anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, and binge eating disorder. Limitations of these earlier studies are indicated. As part of an update of the previous analysis, results of studies identified between May 2002 and November 2008 are integrated into results of our earlier review. The updated review indicates that longitudinal evidence on risk factors is still much stronger for bulimia nervosa and binge related syndromes, whereas our knowledge of risk factors for anorexia nervosa remains limited. While recent studies were able to overcome some of the limitations of the earlier studies, results of our earlier review are mostly confirmed.
Corinna Jacobi, Department of Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, Technische Universität Dresden.
Eike Fittig, Institut für Klinische Psychologie und Psychotherapie, Technische Universität Dresden.
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