(p. xi) Contributors
(p. xi) Contributors
Sunil S. Amrith is Lecturer in History at Birkbeck College, University of London. He researches the connections between South and Southeast Asia since the late eighteenth century, focusing currently on the history of migration and cultural circulation between south India, Malaya, and Singapore. He has previously written on the international exchange of ideas about health in Asia and is author of Decolonizing International Health (2006). He serves as one of the editors of History Workshop Journal.
Alison Bashford is Professor of Modern History at the University of Sydney. She has published widely on the modern history of science and medicine, including Purity and Pollution (1998) and Imperial Hygiene (2004), and has coedited Contagion (2001), Isolation (2003), and Medicine at the Border (2006). She is currently completing a history of geopolitics and the world population problem in the twentieth century. In 2009–2010 she was Visiting Chair of Australian Studies, Harvard University, with the Department of the History of Science.
Lucy Bland teaches women's studies and history at London Metropolitan University. She has published Banishing the Beast (1995) and (with Laura Doan) Sexology in Culture and Sexology Uncensored (1998). She has written widely on sexuality, feminism, and gender in late-nineteenth- and early-twentieth-century Britain and is on the editorial collective of Feminist Review. Her forthcoming book is Sexual Transgression in the Age of the Flapper: Treacherous Women on Trial.
Maria Bucur's research and teaching interests focus on European history in the modern period, especially social and cultural developments in eastern Europe, with a special interest in Romania (geographically) and gender (thematically). Her publications include Eugenics and Modernization in Interwar Romania (2002), Making Europe (2007), Gender and War in Twentieth-Century Eastern Europe (2006), Staging the Past (2001), and Heroes and Victims: Remembering War in Twentieth-Century Romania (2009). She is coordinator of the women's and gender history network for the European Social Science History Conference and Director of the Russian and East European Institute at Indiana University.
Chloe Campbell is author of Race and Empire: Eugenics in Colonial Kenya (2007). She is an Honorary Research Fellow at the Psychoanalytic Unit at University College London.
(p. xii) Yuehtsen Juliette Chung is Associate Professor of History at the National Tsing Hua University (Taiwan). She has published Struggle for National Survival: Eugenics in Sino-Japanese Contexts, 1896–1945 (2002). Her forthcoming book is entitled Science, Biopolitics and Social Nexus: Eugenics in China and its Transnational Context, 1895–2000.
Saul Dubow is Professor of History at the University of Sussex. He has interests in the intellectual, institutional, and political development of segregation and apartheid in modern South Africa, as well as in the history of colonial science, race, and the ideology of empire. He is author of Racial Segregation and the Origins of Apartheid in South Africa (1989), Scientific Racism in Modern South Africa (1995), and, most recently, A Commonwealth of Knowledge: Science, Sensibility and White South Africa 1820–2000 (2006).
Raphael Falk studied biology at the Hebrew University and genetics at Stockholms Högskola. He has served on the academic staff at the Hebrew University since 1960. He has been visiting professor at Columbia University (1970–1971) and the University of Oregon (1980–1981); Fellow at the Wissenschaftskolleg in Berlin (1983–1984); and Visiting Scientist at the University of Massachusetts (1990–1991) and Harvard University (1994–1995). In addition to historical research, Falk has researched the effects of X-ray induced mutations in Drosophila melanogaster and chromosome organization and development in Drosophila. He is author of Zionism and the Biology of the Jews (2006) (in Hebrew) and Genetic Analysis: A History of Genetic Thinking (2009).
Richard S. Fogarty earned his PhD in history from the University of California, Santa Barbara, in 2002 and specializes in the French colonial empire, the history of race and racism, and World War I. He is currently Associate Professor of History at the University at Albany, State University of New York, and author of Race and War in France: Colonial Subjects in the French Army, 1914–1918 (2008), winner of the Phi Alpha Theta Best First Book Award.
Stephen Garton is Professor of History and Provost and Deputy Vice Chancellor at the University of Sydney. He is a Fellow of the Australian Academy of the Humanities, the Academy of Social Sciences in Australia, the Royal Australian Historical Society, and the author of four books and over 70 articles and chapters on such areas as the history of psychiatry, social policy, policing, masculinity, and sexuality. Recently he has published on the history of parole in the American South and the emergence of criminal psychiatry in the operation of penitentiaries in New York State.
Lesley A. Hall is Senior Archivist at the Wellcome Library and Honorary Lecturer in History of Medicine at University College London. She has published extensively on questions of sex, gender, and reproduction in the United Kingdom during the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, including Sex, Gender and Social Change in (p. xiii) Britain since 1880 (2000) and Outspoken Women: Women Writing about Sex, 1870–1969 (2005).
Gilberto Hochman is Senior Researcher and Professor of History of Science and Health at Oswaldo Cruz Foundation (Rio de Janeiro, Brazil). He has published A Era do Saneamento—As bases da política de saúde pública no Brasil (1998) and is coeditor of Cuidar, Curar (2004), and Políticas Públicas no Brasil (2007). He coedited special issues of Ciência & Saúde Coletiva (History of Health Workers, 2008), Canadian Bulletin of Medical History (Latin American and International Health, 2007), and História, Ciências, Saúde-Manguinhos (History of International Health: Latin American Perspectives, 2006).
Sarah Hodges is Associate Professor of History at the University of Warwick. She has published Contraception, Colonialism and Commerce: Birth Control in South India, 1920–1940 (2008) and is editor of Reproductive Health in India: History, Politics, Controversies (2006).
Susanne Klausen is Associate Professor in the Department of History at Carleton University, Ottawa. She writes about reproductive control in twentieth-century South Africa and is author of Race, Maternity, and the Politics of Birth Control in South Africa, 1910–39 (2004). She is at work on a study of criminalized abortion under apartheid. Klausen has published in numerous journals, including the Canadian Bulletin of Medical History, Journal of Southern African Studies, and South African Historical Journal.
Wendy Kline is Associate Professor of History at the University of Cincinnati, where she teaches courses on U.S. women's history, the history of sexuality, women's health, and social movements. She is author of Building a Better Race: Gender, Sexuality, and Eugenics from the Turn of the Century to the Baby Boom (2001). Her second monograph is Bodies of Knowledge: Sexuality, Reproduction, and Women's Health in the Second Wave (2010). Her article, “ ‘Please Include This in Your Book:’ Readers Respond to Our Bodies, Ourselves,” Bulletin of the History of Medicine (Spring 2005), was reprinted in Major Problems in American Women's History in 2007. Kline's current research focuses on the recent history of childbirth in the U.S.
Nikolai Krementsov is Associate Professor in the Institute for the History and Philosophy of Science and Technology, Toronto University. He is author of Stalinist Science (1997), The Cure: A Story of Cancer and Politics from the Annals of the Cold War (2002), and International Science between the World Wars: The Case of Genetics (2005). His current research interests include the history of biomedical sciences in 1920s Russia and the history of Cold War science.
Philippa Levine is the Mary Helen Thompson Centennial Professor in the Humanities and codirector of the Program in British Studies at the University of (p. xiv) Texas at Austin and author of a number of books, including Prostitution, Race and Politics: Policing Venereal Disease in the British Empire (2003) and The British Empire, Sunrise to Sunset (2007). She is at work on a study of evolution, eugenics, and empire.
Nísia Trindade Lima is Senior Researcher and Professor of History of Science and Health at the Oswaldo Cruz Foundation (Rio de Janeiro, Brazil), where she is Scientific Editor of Fundação Oswaldo Cruz Press. She has published Um sertão chamado Brasil (1999), is coeditor of Saúde e Democracia: História e perspectivas do SUS (2005), Louis Pasteur & Oswaldo Cruz: Inovação e tradição em saúde (2005), and Antropologia Brasiliana: Ciência e educação na obra de Edgard Roquette-Pinto (2008). She coedited special issues of História, Ciências, Saúde-Manguinhos (Pathways, Communications, and the Sciences, 2008), and Ciência & Saúde Coletiva (History of Health Workers, 2008).
Marcos Chor Maio is Senior Researcher and Professor of History of Science and Health at Oswaldo Cruz Foundation (Rio de Janeiro, Brazil). He is author of Nem Rothschild, Nem Trotsky: Pensamento anti-semita de Gustavo Barroso (1992); coeditor of Raça, Ciência e Sociedade (1996); Ideais de Modernidade e Sociologia no Brasil (1999); Divisões Perigosas: Políticas raciais no Brasil Contemporâneo (2007); and editor of Ciência, Política e Relações Internacionais: Ensaios sobre Paulo Carneiro (2004). He coedited special issue of História, Ciências, Saúde-Manguinhos (Visions of the Amazon, 2000).
James Moore is Professor of the History of Science at the Open University (Milton Keynes, UK). His books include The Post-Darwinian Controversies (1979), Religion in Victorian Britain (1988), History, Humanity and Evolution (1989), The Darwin Legend (1994), and, with Adrian Desmond, the best-selling biography Darwin (1991), which has been widely translated, and Darwin's Sacred Cause: Race, Slavery and the Quest for Human Origins (2009).
A. Dirk Moses is Professor of Global and Colonial History at the European University Institute, Florence, and Associate Professor in History at the University of Sydney. He is author of German Intellectuals and the Nazi Past (2007) and editor of Colonialism and Genocide (2007, with Dan Stone), Empire, Colony, Genocide: Conquest, Occupation and Subaltern Resistance in World History (2008) and The Oxford Handbook of Genocide Studies (2010, with Donald Bloxham). He is an editor of the Journal of Genocide Research.
Véronique Mottier is Fellow and Director of Studies in Social and Political Sciences at Jesus College, Cambridge, as well as Professor of Sociology at the University of Lausanne. Her research interests are in the areas of discourse analysis, feminist political theory, eugenics and the state, and the politics of sexuality and gender. Her books include Sexuality: A Very Short Introduction (2008), the coedited (p. xv) Pflege, Stigmatisierung und Eugenik (2007), Genre et politique (2000), and Politics of Sexuality: Identity, Gender, Citizenship (1999).
Michael A. Osborne has published widely on the history of medicine, science, and European imperialism. Formerly Professor of History and Environmental Studies at the University of California, Santa Barbara, where he had the good fortune to begin a series of collaborations with Richard Fogarty, he is currently Professor of History of Science at Oregon State University. His book Nature, The Exotic, and the Science of French Colonialism examined how the acquisition of empire transformed sectors of French zoology and botany. His current project analyzes the emergence of tropical medicine in France.
Diane B. Paul is Professor Emerita at the University of Massachusetts-Boston, and Research Associate at the Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard University. Her publications include Controlling Human Heredity: 1865 to the Present (1995) and The Politics of Heredity: Essays on Eugenics, Biomedicine, and the Nature-Nurture Debate (1998). Current research interests include historical and policy issues related to newborn screening, the “nature-nurture” debate before Galton, and nineteenth- and twentieth-century attitudes toward first-cousin marriage. She has recently been Visiting Professor at the UCLA Center for Society and Genetics and the Department of Medical History and Bioethics at the University of Wisconsin-Madison.
Hans Pols is Senior Lecturer at the Unit for History and Philosophy of Science at the University of Sydney. He is interested in the history of psychiatry, the medical and social reactions to mental breakdown during war, and the history of medicine in the Dutch East Indies and Indonesia.
Maria Sophia Quine is author of Population Politics in the Twentieth Century: Fascist Dictatorships and Liberal Democracies (1996) and Italy's Social Revolution: Charity and Welfare from Liberalism to Fascism (2002). She is formerly Senior Lecturer in Modern European History at Queen Mary, University of London, and is currently Research Fellow in the School of History, University of East Anglia. Her next book is a study of Darwinism and Social Darwinism in Italy, in a transnational perspective.
Jennifer Robertson is Professor of Anthropology, University of Michigan. Among her books are Native and Newcomer: Making and Remaking a Japanese City (1991), Takarazuka: Sexual Politics and Popular Culture in Modern Japan (1998), editor, Same-Sex Cultures and Sexualities: An Anthropological Reader (2004), and editor, A Companion to the Anthropology of Japan (2005). The editor of Colonialisms, a book series from the University of California Press, she is presently completing a book on cultures of Japanese colonialism, eugenics, and humanoid robots.
Nils Roll-Hansen is Professor Emeritus of History and Philosophy of Science at the University of Oslo. He has published on Pasteur and spontaneous (p. xvi) generation, the origins of classical Mendelian genetics, plant breeding, environmental science, and eugenics. The Lysenko Effect: The Politics of Science (2005) investigates how certain science policy doctrines undermined the rationality and autonomy of science. Eugenics and the Welfare State (1995, 2005), coedited with Gunnar Broberg, investigates eugenics and sterilization policy in Scandinavia. Major present interests include the formation of classical genetics around 1900, and the importance of distinguishing basic and applied research in the politics of science.
Cyrus Schayegh was at the American University of Beirut, 2005–2008, and is now Assistant Professor at Princeton University, where he teaches modern Middle Eastern history. His recent book, Who Is Knowledgeable Is Strong: Science, Class, and the Formation of Modern Iranian Society, 1900–1950 (2009), explores modern Iranian uses of a variety of bio-medical sciences. His current project reexamines the post-Ottoman, interwar Levant as a region formed by the interplay between new states and cross-border movements of goods and people.
Patience A. Schell's work addresses questions of gender, sociability, and the history of science, particularly in Mexico and Chile. She is the author of Church and State Education in Revolutionary Mexico City (2003) and coeditor of The Women's Revolution: Mexico, 1910–1953 (2007). She received her PhD from Oxford University and teaches at the University of Manchester.
Jennifer A. Stephen is Associate Professor of History at York University (Canada). She is author of “Pick One Intelligent Girl”: Employability, Domesticity and the Gendering of Canada's Welfare State, 1939–1947 (2007).
Alexandra Minna Stern is Zina Pitcher Collegiate Professor in the History of Medicine, Director of the Program in Contemporary History and Health Policy, and Associate Director of the Center for the History of Medicine at the University of Michigan. She is author of many books and articles, including the award-winning Eugenic Nation: Faults and Frontiers of Better Breeding in Modern America (2005). Her current research is on the history of genetics and society, and the history of pandemics, particularly the 1918 influenza pandemic.
Dan Stone is Professor of Modern History at Royal Holloway, University of London. His publications include Breeding Superman: Nietzsche, Race and Eugenics in Edwardian and Interwar Britain (2002), Constructing the Holocaust (2003), Responses to Nazism in Britain, 1933–1939 (2003), The Historiography of the Holocaust (ed., 2004), History, Memory and Mass Atrocity: Essays on the Holocaust and Genocide (2006), Hannah Arendt and the Uses of History: Imperialism, Nation, Empire and Genocide (ed. with Richard H. King, 2007), The Historiography of Genocide (ed., 2008) and Histories of the Holocaust (2010). He is editor of the forthcoming Oxford Handbook of Postwar European History.
Carolyn Strange has published widely on the history of gender, sexuality, and deviance in nineteenth- and twentieth-century Canada, Australia, and the United States. Her first book, Toronto's Girl Problem: The Perils and Pleasures of the City, 1880–1930 (1995) examines the implication of law and medicine in the regulation of single wage-earning women. That theme was broadened in Making Good: Law and Moral Regulation in Canada, 1867–1939 (1996, with Tina Loo), which highlights the management of Canada's marginal populations (in particular, Aboriginal people, non-Anglo-Saxon immigrants, and the poor) in the project of nation building. Her next book touches on nineteenth-century crimino-legal constructions of sanity.
Mathew Thomson is Reader in the Department of History at the University of Warwick and is currently Director of Warwick's Centre for the History of Medicine. He is author of The Problem of Mental Deficiency: Eugenics, Democracy and Social Policy in Britain, 1870–1959 (1998) and Psychological Subjects: Identity, Health and Culture in Twentieth-Century Britain (2006). He is currently researching the history of childhood in postwar Britain.
Marius Turda is Reader in the Central and Eastern European Biomedicine at Oxford Brookes University. He is author of Modernism and Eugenics (2010; French translation 2011), Eugenism şi antropologia rasială în România, 1874–1944 (2008) and editor, of Blood and Homeland: Eugenics and Racial Nationalism in Central and Southeast Europe, 1900–1940 (2007). He is Director of the Cantemir Institute at the University of Oxford, and the series editor of CEU Studies in the History of Medicine.
Mattias Tydén has a PhD in history from Stockholm University and is a researcher at the Institute for Futures Studies, Stockholm. He has written extensively on Swedish eugenics and the policies and implementation of sterilization. Other areas of research include the history of individual rights, immigration history, and Sweden during World War II. Among his published works are Oönskade i folkhemmet: Rashygien och sterilisering i Sverige [The Excluded: Eugenics and Sterilization in Sweden] (1991, with Gunnar Broberg), Sverige och Förintelsen: Debatt och dokument om Europas judar 1933–1945 [Sweden and the Holocaust] (1997, with Ingvar Svenberg), and Sverige och Nazityskland: Skuldfrågor och moraldebatt [Sweden and Nazi-Germany: On the Question of Guilt] (2007; coedited with Lars M. Andersson).
Paul Weindling is Wellcome Trust Research Professor in the History of Medicine at Oxford Brookes University. He has published Health, Race and German Politics (1989), Epidemics and Genocide in Eastern Europe (2000), Nazi Medicine and the Nuremberg Trials (2004), and John W. Thompson, Psychiatrist in the Shadow of the Holocaust (in press). He directs an AHRC-funded project on victims of Nazi human experiments. His research on medical, nursing, and scientific refugees from Nazism in the United Kingdom covers over 5,000 life histories to date.