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date: 18 September 2019

Abstract and Keywords

Positive behavior support (PBS) is the application of positive behavioral interventions and systems to achieve socially important outcomes valued by relevant stakeholders. Over the past decade, PBS has evolved from an approach solely focused on the individual behavioral needs of students with disabilities, to an approach also focused on schoolwide systems and the behavioral needs of all students. The purpose of this chapter is threefold. First, we provide an overview of the evolution of PBS including the (a) theoretical, scientific, philosophical, and legal foundations; (b) unique features of PBS; and (c) evolution of PBS from an approach applied to individual students to a systems-level approach. Second, we provide an overview of schoolwide PBS, including the (a) tiers of support in SWPBS, (b) critical features of SWPBS, and (c) implementation of schoolwide PBS (SWPBS). Finally, we provide a synthesis of the empirical support for PBS across public school, alternative school, and juvenile justice settings.

Keywords: positive behavior support, schoolwide positive behavior support, prevention, discipline, behavior intervention, schoolwide intervention, systems change, school psychology

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