- Studying Politics in an Urban World: Research Traditions and New Directions
- Intralocal Competition and Cooperation
- Urban Politics and the New Institutionalism
- Urban Governance
- Elections and Policy Responsiveness
- Urban Politics as Multilevel Analysis
- Cities in Intergovernmental Systems
- Bureaucracy and Democracy in Local Government
- Reforming Local Government Institutions and the New Public Management
- A Place to Party?: Parties and Nonpartisanship in Local Government
- Local Democracy and Citizenship
- Neighborhoods and Civic Practice
- Social Movements in Urban Politics: Trends in Research and Practice
- Social Capital
- The Centrality of Racial and Ethnic Politics in American Cities and Towns
- Poverty and Social Exclusion
- Polarization and Enclaves in Cities
- Immigrant Incorporation into Urban Politics
- Cultural Conflicts, Religion, and Urban Politics
- What Cities Do: How Much Does Urban Policy Matter?
- Setting City Agendas: Power and Policy Change
- The Politics of Urban Growth and Decline
- Competitive Cities
- Urban Violence in the United States and France: Comparing Los Angeles (1992) and Paris (2005)
- Cities and the Politics of Sustainability
- Justice, Urban Politics, and Policy
- Cities and Politics in the Developing World: Why Decentralization Matters
- The Wired City: A New Face of Power?: A Citizen Perspective
- Suburban Politics
- Building Metropolitan Institutions
- Emerging Research Agendas
Abstract and Keywords
This article compares the scholarly research and policy approaches to poverty and social exclusion in the United States and western Europe. It explains that the United States does not have the wide range of universal entitlement programs present in Europe which cushion those at the bottom from the worst deprivations, and that Europe lacks the “culture of poverty” perspective which is so powerful in the United States, and which has assigned responsibility for addressing poverty to individuals or to voluntary institutions in civil society. The article suggests that the contested nature of the concept of social exclusion has often obscured the hard political choices which need to be made to reduce poverty.
Rob Atkinson is Professor and Urban Research Director, University of the West of England.
Todd Swanstrom is the E. Desmond Lee Endowed Professor of Community Collaboration and Public Policy Administration at the University of Missouri, St. Louis.
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