- Studying Politics in an Urban World: Research Traditions and New Directions
- Intralocal Competition and Cooperation
- Urban Politics and the New Institutionalism
- Urban Governance
- Elections and Policy Responsiveness
- Urban Politics as Multilevel Analysis
- Cities in Intergovernmental Systems
- Bureaucracy and Democracy in Local Government
- Reforming Local Government Institutions and the New Public Management
- A Place to Party?: Parties and Nonpartisanship in Local Government
- Local Democracy and Citizenship
- Neighborhoods and Civic Practice
- Social Movements in Urban Politics: Trends in Research and Practice
- Social Capital
- The Centrality of Racial and Ethnic Politics in American Cities and Towns
- Poverty and Social Exclusion
- Polarization and Enclaves in Cities
- Immigrant Incorporation into Urban Politics
- Cultural Conflicts, Religion, and Urban Politics
- What Cities Do: How Much Does Urban Policy Matter?
- Setting City Agendas: Power and Policy Change
- The Politics of Urban Growth and Decline
- Competitive Cities
- Urban Violence in the United States and France: Comparing Los Angeles (1992) and Paris (2005)
- Cities and the Politics of Sustainability
- Justice, Urban Politics, and Policy
- Cities and Politics in the Developing World: Why Decentralization Matters
- The Wired City: A New Face of Power?: A Citizen Perspective
- Suburban Politics
- Building Metropolitan Institutions
- Emerging Research Agendas
Abstract and Keywords
This article examines the multilevel system in which local democracy is constrained by territorial political units placed above the local government level. It outlines the impacts of such a system on the meaning of democracy, analyses how these impacts relate to the “shift from government to governance” and challenges of democracy related to the observation that the sphere of governance extends far beyond a government-centered vision of policymaking. The article also discusses the model of different “worlds of democratic action,” which shows that democratic political systems have to be considered in terms of a complex and broad web of various forms of interest articulation and intermediation, as well as decision making.
Hubert Heinelt is Professor of Public Administration, Public Policy, and Urban Research at Darmstadt University of Technology.
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