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date: 16 February 2020

Index

Index

(p. 625) Page numbers followed by “f  ”, “t”, or “n” denote figures, tables, or notes, respectively

A
Al-Aaser, S. Y., 167
ABC test, 40
Abdel-Hameed, S. J., 167
Abdel-Rahman, A. I., 167
Abhidhamma, 152
Abnormal Childhood, 325
abnormal psychology, 354–55, 446–47
Aboriginal psychology, 30–31
Abou-Hashem, E. M., 167
Abou-Hatab, F. A., 168
Abridged Big Five Dimensional Circumplex (AB5C), 145
Al-Abssia Mental Health Hospital, 163
Academic Carelia Society, 217
Academy of Pedagogical Sciences, 426–27
accreditation system
in Brazil, 42
in Egypt, 171–72
in Italy, 339
in Lebanon, 374
in New Zealand, 384–85
in Philippines, 404–5
in United States, 589
Ach, Narziss, 276
Acta Colombiana de Psicología, 134
Acta Psychologica Sinica, 99, 106, 108
activity theory, 117, 435, 437
acts, 276, 329–30
Adolescents’ Pressures and Confrontation Skills: Diagnosis and Treatment (Awad), 167
Aesthetica (Wolff), 260
African Intelligence (Biesheuvel), 498
Afro-Asian Psychological Association, 406
After the Storm...There Is the Calm: An Analysis of the Bereavement Process (Pottinger), 68
Aganon, Allen, 402
Aggressive Behavior Modification for Normal and Special Needs Children: A Guide for Parents (Mershed), 167
Ágora: Studies on Psychoanalytical Theory, 47
Aguiling-Dalisay, Grace, 403
Ahmed, M. A., 164
Ahmed, M. H., 165
Ahmed, S. K., 168
Ahrens, Heinrich, 267
al-Ahwani, Ahmed Fouad, 455
Aignelocáicht, 293
Ain Shams University, 164, 170, 172
Ain WaZein hospital, 368
Ai Wei, 100, 102–3, 105
Alawai, M. H., 168–69
Alberoni, Francesco, 336
Alcan, Félix, 233
Aldaba-Lim, Estefania, 398–400
Alenis, Julius, 92
Alexander, Samuel, 191
Alexander II, Tsar of Russia, 212, 414
Alexander the Great, 551
Alhefnee, A., 170
Aliotta, Antonio, 321
Alkindus, 163, 443, 445
Allesch, Johannes von, 279
Allgemeine Encyclopädie der Physik (Karsten), 268
Allihn, Friedrich Heinrich Theodor, 267
Allport, Gordon, 219, 504, 569n2
All Souls College, 202–3
Alnafie, Abdullah, 450
Alonzo, Agustin, 397
Alpha’s Pilgrimage (Ancízar), 130
Althusser, Louis, 248
Alvarez-Villar, Alfonso, 524
Alves, Isaias, 39–40
American Association for Applied Psychology (AAAP), 585, 587
American Journal of Psychology, 3, 350, 573
American Psychological Association (APA), 6, 28, 368, 572, 623
American Psychological Society, 28
American Psychologist, 28
American Society for Psychical Research, 3
American testing movement, 26
American University of Beirut (AUB), 366, 369–71
Analects, 83
Analisis y Modificacion de Conducta, 529
Analogies of Behavior, 607
Analysis of Sensations (Mach), 140
Analysis of the Concept of Empirical Reality (Musatti), 331
Anana’ev, Boris Grigor’evich, 427, 436
Anatolians, 549
Anatomy of the Human Body (Bell & Bell), 466, 467f
Ancízar, Manuel, 130
Ancona, Leonardo, 336
Anderson, Francis, 19
Anderson, John, 24
Anderson, William, 483–84
Anderson Inquiry, 25
Andler, Charles, 239
Andrada e Silva, José Bonifácio de, 36
Angell, James, 6, 577
Animal Behavior (Morgan), 185
animal magnetism, 250n16, 262
An Introduction to Social Psychology (Soueif), 169
Ankara Gazi Institute, 560
Annals of Eugenics, 193
Annals of Psychology, 170
An-Naysaburi, 447
Année Psychologique, 3
Annual Review of Psychology, 534
Anschütz, Georg, 558, 565
anthropologia, 256–57, 282n5
The Anthropological Principle in Philosophy (Chernyshevskii), 414
anthropology, 311–15
Anthropology from a Pragmatic Point of View (Kant), 260
anthropometry, 312
Antipoff, Helena, 39–400
antipsychology, in Australia, 29–30
antiquity, 618–19
Antoniana Margarita (Pereira), 515
Antonovich, Maksim Alekseevich, 415
Anton Reiser (Moritz), 261
“An Appeal to the Civilized World,” 5
apperception, 258
applied psychology, 5–6, 39–41, 274–76, 298, 325–28, 619–20. See also psychotechnics
Applied Psychology, 201
Applied Psychology Research Unit (APU), 204
Aptitude Test Section (ATS), 502
Al-Aqad, A. A., 169
Aquino, Benigno, Jr., 403, 409n2
Aquino, Corazon, 403
Arab Association of Psychology (AAP), 169–70
Arab Council for Medical Specialization, 369
Arab Council of Childhood and Development, 170
Arabic Studies in Psychology, 170
Arab Journal of Contemporary Psychology, 170
Arab League, 170
Arab Psychologist, 170
Archive of Psychology, Neurology, and Psychiatry, 332–33, 336
Archivos de Neurobiologia, 523
Ardigò, Roberto, 308–11, 340
Ardila, Ruben, 531, 597
Aristotle, 256, 292, 551
Army Education Scheme (AES), 500–501
Arnold, Wilhelm, 279
A Arte de Crear Bem os Filhos na Idade da Puerícia (Gusmão), 35
art psychology, 152
Asia-Oceania Psychological Association, 406
Aspects of Gestalt Psychology (Köhler & Koffka), 100
Assagioli, Roberto, 318
Associação Brasileira de Psicologia Social (ABRAPSO), 47
Association for the Control of Sexually Transmitted Disease (ACOSTRAD), 69
Association of Handicapped Children of Brunei Darussalam, 57
Association of Integrative Psychology, 67
Association of Japanese Clinical Psychology, 362
Association of Medical Officers, 186
Association of Psychological and Education Counselors of Asia, 404
Ateneo de Manila University (ADMU), 398
Auckland University College, 378
Ausdruckskunde, 262
Australasian Association of Psychology and Philosophy, 21
Australia
academic expansion of, 23–24
antipsychology in, 29–30
behavioral therapy in, 27
behaviorism in, 26
clinical psychology in, 26–28
Code of Ethics, 25
deinstitutionalization in, 27
education system of, 18–20
history of, 18
multiculturalism in, 31
psychoanalysis in, 21–22, 29–30
research in, 25–26
Scientology in, 25
standardized testing in, 20
women in, 26
Australian Council for Educational Research (ACER), 20
Australian Industrial and Organizational Psychology Conference, 28
Australian Institute of Industrial Psychology, 21
Australian Journal of Psychology, 23, 28
Australian Journal of Psychology and Philosophy, 21
Australian National University, 23
Australian Psychological Society (APS), 25, 31–32
Australian Psychologist, 28
Australian Research Council, 26
Austregésilo, Antônio, 38
Ausubel, David, 382
automatisms, 236–37
Avances en Psicología Latinoamericana, 134
Awad, R. R., 167
Awaji, Yenjiro, 358
The Awakening of Mahayana Faith, 87
Azevedo, Fernando, 40
Al-Azhar University, 163
Azzi, Enzo, 42
B
Babinski, Joseph, 237
Bachelard, Gaston, 246
Bachelard, P. M., 19
Bacon, Francis, 478
Badawi, A. Z., 170
Baer, Ernst von, 183
Baillarger, Jules, 235
Baillie, Matthew, 471
Bain, Alexander, 3, 19, 184, 189, 348, 378, 419, 462–64, 463f, 490n1
Balbiani, Edouard Gérard, 237
Balcar, Karel, 143–44
Baldwin, James Mark, 4, 111, 483, 517
Balfour, Alfred, 189
Balinskii, Ivan Mikhailovich, 417
al-Balkhi, Abu Zayd Ahmed Ibn Sahl, 443, 447, 449
Ballard, Philip, 194
Banisonni, Ferruccio, 329, 334
Barbado, Manuel, 524
Barbados, 73–74
Barcelona School, 518–19
Barnes, Earl, 199
Baroja, Pio, 521
Barrett-Lennard, Godfrey, 26
Barth, Paul, 353
Bartlett, Frederic, 182, 187, 190, 197, 203–4, 296, 380, 489
Bartolome, Jose, 402
Basaglia, Franco, 337
Basaglia law, 338
Basov, P. Ia., 425
Bastian, Adolf, 268
Bastick, Tony, 61, 65
BAU, Se Beirut Arab University
Baudouin, Charles, 251n39
Baumgarten, Alexander Gottlieb, 260
Beaglehole, Ernest, 380–82, 388
Beattie, James, 476, 482–83
Beaunis, Henri, 233, 237
Becker, Erik, 595
Bedair, K., 167
Beeby, Clarence Edward, 380, 383, 385
Beers, Clifford, 584
Behavioral Therapy and Behavior Modification (Meleika), 169
behaviorism, 26, 47, 126, 133, 135, 200, 217–19, 386–87, 578–79, 604. See also neobehaviorism
Behaviorism (Watson, J.), 100, 578
behavior therapy, 27, 447–48, 589
Beijing Normal College Psychology Lesson Plan (Hattori), 96
Beirut Arab University, 372
Beirut Executive Committee, 367
Bekhterev, Vladimir Mikhailovich, 417, 425, 429–30
Belar, Cynthia, 373
Belfast Agreement of 1998, 291
Bell, Charles, 466–68, 467f
Bell, John, 466, 467f
Bell, Matthew, 261
Bell Street Special School, 20
Benedict, Ruth, 381
Beneke, Eduard, 267
Benko, Antonius, 42
Bennet, John, 55
Bennett, Alexander Hughes, 469
Bentham, Jeremy, 128
Benussi, Vittorio, 311, 325, 329–31
Benussi Archive, 623
Berkeley, George, 292
Berlin Academy of Sciences, 257
Berlin University, 353
Bernard, Claude, 233, 236, 315
Bernheim, Hippolyte, 235–36
Bernshtein, Nikolai Alesandrovich, 413–14, 421–23, 437
(p. 627) Berry, Richard, 30
Best, Elsdon, 381, 388
Bianchi, Leonardo, 315–16, 322
Bianchini, Marco Levi, 335
Biesheuvel, Simon, 498, 502, 506
Bijou, Sidney, 600
Binet, Alfred, 38, 193–94, 237–38, 250n50, 517, 558, 579–80
Binet Intelligence Test, 20, 165
Binet-Simon Intelligence Test, 105, 326, 357
Binswanger, Ludwig, 337
Biographical Sketch of an Infant (Darwin, C.), 198
biotypology, 333–35
Birnbrauer, Jay, 29
Al-Biruni, 443
Blampied, Neville, 387
Blatný, Marek, 146, 154
Bliss, Daniel, 370
Bloch, Marc, 242
Blondel, Charles, 239, 242
Blonskii, P. P., 422–23, 425–26
Blowers, Geoffrey, 99, 111
Blumenfeld, Walter, 141
Boas, Franz, 381
Boerhaave, Hermann, 464
Böhme, Jacob, 257
Bois-Reymond, Emil du, 270
Boletin de Avepso, 607
Boletin de la Institucion Libre de Enseñanza, 523
Bolivar, Simón, 128
Bologna process, 282
Bolshevik Revolution, 416
Bolshevism, 216–18, 419–24
Bomfim, Manoel, 38–39
Bonaventura, Enzo, 321, 329, 331–33
Bondy, Curt, 278
Bonghi, Ruggero, 312
Bonifacio, Andres, 396
Book of Optics (Ibn al-Haytham), 444
Bori, Carolina, 35, 41–42
Boring, E. G., 292, 329, 571–72
Borovskii, P. P., 422
Boselli, Paolo, 312
Bowlby, John, 31, 204
Boxtröm, Bruno, 215
Boyle, Robert, 292
Bozhovich, L. I., 432
Braid, James, 232, 262
Brain and Soul (Chelpanov), 416
Brancale, Ralphe, 66
Branche, Clement, 61, 65
Brandejs, Matĕj, 147
Brazil
accreditation in, 42
applied psychology in, 39–41
behaviorism in, 47
colonialism in, 35–37
education system of, 35–36
higher education in, 41–42, 44–45
humanism in, 47
postgraduate training in, 49
professional training in, 42–44
psychological assessments in, 43
psychotherapy in, 46
social activism in, 43–44
social psychology in, 44
sub-disciplines in, 48t
theoretical affinities of, 46–48
Brazilian Archives of Applied Psychology, 45
Brazilian Archives of Psychotechnique, 45
Brazilian Association for Psychotherapy and Medical Behaviorism, 47
Brazilian Association of Psychology (ABP), 41
Brazilian Federation of Cognitive Therapies, 47
Brazilian Journal of Behavior Analysis, 47
Brazilian League of Mental Hygiene, 40
Brazilian National Council for Research and Development (CNPq), 44
Brazilian Society for the Advancement of Science (SBPC), 41
Brazilian Society of Psychoanalysis, 38
Brazilian Society of Psychology, 45
Brengelmann, Hans, 527
Brentano, Franz, 140, 276, 321
Breuer, Josef, 481
Brewster, David, 474–75, 474f
Brewster’s stereoscope, 474f
Břicháček, V., 144–45
Brinchcín, Milan, 145
British Association for the Advancement of Science, 202
British Child Study Association, 199
British Eugenics Society, 193
British Journal of Psychiatry, 186
British Journal of Psychology, 191, 380
British Psychological Society (BPS), 23, 190–91, 200, 299
British Society for Psychical Research, 3
Brito, Farias, 38
Broad, Charles Dunbar, 488
Broca, Paul, 235, 312
Brock, Adrian, 289
Brožek, Josef, 35, 143
Brooks, Garland, 293
Brown, Crum, 481
Brown, Thomas, 477f, 480–82
Brown, William, 194, 196, 204
Brown-Earle, Orlean, 61, 65
Brücke, Ernst, 270
Brunei Counseling Association (PERKAB), 56–57
Brunei Darussalam
Chinese culture in, 52–53
counseling in, 55–56
education system of, 53–54
guidance in, 55–56
health care in, 54–55
higher education in, 54
psychological services in, 54–55
sociocultural beliefs of, 51–52
Brushlinskii, Andrei Vladimirovich, 437
Bryant, Sophie, 190
Bubnov, A. S., 425–26
Buccola, Gabriele, 308, 315–18
Buck, Peter, 381, 392n4
Bucknill, John, 185
Buddhism, 52–53, 82, 86–87, 94, 116n5, 551
Bühler, Charlotte, 7
Bühler, Karl, 7–8, 276
Buisson, Ferdinand, 238
Bukharin, Nikolai, 421
Bulatao, Jaime, 398–99, 401–2
Bulletin, 240
Bulletin de Psychologie, 247
Bulletin of the ILE (BILE), 517
Burdach, Karl Friedrich, 266
Bureš, Zbynĕk, 149–50
Burnett, James, 469
Burnout and Occupational Stress Among a Sample of Jamaican Nurses (Johnson, R. & McFarlane), 67
Burns, Robert, 475
Burns, Thomas, 378
Burt, Cyril, 182, 194–95, 199, 204
Byrne, Donn, 62
C
Caballero, Agustín Nieto, 131
Cabral, Annita, 34–35, 41
Cabral, Domingos Guedes, 38
Cadbury, 198
Cairo University, 164, 170, 172
Cai Yanpei, 97–98, 111
Calabar College, 63
Calabresi, Renata, 321, 329, 332
Caldas, Francisco José de, 127–28
Calderwood, Henry, 378
Calkins, Mary, 191, 585
Cambridge University, 38
Campbell, George, 476, 483
Campbell, Ian, 27
Campos, Nilton, 39
Canestrari, Renzo, 338
Canguilhem, Georges, 248, 274
cannabis consumption, 166
Canterbury College, 377–78
Cao Richang, 101, 103–4, 108
Cardim, Fernão, 35
Cardozo, C. E. O., 38
Caribbean, 60, 74–76
Caribbean Graduate School of Theology (CGST), 63–64, 66
Caribbean Journal of Education, 69
Caribbean Journal of Psychology, 65
Caribbean Quarterly, 69
Carnegie Corporation, 20, 382
(p. 628) Caro, Miguel Antonio, 130
Carpenter, William, 186, 232
Carr, Stuart, 386
Carroll, James, 392n4
Carus, Carl Gustav, 262, 266
Casalta, Henry, 602
Casati reform, 309
Casmann, Otho, 256, 261
Castro, Fidel, 70–71
Catholicism, in Ireland, 295–96
Catholic University of Louvain, 128
Catholic University of Santo Tomas de Villanueva, 72
Catholic University of the Sacred Heart in Milan, 332
Cattaneo, Carlo, 327
Cattell, James McKeen, 4, 6, 189, 192–93, 572–74
Cattell, Raymond B., 143, 145
Čáda, František, 146
Čapek, Norbert Fabián, 152
Čermák, Ivo, 146
Československá psychologie, 143
Center for Counseling and Psychological Care (COAP), 71
Center for Epidemiological Studies-Depression Scale (CES-D), 166
Center for Psychotechnical Selection, 373
Center for the History of Psychology (CHP), 622–23
Centofonti, Rogério, 35
Centre for Investigation of Sexual Offences and Child Abuse (CISOCA), 64
Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS), 245–47
Cernocký, Karel, 144
Cesa-Bianchi, Marcello, 336
Cézanne, Paul, 152
Champion, Richard, 25
character, talent theory and, 89–90
characterology, 262, 277–78
Charcot, Jean-Martin, 2, 234–35, 262
Charles IV of Luxembourg, 138
Charles University, 138
Chaslin, Philippe, 241–42
Chelcický, Petr, 139
Chelpanov, Georgii Ivanovich, 416, 418–22
Chen Daqi, 97–98
Chen Heqin, 100, 103, 105
Chen Li, 104–5, 110
Chernyshevskii, Nikolai Gavrilovich, 414–15
Chiang Mai University, 539
Chiba, Tanenari, 353, 356
Child Assessment and Research in Education (CARE) Centre, 62
Child Guidance Center in Bangkok, 544
Child Guidance Clinic, 74
Child Guidance Council, 200
Childhood Neuropsychology, 325
Childhood Society, 199
child psychology, 102–3, 198–201, 238, 541–42
The Children We Teach (Isaacs), 200
China
Buddhism in, 86–87
child psychology in, 102–3
colonialism in, 92
early psychology in, 88–91
education psychology in, 103
experimental psychology in, 103–4
foundational schools of thought, 83–87
history of, 82t
modern psychology in, 97–106
premodern psychology in, 91–97
psychoanalysis in, 100–101
social psychology in, 104
Soviet Union and, 113
Western psychology in, 95–97
Chinese Academy of Science, 106, 108
Chinese culture, in Brunei Darussalam, 52–53
The Chinese Journal of Psychology, 98–99
Chinese Psychological Association, 98–99, 106–8
Chinese Society of Promoting Education for Ordinary People, 103
Chizh, Vladimir Fiodorovich, 417–18
Chmelař, Vilém, 142
Chomsky, Noam, 247
Chou Siegen, 102–5
Christianity, 53, 348, 551
Chulalongkorn University, 539
Chumsai, M. L. Tui, 540
Churchill, Winston, 295
Church of England, 62–63
Cipriano de Mosquera, Tomás, 129
Circle Linguistique, 141
Civil Information and Education (CIE), 360
Clairvoyance and Thoughtography (Fukurai), 354–55
Claparède, Édouard, 6, 35, 39, 169, 238, 517
Claparede, Henry, 164
Clark, Kenneth, 586–87
Clark, Mamie Phipps, 586–87
Clinical Child Psychology, 149
Clinical Hypnosis (Kratochvíl), 149
clinical psychology
in Australia, 26–28
in Czech Republic, 148–49
in Finland, 223–24
in France, 246–48
in Italy, 325–28, 336–38
in New Zealand, 383–85
in Saudi Arabia, 446–47
in South Africa, 506–7
in Spain, 532–33
in United States, 583–85, 588–89
in Venezuela, 603–4
Witmer and, 38
Clinical Psychology: Diagnosis, Psychotherapy, and Psychological Counseling (Shoukeir), 169
Coalition War, 139
Coates, Gordon, 382
Code of Ethics, 25, 405
cognition, Confucianism and, 83
Cognitive Brain Research Unit, 211
cognitive psychology, 45, 135–36, 448–49, 587–88
Cognitive Styles in Psychology and Education (Al-Sharkawy), 169
Cohen, Hermann, 274
Colciencias, 133–34
Colegio Oficial de Psycólogos (COP), 303, 532
Collection of Essays on Mental Health (Ding), 104
collective health, 47
Collège de France, 233
Collegium Psychologicum (Dannhauer), 257
Collegium Psychologicum (Scheibler), 257
Collins, Mary, 486
Colombia
behavior analysis in, 133, 135
behaviorism in, 126
cognitive psychology in, 135–36
colonialism in, 127
demography of, 126–27
education system in, 127–28
higher education in, 131–32, 132t
journals of, 135t
poverty in, 127
professional work in, 132–33, 132t
psychoanalysis in, 126, 136
psychobiology in, 135
religion in, 128–30
research in, 133–34, 133t
social psychology in, 133
Colombian College of Psychologists, 137
Colombian Congresses of Psychology, 133
Colombian Society of Psychology, 137
colonialism, 35–37, 60, 92, 127, 620–21
Colucci, Cesare, 318, 322, 329
Columbia University, 102
Combe, George, 183, 485, 485f
Comenius, J. A., 146
Commentarius de Anima (Melanchton), 246
community psychology, 605–6
Compagnons de l’Université Nouvelle, 244
Complete Book of the Medical Art (al-Majusi), 448
Comportamiento, 607
computers, 590
Comte, Auguste, 230–32
Condorcet, Nicolas de, 230
Confucianism, 82–84
Confucius, 83, 348
Connor, Mary, 55
Constantino, Renato, 399
The Constitution of Man (Combe), 183
contents, 276
Cook, James, 18
Corballis, Michael, 387, 391
Cork Lunatic Asylum, 292
Corleo, Simone, 318
Cornelius, Carl Sebastian, 267
Costall, Alan, 196
Coué, Emile, 251n39
Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), 502–3
counseling
in Brunei Darussalam, 55–56
in Jamaica, 63–64
in New Zealand, 385
Course on Positive Philosophy (Comte), 230, 232
Cousin, Victor, 233, 250n21
Coutinho, Francisco de Lemos de Faria Pereira, 36
Covar, Prospero, 401
Cox, James Mason, 472
Cox’s Mechanical Explanation and Completion test, 165
Craik, Kenneth, 204, 489
Creativity and Its Application (Al-Sharkawy), 169
Creativity in Arts (Soueif), 169
Crichton, Alexander, 473
Criminal Psychology: Science and Practice (Fathey), 169
criminology, 311–15
The Crisis in Psychology (Vygotsky), 434
critical psychology, 279
Critique of Judgment (Kant), 260
Critique of Practical Reason (Kant), 260
Critique of Pure Reason (Kant), 260
Croce, Benedetto, 320, 322, 328, 335
cross-cultural psychology, 165–66, 382, 454
Crusius, Christian August, 260
Cruz, Miguel, 528
Cuatrecasas, Juan, 523
Cuba, 70–73
Cuban Society of Health Psychology, 70, 72
Cullen, William, 464, 465f, 466, 472–73
Culligan, James, 398
Culpin, Millais, 196
Cultivation of Ethics (Ibn Miskawayh), 447
Cultural Changes (Turhan), 562
cultural cosmopolitanism, 551
cultural-historical theory, 433–34
Cultural Revolution, 106, 107–8
cultural taboos, 75
culture, 111
Cunningham, Ken, 19–20
Czechoslovak Psychological Society, 143
Czech Psychological Dictionaries (Hartl & Hartlová), 144
Czech Republic
clinical psychology in, 148–49
communism in, 142–44
developmental psychology in, 146–47
health psychology in, 147–48
historiography of, 152–53
organizational psychology in, 149–50
social psychology in, 150–51
work psychology in, 149–50
World War II and, 142
D
Dai, Bingham, 101
d’Alembert, Jean le Rond, 229–30
Dallenbach, Karl, 575
Dalton, John, 475
El-Damaty, A. A., 170
Al-Damiri, 163
Dane, Paul, 22
Dannhauer, Johann Conrad, 257
Danziger, Kurt, 204, 304, 339, 347, 503, 594–95, 618
Dao De Jing (Laozi), 85
Daoism, 82–83, 85–86
Dar Al-Ajaza Al-Islamiya Hospital, 368–69
Dar Al-Amal, 370
Darwin, Charles, 36, 183–85, 198–99, 233, 262, 469–70
Darwin, Erasmus, 472, 481
Das Gefühlsproblem (Lagerborg), 217
Dastre, Albert, 236
The Data of Mental Experience (De Sarlo), 321–22
Davey, Constance, 20
David, Maria, 402
Davidson, Barrington, 63, 65–66
Davidson, Michael, 387
Davydov, Vasilii Vasilievich, 438
Dax, Eric Cunningham, 27
Day, Ross, 25
Debret, Jean Baptiste, 36
De Giovanni, Achille, 334
Dejerine, Jules, 236, 250n38
Delacroix, Henri, 241–42, 251n55
Deleuze, Gilles, 248
The Delinquent Crowd (Sighele), 326
De l’Intelligence (Taine), 238
Della Valle, Guido, 326, 334
del Olmo, Francisco, 596
De Marchi, Silvia, 330
Dembo, Miriam, 600
Democratic Psychiatry movement, 337
Dempsey, Peter, 298
Dergah, 559
De Sanctis, Sante, 314, 318–19, 323–27, 329
De Sarlo, Francesco, 318, 321–22, 329
Descartes, René, 257
Descriptions of Talents and Characters (Liu Shao), 89
Dessougui, K. M., 170
de Valera, Eamon, 300–301
developmental psychology, 45, 146–47, 225, 433, 602
De Venanzi, Francisco, 601
Dewey, John, 35, 40, 100, 110, 380, 517, 559
dialectical psychology, 101–2, 112
Diamant, Jiří, 149, 151
Dickens, Williams, 390
A Dictionary for the Social Sciences (Badawi), 170
Dictionary of Education (Al-Khuli), 170
Dictionary of Psychology (Zahran), 170
Dictionary of Psychology and Psychiatry (Gaber & Kaffafi), 170
Dictionary of Psychosocial and Educational Terms (Zaidan), 170
Dictionary of Special Education and Rehabilitation (El-Shakhs & El-Damaty), 170
Dictionary of the Biography of Japanese Psychologists (Ohizumi), 351
Diderot, Denis, 229–30
Dilthey, Wilhelm, 273
Ding Zan, 104, 108
Diokno, Jose W., 399
discipline, 255–56, 282n3, 307
Discourse on Pietro Pomponazzi (Ardigò), 310
Discours sur l’esprit positif (Comte), 230
diversity, 31, 585–87, 617
Dix, Dorothea, 584
The Doctrine of Heredity and Psychological Phenomena (Buccola), 316
Doležal, Jan, 142–45, 147, 149
Domestic Violence: Reasons and Therapy (Abdel-Rahman), 167
Donaldson, Henry, H., 4
Doorbar, Ruth, 61, 66
Dória, Sampaio, 40
Drbal, Mathias Amos, 267
dreams, 444–45
Dreams. Psychological and Clinical Studies of an Alienist (De Sanctis), 324
Dreßler, Johann Gottlieb, 267
Drever, James, 485–86, 485f
Dreyfus, Alfred, 238–39
Drobisch, Moritz Wilhelm, 263–64, 267, 269
Drug Abuse Committee of the Ministry of Education of Brunei Darussalam, 56
(p. 630) drug addiction, in Egypt, 166
drug rehabilitation, in Barbados, 73
Düker, Heinrich, 279
al-Dukhayyil, Abdul-Aziz, 453
Dumas, Georges, 38, 239, 242, 244
Duration of Elementary Psychic Acts in the Alienated (Roxo), 37–38
Durdík, Josef, 145
Durie, Mason, 389
Durkheim, Emile, 239, 434
Duruy, Victor, 233
The Dynamics of Behavior Development: An Epigenetic View (Kuo), 100
E
Earle, Margaret, 382
East Germany, 279
Ebbinghaus, Hermann, 4, 116n3, 272
Ecole Normale Supérieure, 233
Ecole Pratique des Hautes Etudes (EPHE), 233, 240
Economic and Social Research Council of England, 205
Edgell, Beatrice, 189, 199
Edinburgh Medical School, 464–66
Edinburgh Review, 485
Education: Its Data and Principles (Nunn), 200
educational psychology, 53, 103, 225, 437–38, 533, 602–3
Education and Instruction (Sergi), 314
Education and Psychology, 99
education system. See also higher education
of Australia, 18–20
of Brazil, 35–36
of Brunei Darussalam, 53–54
in Colombia, 127–28
of Cuba, 70–71
in Egypt, 171–72
in England, 192–93
in France, 233, 238
in Italy, 309, 318–19, 338
of Jamaica, 62–65
in Japan, 360
in Lebanon, 372–73
Montessori and, 327–28
in New Zealand, 383
in Philippines, 396–98
in premodern China, 94
in Saudi Arabia, 450–51
in South Africa, 497–99
in Spain, 528–29
in Turkey, 560–61
in Venezuela, 597–99
Edwards, Dennis, 62
Efendi, Aziz, 556
Effat University, 455
ego, 236
Egypt, 162–63
accreditation in, 171–72
drug addiction in, 166
education system in, 171–72
ethics codes in, 173
higher education in, 164
influence of, 172–73
Islam in, 173
job opportunities in, 170–71
modern psychology in, 163–65
private practice in, 173
psychoanalysis in, 164
psychology promotion in, 172
public perception in, 171
research in, 165–68, 174
Western psychology in, 175
Egyptian Association for Mental Health (EAMH), 168–69
Egyptian Association for Psychological Studies (EAPS), 164, 168–69
Egyptian Association for Sports Psychology, 169
Egyptian Journal for Mental Health, 170
The Egyptian Journal of Psychiatry and the Egyptian Journal of Mental Health, 170
Egyptian Journal of Psychological Studies, 169
Egyptian Psychologists’ Association (EPA), 168–69
Egyptian Society for Psychoanalysis (ESP), 168–69
Ehrenfels, Christian von, 141, 277
Einstein, Albert, 140
Eksperimental’nye osnovy psikhologii ustanovki (Uznadze), 436
Ekzempliarskii, V. M., 422
Elements of Electrophysics (Fechner), 270
Elements of Mental Philosophy (Upham), 572, 619
Elements of Moral Science (Beattie), 476
Elements of the Philosophy of the Human Mind (Stewart), 481
Elements of the Psychology of Testimony (Musatti), 331
Eliot, George, 184, 205n2
Elkin, A.P., 30–31
Ellery, Reginald, 22
Elliff, Doug, 387
Ellis, Albert, 66
Ellis, Bruce, 390
El-Mansuri (Rhazes), 447
Emblem, 201
emergency psychology, 606
Emery, Fred, 23
emotional intelligence (EI), 167
The Emotions (Sergi), 313
The Emotions and the Will (Bain), 184, 462, 463f
Empirical Psychology According to the Genetic Method (Lindner), 140
Encyclopedia, 229–30
Encyclopedia Britannica, 187
Encyclopedia of Chinese Herbal Medicine (Li), 90
Encyclopedia of Psychological Tests for the Athletics (Alawai), 168–69
Encyclopedia of Psychology and Psychoanalysis (Alhefnee), 170
England
child psychology in, 198–201
education system in, 192–93
higher education in, 202–4
industrial psychology in, 197–98
institutional beginnings in, 188–94
medicine in, 185–88
physiology in, 185–88
post-World War II expansion of, 204–5
psychological testing in, 192–95
religion in, 188–89
World War I and, 195–97
Enlightenment, 258–61
An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding (Hume), 478
Enriquez, Virgilio, 399–402
environmental psychology, 606
envy, 138–39
Epifanio de los Santos Avenue (EDSA), 396, 403, 409n1
Epilepsy and Crime (Peixoto), 38
epistemology, 319–22
Eradication of Sorrow (Al-Kindi), 446
Erbpsychologie, 278
Erdmann, Benno, 272
Erdmann, Johann Eduard, 267
Erickson, Milton, 143, 448
Ermakov, I. D., 435
Eschenmayer, Carl August, 266
Escuela Normal Superior, 131
Esperanto, 4
Essay on an Experimental Psychology (Krüger), 260
Essay on Human Understanding (Locke), 258
Essays on the History of Behavior (Vygotsky & Luria), 434
(p. 631) Essentials of Mental Measurement (Brown & Thomson), 204
Estrada, Joseph, 404
ethnic minorities, 586–87
Ethnology of Pukapupka (Beaglehole), 381
ethnopsychology, 303–4
eugenics, 193, 333–35, 580
Eugenics Review, 193
European Economic Community (EEC), 300–301
European Federation of Psychologists’ Association (EFPA), 621
European Higher Education Area (EHEA), 282
European Journal of Psychological Assessment, 534
European Longitudinal Study of Pregnancy and Childhood (ELSPAC), 147, 154n1
Evans, Maitland, 64, 66
Evans, Makesha, 64–65, 66–67
evolution, 183–85, 469–70
evolutionary psychology, 590
evolutionist positivism, 308, 310–11, 318
Examen de ingenios para las ciencias (Huarte), 514
Experimental Hypnosis (Kratochvíl), 149
experimentalism, 247
experimental psychology, 44, 103–4, 322–25, 418
Experimental Psychology (De Sanctis), 324
Experimental Psychology (Woodworth), 573
Experimental Review of Psychiatry, 316
Experimental Studies of Emotions (Watson), 100
The Expression of the Emotions in Man and Animals (Darwin, C.), 262
eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) therapy, 373
Eysenck, Hans, 195, 202, 205, 526–27
Eysenck Personality Inventory (EPI), 524
Ezenne, Austin, 65
F
Faculdade de Medicina da Bahia, 36
Faculdade de Medicina do Rio de Janeiro, 36–37
Fahmy, Semia A., 164
Fang Yizhi, 90, 94
al-Farabi, 163, 443, 445, 552
Far Eastern University (FEU), 397
fascism, 326, 334
Fathers and Children (Turgenev), 414
Fathey, M., 169, 173
Fayek, Ahmed, 168
Feather, Norman, 30
Febvre, Lucien, 242, 244–45
Fechner, Gustav Theodor, 266, 269–70
Federal Council of Psychology of Brazil, 42, 45
Federal Marriage Act of Australia, 27
Federal University of Minas Gerais, 39
Federation of Practical Psychology Clubs, 201
Federation of University Students (FEU), 71
Fel’tsman, I. B., 435
feminist psychology, 388, 404
Ferguson, Adam, 483
Ferguson, Henry H., 380
Ferrari, Giulio Cesare, 318, 320, 322–23, 326, 341
Ferreira França, Eduardo, 37
Ferrer, Francisco, 517
Ferri, Enrico, 314, 326–27
Ferrier, David, 188, 468–69, 468f
Fianna Fail, 291
Fichte, Immanuel Hermann, 267
Fichte, Johann Gottlieb, 263
Fick, M. L., 498
Fifth International Congress of Psychology, 318
Fildes, Lucy, 199
Filho, Lourenço, 35, 38–40, 42
Filipino Nationalist Movement, 396
Fine Gael, 291
Finland, 211–12
behaviorism in, 217–19
civil war of, 216–17
clinical psychology in, 223–24
democracy in, 215–16
expansion in, 222–24
higher education in, 221–23
institutionalization in, 220–21
modern psychology in, 215
premodern psychology in, 212–14
psychoanalysis in, 219
psychological divisions in, 223t
research in, 221–22
Finnish Psychological Association, 221
Finnish Psychological Society, 221
Finnish Society for Mental Health, 221
First International Congress of Physiogical Psychology, 234
First Lines of the Practice of Physic (Cullen), 466
First Philosophy (Al-Kindi), 446
Firth, Raymond, 381
Fischer, Kuno, 267
Fischer-Lexikon Psychologie (Hofstätter), 279
Fisher, Ronald, 194
Five Element theory, 82, 88–89
Five-Factor Model, 145
Flechsig, Paul, 272
Flinders University, 23
Flügel, J. C., 188
Flynn, James, 390
Fodor, Jerry, 247
Fordyce, George, 470
Fornari, Franco, 336
Förster, Joseph, 152
Forster, Vilém, 141
Forteza, Jose A., 524
For the Education of Character (Sergi), 314
Fortlage, Carl, 267
Fortune, Reo, 381
Foster, Michael, 189
Foucault, Michel, 241, 248
Foundation for the Improvement of Higher Education Personnel Coordination (CAPES), 44, 46
Four Readings on Philippine Values (Lynch), 398
Fowler, Hugh, 19, 22–23
Fox, Charles, 200
Fragment of Tails (Lichtenberg), 262
Fraisse, Paul, 246–48
France
clinical psychology in, 246–48
education system in, 233, 238
institutionalization of, 248
post-World War II, 245–48
psychopathology in, 244–45
psychotherapy in, 244–45
research in, 245–46
spiritualism in, 234–35
Third Republic of, 232–37
timeline of, 254
Franĕk, Marek, 152
Frank, S. L., 419
Frankl, Viktor E., 136
Frannnková, Slávka, 147
Free Institute of Education (ILE), 517–18
free will, 187
Freigius, Johann Thomas, 256
French Revolution, 128
Freud, Psychoanalysis, Catholicism (Dempsey), 298
Freud, Sigmund, 100–101, 196, 240–41, 264, 334–35, 355, 435–36, 584
Fritsch, Gustav, 468
Fröbes, Joseph, 276
Frýba, Mirko, 152
Fukurai, Tomokichi, 354–55
Fukutomi, Ichiro, 356
Funari, Enzo, 336
functionalism, 577–78
Functions of the Brain (Cabral), 38
Functions of the Brain (Ferrier), 469
G
Gabler, Georg Andreas, 170, 267
Gage, Phineas, 469
Galifret, Yves, 247
Gall, Franz Joseph, 182–83, 231, 262–63, 473
Galli, Pier Francesco, 337
Gal’perin, Petr Iakovlevich, 435–36
Galton, Francis, 3, 7, 183, 189–90, 193, 573
Galvani, Luigi, 473
Gang of Four, 117n18
Ganzheitpsychologie, 277–79, 356
Gao Juefu, 101, 107
Gaozi, 93, 116n9
Garcia, Rolando, 112
(p. 632) García-Yagüe, Juan, 524, 528
Garma, Angel, 523
Gastev, Aleksei Kapitonovich, 421
Gatti, Alessandro, 329
Al-Gazzali, 163
Geisteswissenschaften, 268, 282n2
Geisteswissenschaftliche Psychologie, 273–74
Gellershtein, S. G., 422
Gemelli, Agostino, 318, 325, 328, 331–33, 336, 341, 516, 524
General Headquarters of Supreme Commander for Allied Power (GHQ/SCAP), 360
General Introduction to Industrial Psychology (Chen, L.), 104
General Introduction to Modern Psychology (Guo), 101
General Introduction to Psychoanalysis (Freud), 101
General Principles of Human Reflexology (Bekhterev), 430
General Reflections of the Animals (Reimarus), 260
genetics, 334
Geneva School, 135–36
Genik, E. A., 417
Gentile, Giovanni, 320, 328, 334–35
George, Leopold, 267
Germain, Jose, 516, 520, 524, 534
German Democratic Republic (GDR), 278–79
German Pedagogical Mission, 129
German Philosophy (Troitskii), 418
German Society for Experimental Psychology, 352
German Society for Psychology, 275, 278–79, 281
Germany
applied psychology and, 274–76
Enlightenment in, 258–61
higher education in, 281–82
institutionalization of, 273–74
post-World War II, 278–80
psychoanalysis in, 278
Renaissance and, 256–58
research in, 271–74
reunification of, 280
Gesell, Arnold, 103
Gestalt psychology, 100, 141, 217–18, 277, 329, 355–56, 576–77
Getúlio Vargas Foundation, 45
Geyser, Joseph Anton Maria, 276
el-Gharib, Ramazia, 164, 168
Al-Ghazali, 443–44, 448–49
Giard, Alfred, 234, 240
Gibson, William R. Boyce, 19, 21
Giese, Fritz, 275
Gießen University, 277
The Gifted Child: Psychological and Education Considerations (Johnson, R.), 67
Gifted Children: Their Nature and Nurture (Hollingworth, L.), 586
Gilbreath, Lillian, 583
Giliarov, A. N., 420
Giner de Los Rios, Francisco, 517
Ginsberg, Aniela, 41
Ginsberg, Morris, 380
Gioberti, Vincenzo, 310
Glasgow University, 476
Global Health Indicators, 55
globalization, 144, 361–62, 404–6
global psychology, 617
Goclenius, Rudolph, 256
Goddard, Henry, 580
Godlee, Rickman John, 469
Goethe, Johann Wolfgang, 262
Gökalp, Ziya, 559
Goldman, Petr, 149
gold mining, 504, 505f
Golgi, Camillo, 332
Gong Zizhen, 93
González-Mora, Gustavo Torroella, 72–73
Gooden, Winston, 66
Goodenough Drawing-A-Man Test, 105
Göschel, Carl Friedrich, 267
Gottschaldt, Kurt, 279
Goulart, Odilon, 38
Government Appropriation for Relief in Occupied Areas Fund (GARIOA), 360
Gozzano, Mario, 336
Grace, Randolph, 387
Gracián, Baltasar, 259
Graham, J. M., 201
Gran, M. M., 417
Graveson, Caroline, 190
Greater Antilles, 60–61
Green, J. A., 194
Gregory, John, 483
Griesinger, Wilhelm, 232, 315
Grot, Nikolai Yakovlevich, 416, 418
Grotenfelt, Arvi, 214–15
Group Integrative Psychology (GIP), 169
group psychology, 338
Grundriss der Psychologie (Wundt), 350
Grundsätze der Mimik and Physiognomik (Piderit), 262
Guangming Daily, 108
Guanzon, Angeles, 401
Guanzon-Lapeña, Angeles, 403
Guevara, María Teresa, 600
Guidance Journal, 541
Guillaume, Paul, 243, 246
Gundissalvi, 552
Gundlach, Horst, 5
Gunn, Alexander, 21
Guo Yicen, 101
Gusmão, Alexandre de, 35
Gustdorf, Georges, 259
Gutberlet, Constantin, 276
Guthrie, Edwin, 579
Guthrie, Robert, 586
Guweitangji (Wei), 93
Gymnasium, 264–66, 282n15
H
Habánnn, M., 143, 152
Haddon, Alfred, 190, 380
Haig, Brian, 387–88
Halbwachs, Maurice, 246
Hall, G. Stanley, 3, 98, 199, 350, 355, 425, 517, 573, 584
Hallaran, William, 292, 472
Hamilton, William, 477f, 480–82, 487–88
Hammond, Sam, 23
A Handbook of Moral Philosophy (Calderwood), 378
Handbook of Physiology (Müller), 270
Handwörterbuch der Physiologie (Wagner), 268
Hanousek, J., 147
Haraguchi, Tsuruko, 353–54
Harms, Friedrich, 267
Harré, Rom, 391
Hart, Bernard, 196
Hartl, Pavel, 144
Hartley, David, 480
Hartlová, Helena, 144
Hartmann, Eduard von, 266
Hasegawa, Seiya, 355
Haslam, Anna Maud, 201
Hassanal Bolkiah Mu’izzaddin Waddaulah, 51
Hattori, Unokichi, 96–97
Haven, Joseph, 95, 348–49, 349
Hawenreuther, Johann Ludwig, 256
Al-Hawi (Rhazes), 447
Hawthorne effect, 583
Hayy Ivn Yaqzan (Ibn Tufail), 444
Hazlitt, Victoria, 201
Head, Henry, 190
Health Practitioners Competence Assurance Act 2003 of New Zealand, 385
health psychology, 47, 71–72, 147–48, 533, 541–42, 603–4
Hegel, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich, 263–64
Heinze, Max, 351
Heller, Dagmar, 144
Helmholtz, Hermann, 266, 270–71, 483
Helsinki University of Technology, 221
Henri, Victor, 238
Herbart, Johann Friedrich, 213, 258, 263–64, 269
Herder, Johann Gottfried, 262
Hereditary Genius: An Inquiry into Its Laws and Consequences (Galton), 193
Hering, Ewald, 140–41
Hermann, Ludimar, 268
Hernshaw, Leslie, 385
Herodotus, 163
Herr, Lucien, 238–39
(p. 633) Herzen, Aleksandr A., 415
Herzen, Alessandro, 317
Heydorn, Bernard, 74
Heymans, Gerardus, 4
Hickling, Frederick, 62, 67
Higher Council for Scientific Research (CSIC), 524
higher education
American model of, 370–71
Australian reform of, 28
in Barbados, 73–74
in Brazil, 41–42, 44–45
in Brunei Darussalam, 54
in Colombia, 131–32, 132t
in Egypt, 164
in England, 202–4
in Finland, 221–23
French model of, 371–72
in Germany, 281–82
in Ireland, 294–95, 297
in Italy, 338–39
in Jamaica, 61–62, 63–64
in Japan, 357–58
in Lebanon, 370–73
in New Zealand, 377–78
in Russian Federation, 419
in Saudi Arabia, 451–52
in Scotland, 470–72, 489
in South Africa, 496–97, 509
in Turkey, 556–57
in Venezuela, 599–601
Hika, 163
Hilgard, Ernest, 530, 588
Hilgard, H. G., 143
Hill, Anne, 73–74
Hippe, Fabian, 256
Hiroshima Higher Normal School, 357
Hispalensis, Johannes, 552
historical immunity, 553
History of Experimental Psychology (Boring), 329, 571
The History of Psychological Thoughts in China (Kuroda), 97
History of the Soul (Schubert), 266
Hittite Empire, 550
Hitzig, Eduard, 4, 468
HIV/AIDS, 59, 74–76, 511–12, 538, 544
Hnilica, Karel, 147–48
Hodgkinson, Lorna, 20
Hodgson, Shadworth, 189
Høffding, Harald, 95, 190
Hofstätter, Peter R., 279
Hogan, John D., 617
Hollingworth, Harry, 583
Hollingworth, Leta, 586
Horáková-Hoskovcová, Simona, 147
Hoskovec, Jiří, 143, 148–49
Hsiao, H. H., 100, 105
Huang Yi, 103
Huarte, Juan, 514–15
Hull, Clark, 361, 579
Human Behaviors (Kuo), 100
humanism, 47, 256–58
humanist psychology, 136, 589
human potential movement, 544
Human Relations Movement, 338
Humboldt, Alexander von, 127
Hume, David, 477f, 478–80
Hunter, John, 470–71
Hunter, Thomas Alexander, 379–80, 383
Hunter, William, 470
Husca, John, 138
Hu Shi, 100
Hutcheson, Francis, 292–93, 482–83
Huxley, Thomas Henry, 185, 206n12
hypnosis, 4, 232, 235–36, 262, 354, 417, 448
hysteria, 235
I
Iacono, Gustavo, 338
Ibn al-Haytham, 163, 443–45
Ibn Khaldoun, 163
Ibn Khaldun, 443, 445
Ibn Miskawayh, 447
Ibn al-Nafis, 443, 445
Ibn Sina, 163
Ibn Sirin, Abu Bakr Muhammad, 444
Ibn Tufail, 444
Ibrahim, Abdel-Sattar, 453
Ibrahim, Radwa, 453
I-Ching. See Zhou Yi
Idealism, 212–14, 263, 418
Idea of a New Anatomy of the Brain (Bell, C.), 466–68
“The Idea of Ego in Oriental Philosophy” (Motora), 352
Idea of Personality (Snellman), 213
Ideas, on the Psychology of Society as a Basis for the Social Sciences (Lindner), 140
Ideen zur Psychologie der Gesellschaft als Grundlage der Sozialwissenschaft (Lindner), 150–51
Ihanus, Juhani, 219
Imperial Institute of Experimental Medicine, 427
Imperial University, 350
indigenous psychology, 388–90, 400, 404–6, 408, 567, 594–95, 618
Indigenous Psychology: A Book of Readings (Enriquez), 402
Individual Intelligence Test (Alves), 39–40
Indonesia, 304, 347
Industrial and Managerial Psychology (Taha), 169
Industrial Health Research Board (IHRB), 203–4
industrial psychology, 104–5, 197–98, 385–86, 499–500, 583, 619–20
Influence of Civilization on the Development of Nervous Afflictions (Cardozo), 38
On the Influence of Climate on Organized Beings (Caldas), 127
Innerlichkeit, 217
Inouye, Tetsujiro, 349
Inquiry into the Human Mind (Reid, T.), 580
Insanity (Nagaty), 164
Institute and Laboratory of Experimental Psychology, 324
Institute for Child Psychology, 199–200
Institute for Development, Research, Advocacy, and Applied Care (IDRAAC), 366
Institute for Professional Guidance, 516
Institute for Psychological Development, 67
Institute for Theological and Leadership Development (ITLD), 64
Institute of Experimental Psychology, 202
Institute of Industrial Psychology, 21
Institute of Management and Production, 68
Institute of Occupational Health, 222
Institute of Philippine Culture (IPC), 398–99
Institute of Psychiatry, 195
Institute of Psychology in China, 104
Institute of Selection and Professional Orientation (ISPO), 40–41
Institute of the Rational Work Organization (IRWO), 40
Institut National d’Orientation Professionnelle (INOP), 240, 244
Institut Psychique, 4
Institut Psychologique Général, 238
Integrated Professional Counselors Association of the Philippines, 404
Intellectual Growth in Young Children (Isaacs), 200
intelligence testing, 193–95, 238, 357, 498, 579–81. See also psychological testing
Inter-American Congresses of Psychology (SIP), 133
Intermittent Limited Extensive Pervasive (ILEP) model, 166–67
International Association for Research in Economic Psychology (IAREP), 144
International Association of Applied Psychology (IAAP), 6, 133
(p. 634) International Congress of Applied Psychology, 5–6, 9, 13
International Congress of Psychology, 2–5, 9, 17
International Congress of Psychology (ICP), 352, 361–62
International English Language Testing System (IELTS), 451–52
The International Handbook of Psychology (Pawlick & Rosenzweig, eds.), 9
Internationalizing the History of Psychology (Brock, ed.), 289
International Journal of Clinical and Health Psychology, 134
International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 402
International Journal of Psychology, 9
international psychology, 616–18
International Union of Psychological Science (IUPsyS), 1, 8–9, 133, 168
Ireland and, 302
Japan and, 361–62
member nations of, 12
Spain and, 532
Strategic Plan of, 621
Turkey and, 564
International Union of Scientific Psychology, 8
International University of the Caribbean (IUC), 64–65
internships, 42
Introduction to Experimental Medicine (Bernard), 233
Introduction to Human Nature (Alenis), 92
Introduction to Personality Research (Balcar), 144
Introduction to Philosophy for the Courtier (Thomasius), 259
An Introduction to Psychology (Reyburn), 497
An Introduction to Psychology (Wundt), 99
Introduction to Psychology (Hilgard), 530
Intuition: How We Think and Act (Bastick), 65
Investigaçóes Psicológicas (Ferreira França), 37
Invitation to Psychology of Personality: Man in the Mirror of Consciousness and Action (Smékal), 145
Ireland, 290–93
applied psychology in, 298
famine in, 294
health care in, 298–99
higher education in, 294–95, 297
history of, 293–96
investment in, 301
IUPsyS and, 302
modern psychology in, 296–99
post-World War II, 299–301
poverty in, 294
Ireland Journal of Psychology, 299
Irish Ecclesiastical Record, 295–96
Irish Journal of Psychology, 293
Irish National Teachers’ Organisation (INTO), 296
Irish Psychologist, 299
Irish Republican Army (IRA), 301
Isaacs, Susan, 190, 200, 204
Ismail, M. E., 164
Istituto Romano di Beni Stabili, 328
Italian Archive of Psychology, 318
Italian Psychoanalytic Society (SPI), 335
Italian Review of Psychoanalysis, 335
Italian Society of Psychology (SIP), 322, 336
Italy
accreditation system in, 339
applied psychology in, 325–28
clinical psychology in, 325–28, 336–38
education system in, 309, 318–19, 338
epistemology in, 319–22
evolutionist positivism in, 310–11
experimental psychology in, 322–25
higher education in, 338–39
industrialization of, 309
institutionalization of, 335–36, 338–39
pragmatism in, 320
psychiatry in, 315–18
psychoanalysis in, 333–35
research in, 341
social psychology in, 325–28
World War I and, 327–28
World War II and, 327–28
Ito, Hiroshi, 360
Ivanov-Smolenskii, A. G., 431
Iwahara, Shinkuro, 360
Iwai, Katsujiro, 356
J
Jackson, John Hughlings, 186–87, 190, 232, 468
Jacobs, Joseph, 1–2
Jacobsen, Walter, 279
Jacoby, Günther, 559
Jaensch, Erich Rudolf, 274
Jaime, Manuel Inácio de Figueiredo, 37
Jamaica, 61–70
counseling in, 63–64
education system of, 62–65
religion in, 62–65
slavery in, 62–63
Jamaica Broilers Group of Companies, 64
Jamaica Gleaner, 65, 69
Jamaica National Task Force on Crime, 68
Jamaican Psychological Association, 61
Jamaica Observer, 69
Jamaica Record, 69
Jamaica Theological Seminary, 68
James, William, 2–4, 36–37, 100, 222, 323, 354, 481–82, 572–73
Jamieson, Bruce, 386
Janet, Paul, 233, 236
Janet, Pierre, 4, 236–37, 241–42, 250n50
Janoušek, Jaromír, 151
Japan
abnormal psychology in, 354–55
Christianity in, 348
education system in, 360
as entry port of Western psychology, 96–97
eras of, 348
Gestalt psychology in, 355–56
higher education in, 357–58
IUPsyS and, 361–62
modernization of, 347–48
occupation of, 360
psychoanalysis in, 355
research in, 353
women in, 353–54
World War I and, 358–59
World War II and, 357, 359
Japan Association of Applied Psychology, 358–59
Japanese Association of Animal Psychology, 361
Japanese Association of Applied Psychology, 361
Japanese Association of Clinical Psychology, 361
Japanese Association of Criminal Psychology, 361
Japanese Association of Educational Psychology, 361
Japanese Association of Social Psychology, 361
Japanese Group Dynamics Association, 360–61
Japanese Journal of Animal Psychology, 358
Japanese Journal of Psychology, 353, 358–60
Japanese Psychoanalytical Association, 355
Japanese Psychological Association (JPA), 358–61
Japanese Psychological Journal, 352
Japanese Psychological Research, 360
Jaspers, Karl, 273, 337
Jastrow, Joseph, 2–4
Javeriana University, 127, 131
Jeeves, Malcolm, 488, 488f
Jervis, Giovanni, 337
Jessen, Peter Willers, 267
Jing Qichen, 108
(p. 635) Jodl, Friedrich, 140–41
Johnson, Rosemarie, 61, 67
Johnston, K. L., 194
Jones, Wood, 30
Joravsky, David, 412–13
Journal de Psychologie normale et pathologique, 242
Journal of Applied Psychology, 358
Journal of Black Psychology, 69
Journal of Childhood and Development, 170
Journal of Childhood Disabilities, 170
Journal of Clinical Psychology, 540–41
Journal of Counseling, 170
Journal of Education, 189
The Journal of Experimental Psychology, 102
Journal of Family Issues, 69
The Journal of New Zealand Psychology, 390
Journal of Psychological Services, 170
Journal of Psychological Studies, 455
Journal of Psychology, 169
Jung, Carl Gustav, 266, 435
Junová, Hana, 149
Jurovský, Anton, 151
juvenile delinquency, 199
K
Kaffafi, A. E., 170
Kafka, Gustav, 279
Kaila, Eino, 217–19, 226
Kakise, Hikozo, 355
Kamada, Ho, 349
Kames, Lord, 483
Kanda, Sakyo, 355
Kaneko, Umaji, 351, 362
Kanizsa, Gaetano, 331, 336, 338
kanji, 348
Kansai Psychological Association, 361
Kant, Immanuel, 260–61
Karma, 52
Karsten, Gustav, 268
Katipunan, 396
Katz, David, 530
Kavelin, Konstantin Dmitrievich, 415–16
Kebza, Vladimír, 144, 148
Keller, Fred S., 47
Keltikangas-Järvinen, Liisa, 225
Kemal, Mustafa, 554, 559
Kemal, Yusuf, 556
Kemalism, 554, 566
Kerner, Justinus, 266
Kerr, James, 194
Khairi, El-sayyed Mohamed, 450
Al-Kholy, W., 170
Al-Khuli, M. A., 170
Kido, Mantaro, 352–53
Kiesow, Federico, 318, 325, 332
Kimmins, C. W., 194
Al-Kindi, 163, 446
kinesiscope, 140f
King, D. Brett, 139
King Saud University (KSU), 450
Kinský, Francis Josef, 139
Klaus, Václav, 144
Klein, Melanie, 200
Klemm, Otto, 7–8
Klicperová-Baker, Martina, 151, 154n5
Klineberg, Otto, 41
Knight, Rex, 204, 484, 484f, 488
Koch, Sigmund, 590
Koffka, Kurt, 100, 103, 141, 277, 330, 576
Köhler, Wolfgang, 6–7, 100, 141, 277, 356, 576
Koivisto, Mauno, 223
Koláříková, Ludmila, 142
Kolaříková, Olga, 154
Kolbanovskii, V. N., 423
Koluchová, Jarmila, 148
Kondo, Toshiyuki, 360
Kora, Tomi, 354
The Koran and Psychology (Nagaty), 455
Korean War, 106
Korhonen, Arvi, 221
Kornilov, Konstantin Nikolaevich, 420, 422–24, 429
Korsakov, Sergei Sergeevich, 417
Kosawa, Heisaku, 355
Kotásková, Jarmila, 147
El-Koussy, Abdel-Aziz H., 164–65, 168, 173
Kovác, Damian, 153
Kovalevskii, N. O., 417
Kozulin, Alex, 413
Kraepelin, Emil, 272, 317, 332, 417
Kramer, Rita, 328
Kratina, Ferdinand, 142
Kratochvíl, Stanislav, 143, 149
Krause, Karl Christian, 267, 517
Krejčí, Oskar, 144
Křivohlavý, Jaro, 148
Krueger, Felix, 8, 277
Krüger, Johann Gottlob, 260, 270
Krupskaia, N. K., 425
Kubo, Tsuyako, 354
Kubo, Yoshihide, 355, 357
Kulka, Jiří, 152
Külpe, Oswald, 272, 274, 276, 325, 332
Kuo Zing-Yang, 100
Kuroda, Ryo, 97
Kyoto Imperial University, 351–52
Kyushu Imperial University, 353
L
Labbé, Edmond, 240
La Bruyère, Jean de, 259
Lacan, Jacques, 46, 248
Lachelier, Jules, 233
Ladd, George T., 351
Ladd-Franklin, Christine, 4
Ladygina-Kots, N. N., 422
Lafora, Gonzalo R., 523
Lagache, Daniel, 246–48, 337
Lagbao-Bolante, Flordeliza, 403
Lagerborg, Rolf, 217–18
Lagerspetz, Kirsti, 225
Lagmay, Alfredo, 398–99, 401
la Grange, J. A., 507
Lahy, Jean-Maurice, 242–44
Lakatos, Imre, 390
Lalo, Charles, 242
Lamarck, Jean-Baptsiste, 230
Lamont, Peter, 189
Lange, Friedrich Albert, 267
Langevin, Paul, 240, 244
Langmeier, Josef, 146
Lankester, Ray, 202
L’Année psychologique, 237–38, 241
L’Année sociologique, 239–40
Laozi, 83, 85
Lapinlahti Psychiatric Hospital, 217
Lapshin, I. I., 419
Lashley, Karl, 6, 428
La Société de Psychologie Physiologique, 2
Latin American and Caribbean Pedagogy Institute (IPLAC), 73
The Latin American Journal of Psychology, 73
La Trobe University, 24
Laugier, Henri, 240, 244
Laurie, Henry, 19
Lavater, Johann Caspar, 262
Lavin, Cipriano Rodrigo, 517–18
The Law of Time in the Phenomena of Thought (Buccola), 317
Laycock, Thomas, 186, 232, 468
Lazarus, Arnold, 509
Lazarus, Moritz, 263, 267
Lazurskii, A. F., 424
Leather Industries Research Institute (LIRI), 500
Lebanese Hospital for Mental and Nervous Diseases (Asfuriyeh), 367–68
Lebanese Psychological Association (LPA), 373
Lebanese Society of Psychoanalysis, 373–74
Lebanese University, 366
Lebanon, 366–67
accreditation system in, 374
education system in, 372–73
higher education in, 370–73
psychological testing in, 373
Le Bon, Gustav, 326
L’Ecole Supérieure des Lettres de Beyrouth, 371
Lectures on the Human and Animal Soul (Wundt), 416
Le Dantec, Félix, 234, 240
Lehtovaara, Arvo, 220–21
Leibniz, Gottfried Wilhelm, 257–58, 263
Lemass, Sean, 300
L’Encyclopédie française (Febvre, ed.), 244–45
Leont’ev, Aleksei Nikolaevich, 413–14, 423, 430, 434–36
Leo-Rhynie, Elsa, 61–62, 67–68
Lersch, Philipp, 277
Les Annales d’Histoire économique et sociale, 242
Les Médications psychologiques (Janet, Pierre), 237
(p. 636) Lesser Antilles, 73–74
The Lesser Victory (Ibn Miskawayh), 447
Lessons of Psychology (Ancízar), 130
Levina, R. E., 432
Lévy-Bruhl, Lucien, 238–39, 434
Lewes, George, 184, 415
Lewin, Kurt, 7, 100, 218, 247, 277, 356
Lewin Kurt, 338
Lian Qichao, 94–95
Liao Shicheng, 105
Liard, Louis, 233, 240
liberation psychology, 136, 618
Liber de Anima (Melanchton), 246
Lichtenberg, George Christoph, 262
Lienert, Gustav Adolf, 279
Ligue Française pour la Défense des Droits de l’Homme et du Citoyen, 239
Lindner, Gustav Adolf, 140, 150–51, 263, 267
Lindworsky, Johannes, 277
Linhart, Josef, 143–44
Lipmann, Otto, 275
Lippmann, Walter, 581
Lipps, Theodor, 272, 558
Li Shizhen, 90
Littré, Emile, 233
Liu Shao, 89–90, 116n7
Liu Tingfang, 102
Liu Zeru, 101
Liu Zhi, 90–91
Locke, John, 257–58, 268, 478
The Logic of Scientific Discovery (Popper), 382
Lombroso, Cesare, 308, 311–15
Lomov, Boris Fedorovich, 437
London Child Guidance Clinic, 199
London School, 26
Longtime Days (Heydorn), 74
López de Mesa, Luis, 131
Losskii, N. O., 419
Lotze, Rudolph Hermann, 267–68
Lovell, Henry Tasman, 19, 22
Lowenfeld, Margaret, 199–200
Lowndes, Marty, 96
Lozada, Mireya, 607
Lubbock, John, 189
Ludwig, Carl F. W., 325
Ludwig, Karl, 267, 270
L’Unité de la psychologie: Psychologie expérimentale et psychologie clinique (Lagache), 246
Luquet, Georges-Henri, 242
Luria, Aleksandr Romanovich, 7, 413–14, 427, 434, 436
Lutz, Catherine, 303
Lu Zhiwei, 99–100, 103, 105, 108
Lyell, Charles, 233
Lynch, Frank, 398
M
Macapagal-Arroyo, Gloria, 404–5
MacArthur, Douglas, 360, 397
MacCrone, I. D., 497, 503–4, 507
Mace, Cecil Alec, 488, 488f
Macek, Petr, 147
Macewan, William, 469
MacGregor, Duncan, 378
Mach, Ernst, 140–41, 481
Machač, Miloš, 144, 148, 150
Machačová, Helena, 148
Machado, Antonio, 521
Machotka, Pavel, 152
Macquarie University, 23
Madariago, Cesar de, 523
Madlafousek, Jaroslav, 146
Madrid School, 517–18
Magazine of Empirical Psychology, 261–62
Magellan, Ferdinand, 396
Magendie, François, 468
Magnan, Antoine, 234
Magnus, Albertus, 552
Maher, Michael, 293
Maine de Biran, Pierre, 231, 248n10
The Main Problematics of Our Education (Turhan), 562
al-Majusi, Ali Ibn Abbas, 446, 448
Mäki, Niilo, 220–21
Making of Modern Social Psychology: The Hidden Story of How an International Social Science Was Created (Marková & Moskovici), 151
Malche, Albert, 560
Malherbe, E. G., 497–98
Malinowski, Bronislaw, 381
Manchester Association of Secondary, Tertiary Schools’ Health Education and Associated Development (MASTHEAD), 69
Manganyi, Chabani, 498
Mange, Roberto, 40
Mann, Leon, 23
Mantegazza, Paolo, 312
A Manual of Psychological Medicine (Bucknill & Tuke), 185
Manual of Psychology (Stout), 484, 487
Manugian, Antranig, 367
Maori culture, 381–83, 388–90
The Maori Situation (Sutherland), 382
Mao Zedong, 108
Marañón, Gergorio, 522
Marbe, Karl, 275–76
Marcondes, Durval, 40
Marek, Alois M., 143
Mareš, Jiří, 148
Maria Theresa, 139
Marie, Dannette, 387–88
Marková, Ivana, 151
Marshal, Andrew, 471
martial law, 399–403
Martin, A. H., 21–23
Martin, Hugh, 20
Martin-Baró, Ignacio, 133, 136, 618
Martius, Götz, 272
Martius, Karl Friedrich Philipp von, 36
Marty, Anton, 140–41
Marui, Kiyoyasu, 355
Masaryk, Thomas Garrigue, 140
Masaryk Academy of Labor, 141
Masaryk University Brno, 141
Massey University, 384
Massimi, Marina, 35
mass psychology, 216
master’s degree in pastoral psychology and counseling (MAPPC), 64
Masuda, Koreshige, 358
Mataragnon, Rita, 401
Matĕjček, Zdenĕk, 146
Mateo Alonso, Alberto, 595–96
materialism, 130, 313, 421
Materials on Consciousness (Leont’ev), 434
Matsumoto, Matataro, 351–52, 355, 358–59
Matthies, Brigitte, 61, 68
Mauchart, Immanuel David, 262
Maudsley, Henry, 186–87
Maugüé, Jean, 41
Mauss, Marcel, 242
Mawe, John, 36
Max Planck Institute, 623
Maxwell, James Clerk, 474
Maxwell, John, 61
May 4th Movement, 97, 109–10
Mayerová, Marie, 150
Mayo, G. Elton, 19, 21–22, 338
Mayor, Juan, 530–31
McCarthy, Dianne, 387
McClure, John, 387
McCosh, James, 482–83
McDougall, William, 100, 185, 188, 190, 196, 200, 380
McElwain, Donald, 23
McFarlane, Tracy, 67
McGonagall, William Topaz, 475
McIntyre, James Lewis, 484, 484f
McKellar, Peter, 387
McKenna, John, 296, 298
McLean, Anthony, 387
McQuaid, John, 297
Mead, G. H., 432–33
Mead, Margaret, 381
Measurement in Experimental Psychology (Aliotta), 321
Measure of Character and Personality (PUP), 401
Measure of Filipino Character (PPP), 402
Medeiros, Maurício de, 38
(p. 637) Medical-Pedagogical Institute for the Mental Deficient, 323
medical psychology, 104
Medical Research Council, 196
Medicinische Psychologie oder Physiologie der Seele (Lotze), 268
Meiji era, 348, 350–52
Meillet, Antoine, 242
Meinong, Alexius, 329
Mektep, 563
Melanchton, Philipp, 246
Melbourne Teachers’ College, 19–21
Meleika, L. K., 164, 165, 169
Mello, Cunha, 38
Mel Nathan Institute, 66
Memorandum: Memória e História em Psicologia, 35
memory, 588
Mengzi, 84–85, 93
Menia University, 170
Mental Health Association and Support Group of Barbados, 73
Mental Hospital of Aversa, 315
Mental Hospital of the Muslim Elderly Asylum, 368–69
mental illness, 472–73
Mental Institute for Neuropsychological Disorders (MIND), 369
Mental Philosophy (Haven), 349
Mental Philosophy: Including the Intellect, Sensibilities and Will (Haven), 95
Mercier, Désiré J., 130
Merrill-Palmer Intelligence Scale, 105
Mershed, N. A. S., 167
Meschieri, Luigi, 338
Mesmer, Franz Anton, 231–32, 262
Messer, August, 276
Metaphysical Foundations of Natural Science (Kant), 260–61
metaphysics, 260
Metelli, Fabio, 331, 336, 338
Metge, Joan, 382
Metzger, Wolfgang, 279
Meyer, Adolf, 355
Meyerson, Ignace, 241–43
Mibai, Sugi, 354
Michelet, Karl Ludwig, 267
Michotte, Albert, 7, 247
Micraelius, Johannes, 257
migrant assimilation, 23
Mikšík, Oldřich, 145
Mill, John Stuart, 1, 185
Miller, Emanuel, 199
Miller, George, 588, 590
Miller, Morris, 20
The Mimicry of Thought (De Sanctis), 324
Mind, 462–63, 463f
Mind: A Quarterly Review of Psychology and Philosophy, 189–90
Mind and Body (Bain), 463
The Mind That Found Itself (Beers), 584
Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI), 165, 563
Mira, Emilio, 520, 523
Mira y López, Emilio, 40–41
Misiti, Raffaello, 338
mismatch negativity (MMN), 225
Mitchell, William, 19
Mithat, Ahmet, 557
M’Naghten Rules, 186–87, 206n6
Model City (Al-Farabi), 445
modernity, 618–19
modernization, 458
Modern Psychology (Gao), 101
Moede, Walther, 275
Mohammed, Y. A., 171
Mohapl, Přemsyl, 148
Molozhavyi, S. S., 426
Molyneux, William, 478–79
Monash University, 23–24
Monboddo, Lord, 483
Monchaux, Cecily de, 23
Monro, Alexander, 464–66, 465f
Montego Bay Academy, 63
Montero, Maritza, 606–7
Montesano, Giuseppe, 314, 327
Montessori, Maria, 314, 319, 327–28
The Montessori Method: Scientific Pedagogy As Applied to Child Education in “The Children’s Houses” (Montessori), 328
Montigny, Grandjean de, 36
Moodie, William, 199
Moore, Kevin, 387
Moralphilosophie Adam Ferguson’s (Kaneko), 351
Moreira, Juliano, 38
Moreno, Jacob Levy, 247
Morey, Elwyn, 26
Morgan, Conwy Lloyd, 4, 185, 191
Morgan, Mandy, 388
Morgan, Michael, 479
Morinaga, Shiro, 356
Moritz, Karl Philipp, 261–62
Morozova, N. G., 432
Morselli, Enrico, 315–16
Morsy, E. M. Kh., 164
Moscow Methodological Circle, 437
Moscow Psychological Society, 417
Moscow University, 420–21
Moskovici, Serge, 151
Mosso, Angelo, 316, 322, 326
Motivation and Academic and Vocational Achievement and Its Evaluation (Al-Sharkawy), 169
Motora, Yujiro, 98, 348, 349–52
Mott, Frederick, 195
Mourad, Yousuf, 169, 173
Muchow, Martha, 278
Müller, Georg Elias, 190, 272, 276
Müller, Johannes, 270
Mulligan, David G., 382
Münsterberg, Hugo, 2–3, 272
Murad, Yousef, 164, 168
Murchison, Carl, 7
Murdock, George Peter, 380
Musatti, Cesare, 322, 325, 329–31, 335–37, 339, 341
Muscio, Bernard, 21
Mussolini, Benito, 333
Mutis, José Celestino, 127
Myers, Charles S., 21, 189–90, 191, 195–97, 199
Myokinetic Psychodiagnosis (PMK), 520
N
Näätänen, Risto, 211, 224–25
Naftul’evich Shpil’rein, Isaak, 421
Nagashima, Sadao, 360
Nagaty, Mohamed Osman, 164, 455
Nagel, Wilibald, 268
Nakajima, Taizo, 350
Nakashima, Rikizo, 350
Nakonečný, Milan, 144–45
Nanjing Normal College, 98
Nara Women’s Higher Normal School, 353
National Association for Filipino Psychology (PSSP), 400–402, 406
National Association of Graduate Programs in Psychology of Brazil (ANPEPP), 35, 46
National Centre for Sociological and Criminal Research (NCSR), 164, 169
National Council of Research of Italy (CNR), 332, 334
National Group of Psychology of Cuba (MINSAP), 70
National Health Service of England (NHS), 204–5
National Institute for Personnel Research, 504–6
National Institute of Applied Psychology of Cuba, 72
National Institute of Industrial Psychology (NIIP), 197–98, 499–500
National Institute of Pedagogical Studies (NIPS), 40
National Insurance Act of 1911 (England), 198
nationalism, 212–14, 399–403
National Mental Health Commission of Barbados, 73
National Mental Hospital of Brazil, 38
National University of Colombia, 125, 130–31
National University of Ireland, 298
naturalism, 187
The Nature of Intelligence (Spearman), 204
Naturphilosophie (Schelling), 263, 266, 274
Naturwissenschaften, 268, 282n2
Naval Institute of Technology of Japan, 359
(p. 638) Navarrete, Thais, 600
Nechaev, A. P., 419, 424
Neff, William, 526
Neiglick, Hjalmar, 214
Nemicus, Thaddeus, 139
neobehaviorism, 361
neo-idealism, 320, 335
NEO Personality Inventory, 145–46
Neurasthenia: Its Nature, Origin and Cure (Graham), 201
Neurological Society, 190
neuropsychology, 47–48, 225, 590, 604
Neuro-Psychology Evaluation and the Development of Psychology (Meleika), 169
neuroscience, 48
neuroses, 248, 472
New Essays (Leibniz), 258
New Introductory Lectures on Psychoanalysis (Freud), 101
The New Invention (Thomasius), 259
New Psychology of the Soviet Union, 101
New School for Social Research, 35, 577
New Theory of Child Psychology (Koffka), 100
Newton, Isaac, 478
New Zealand, 377
accreditation system in, 384–85
behaviorism in, 386–87
clinical psychology in, 383–85
counseling in, 385
education system in, 383
higher education in, 377–78
industrial psychology in, 385–86
organizational psychology in, 385–86
research in, 390–91
theoretical psychology in, 387–88
New Zealand College of Clinical Psychologists, 391
New Zealand Psychological Society, 384
Ngata, Apirana, 382, 392n4
Nicholas I, Tsar of Russia, 414
Ninth Asian Workshop on Child and Adolescent Development, 54
Ninth International Congress of Psychology, 579
Nisbet, Robert, 217
Nishi, Amane, 348–49
Nishizawa, Raioh, 359
Nivnicensis, John Amos Comenius, 139
Noack, Ludwig, 267
Noble, Daniel, 185
Nobles, Wade, 62
Nolan, Michael, 297
non compos mentis, 187, 205n6
Nony, Camille, 191
Northern Caribbean University (NCU), 64
Northern Ireland, 291, 299
Notcutt, Bernard, 501
Notre Dame University (NDU), 371
noun-phenomena, 548
Nuñez, Rafael, 129–30
Nunn, Percy, 200
O
Obonai, Torao, 356
Observations on Man, His Frame, His Duty, and His Expectations (Hartley), 480
Ocherki po fiziologii dvizhenii i fiziologii aktivnosti (Pavlov), 437
Ochorowicz, Julian, 2
O’Connell, J. Byrne, 295–96
October Revolution, 414
Odehnal, Jiří, 143
O’Doherty, Eamonn Feichin, 296–98, 303
Oeser, Oscar, 23
Office of Civil Rights (OCR), 67
Ohizumi, H., 351
Ohtsuki, Kenji, 355
Oksala, Ohto, 222
Ol’denburgskii, A. P., 427
Oldfield, Carolus, 204
Olinto, Pinio, 34
Oliver, Anthony, 63, 68
Olmo, Francisco del, 523
Ombredane, André, 41
O’Neil, William M., 23–24
On Memory (Ebbinghaus), 272
Onoshima, Usao, 356, 359
On the Conservation of Energy (Helmholtz), 270
On the Soul (Aristotle), 256
Ontogenes of Human Psyche (Príhoda), 144
The Open Society and Its Enemies (Popper), 382, 392
Opium Wars, 91
O postroenii dvizhenii (Bernshtein), 437
optics, 473–75
Optics (Helmholtz), 271
Orano, Paolo, 327
Orbeli, L. A., 430–31
organizational psychology, 104–5, 149–50, 385–86, 603
Organization for Appropriate Social Services in South Africa (OASSSA), 508
The Origin and Development of Psychoanalysis (Freud), 100–101
The Origin of Mental Phenomena and Their Biological Significance (Sergi), 313
The Origin of Species (Darwin, C.), 233, 470
Orne, Martin T., 143
Ortega Durán, José, 595–96
Ortega y Gasset, Jose, 518, 521–22, 530
Osecká, Lída, 145
Osipov, Nikolai Evgrafovich, 435
Osmeña, Sergio, 397
Ossicini, Adriano, 337, 339
Ostankov, P. A., 417
Ostrava dispositiv, 141–42
Oswald, Wilhelm, 419
Ottoman Empire, 548–50
Ouija board, 354
Oum el Nour, 370
The Outline of Psychology (Chen), 98
Outlines of Psychology (Høffding), 96
Oxford University, 202
P
Padilla, Sinforoso, 397, 399
Pain and Pleasure (Sergi), 313
Palacký University Olomouc, 149
Palmes, Fernando, 519
Pan American Health Organization/World Health Organization (PAHO/WHO), 76
Panlasigui, Isidoro, 397
Pan Shu, 101, 105–6, 108, 111
Parafita de Bessa, Pedro, 42
Paraplegic and Physically Disabled Association (PAPDA), 7
parapsychology, 3–4
Parson, Frank, 6
Parsons, Talcott, 399
Pascual, Marcelo, 524
pathological functioning, 231
Patrizi, Mariano Luigi, 322, 326
Pavlov, Ivan Petrovich, 6–7, 412–14, 427–31, 437, 578–79
Pavlov’s theory, 106, 437
Pawlick, Kurt, 9
Peace Management Initiative (PMI), 76
Pear, Tom, 191, 196
Pearson, Karl, 194
Pedagogical College, 220
Pedagogical Psychology (Vygotsky), 432
Pedagogic Psychology (Boxtröm), 215
pedology, 424–27
Peinado, Jose, 523
Peixoto, Alfrânio, 38
Peking University, 96, 97, 108
Pelechano, Vicente, 529
Pende, Nicola, 334
Penna, Antonio Gomes, 35
PEPsic, 46
Pe-Pua, Rogelia, 402–3
perception, 83, 94, 257–58, 443–44
(p. 639) perception/apprehension, 329–30
The Perceptual World (von Fieandt), 220
Pere, Rangimarie Rose, 389
Pereira, Gomez, 514–15
Pérez Enciso, Guillermo, 523, 596
Pérez Valdés, Noemi, 70, 72
Pernambucano, Ulisses, 39
Perotti, Nicola, 335
Perpinan, Jesus, 397
Perrin, Jean, 240
Perry, Matthew, 347
Personalismus, 278
Personality (Allport), 219
Personality (Kaila), 218
personnel psychology, 105
Pertejo, Jesusa, 524, 528
Perty, Maximilian, 267
Pessotti, Isaias, 35
Peters, Wilhelm, 560
Petony, Pat, 26
Petrograd Philosophical Society, 428
Pettigrew, Thomas, 504
phenomenology, 221, 248
Philippine Association for Counsellor Education, Research and Supervision, 404
Philippine Journal of Psychology, 399, 406
Philippine Psychological Corporation, 398
Philippine Psychology Act of 2009, 405
Philippine Psychology Research Training House (PPRTH), 400, 402
Philippines, 395–96
accreditation system in, 404–5
education system in, 396–98
globalization in, 404–6
indigenous psychology in, 404–6
institutionalization in, 404–6
martial law in, 399–403
nationalism in, 399–403
research in, 402
Western psychology and, 398–99
World War II and, 397–98
Philippine Women’s University (PWU), 398
Phillip II, king of Spain, 396
Phillippo, James, 63
Philosophical Essays (Tetens), 260
Philosophical Review, 317
Philosophische Studien, 3, 272
phrenology, 182–83, 249n11, 263, 473, 485, 572
Physiognomische Fragmente (Lavater), 262
physiognomy, 262
physiological functions, 231–32
Physiological Journal, 430
physiological psychology, 28, 313
Physiological Theory of Perception (Sergi), 313
physiology, 185–88, 268–69
The Physiology of Common Life (Lewes), 415
Piaget, Jean, 7, 39, 111–12, 135–36, 201, 243, 434
Pickford, Ralph William, 487, 487f
Piderit, Theodor, 262
Piéron, Henri, 7, 40, 237, 240–41, 243–48
Pillsbury, Walter B., 354
Pinel, Philippe, 231, 473
Pinillos, Jose Luis, 524, 526–27, 529–31
Piorkowski, Curt, 275
Piper, Leonora, 573
Pirella, Agostino, 337
Piro, Sergio, 337
Pisarev, Dmitrii Ivanovich, 415
Pi-Sunyer, Augusto, 519–20
Pizzoli, Ugo, 39, 326
Planning Institute of Jamaica (PIOJ), 65
Plato, 445, 551
Plháková, Alena, 152, 154
pneumatology, 257
Poe, Fernando, Jr., 404
Political Behavior: Theory and Reality (El-Sayed), 167
political psychology, 70, 151, 167, 606–7
Political Transition from the Psychological Point of View (Krejcí), 144
Ponzo, Mario, 7, 323–25, 328
Popper, Karl, 382–83, 391–92
popular psychology, 201–2
Porterfield, William, 464–65, 478
Porteus, Stanley, 20–21, 30–31
positive psychology, 308, 340, 448–49
postmodern psychology, 303, 404
Potebnia, A. A., 416
Pottinger, Audrey, 61, 68
poverty, 127, 294, 300
Practical Guide to Experimental Psychology (Kornilov), 423
Practical Psychologist, 201
practical psychology, 201–2
Prague Central Psychotechnical Institute, 142
Prague Czech University, 140
Prague Spring, 153
Prameny, 152
Pressey X-O Test, 105
Příhoda, Václav, 142, 144
Primary Mental Abilities (PMA), 524
A Primer of Psychology (Titchener), 99
Prince, Morton, 4, 584
Principles of Behavior (Hull), 361
Principles of General Psychology (Rubinshtein), 426
Principles of Gestalt Psychology (Koffka), 100
The Principles of Human Physiology (Carpenter), 186
The Principles of Medical Psychology (von Feuchtersleben), 185
The Principles of Mental Physiology (Carpenter), 186
Principles of Physiological Psychology (Wundt), 556
Principles of Psychology (James), 323, 572
Principles of Psychology (Pinillos), 527, 530
Principles of Psychology (Spencer), 184
Principles of Psychology on the Basis of the Experimental Sciences (Sergi), 312
Principles of Scientific Management (Taylor), 222
Principles of Topological Psychology (Lewin), 100
Privy Council of Jamaica, 68
Problems in Personnel Psychology (Hsiao), 105
Problems of Clinical Society (Ossicini), 337
Problems of Written Chinese Characters (Ai), 102
Problemy razvitiia psikhiki (Leont’ev), 436
Proceedings of the Society for Psychical Research, 4
Prochaska, Georg, 139
Proclus, 256
Productive Thinking (Wertheimer, Max), 577
Professional Council of Psychology (Brazil), 35
Professional Federation of German Psychologists, 279
Property: A Study in Social Psychology (Beaglehole), 380
The Prophet’s Sunna and Psychology (Nagaty), 455
Protacio-Marcelino, Elizabeth, 403
Prussian Academy of Sciences, 277
Psicoballet Care System, 71–72
Psicología, 607
Psicología desde el Caribe, 134
Psicologia Hospitalar, 47
Psicothema, 134
Psyche, 318
Psyche (Rorschach), 266
Psychiatric and Psychological Investigations of Convicted Sex Offenders (Doorbar, Brancale & Ellis), 66
Psychiatric Hospital of Barbados, 73
Psychiatric Hospital of the Cross, 368
Psychiatric Institute of Turin, 317
psychic phenomena, 188, 354–55
psychoanalysis, 21–22, 29–30, 46, 100–101, 126, 136, 164, 219, 278, 330, 333–35, 355
Psychoanalysis (Kubo), 355
Psychoanalysis and Humanistic Approach in Psychotherapy (Meleika), 169
(p. 640) Psychoanalytic Psychotherapy in South Africa, 511
psychobiology, 135
Psychoclinical Study of Aphasia (Goulart), 38
Psychologia, 361
Psychologia (Goclenius), 256
Psychologia Anthropologica (Casmann), 256
Psychologia Empirica (Wolff), 259
Psychologia Metaphysica (Willwoll), 277
Psychologia Physica (Hippe), 256
Psychologia Rationalis (Wolff), 259
Psychologia vera (Böhme), 257
Psychological Apparatus, 272
Psychological Assessment, 49, 534
Psychological Association of South America (PASA), 508
Psychological Association of the Philippines (PAP), 398–99
Psychological Biannual, 99
Psychological Bulletin, 6, 100, 483, 574
The Psychological Clinic, 38, 584
The Psychological Fact of Perception (Ardigò), 311
The Psychological Index, 3
Psychological Institute of the Republic of South Africa (PIRSA), 508
Psychological Practices Act of Australia, 27
The Psychological Problem of Time (Bonaventura), 332
The Psychological Register, 7, 357
Psychological Review, 100, 189, 420, 483, 574
Psychological Science, 108
Psychological Self-cultivation of Youths (Ding), 104
psychological services, 54–55, 293, 452, 540–42
psychological societies, by country, 14–16
Psychological Society of Great Britain (PSGB), 188
Psychological Society of Ireland, 299, 302
Psychological Studies, 169
psychological studies and human development (PSHD), 54
psychological testing, 105, 486. See also intelligence testing
in Brazil, 43
in East Germany, 279
in England, 192–95
in Lebanon, 373
psychometric, 204
Rorschach and, 266
in Saudi Arabia, 452
in South Africa, 504–6
in Spain, 520
standardization of, 165
in Thailand, 540
in Turkey, 563–64
in United States, 579–81
Psychologie du raisonnement (Binet), 238
psychologie pathologique, 315
Psychologie vom empirischen Standpunkt (Brentano), 276
Psychology (Marek), 143
Psychology (Motora), 350
Psychology (Saliem), 164
Psychology: Empirical and Rational (Maher), 293
psychology, history of, 622–23
Psychology and Society, 47
Psychology and the Manager (Dempsey), 298
Psychology as a Positive Science (Ardigò), 311
Psychology as a Science (Musatti), 331
Psychology for the Schools (Sergi), 314
Psychology for the Third Millennium (Heller & Šturma), 144
Psychology in 1925 (Watson), 100
Psychology in America: A Historical Survey (Hilgard), 588
Psychology in Education (Roark), 96
Psychology in Society, 508, 511
Psychology in Utopia (Kozulin), 413
Psychology Journal, 541
Psychology of Aggression/Hostility and Its Control: A New Cognitive Therapeutic Approach (Al-Aqad), 169
The Psychology of Insanity (Hart), 196
Psychology of Life in the Concentration Camp Thereienstadt (Utitz), 141
psychology of reaction, 217–18
The Psychology of Sartre (Dempsey), 298
Psychology of Skills (Abou-Hashem), 167
Psychology of Temporal Perception (Benussi), 330
psychology promotion, in Egypt, 172
Psychology Research, 321
Psychology Society of South Africa (PsySSA), 508–9
psychometric tests, 204
psychometry, 259, 270, 312
psychopathology, 89, 244–45
Psychophysical Laboratory, 351
psychophysics, 269–70
psychophysiology, 188, 445–46
Psychophysiology of Perception and Representation (Tapajós), 38
Psychosocial Pathology: Toward a Theory on the Disturbing Relationship Between Individual and the Society (Fayek), 168
Psychotechnical Laboratory, 220
Psychotechnic Laboratory at Dresden, 141
psychotechnics, 5, 125–26, 141–42, 222, 326, 329, 333–35, 422, 519–20
psychotherapy, 46, 73, 237, 244–45, 447–49
Psychotherapy (Meleika), 169
Psykologia, 221, 224
Pulido de Briceño, Mercedes, 605
Pulkkinen, Lea, 225
Purkinje, Jan Evangelista, 139–40, 141f
Putnam, James Jackson, 584
Q
Quadrio, Assunto, 336
Quaestiones Physicae (Freigius), 256
Qualitative Approach and Methodology in Sciences of Man, 145
qualitative data analysis, 145
Qualitative Experiments in Psychology (Titchener), 379
Quantitative Experiments in Psychology (Titchener), 379
Queen’s University Belfast, 299
Questions of Philosophy and Psychology, 416
Quetelet, Adolphe, 193, 312
Quezon, Manuel, 397
Qur’an, 52, 163, 444
R
Rabaud, Etienne, 241–42
race politics, 503–4
Rachman, Stanley, 509
racial segregation, 499, 586–87
Radecki, Waclaw, 39
Radical Olympus movement, 129–30
Rageh, Ahmed E., 164, 173
Raja Isteri Pengiran Anak Saleha (RIPAS) Hospital, 55
Ramon y Cajal, Santiago, 519
Ramos, Fidel, 404
Ramsey, Allan, 483
rational emotive therapy, 27
Rauhala, Lauri, 221
Raven, J. C., 204
Raymond, Fulgence, 236
Readings in Social Psychology in the Arab Countries (Meleika), 169
Reaktologiia (Kornilov), 422
Recto, Claro M., 399
Reflexes of the Brain (Sechenov), 413
reflexology, 429–30
Regeneration movement, 129
Řehan, Vladimír, 149
Reich, Wilhelm, 436
Reid, Leslie, 387
Reid, Thomas, 476, 477f, 478–80
Reimarus, Hermann Samuel, 260
Rein, Thiodolf, 213
religion, 51–53, 62–65, 128–30, 188–89, 291, 295–96, 551–52, 619. See also specific religions
Remembering: A Study in Experimental and Social Psychology (Bartlett), 203
Renaissance, 256–58, 514–15
Renan, Ernest, 233
Report of Psychology, 41
The Republic (Plato), 445
Resiner, M. A., 422
Respublica Bojema (Stránský), 139
Reuchlin, Maurice, 247
Review of Psychology Applied to Pedagogy and Psychopathology, 318
(p. 641) Revista Brasileira de Terapia Comportamental e Cogntiva, 47
Revista da Abordagem Gestáltica, 47
Revista de Occidente, 521, 523
Revista de Psicología, 134
Revista de Psicologia General y Aplicada, 525
Revista de Psicologia i Pedagogia, 523
Revista di Psicanalisi, 335–36
Revista di Psicologia, 335–36
Revista Inter-Americana de Psicología/Inter-American Journal of Psychology, 134
Revista Interamericana de Psicología Ocupacional, 134
Revista Latinoamericana de Psicología, 134
Revista Psico, 43
Revue de Synthèse, 250n25
Revue Philosophique, 2, 233
Rey, Abel, 242
Reyburn, H. A., 497
Reyna, Leo, 509
Rhazes, 443, 447–48
Rhodes University, 496–97
Ribes, Emilio, 531
Ribot, Théodule, 190, 203, 232, 236, 315
Říčan, Pavel, 143, 145
Ricci, Matteo, 92
Richards, Graham, 184, 304
Richardson, Alan, 23
Richet, Charles, 2, 4, 234
Richter, Curt, 354
Rieffert, Johann Baptist, 275
Rignano, Eugenio, 321
The Rise of Chinese Industrial Psychology (Chou & Chen, L.), 105
Ritchie, James, 382–83, 388–89
Ritchie, Jane, 382, 388–89
Rites of Zhou, 83
Rivers, William, 189–90, 196–97, 380
Rivet, Paul, 242
Roark, R. N., 96
Robertson, George Croom, 189
Rochefoucauld, François de La, 259
Rodrigo, Mercedes, 131, 520, 523
Rodriguez-Delgado, Jose M., 531
Rodriguez-Lafora, Gonzalo, 518
Rof-Carballo, Juan, 531–32
Rogers, Carl, 337, 589
The Role of Civilization in the Development of Mental Diseases (Cardozo), 38
Roman-Duran, Antonio, 523
Romanes, George, 185
Romano, Maria Eugenia, 528
Rorschach, Hermann, 266
Rorschach’s Ink Blot Test, 165, 563
Rosario University, 127
Rosenhan, David, 29
Rosenkranz, Johann Karl Friedrich, 267
Rosenquist, Aksel, 222
Rosenzweig, Mark R., 9
Rosmini, Antonio, 310–11
Rossi, Ernest, 448
Rossi, Pasquale, 327
Rossolimo, Grigorii Ivanovich, 417
Rostohar, Mihajlo, 141–42, 146
Rousseau, J. J., 128
Roxo, Henrique, 37–38
Royer, Clémence, 233
Ruan Jingqing, 101
Rubinshtein, Sergei Leonidovich, 426–27, 430, 436
Rudert, Johannes, 277
Rush, Benjamin, 466
Russell, Bertrand, 382
Russian Federation, 412. See also Soviet Union
educational psychology in, 437–38
experimental psychology in, 418
Freud and, 435–36
higher education in, 419
institutionalization in, 418
Marxism in, 421–24
October Revolution and, 414
pedology in, 424–27
Stalinism in, 427–31
Russian Psychological Association, 438
Russian Psychology (Joravsky), 413
Ruttmann, W. J., 558
Rûžička, Jiří, 150
Rybnikov, N. A., 420, 424–25
S
Saba, Umberto, 335
Sachsenberg, Ewald, 141
Sacristan, Jose M., 518
Saint George Hospital University Medical Center, 369
Saint-Hilaire, Auguste de, 36
Saji, Morio, 361
Sakaki, Yasusaburo, 352
Sakuma, Kanae, 353, 356
Sakyamuni, 83
Salazar, José Miguel, 601, 606
Salazar, Zeus, 401–2
Saleh, A. Z., 168
Saliem, Mohammed Sherif, 164
Salomaa, J. E., 217
Sampson, Barney, 387
Sander, Friedrich, 277, 279
Sanford, Edmund, 575
San Lazzaro Mental Hospital, 318, 325–26
Santos, Osvaldo de Barros, 43
Sanz del Rio, Julian, 267
Sapir, Edward, 381
Sarfatti, Gualtiero, 327
Sartre, Jean-Paul, 246
Sati, Mustafa, 557
Sato, Koji, 361–62
Saudi Arabia, 442–43
abnormal psychology in, 446–47
behavior therapy in, 447–48
clinical psychology in, 446–47
cognitive psychology in, 448–49
education system in, 450–51
higher education in, 451–52
Islam in, 442–43, 455–56
modernization in, 458
modern psychology in, 449–54
psychological services in, 452
psychophysiology in, 445–46
psychotherapy in, 447–49
research in, 452–54
women in, 454–55
Saudi Educational and Psychological Association (SEPA), 455
Savisir, Isik, 564
El-Sayed, A. M., 167
El-Sayed, F. E., 164–65, 168
Schäffle, Albert Eberhard Friedrich, 263
Schaller, Julius, 267
Scheibler, Christoph, 257
Schelling, Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph, 263, 266
Schiff, Moritz, 316–17, 415
Schleiermacher, Friedrich, 267
Schmidt, Franz, 558
Scholastic Aptitude Test (SAT), 581
“School Psychology in Jamaica” (Brown-Earle), 65
Schubert, Gotthilf Heinrich, 266
Sciamanna, Ezio, 312, 324, 327
Scielo, 46–47
Science, 4, 574
Science of Human Labor (Doležal), 142
Science of the Soul (Rein), 213
The Scientific Foundation of Psychological Construction (Hsiao), 105
The Scientist, 301–2
Scientology, 25, 27
Scotland
evolution in, 469–70
higher education in, 470–72, 489
institutionalization in, 470–72
language in, 482
optics in, 473–75
philosophy in, 475–82
Scripture, E. W., 579
Scripture, Edward W., 351
Secadas, Francisco, 524, 527–28
(p. 642) Sechenov, Ivan Mikhailovich, 413, 415–16
Section Française de l’Internationale Ouvrière (SFIO), 239
Seishin-Bunseki, 355
Seligman, C. G., 30
Semaj, Leachim, 61, 68–69
The Senses and the Intellect (Bain), 184, 462, 463f
Šeracký, František, 142, 146
Sergi, Giuseppe, 308–9, 311–15, 327, 340
Servadio, Emilio, 335
Seth, George, 299
Severnyi, B. N., 422
Severová, Marie, 143
Sexton, Virginia Staudt, 617
sexual identity, 75
El-Shakhs A. E., 170
Shakow, David, 588–89
Al-Sharkawy, H. M., 169
Sharman, Matthew, 20
Shaw, John, 467–68
Shchedrovitskii, Georgii Petrovich, 437–38
Shchukin, S. I., 420
Shelley, James, 383, 385
shell-shock, 195–97
Shen Youqian, 102
Sherif, Muzaffer, 560
Sherrington, Charles, 191, 428
Sherwood, Rae, 506
Shine, John, 293, 296
shinrigaku, 91, 348–49, 349
Shinri Kenkyu, 352–53
Shirinskii-Shikhmatov, P. A., 414
A Short Encyclopedia of Psychology and Psychiatry (Al-Kholy), 170
Shoukeir, Z. M., 169
Shouksmith, George, 384, 386
Showa Era, 348, 357–60
Shpet, Gustav Gustavovich, 419
Shpil’rein, Isaak, 422
Shpil’rein, Sabina, 422, 435
Sidgwick, Henry, 3, 189
Sighele, Schipio, 326–27
Siguán, Miguel, 524, 527
Sikolohiyang Pilipino: Isyu, Pananaw at Kaalaman (Aganon & David), 402
Sikolohiyang Pilipino: Teorya, Metodo at Gamit (Pe-Pua), 402
Silva, Carlos, 607
Simarro, Luis, 517
Simiand, François, 239
Simon, Herbert, 191
Simon, Théodore, 194, 238, 243, 579–80
Singer, George, 24
Skawran, Paul, 497, 502
Skinner, B. F., 247, 386–87, 579
Skoun, 370
slavery, 60, 62–63, 586
Slavina, L. S., 432
Šmahel, David, 147
Smékal, Vladimír, 145, 152, 154
Smith, Adam, 483
Smith, Grafton Elliot, 196
Smith, William, 191, 485f, 486
Smyth, John, 20–21
Snellman, Johan, 212–13
Social Affirmation Project, 65
Social and Health Assessment (SAHA), 154n2
Social-Democratic Party of Finland (SDP), 216
Social Development in Young Children (Isaacs), 204
socialist psychology, 107
social psychology, 44, 104, 133, 150–51, 247, 325–28, 561–62
Social Psychology (Al-Farabi), 445
Social Psychology (Orano), 327
Social Psychology (Sarfatti), 327
Société Clinique de Médecine Mentale, 240
Société de Psychologie, 241–43
Société des Consultants et Psychotherapeutes (SCP), 374
Société des Practiciens en Psychologie et Consultants, 374
Société Psychanalytique de Paris, 244
Society for Adolescent Medicine in the Philippines, Inc. (SAMPI), 406
Society for Animal Psychology, 358
Society for Experimental Psychology, 273
Society for Industrial and Organisational Psychology of South Africa (SIOPSA), 509
Society for Popular Lectures in Psychology, 352
Society for Psychical Research (SPR), 188–89, 215, 234
Society for Psychology, 352
Society for the Improvement of Medical and Chirurgical Knowledge, 471
The Sociological Tradition (Nisbet), 217
sociology, 217, 231, 247
Söderhjelm, Henning, 215
Sokolov, P. P., 422
Sokolova, E. E., 434
Šolc, Miloslav, 144
somatologia, 256–57
Some Modern Hawaiians (Beaglehole), 381
Some Modern Maoris (Beaglehole), 381
Some Psychological Considerations About Man (Mello), 38
Sommer, Robert, 272
Song of the West Indies (Heydorn), 74
Sorbonne, 233, 246
Soueif, M. I., 164, 166, 168–69
A Source Book of Clinical Psychology (Soueif), 169
South Africa
clinical psychology in, 506–7
education system in, 497–99
higher education in, 496–97, 509
HIV/AIDS in, 511–12
industrial psychology in, 499–500
institutionalization in, 506–7
mental health in, 499
psychological testing in, 504–6
race politics in, 503–4
research in, 510
women in, 509–10
World War II and, 500–503
South African Air Force (SAAF), 502–3
South African Journal of Psychology, 508, 511
South African Journal of Psychology and Education, 497
South African Journal of Science, 507
South African Medical and Dental Council (SAMDC), 507
South African Psychological Association (SAPA), 507
Soviet Union, 113, 212, 216–17, 412. See also Russian Federation
Spain, 303
Civil War, 516
clinical psychology in, 532–33
educational psychology in, 533
education system in, 528–29
industrialization in, 516–17
institutionalization in, 532–34
modern psychology in, 515–16
psychological testing in, 520
psychotechnics in, 519–20
Renaissance and, 514–15
Spaltro, Enzo, 336
Spanish Association of Psychologists, 516
Spanish Journal of Psychology, 534
Spanish Psychological Society, 525
Spaventa, Bertrando, 310
Spearman, Charles, 7, 188, 194, 204, 380
Special Issues in Psychological and Educational Experiment, 99
speech disorders, 172
Spencer, Herbert, 19, 183–85, 193, 232–33, 348
spiritism, 4
spiritualism, 37, 234–35, 250n15, 548, 573
spirituality, 619
Spix, Johann Baptist von, 36
sports psychology, 150, 167
(p. 643) Spranger, Eduard, 273
Spurzheim, Johann Gaspar, 183, 468
St. Joseph University, 366, 371
Stalinism, 427–31
Stavel, Josef, 142
Steinthal, Heymann, 263, 267
Stejskal, Cyril, 146
Stephan, Margaret, 544
stereokinetic phenomena, 331
Stern, William, 7, 275, 278, 334
Stewart, Dugald, 477f, 480–82
Štikar, J., 143
Štítný, Tomáš, 138
Stoneman, Ethel, 19–20
Stout, George Frederick, 483, 484f, 488–89
Stránský, Paulus, 139
Strongman, Ken, 387
structuralism, 574–76
structural psychology, 99
Structure of the Psyche (Kaila), 218
Strümpell, Ludwig, 267
Strutt, John, 188
Stuchlík, Jaroslav, 147
Studies of Childhood (Sully), 198
A Study of Child Psychology (Chen, H.), 103
Stumpf, Carl, 4, 140, 152–53, 190, 272, 277, 353
Šturma, Dieter, 144
Style and Psyche (Machotka), 152
subjectivity, 235
Sukhanov, S. A., 419
Sullivan, Gavin, 387
Sully, James, 4, 183, 189–90, 198–99
Šulová, Lenka, 146
Sultan Hassanal Bolkiah Institute of Education (SHBIE), 53–56
Suma Psicológica, 134
Sumner, Francis, 586
Sutherland, Ivan, 382–83
Suzuki, Harutaro, 357
Suzuki-Binet Test, 357
Švancara, Josef, 143–44, 153
Svevo, Italo, 335
Svoboda, Mojmír, 149
Symbolik der menschlichen Gestalt (Carus), 262
Symbolism of the Dream (Schubert), 266
Symposium of Filipino Personality (Tan), 398
T
al-Tabari, Ali Ibn Sahl Rabban, 447
tabula rasa theory, 443
Taft, Ronald, 23
Taha, F. A., 169
Tahsin, Hoca, 556
Taihoku Imperial University, 357
Taine, Hippolyte, 198–99, 233, 238, 419
Taisho Era, 348, 352
Takagi, Sadaji, 356, 358
Takala, Martti, 219, 225
Takebe, Tongo, 352
Talbot, William Henry Fox, 474–75
talent theory, 89–90
Tamburini, Augusto, 315–16
Tan, Allen, 398
Tañada, Lorenzo, 399
Tanaka, Kan’ichi, 357
Tanaka-Binet Intelligence Test, 357
Tanaka Institute for Educational Institute, 357
Tan Sitong, 93–94
Taoism. See Daoism
Tao Xingzhi, 100
Tapajós, Estelita, 38
Tardy, Vladimír, 143, 145
Tasavvuf, 555
Tate, Frank, 20
Tatrado de Psychologia General (Mayor & Pinillos, eds.), 530–31
Taunay, Félix Émile, 36
Taylor, A. J. W., 383
Taylor, Frederick Winslow, 222
Taylor, J. G., 497, 499, 509
Teaching Caribbean Students (Bastick & Ezenne, eds.), 65
Teixera, Anísio, 40
Teplov, Boris Mikhailovich, 427, 436
Terasawa, Izuo, 358
Terman, Lewis, 580
Terminology and Documentation in Psychology (Švancara), 144
terrorism, 151
Test of English as Foreign Language (TOEFL), 451
Tetens, Johann Nicholas, 260
Tetsugaku-Jii (Inouye, Motora & Nakashima), 350
Tevfik, Baha, 557
Textbook of Psychology (Snellman), 213
Textbook of Psychology, Based on Empirical Method (Lehtovaara), 220
T-Groups, 338
Thai Clinical Psychologist Association, 542
Thailand, 538–39
HIV/AIDS in, 544
organizations of, 542–43
professions in, 543–44
psychological services in, 540–42
psychological testing in, 540
Thai Mental Health Association, 542
Thai Psychological Association, 542
Thematic Apperception Test (TAT), 165, 524, 563
theoretical pluralism, 535
theoretical psychology, 105, 387–88
Thesaurus of Psychology (Dessougui), 170
Thinking, Feeling, Doing (Scripture), 579
Third Republic, 232–37
Thirty Years War, 139
Thomas, David, 389
Thomas Aquinas, 127, 552
Thomasius, Christian, 258–59
Thomson, Godfrey, 194, 204, 486
Thomson, J. J., 188
Thomson, Mathew, 201
Thorndike, Edward L., 7, 100, 110, 354, 380, 573
Thought and Language (Vygotsky), 433
thoughtography, 354
Thouless, Robert, 7
Through Psychology to Metagnosis (Kovác), 153
Thurnwald, R., 434
Thurstone, Louis, 5, 526
Tiberghen, Guillaume G., 267
Titchener, Edward B., 4, 99, 350, 379, 574–76
Todes, Daniel, 413, 427
Tohoku Imperial University, 353
Tohoku Psychologica Folia, 358
Tokarskii, Ardalion Ardalionivich, 417
Tokugawa, 347
Tokyo Eiwa School, 350
Tokyo Higher Normal School, 357
Tokyo Imperial University, 98, 349–51
Tokyo Institute for Psychoanalytic Study, 355
Tokyo Women’s Higher Normal School, 353
Tolman, Edward C., 100, 361, 579
Tomoda, Fujio, 361
tone psychology, 277
Tonpsychologie, 140
Toulouse, Edouard, 240
Toyama, Masakzu, 349
Trahair, Richard, 23
Traité de Psychologie (Dumas, ed.), 244
Traité des maladies mentales (Griesinger), 232
Transexualism and Sexual Reassignment (Doorbar), 66
transformism, 234
translation issues, 95–96
Treatise of Human Nature (Hume), 478
Treatise of Psychoanalysis (Musatti), 336
Treatise of the Soul (Vives), 514
Treatise on Mnemonic Arts (Ricci), 92
Treatise on the Eye (Porterfield), 465, 478
Treaty of Annexation, 357
Treves, Zaccaria, 326
Trinity College, Dublin, 292
Trist, Eric, 204
Troitskii, Matvei Mikhailovich, 418
Trotsky, L. D., 422
Tsinghua University, 104
Tsukahara, Masatsugu, 352
Tuke, Daniel, 185
Tunç, Mustafa Sekip, 559
Turgenev, Ivan, 414
Turgot, Anne Robert Jacques, 230
(p. 644) Turhan, Mümtaz, 561–62
Turkey, 547–48
education system in, 560–61
higher education in, 556–57
indigenous psychology in, 567
institutionalization in, 558–60, 563–65
modern psychology in, 555–56
psychological testing in, 563–64
religion in, 551–52
social psychology in, 561–62
Western psychology in, 566
women in, 564
Turkish Psychological Association (TPA), 564–65
Turkish Psychological Bulletin, 563
Turkish Psychology Association, 564
Turkish Psychology Journal, 563
Turró, Ramon, 518–20
Turtle, Alison, 19
U
Ubeda, Manuel, 524, 528
Uchida-Kraepelin Psychodiagnostic Test, 361
Uchido, Yuzaburo, 361
Ueda, Toshimi, 360
Ueno, Yoichi, 352
Ukhtomskii, A. A., 413, 432
Ulrici, Hermann, 267
Unamuno, Miguel de, 521
unconscious celebration, 186
Unhammad, Najab ud-din, 446
Union of Young Communists (UJC), 71
United Church of Jamaica, 66
United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF), 74, 400
United Nations Education, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), 8–9, 72
United States, 622
accreditation system in, 589
clinical psychology in, 583–85, 588–89
post-World War II, 587–88
psychological testing in, 579–81