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date: 17 November 2019

Abstract and Keywords

As many other Arab–Islamic countries, Saudi Arabia shares stock in the Islamic psychological achievements’ legacy that started more than a 1,000 years ago during the Middle Ages (500–1000 ad). It was during that time that Islamic scholars began to develop more or less scientific ideas concerning a variety of topics, many of which belong to psychology as we know it today. Reference to these early events recurs throughout the first section of this chapter. In the remaining sections, the beginnings of modern scientific psychological studies in Saudi Arabia from about the middle of the 20th century will be described. Additionally, positive and negative sociocultural events influencing the current status and the future of psychology as a scientific and independent identity in Saudi Arabia will be discussed.

Keywords: History of psychology, psychology in Saudi Arabia, early Islamic heritage in psychology, modern psychology in Saudi Arabia, cross-cultural psychology, modern psychology in Arab–Islamic cultures, psychology in Middle Eastern Arabian countries, Islamic psyc

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