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date: 15 May 2021

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter surveys the 140-year history of psychology in New Zealand, considers the forces that shaped its development, and comments on its contemporary character. The early history of New Zealand psychology was dominated by British influences, but today it is Anglo-American in nature. Nevertheless, it has a number of distinctive features, among which is its own indigenous Maori psychology. Academic psychology in New Zealand largely takes place within the country’s universities. It has emerged from an early institutional association with philosophy to become a separate subject with prominent applications in the clinical and industrial/organizational spheres of society. The chapter concludes with a brief consideration of two challenges that face the discipline as a basic and applied science.

Keywords: New Zealand, history, British psychology, Duncan MacGregor, Thomas Hunter, Ernest Beaglehole, clinical psychology, industrial/organizational psychology, Maori psychology

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