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date: 28 January 2020

Abstract and Keywords

The social function of health psychology is the promotion of well-being and quality-of-life improvements, concepts that only become meaningful when they are analyzed in the real-life context of our communities. For social and community psychology, community health has always been a primary area for research and intervention, and the wide range of applications and theoretical frameworks that have been employed is a defining characteristic. This chapter discusses two such research models from the disciplines of mental health and community development: the ecological model and a model of empowerment and competence. Their origin and evolution encompass different geographical and epistemological circumstances and highlight the importance of cultural respect, risk prevention, and the optimization of community resources, with special emphasis placed on community participation.

Keywords: The social psychology of health, community psychology, personal well-being, social well-being, community health

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