- Oxford Library Of Psychology
- Short Contents
- Oxford Library of Psychology
- About the Editor
- The Intellectual Roots of Health Psychology
- A History of the Development of Health Psychology
- Measurement in Health Psychology Research
- Designing and Conducting Interventions to Enhance Physical and Mental Health Outcomes
- Uncertainty, Variability, and Resource Allocation in the Health Care Decision Process
- The Brain, Homeostasis, and Health: Balancing Demands of the Internal and External Milieu
- Stress, Coping, and Health
- Social Support: A Review
- Personality, Disease, and Self-healing
- Adjustment to Chronic Disease: Progress and Promise in Research
- Social Comparison Processes: Implications for Physical Health
- Health and Illness Perceptions
- Physician–Patient Communication
- Aging and Health
- Chronic Pain: Closing the Gap Between Evidence and Practice
- Coping with Cancer
- Expressive Writing: Connections to Physical and Mental Health
- Beyond the Myths of Coping with Loss: Prevailing Assumptions Versus Scientific Evidence
- Family Consultation for Couples Coping with Health Problems: A Social Cybernetic Approach
- Childhood Health and Chronic Illness
- Health Behavior Change
- Advancing Health Behavior Theory: The Interplay Among Theories of Health Behavior, Empirical Modeling of Health Behavior, and Behavioral Interventions
- The Perception of Health Risks
- Physical Activity and Health: Current Research Trends and Critical Issues
- Alcohol Use and Alcohol Use Disorders
- Dispositional Optimism, Psychophysiology, and Health
- Community Health
- Latino Health
- Two Decades of Social Change in Central and Eastern Europe: Implications for Health
- Asian Meditation and Health
- Health and Social Relationships in Nonhuman Primates: Toward a Comparative Health Psychology
- Conclusion: The Achievements and Promise of Health Psychology
Abstract and Keywords
Health-focused interventions can prevent the devastating effects of many illnesses by encouraging changes in behavior. Interventions that recognize the multiple influences on behavior will have the greatest likelihood of success, but increased sensitivity to their costs, convenience, and reach has led to innovative new treatments, for example internet programs for post-traumatic stress disorder or smoking cessation. Nonetheless, although the landscape in which interventions can be delivered has changed, attention to principles of design and methodology remain the same. This chapter describes proven scientific methods in designing and evaluating interventions, and illustrates how understanding the causes of illnesses and health, and using theoretically driven and multilevel approaches to develop interventions, can save lives by promoting health and preventing illness.
J. Lee Westmaas is a member of the Behavioral Research Center of the American Cancer Society in Atlanta, GA.
Virginia Gil-Rivas, Department of Psychology, University of North Carolina, Charlotte.
Roxane Cohen Silver is a professor in the Department of Psychology and Social Behavior at the University of California, Irvine in Irvine, CA.
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