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date: 05 December 2019

Abstract and Keywords

The field of career counseling began with a well-defined, but narrow scope. Its goal was to match a person’s skills, interests, and predilections to an appropriate job. Although it offered a means of allowing people to consider new vocational options, the approach did not require the in-depth knowledge of occupations; psychological and assessment skills; the understanding of the larger contexts of ethnicity, gender, and economic and social status; and the intuitive understanding of the counseling process that have become such important parts of the field today. This chapter describes the evolution of the career counseling field, which now includes all of these aspects. Ironically, the chapter also reveals how the founder of the field, Frank Parsons, formulated an approach to vocational counseling with a social justice perspective; this perspective is currently fueling one of the fastest growing bodies of career counseling research and practice.

Keywords: assessment, career counseling, counseling process, interests, vocational counseling, social justice

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