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date: 25 October 2020

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter discusses brain development during childhood and adolescence, based on findings obtained with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). MRI contributed a wealth of information about the adolescent brain, documenting, in particular, its continuing structural maturation and beginning to elucidate interesting changes in its functional organization. Several large-scale MR-based studies of childhood and adolescence are under way, promising to deliver new insights into neural mechanisms underlying cognitive and emotional development during adolescence and, most importantly, to identify possible genetic and environmental influences on brain maturation and on cognitive and socio-emotional development during childhood and adolescence.

Keywords: brain development, adolescent brain, magnetic resonance imaging, neuroimaging, brain structure, brain function

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