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date: 04 December 2020

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter offers an overview of current knowledge on personality traits and specific recommendations about how it might inform and advance research in neuroscience. It begins by describing one central model in trait psychology, the five-factor model, and the relation between traits and similar constructs—specifically, temperament and mood. It then discusses several core features that suggest a biological basis for these traits and very briefly reviews theories on their biological origins. Next, it reviews recent research on one biological aspect of traits, their resting-state neural correlates. Finally, the chapter ends with future directions for the neuroscience of personality traits with an eye to how personality psychology can inform theoretical and practical approaches to neuroimaging research on individual differences.

Keywords: personality, neuroscience research, five-factor model, traits, temperament, mood

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