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date: 21 October 2019

Abstract and Keywords

This article takes a look at tenth- and eleventh-century rituals for the consecration of virgins. These rituals are described in detail in liturgical books with prayers, pontificals, chants, and rubrics for services that were presided over by a bishop or sometimes an abbot. The pontificals also contained accounts of monastic profession, church dedication, the consecration of a cemetery, the blessing of altars and other cult objects, and clerical ordination. The article notes that the services for the consecration of virgins were more erratic than comparable ones for clerical ordination. It also discusses ritual studies, which tries to explain the meaning of cultural phenomena through interpretation.

Keywords: consecration, virgins, liturgical books, pontificals, pontifical services, clerical ordination, ritual studies, cultural phenomena, interpretation

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