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date: 23 April 2021

Abstract and Keywords

There is agreement about neither religion nor religious experience. To await agreement is to write about neither. Religion is a conceptual system, embedded in persons and texts (verbal or written), rites and rituals, and institutions and practices, that diagnoses a universal deep non-medical disease and prescribes its cure. An individual experience occurs when a person is in a conscious state. Religious experiences are conscious states whose content is religiously positively significant according to some religion. This article presents a few descriptions that partially indicate the variety of religious experiences, focusing on Judaism and Buddhism. In the former, experiences are subject/consciousness/object in structure. In the latter, experiences are said to involve recognizing “oneself” as having a certain metaphysical structure. Subject/aspect, or introspective, experiences are matters of a subject being aware of himself or herself as having some feature. This article also discusses the principle of experiential evidence.

Keywords: Judaism, Buddhism, religion, religious experiences, subject, consciousness, object, aspect, introspective, experiential evidence

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