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date: 23 April 2021

Abstract and Keywords

In China, there is a strong underlying philosophy that explicitly recognizes religious diversity and diversification as a way of extension and duration, even though diversity can be seen as a manifestation of the same principle or truth of the original and hence to contain ultimate principles of unity. The unity in diversity is what actually gives itself the momentum toward diversification as a way of realizing the unity. This can be seen in the first development of the philosophy of the Yi (change) in the Yijing, which transforms the ancient religion of tian (heaven) into a moral consciousness of self-discipline and cultivation of moral reason in individual human beings. This article discusses religious diversity in China and shows how the three Chinese religions—Confucianism, Daoism, and Chinese Buddhism—have worked basically under the paradigm of creative harmony of the Yijing. It also examines diversity as a principle of religious development and considers religious conscience in Confucianism, Daoism, and Chinese Buddhism.

Keywords: China, Yijing, religious conscience, Confucianism, Daoism, Chinese Buddhism, unity

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