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date: 22 January 2020

Abstract and Keywords

Globalization is about the world becoming increasingly tied together and integrated through such features as capitalist economic structures and communication technologies such as satellites, cell phones, and the Internet. A constant question is whether this process is leading to the different parts of the world becoming increasingly alike or whether, in fact, it is also bringing out a renewed emphasis on how we are all different. This article very much favors the latter view of globalization, not least because it allows one to understand the role of religion and religious diversity in this process—how religion contributes to it, how it transforms within it, and how religious diversity reflects it. Manifestations of religious diversity in a global context include the emergence of new religious movements, religio-political “fundamentalisms,” transnational migration and global religions, and spirituality and lived religion. This article also discusses secularization and the “return of the sacred” in the social sciences, along with religious studies and world religions.

Keywords: Internet, globalization, new religious movements, fundamentalisms, transnational migration, spirituality, secularization, social sciences, religious studies, world religions

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