- The Oxford Handbook of Oral History
- Introduction: The Evolution of Oral History
- The Dynamics of Interviewing
- Those Who Prevailed and Those Who Were Replaced: Interviewing on Both Sides of a Conflict
- Interviewing in Cross-Cultural Settings
- Case Study: Oral History and Democracy: Lessons from Illiterates
- Memory and Remembering in Oral History
- Can Memory Be Collective?
- Case Study: Rome's House of Memory and History: The Politics of Memory and Public Institutions
- How Does One Win a Lost War? Oral History and Political Memories
- Disappointed Remains: Trauma, Testimony, and Reconciliation in Post-apartheid South Africa
- Case Study: Memory Work with Children Affected by HIV/AIDS in South Africa
- The Stages of Women's Oral History
- Race and Oral History
- Remembering in Later Life: Generating Individual and Social Change
- The Proust Effect: Oral History and the Senses
- After Action: Oral History and War
- Case Study: “Above all, we need the WITNESS”: The Oral History of Holocaust Survivor
- Case Study: Field Notes on Catastrophe: Reflections on the September 11, 2001, Oral History Memory and Narrative Project
- Doing Video Oral History
- Case Study: Opening Up Memory Space: The Challenges of Audiovisual History
- Achieving the Promise of Oral History in a Digital Age
- Oral History: Media, Message, and Meaning
- Messiah with the Microphone? Oral Historians, Technology, and Sound Archives
- Case Study: Between the Raw and the Cooked in Oral History: Notes from the Kitchen
- The Legal Ramifications of Oral History
- Ethical Challenges in the Oral History of Medicine
- The Archival Imperative: Can Oral History Survive the Funding Crisis in Archival Institutions?
- Case Study: The Southern Oral History Program
- Case Study: What is it That University-Based Oral History Can Do? The Berkeley Experience
- Toward a Public Oral History
- Motivating the Twenty-first-Century Student with Oral History
- Oral History in Universities: From Margins to Mainstream
- Case Study: Engaging Interpretation Through Digital Technologies
- Oral History in the Digital Age
Abstract and Keywords
The idea of race against the backdrop of social history is explored in this article. One of the most remarkable developments in the historical profession in the past forty years has been the explosion of African American history and its movement to the center of the American experience. African American history occupied a prominent place in the discussion and in the interpretation of numerous historical eras and controversies. Oral history evidence has illuminated the African American experience during the periods of slavery and reconstruction and the modern civil rights movement. American slavery is a glaring example of race in oral history. U. B. Phillips's American Negro Slavery, published in 1918, argued that slavery was a benign, humane institution, which served primarily as a school of civilization for ignorant, barbaric, and unenterprising Africans. Oral histories of the civil rights movements as recorded in biographies and journals followed by an analysis of new insights winds up this article.
Albert S. Broussard is professor of history and the Cornerstone Faculty Fellow in the department of history at Texas A&M University. A former president of the Oral History Association, he has published Black San Francisco: The Struggle for Racial Equality in the West, 1900–1954 (1993) and African American Odyssey: The Stewarts, 1853–1963 (1998).
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