- Space, Time, and Volition: Dimensions of Migration Theory
- War, Natural Disasters, and Forced Migration
- Beyond Transnationalism: An Alternative Perspective on Immigrants’ Homeland Connections
- Economic Effects of Migration: Receiving States
- Economic Effects of Emigration on Sending Countries
- Effects of Migration: Political Parties
- Immigrant Participation
- The Social Effects of Immigration
- Migration and Culture
- Dimensions of Immigration Policy
- Explaining Migration Policy: Historical Perspectives
- Public Opinion and Populism
- Interest Group Politics and Immigration Policy
- Migration and International Relations
- Segmented Assimilation and the American Experience of Asian Immigrant Children
- Pathways of Incorporation for Immigrant Citizens in the United States: Perspectives on Historical Patterns
- Aliens and People of Color: The Multidimensional Relationship of Immigration Policy and Racial Classification in the United States
- Conceptualizing Transborder Communities
- Gender, Family, and Migration
- Immigration, Crime, and Terrorism
- An Enduring Dilemma: Immigration and Organized Labor in Western Europe and the United States
- Regions and Regionalism
- Migration and Citizenship: Normative Debates
- Poles Apart: The Politics of Illegal Immigration in America
Abstract and Keywords
This article reviews recent empirical research on the economic effects of immigration. After summarizing the labor market literature, it provides a survey of research on the effects of immigration on prices, economic growth and efficiency, and government revenue and expenditures. Immigration lowers prices, raises the level of economic activity, and in this way boosts the income of natives. Research indicates that high-skilled immigration is particularly economically advantageous, because it increases innovation and entrepreneurship, which can boost productivity and long-term economic growth. Low-skilled immigration offers fewer economic advantages, primarily because of its sizable negative fiscal impact.
Pia M. Orrenius is Research Officer and Senior Economist at the Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas and Research Fellow at The IZA Institute for the Study of Labor.
Madeline Zavodny is Professor Of Economics at Agnes Scott College and Research Fellow at The IZA Institute for the Study of Labor.
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