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date: 22 October 2019

Abstract and Keywords

This article describes the various and evolving definitions of the immigration policy problem and lays out a taxonomy of policy responses. In reviewing the types of immigration and immigrant integration policies being implemented in the United States and other migrant-receiving countries, it also describes contemporary empirical patterns and concludes by reevaluating two hypotheses from previous research: the “convergence” hypothesis, which predicts that diverse migrant-receiving countries are moving toward common policy modes; and the “gap” hypothesis, which predicts a divergence between popular demands for tight migration policies and less restrictive immigration policy outputs and outcomes.

Keywords: immigration policies, immigrant integration, convergence hypothesis, gap hypothesis

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