Show Summary Details

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD HANDBOOKS ONLINE (www.oxfordhandbooks.com). © Oxford University Press, 2018. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Handbooks Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 29 February 2020

Abstract and Keywords

This article explores the characteristics of early Islam in Late Antiquity. Two approaches have emerged to conceptualize the rise and formation of Islam—either as a child of Late Antiquity, conceived and nourished wholly by the late antique world; or as a force that was formed outside the late antique world (in Arabia) from outside (Arabian) ingredients and only entered that world once it was fairly well developed and so was only marginally influenced by it. The latter view, the "out of Arabia" approach, is the traditional Muslim one and it is accepted by most Western scholars. However, the former view, the "born of Late Antiquity" approach, is gaining support, particularly among late antique historians, since it widens the scope of their field to include a new geographical region, a new religious phenomenon, and a longer span of time.

Keywords: early Islam, religion, Late Antiquity, Arabia, Middle East

Access to the complete content on Oxford Handbooks Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can''t find the answer there, please contact us.