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date: 19 November 2019

(p. 817) Illustration Credits

(p. 817) Illustration Credits

We are very grateful to the following individuals and institutions for supplying images and for granting permission to publish them in this work:

Cover image: © Thomas Ashby Archive, British School at Rome (TA[PRI]-Mis11-071). Figs. 1.1–2: reproduced from E. Marec and H.-G. Pflaum, CRAI 1952, 78, 79, with permission of the Académie des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres. Fig. 1.3: photo © BBAW-CIL archives (EC0009295), reproduced courtesy of Dr. M.G. Schmidt, BBAW-CIL. Fig. 1.4: reproduced from B. de Montfaucon, L’Antiquité expliquée et représentée 5.1, Paris 1719, pl. LVII. Fig. 1.5: reproduced with permission of the BBAW-CIL, courtesy of Dr. M.G. Schmidt. Fig. 2.1: © Stiftsbibliothek, Einsiedeln Monastery. Figs. 2.2, 2.3, 2.5: © Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana. Fig. 2.4: © Rijksmuseum van Oudheden, Leiden. Fig. 3.1: © Biblioteca Nazionale di Napoli, reproduced from S. Orlandi, Pirro Ligorio. Libri delle iscrizioni latine e greche. XXXVIII-XXXIX, Naples 2008, 197, with permission of the Ministero per i Beni e le Attività Culturali d’Italia. Figs. 3.2–3: © R. Friggeri and M.L. Caldelli, reproduced by permission of the Ministero dei Beni e delle Attività Culturali e del Turismo—Soprintendenza Speciale per i Beni Archeologici di Roma. Fig. 3.4: © H. Solin, reproduced by permission of the Ministero dei Beni e delle Attività Culturali e del Turismo—Soprintendenza Speciale per i Beni Archeologici di Napoli e Pompei. Fig. 3.5: © A. Donati. Fig. 4.1: © SLUB/Deutsche Fotothek. Fig. 4.2: after http://cil.bbaw.de/pdf/CILBro2007_S.pdf, reproduced by permission of Dr. M.G. Schmidt. Fig. 6.1: photo: Eufrosine, Wikimedia Commons. Fig. 6.2: © M.A. Magallón, Grupo Labitolosa. Fig. 6.3: reproduced from CIL IV Suppl. 2, eds. A. Mau and C. Zangemeister, Berlin 1909, 557 no. 4832. Fig. 6.4: redrawn by T. Bruun after A. Claridge, Rome: An Oxford Archaeological Guide, 2nd ed., Oxford 2010, fig. 18. Fig. 6.5: © Museu de Badalona. Fig. 6.6: © J. Edmondson, reproduced by courtesy of the Sovrintendenza Capitolina ai Beni Culturali—Direzione Musei. Fig. 7.1: reproduced from R. Cagnat, Cours d’épigraphie latine, 3rd ed., Paris 1898, frontispiece. Fig. 7.2: © Musei Capitolini, reproduced with permission of the Sovrintendenza Capitolina ai Beni Culturali—Direzione Musei. Fig. 7.3: redrawn by J. Edmondson after S. Priuli, Epigraphica 46, 1984, 55. Fig. 7.4: © J. Edmondson, reproduced courtesy of the Ministero dei Beni e delle Attività Culturali e del Turismo—Soprintendenza Speciale per i Beni Archeologici di Roma. Fig. 8.1: © J.M. Abascal Palazón. Fig. 8.2: reproduced, with the permission of the Bayerische Akademie der Wissenschaften, from G. Zimmer, Locus datus decreto decurionum, Munich 1989, fig. 16. Figs. 8.3–4: redrawn by B. Torch after S. Mrozek, Epigraphica 35, 1973, 115 and R. MacMullen, AJPh (p. 818) 103, 1982, 242. Figs. 9.1–2: © J. Edmondson and H.-G. Kolbe, reproduced with permission of the Sovrintendenza Capitolina ai Beni Culturali—Direzione Musei. Fig. 9.3: © Museo Nazionale Romano, reproduced by permission of the Ministero dei Beni e delle Attività Culturali e del Turismo—Soprintendenza Speciale per i Beni Archeologici di Roma. Figs. 10.1, 10.5: © J. Edmondson. Figs. 10.2-3: © S. Mitchell. Fig. 10.4: © The Trustees of the British Museum/Art Resource, NY. Fig. 10.6: © Gianni Dagli Orti/The Art Archive at Art Resource, NY. Fig. 11.1: © J. Edmondson, reproduced courtesy of the Ministero dei Beni e delle Attività Culturali e del Turismo—Soprintendenza Speciale per i Beni Archeologici di Roma. Fig. 11.2: © Museo Archeologico Civico “Tobia Aldini,” Forlimpopoli (FC), reproduced courtesy of the Ministero dei Beni e delle Attività Culturali e del Turismo—Soprintendenza Speciale per i Beni Archeologici dell’Emilia Romagna. Fig. 11.3: redrawn by T. Bruun after G. Camodeca, ZPE 179, 2011, 235. Fig. 11.4: © Erich Lessing/Art Resource, NY. Fig. 12.1: © Museo Archeologico Nazionale, Florence, reproduced courtesy of the Ministero dei Beni e delle Attività Culturali e del Turismo—Soprintendenza per i Beni Archeologici della Toscana. Fig. 12.2: © J. Edmondson. Fig. 12.3: reproduced from H. Mouritsen, Elections, Magistrates and Municipal Elite. Studies in Pompeian Epigraphy, Rome 1988, 54 fig. 6. Fig. 12.4: redrawn by T. Bruun after RIB 707. Fig. 13.1: © T. Ritti, reproduced courtesy of F. D’Andria, Director, Missione italiana a Hierapolis. Fig. 13.2: courtesy of the Patara Project, Havva İşkan Işik. Fig. 13.3: © A. Heller. Fig. 13.4: © J. Hammerstaedt. Fig. 14.1: redrawn by T. Bruun after M. Torelli in The Roman Middle Republic, ed. C. Bruun, Rome 2000, 152. Fig. 14.2: © Gianni Dagli Orti/The Art Archive at Art Resource, NY. Fig. 14.3: reproduced from R. Fabretti, De aquis et aquaeductibus veteris Romae dissertationes tres, Rome 1680, 97. Fig. 14.4: © RMN-Grand-Palais/Art Resource, NY. Figs. 15.1–2: © A. Caballos Rufino. Figs. 15.3–4: © G. Camodeca. Fig. 16.1: © bpk, Berlin / Rheinisches Landesmuseum, Bonn / A. Dagli Orti/Art Resource, NY. Fig. 16.2: © HNM (Ubi Erat Lupa 2849-8, O. Harl), reproduced courtesy of the Hungarian National Museum, Budapest. Fig. 16.3: © The Hunterian Museum, University of Glasgow 2013. Fig. 16.4: © G. Fittschen, reproduced with permission of the Museo Nacional de Arte Romano, Mérida. Fig. 16.5: © The Metropolitan Museum of Art, courtesy of Art Resource, NY. Fig. 17.1: © J. Edmondson, reproduced courtesy of the Sovrintendenza Capitolina ai Beni Culturali—Direzione Musei. Fig. 17.2: © Museo Provincial de Cáceres, reproduced with permission. Fig. 17.3: © Gianni Dagli Orti/The Art Archive at Art Resource, NY. Fig. 17.4: © The Trustees of the British Museum. Fig. 18.1: © M. Roueché, reproduced with permission. Fig. 18.2: © S.J.J. Corcoran, reproduced with permission. Fig. 18.3: © V. Stamatopoulou, reproduced with permission of the Greek Ministry of Culture and Sport. Fig. 18.4: © D. Feissel, reproduced with permission. Figs. 18.5-6: reproduced from E. Diehl, Inscriptiones Latinae, Bonn 1912, pls. 29a, 37b. Fig. 19.1: reproduced from G. Zoega, Li bassorilievi antichi di Roma incisi da Tommaso Piroli, Rome 1808, pl. XIII. Figs. 19.2-3: © Musei Vaticani. Fig. 19.4: © Alinari/Art Resource, NY. Fig. 20.1: redrawn by B. Torch after R. MacMullen, Paganism in the Roman Empire, New Haven 1981, 6. Fig. 20.2: © National Museum of Archaeology, Sofia. Fig. 20.3: reproduced by permission of the Österreichische Akademie der (p. 819) Wissenschaften from P. Hermann and K. Ziya Polatkan, Das Testament des Epikrates und andere neue Inschriften aus dem Museum von Manisa, Vienna 1969, pl. V, fig. 11. Fig. 20.4: redrawn by T. Bruun after R.S.O.Tomlin in B.W. Cunliffe, The Temple of Sulis Minerva at Bath 2, Oxford 1988, no. 10. Fig. 20.5: © HNM (Ubi Erat Lupa, 5794-2, O. Harl), reproduced courtesy of the Hungarian National Museum, Budapest. Figs. 21.1, 21.5, 21.6: © D. Mazzoleni, reproduced with the permission of the Musei Vaticani. Fig. 21.2: © D. Mazzoleni, reproduced with the permission of the Soprintendenza per i Beni Archeologici della Regione Friuli-Venezia Giulia. Fig. 21.3: © D. Mazzoleni, reproduced with the permission of the Pontificia Commissione di Archeologia Sacra. Fig. 21.4: © D. Mazzoleni, reproduced with the permission of the Soprintendenza per i Beni Archeologici delle Provincie di Cagliari e Oristano. Fig. 22.1: © Fototeca Unione, Rome (neg. 5048). Fig. 22.2: © C. Bruun, reproduced with permission of the Musei Vaticani. Fig. 22.3: reproduced from R. Wünsch, Sethianische Verfluchungstafeln aus Rom, Leipzig 1898, no. 16. Fig. 22.4: redrawn by T. Bruun after G. Alföldy, Studi sull’epigrafia augustea e tiberiana di Roma, Rome 1992, fig. 65. Fig. 23.1: © J. Edmondson, reproduced by permission of the Ministero dei Beni e delle Attività Culturali e del Turismo—Soprintendenza Speciale per i Beni Archeologici di Napoli e Pompei. Fig. 23.2: reproduced from CIL IV, fasc. 1, Berlin 1871, pl. XXXVI, 18. Fig. 23.3: reproduced with permission from Phoenix 24, 1970, 340 fig. 2. Fig. 23.4: Hervé Lewandowski © RMN-Grand Palais/Art Resource, NY. Fig. 24.1: © M. Pastor Muñoz. Fig. 24.2: © J. Edmondson. Fig. 24.3: reproduced from F. Ritschl, Priscae Latinitatis monumenta epigraphica, Berlin 1862, pl. LXVIII. Fig. 24.4: © B.E. Thomasson, reproduced courtesy of CIL-BBAW (PH0001787). Fig. 24.5: © Archivo CIL II, Alcalá de Henares. Fig. 25.1: © Giovanni Dall’Orto. Wikimedia Commons. Fig. 25.2: reproduced from CIL IV Suppl. II, eds. A. Mau and C. Zangemeister, Berlin 1909, 499 no. 3884. Fig. 25.3: © Vanni Archive/Art Resource, NY. Fig. 25.4: reproduced from CIL VI, pars 8, fasc. 2, ed. G. Alföldy et al., Berlin 1996, by permission of Dr. M.G. Schmidt, BBAW-CIL, Berlin. Fig. 25.5: © Ward-Perkins archive, British School at Rome, Sopr. DLM 752 Leica, reproduced by permission of the BSR. Fig. 26.1: © J. Edmondson, reproduced courtesy of the Museo Nacional de Arte Romano, Mérida. Fig. 26.2: © R.C. Knapp, reproduced with the permission of the Museo de Ávila. Fig. 26.3: © The Trustees of the British Museum. Fig. 26.4: © J. Edmondson, reproduced with permission of the Sovrintendenza Capitolina ai Beni Culturali—Direzione Musei. Fig. 27.1: © The Trustees of the British Museum. Figs. 27.2, 27.4: © J. Edmondson, reproduced with permission of the Ministero dei Beni e delle Attività Culturali e del Turismo—Soprintendenza Speciale per i Beni Archeologici di Roma. Fig. 27.3: © J. Edmondson, reproduced courtesy of the Museo Nacional de Arte Romano, Mérida. Fig. 28.1: redrawn by T. Bruun after A. Oxé and H. Comfort, Corpus vasorum arretinorum. A Catalogue of the Signatures, Shapes and Chronology of Italian Sigillata, Bonn 1968, 111 no. 294, 160 nos. 482.13 and 484, and 387 no. 1599.21. Fig. 28.2: © L. Keppie, reproduced courtesy of the Ministero dei Beni e delle Attività Culturali e del Turismo—Soprintendenza Speciale per i Beni Archeologici di Roma. Fig. 28.3: © DAI-Rome 64.1859, reproduced with permission. Fig. 28.4: © Vanni Archive/Art Resource, NY. Fig. 29.1: reproduced from CIL VI, pars (p. 820) 4, fasc. 1, Berlin 1894, 2896 no. 29847a. Fig. 29.2: © BHM Aquincum Museum (inv. no. AQ 2003.30.2; Ubi Erat Lupa—10578-5, O. Harl), reproduced by courtesy of the museum. Figs. 29.3-4: © Museo Nazionale Romano, reproduced courtesy of the Ministero dei Beni e delle Attività Culturali e del Turismo—Soprintendenza Speciale per i Beni Archeologici di Roma. Fig. 30.1: © A. Kolb. Fig. 30.2: © SEF/Art Resource, NY. Fig. 30.3: © J. Edmondson. Fig. 30.4: © J. Edmondson, reproduced by permission of the Museo Nacional de Arte Romano, Mérida. Fig. 31.1: © Scala/Art Resource, NY. Fig. 31.2: reproduced with permission from J. Suolahti et al., eds., Lateres Signati Ostienses 2. Acta IRF 7.2, Rome 1977, pl. CXII, no. 627. Fig. 31.3a–b: CEIPAC 18460–63 and CEIPAC 00028–38 = 06399–400 = 25828 (www.ceipac.ub.edu), courtesy of J. Remesal Rodríguez, Director, CEIPAC, Barcelona. Fig. 31.4: redrawn by J. Edmondson after E. Rodríguez Almeida, Il Monte Testaccio: ambiente, storia, materiali, Rome 1984, 176 fig. 71. Fig. 31.5: © The Trustees of the British Museum. Fig. 32.1: redrawn by T. Bruun after M.H. Crawford et al., eds., Imagines Italicae, London 2011, Blanda 1. Fig. 32.2a–b: © DAI-Madrid: negs. D-DAI-MAD-BAP-DMF-47-2009-01 (António Martinho Baptista) and D-DAI-MAD-Z-29-38-2007-FER (José Fernández). Fig. 32.3: © Alain Vernhet, reproduced courtesy of the Musée de Millau et des Grands Causses. Fig. 32.4: © Museo Archeologico, Cortona, reproduced courtesy of Ministero dei Beni e delle Attività Culturali e del Turismo—Soprintendenza Speciale per i Beni Archeologici della Toscana. Fig. 32.5: reproduced from CIL X, ed. Th. Mommsen, Berlin 1883, 816, no. 7856. Fig. 33.1: © Museo Nazionale Romano, reproduced by permission of the Ministero dei Beni e delle Attività Culturali e del Turismo—Soprintendenza Speciale per i Beni Archeologici di Roma. Fig. 33.2: © J. Edmondson, reproduced by permission of the Museo Nacional de Arte Romano, Mérida. Fig. 33.3: © BBAW-CIL archive (PH 0011001), by permission of Dr. M.G. Schmidt, BBAW-CIL. Fig. 33.4: © Jürgen Vogel, courtesy of LVR-Landesmuseum, Bonn. Fig. 34.1: redrawn by E. Bocancea after M. Della Corte, BCAR 61, 1933, plate A after p. 114. Fig. 34.2: © Agata Villa, reproduced by kind permission of the Dipartimento dei Beni Culturali e dell’identità Siciliana, Regione Siciliana. Fig. 34.3: © J. Edmondson, reproduced courtesy of the Ministero dei Beni e delle Attività Culturali e del Turismo—Soprintendenza Speciale per i Beni Archeologici di Roma. Fig. 35.1: © CIL Archive, BBAW, Berlin. Fig. 35.2: reproduced from I.B. Piranesi, Lapides Capitolini: sive fasti consulares triumphalesq. Romanorum, ab urbe condita usque ad Tiberium Caesarem, Rome 1762, 37. Fig. 35.3: © B.E. Thomasson, courtesy of the CIL Archive, BBAW, Berlin. Fig. 35.4: © H.-G. Kolbe, courtesy of the CIL Archive, BBAW, Berlin. Fig. 35.5: reproduced from CIL IV Suppl. 2, ed. A. Mau and C. Zangemeister, Berlin 1909, 565 no. 4957. Fig. 35.6: redrawn by T. Bruun after A.U. Stylow and M. Mayer, La Cueva Negra de Fortuna, Murcia 1987, 194.