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date: 21 November 2019

(p. 851) General Index

(p. 851) General Index

A. Names of Persons (Ancient)

Abercius, bishop, 464
Acilius P.f. Paullus, P., 407
Aelius Aristides, 252
Aelius Caesar, L., adopted son of Hadrian, 190
Aelius Lamia, L., 484–5
Aelius Marcellus, P., 573
Aelius Melitinus, L., sweetest child, 574–5
Aelius Rufus, cur. r. p., 524–5
Aemilius Lepidus, M., master of the horse, 351
Aemilius Pardalas, 399
Aemilius Paullus, L., consul, 100, 170, 309, 349
Agrippa, M., 42, 94, 186, 254–5
Agrippina the Elder, 190
Alexamenos, worshipper, 412
Alexander the Great, 76, 250
Allia Potestas, 587
Anastasius, emperor, 379, 381
Anicius Acilius Glabrio Faustus, urban prefect, 45
Annia Aelia Restituta, local notable, 239, 529
Annia Cornificia Faustina, senatorial rank, 678–9
Annius Maximus, L., consul, 478
Antinous, Hadrian’s lover, 413, 498
Antiochus of Syracuse, historian, 46
Antonia Caenis, imperial concubine, 573, 595
Antoninus Pius, emperor, 16, 183, 189, 198, 244–5, 290, 325, 333, 338–9, 497–8, 506–7, 527, 542
Antonius, L., 586–7
Antonius, M., triumvir, 261, 586
Antonius Antius Lupus, M., 636
Antonius Idagras, M., local notable, 261
Appuleius Diocles, C., charioteer, 541
Aquilius Florus Turcianus Gallus, L., 92
Aradii, senatorial family, 115, 133
Aradius Valerius Proculus signo Populonius, L., 376
Arcadius Placidus Magnus Felix, consul, 375
Arcadius son of Theodosius II, 378
Arcadius, emperor, 370
Arena Mentovieq(um) Aelci f(ilia), 566–7
Ariovistus, 350
Arminius, 322
Arria, exemplary wife, 586
Arria Fadilla, senatorial rank, 588
Atilius Calatinus, A., cos. 258 BCE, 267
Augustus, emperor, 57–8, 60 (legislation of), 92, 94, 102, 123, 132–3 (scribe of), 144, 157, 171, 178, 179–82 (Res Gestae of), 184–5, 188–90, 192, 195, 195–6 (shield of virtues), 197, 198 (deified), 206, 254–5, 277–8, 280–1, 287–8, 323 n. 12, 345, 402–3, 409, 484, 522, 658, 677, 754. See also Octavian
Aurelia Nais, piscatrix, 593
Aurelia Rhodous, 566
Aurelius Caricus, M., aquarius, 480
Aurelius Cotta, M. 354
Aurelius Damastratos Damas, M., pancratiast, 545
Aurelius Gaius, soldier, 334, 666
Aurelius L.l. Hermia, L., butcher, 569–70
Aurelius Polynices, M., charioteer, 540
Aurelius Prosenes, M., imperial freedman, 562
Aurelius Pylades, L., pantomime, 553
Ausonius, Roman poet, 146
Baebius Caecilianus, 438–9
Balbinus, emperor, 191
Betilienus Vaarus, L., local magistrate, 159–60
Caecilia Metella, Q. Cretici f., 95, 568, 628, 632, 804
(p. 852) Caecilius Iucundus, L., 311, 673
Caecilius Metellus, Q., consul, 165
Caelia Macrina, 599
Caelius Saturninus, 376
Caelius M.f., M., legionary, 631
Caesius, L., Roman commander, 309, 349–50
Calatoria Themis, 311–13
Calcidius, translator of Plato’s Timaeus, 25
Calidius Eroticus, L., 509–10
Caligula, emperor, 182, 188, 191, 193–4, 198, 673
Calpurnius Piso, C., conspires against Nero, 354
Calpurnius Piso, Cn., consul, 100, 121, 186, 193, 287, 306, 352–6
Calpurnius Piso, L., adopted by Galba, 190
Calpurnius Piso, M., 354–5
Caninia Gargonilla, woman of consular rank, 215
Cannia Fortunata, 411
Caracalla, emperor, 16, 94, 143, 188, 281, 285, 330, 411, 438, 652, 663, 684
Cassius Longinus, L., praetor, 352
Ceius Secundus, L., local magistrate, 233
Cestius C.f. Epulo, C., 95, 635–6
Cicero. See Tullius Cicero, M.
Cincinnatus. See Quinctius Cincinnatus, L.
Claudia Aster, Jewish slave, 606–7
Claudia Aug.l. Acte, Nero’s mistress, 589, 617
Claudia Semne, 641
Claudia Severa, letter writer, 582–3
Claudian, poet, 376
Claudius Caecus, Ap. consul, 279
Claudius Candidus, Ti., general, 126, 358–60
Claudius Maximus, Ti., cavalry commander, 334, 358
Claudius Pulcher, Ap., consul, 279
Claudius, emperor, 32, 92, 95, 100, 113, 127–8, 157, 171, 182, 184–5, 192, 194, 198, 253–4, 284, 287–8, 305, 330, 355, 356–8, 475, 657
Claudius trium Galliarum lib. Abascantus, P., 620
Clodia, 586, 594
Clodius Albinus, 359–60, 684
Clodius Flaccus, M., equestrian, 92–3
Cluentius Habitus, A., praef. coh., 422
Cluentius Proculus C., local magistrate, 231
Cluvius, N., local magistrate, 237
Cominius Abascantus, Q., 314
Cominius Primus, L., 311, 313
Commodus, emperor, 183, 188, 198 (deified), 282–3, 360 n. 23, 477, 547, 636, 659, 667
Constans, emperor, 367, 369
Constantine (the Great), emperor, 16, 23, 35, 191, 277, 361–62, 365–6, 369, 373, 379, 381
Constantine II, emperor, 369
Constantius (Chlorus), emperor, 191
Constantius II, emperor, 369
Cornelia, mother of the Gracchi, 586
Cornelia P.l. Nothis, secunda mima, 591–92
Cornelii Scipiones, senatorial family, 92, 95–6, 279 (elogia), 399, 628, 767, 802, 803
Cornelius Balbus, L., triumphator, 19 BCE, 102
Cornelius Nigrinus Curiatius Maternus, M., consul, 204
Cornelius Scapula, P. senator, 154
Cornelius Barbati f. Scipio, L., cos. 259 BCE, 767, 803
Cornelius Scipio Africanus Aemilianus, P., 802
Cornelius Scipio Barbatus, L., consul, 205–6, 803
Cornelius Scipio Orfitus, L., c.v., 399
Cornelius Sulla, L. the dictator, 48, 153, 155–6, 165–6, 235 (Sullan colonies)
Cornelius Valerianus Epagathianus, M., decurio, 507
Cossutii, family of builders, sculptors, and stoneworkers, 116–17
Crispina, wife of Commodus, 190
Cuspius Pansa, C., local magistrate, 232–4
Damasus, bishop/Pope, 369–70, 459, 765, 774
Dasumius Tuscus, P., senator, 314
Decebalus, Dacian king, 334, 358
Decimius P.l. Merula, P., physician, 616
Decius, emperor, 361
Decius Mus, P., consul, 55
Desiderius, Lombard king, 55, 60 (decree of)
Didius Gallus, A., consul, 207
Dio Chrysostom, 235 n. 20, 252
Diocletian, emperor, 35, 142, 191, 288, 294, 334, 364, 366, 370, 378–9
(p. 853) Dionysius of Halicarnassus, historian, 46
Dobiterus Caburoniq(um) Equasi f., 566–7
Domitia Lucilla the Younger, 588–9
Domitian, emperor, 3, 188, 192, 198, 213–14, 276, 281, 284, 287–8, 564, 653, 689
Domitii Ahenobarbi, consular family, 165
Domitius Afer, Cn., consul, 206
Domitius Marsianus, Q., equestrian, 290–1
Drusus Caesar, son of Tiberius, 178, 196, 301, 356
Duilius, C., consul, 42, 123, 345–8
Egeria, 55
Elagabalus, emperor, 676
Ennius, Roman poet, 24, 58
Epaphroditus, Nero’s freedman, 123, 618
Epidius Sabinus, M., local magistrate, 242
Eugenius, usurper, 378
Euplia Theodori filia, 589
Fabia Aconia Paulina, 585–6, 772
[Fabia?] Agrippina, 600
Fabia Hadrianilla, 599
Fabius Catullinus, Q., legionary commander, 337
Fabius Cilo, L., consul, 360
Fabius Maximus Cunctator, Q. (“the Delayer”), dictator, 27, 58
Fabricius, L., cur. viarum, 476
Fannia Voluptas, 509–10
Faustina (the Elder), wife of Antoninus Pius, 187, 497–8
Faustina (the Younger), wife of Marcus Aurelius, 187, 190
Felix Asinianus, public slave, 410–11
Flavia Platonis, local notable, 267–8
Flavius Antoninus Messala Vivianus, consul, 375
Fl(avius) Athenaeus, 385
Flavius Marianus Michaelius Gabrielius Archangelus Ioannes. See John the Cappadocian
Fl(avius) Olbius Auxentius Draucus, urban prefect, 382–4
Flavius Polybius, T., local notable, 266–7
Flavius Pudens Pomponianus signo Vocontius, P., senator, 125
Fortunata, slave girl, 620
Frontinus. See Iulius Frontinus, Sex.
Fufidia Clementiana, senatorial rank, 565
Fulvia, wife of M. Antonius, 586–7
Fulvius Nobilior, M., consul, 93
Fulvius Plautianus, C., praetorian prefect, 126
Fundilius Doctus, C., parasitus Apollinis, 553
Funisulanus Vettonianus, L., consul, 211–14
Furius Camillus Scribonianus, M., consul, 330
Furius Camillus, M., dictator, 279
Furius Dionysius Philocalus, 369–70, 459, 774
Gaius Caesar, grandson/adopted son of Augustus, 189, 306, 352–3
Gaius, emperor. See Caligula
Gaius, jurist, 288, 299, 308
Galba, emperor, 190
Galerius, emperor, 191, 334, 379
Gallienus, emperor, 190, 340
Genucius Clepsina, C., consul, 275
Germanicus, adopted son of Tiberius, 183, 186, 193, 196–7, 287, 301, 306, 352–6
Geta, son of Septimius Severus, 188, 411, 438, 684
Gordian III, emperor, 293
Gratian, emperor, 379
Gregory the Great, 387
Hadrian, emperor, 4, 17–18, 25, 42, 94, 185, 190, 198 (deified), 256, 266, 268, 277, 281–2, 288–9, 291, 306, 331–2, 336–7, 360–1, 481, 527, 542, 544, 652, 662, 667, 687, 690
Hannibal, 713–14
Helvius Basila, T., provincial governor, 685
Helvius M.f. Clarus Verulanus Priscus, M., 405
Heraclius, emperor, 373
Herens Sattiis, Oscan tile producer, 715–6
Hermeros, freedman in Petronius’ Satyrica, 750–1
Hieron of Syracuse, 348
Horace, Roman poet, 402
Horatius Pulvillus, M., 55
Horatius Victor, L., local magistrate, 237
Iobius Philippus Ymelco Valerius, 375
(p. 854) Iulia, daughter of Augustus, 189
Iulia Domna, wife of Septimius Severus, 190
Iulia Mamaea, 411
Iulius Anicetus, C., 398
Iulius Caesar, C., dictator, 58–9, 102, 142, 186, 196, 349–52, 357, 361
Iulius Caesar, C., father of the dictator, 165
Iulius Demosthenes, C., local magistrate, 256–7, 361, 435
Iulius Frontinus, Sex., senator, author, 60, 207, 282–3, 285–6, 488, 802
Iulius Philippus, C., equestrian, 261–2
Iulius Philippus, C., senator, 261–2
Iulius Polybius, C., local magistrate, 232–3
Iulius Quintilianus, Ti., local magistrate, 231
Iulius Severus, Sex., consul, 291
Iulius Vindex, C., 354
Iulius Zoilus, C., freedman of Augustus, 615
Iunia D.f. Libertas, 588, 641
Iunia Rustica, local notable, 238
Iunius Bassus, urban prefect, 374–5, 774
John the Cappadocian, praetorian prefect, 375
Julian, emperor, 367, 370–1
Julius Caesar. See Iulius Caesar, C.
Justinian, emperor, 288, 373, 375, 387
Justinus, 25
Larth Felsna Lethe, follower of Hannibal, 713–14
Licinius, emperor, 198, 380 (decennalia), 381
Licinius Crassus Frugi, M., consul, 484
Licinius Crassus, M., triumphator, 27 BCE, 102
Licinius Crassus, P., consul, 279
Licinius C.f. Marinus Voconius Romanus, C., 572–3
Licinius Secundus, L., 244
Licinius Sura, L., consul, 244
Licinnia Flavilla, local notable, 267–8
Livia, wife of Augustus, 190, 354, 633
Livy, Roman historian, 56
Lucan, Roman poet, 24, 54
Lucilius Gamala, P., the Younger, 236
Lucilius Gamala, P., the Elder, 174, 598
Lucius Caesar, grandson/adopted son of Augustus, 189, 306, 352–3
Lucius Verus, emperor, 189, 331
Lucretia, 55–6
Lucretii Valentes, family from Pompeii, 95
Lucretius Fronto, M., local magistrate, 232
Lucretius Satrius Valens, D., local magistrate, 243, 545–6
Lutatia Tyche, 407
Luxurius, late antique poet, 765
Magerius, sponsor of venationes, 547–9
Malchio, son/slave of Nico, 415
Manlius, C., 409–10
Mantes, daughter of Tiresias, 58
Marcia, wife of Cato the Younger, 56
Marciana, sister of Trajan, 187
Marcus Aurelius, emperor, 191, 198 (deified), 282, 289, 477, 542, 547, 589, 678
Marius Fronto, M., local magistrate, 238
Marius, C., consul, 27, 165, 279
Matidia the Younger, 189, 218–19, 528
Maurice, emperor, 370, 372–3
Maximian, emperor, 191, 334, 379
Memmius Eutychus, C., local notable, 258–60
Minucius Rufus, M., consul, 164
Modestinus, Roman jurist, 310
Montana, erects late tombstone, 733–4
Mummius, L., consul, 93, 476–7, 710
Murdia, subject of laudatio, 585
Musicus Scurranus, imperial slave, 617
Naevius Cordus Sutorius Macro, Q., 528, 552
Naevius Surdinus, L., praetor, 123, 475
Nero, emperor, 123, 157, 183, 188, 283–4, 354, 546, 618, 662, 689
Nerva, emperor, 185, 198 (deified), 263, 678
Nonius Arrius Paulinus Aper, M., 413
Nonius Asprenas, L., senator, 355
Nonius Balbus, M., local magistrate, 117
Nonius Datus, surveyor, 666
Nonius Macrinus, M., consul, 476
Nonnus, poet, 375
Numa Pompilius, mythical king of Rome, 55
Octavia M.f. Gamalai (uxor), 598
Octavian, 102, 154, 193, 195–7, 261, 309, 336, 361
Olympias, slave girl, 620
(p. 855) Otho, Roman emperor, 353
Ovid, Roman poet, 55–6, 60, 186
Pallas, son of Evander, 58
Pectorius of Augustodonum, 465
Pertinax, emperor, 183
Pescennius Niger, 359–60
Petronia Iusta, 311–13, 617
Petronius Probus, Sex., consul, 24, 374
Philinus, Greek historian, 348
Philip V, king of Macedon, 304, 605
Philocalus, Furius Dionysius, 369–70, 459, 774
Phocas, emperor, 364–5, 387
Plato, 25
Plinius Caecilius Secundus, C. (Pliny the Younger), 3, 227, 507, 523, 528–30, 802, 804
Plutarch, 252
Polybius, Greek historian, 267, 278
Pompeius Magnus, Cn., consul, 253
Pompeius ... Sosius Priscus, Q., polyonymous senator, 802, 804
Pompeius Strabo, Cn., consul, 279, 309, 336
Pomponius Proculus Vitrasius Pollio, T., consul, 477
Pontius Pilatus (Pontius Pilate), 127, 220–1
Popidius Ampliatus, N., 243
Popidius Celsinus, N., 243
Popilius Pytho, Q., high-priest, 546
Poplicius Bibulus, C., 635
Poplios Valesios, 404, 753
Porcius Cato, M., the Elder, 58
Porcius Cato, M., the Younger, 56
Porcius, M., local magistrate, 235
Pupienus, emperor, 191
Quinctilius A.f. Priscus, A., local magistrate, 499–500
Quinctilius Varus, P., general, 127, 322
Quinctius Cincinnatus, L., dictator, 55
Quinctius Flamininus, T., consul, 164
Quinctius Valgus, C., local magistrate, 235
Romulus, mythical king of Rome, 55, 60 (supposed laws of)
Roscius, L., praetor, 351
Rufa, public slave, 415
Salvius Liberalis Nonius Bassus, 401
Scipiones, Roman senatorial family. See Cornelii Scipiones
[-]nia P.f. Sebotis, exemplary woman, 585
Seleucus of Rhosus, 309, 336
Sempronius Gracchus, C., tribune, 94, 279
Sempronius Gracchus, Ti., tribune, 94, 681–2
Sentia Amarantis, tavern-keeper, 728
Sentius, L., praetor, 161–2
Septimius Aurelius Agrippa, M., pantomime, 553–4
Septimius Cassianus, L., 408
Septimius Severus, emperor, 49, 94, 125–6, 141–3, 183, 188, 196, 198, 252, 282, 333, 359–60, 411, 438, 527, 684
Sertorius Niger, P., medicus, 559–60
Servius Tullius, Roman king, 358
Sestius, P., praetor, 684
Severinius Apronianus, v. p., praeses, 524
Severus Alexander, emperor, 126, 183, 330, 360, 775–6
Sextilius Rufus, P., local magistrate, 237
Siccius Dentatus, L., 55
Sidonius Apollinaris, 117–18, 375
Sotidius Strabo Libuscidianus, Sex., 660–1
Spartacus, 622
Spartaks, gladiator (?), 622
St. Ambrose, 767
Statilii Tauri, senatorial family, 610, 633
Stilicho, 381
Suetonius Tranquillus, C., imperial biographer, 3–7, 17–18, 123–4, 222
Sulpicia Didymiana, Gaia, 376
Sulpicii, bankers at Puteoli, 310–14, 673, 589
Sulpicius Cinnamus, C., 311–13
Sulpicius Maximus, Q., poet, 543
Syphax, king of Numidia, 58
Tacitus, Roman historian, 24, 352–8
Tampius Flavianus, L., consul, 206
Tarquinius Collatinus, L., 55–6
Tarracius Bassus, urban prefect, 377
Terentia A.f. Cluvi (uxor), 598
Terentius Varro Lucullus, M., 279
Theoderic, Ostrogothic king, 367
Theodosius I, emperor, 367, 371, 379
(p. 856) Theodosius II, emperor, 288, 309, 365, 367, 371
Tiberius, emperor, 178, 182, 186, 188, 197, 236, 276, 323 n. 12, 352–3, 355, 650–1, 685
Tillius Sassius, Q., 402
Titus, emperor, 179, 183, 190, 194, 204, 288, 475
Trajan, emperor, 4, 18, 45–6, 127, 142, 185–6, 196, 198 (deified), 204–5 (ascent to power), 281, 284, 292, 331, 334, 358, 523, 545, 678
Tullia, daughter of Cicero, 56
Tullius Cicero, M., consul, author, 60, 227, 278, 800–1
“Turia”, subject of laudatio, 571, 583–5
Turnus, 58
Ulpius Aelianus, imperial freedman, 690
Ummidia Quadratilla, 552, 599
Ummidius Quadratus, consul, 678
Uranius Satyrus, brother of St. Ambrose, 767–8
Valens, emperor, 174, 379
Valentinian I, emperor, 174, 379
Valerius Flaccus, C., proconsul, 306
Valerius Iulianus, provincial governor, 198
Valerius Proculus, urban prefect, 377, 379
Valerius Publicola, P., 55, 57
Valerius Pudens, L., poet, 543
Valerius Quadratus, M., senator, 124, 208, 210
Valerius Ummidius Bassus, L., proconsul, 677
Venidius Ennychus, L., 313
Veranius Priscus, Sex., local notable, 264–6
Vergilius Eurysaces, M., baker, 632
Vergilius Maro, P. See Virgil
Verginius Rufus, 772 (metrical epitaph of)
Verrius Flaccus, 403
Vespasian, emperor, 100, 179, 192–3, 204, 208, 353, 475, 519–20, 573, 595, 676–7
Vettius Agorius Praetextatus, consul, 376, 585, 772
Vibius Salutaris, C., 435
Vipsanius Agrippa, M. See Agrippa, M.
Virgil, poet, 96, 121, 747, 776, 778
Virius Nicomachus Flavianus, senator, 378
Vitellius, emperor, 192, 353
Volumnia Cytheris, 586, 592
Volusii Saturnini, senatorial family, 115, 217, 576, 633
Volusius Maecianus, L., consul designate, 221–2
Vulcacius Tullus, L., praetor, 351
B. Names of Places

Note: Africa = province of Africa Proconsularis,   Asia = province of Asia

Abritus (Moesia Inferior), 506
Achaea, province, 211, 266–7
Acinipo (Baetica), 238
Actium (Achaea), 102
Adana (Cilicia), 653
Adriatic coast, 137 (of Italy)
Aegyptus. See Egypt
Aesernia (Samnium), 509–10
Africa Proconsularis, province, 137, 211–14, 217, 277, 292, 293, 360, 437
Agrigentum (Sicily), 654
Alba Fucens (Samnium), 528, 552
Alburnus Maior (Dacia), 105, 310–1
Alcántara (Lusitania), 100
Aletrium (Latium), 159–60
Alexandria (Egypt), 125, 165, 183, 252, 574, 673
Alexandria-in-the-Troad (Asia), 542, 667
Alpes, 137
Altinum (Venetia), 652
Amaseia (Pontus–Bithynia), 573
Amastris (Pontus–Bithynia), 179
Amiternum (Samnium), 102, 170, 196
Ammaedara (Africa), 144, 331, 373, 385, 643
Amorgos (Aegean island), 370
Ampelum (Dacia), 281, 571
Anatolia, 757
Ancona (Picenum), 519
Ancyra (Galatia), 76, 180–1, 215
Andautonia (Pannonia Superior), 213
Andemantunnum (Gallia Belgica/Germania Superior), 640
Antinoopolis (Egypt), 252
Antioch (Pisidia), 181, 385, 551
Antioch (Syria), 281
Antium (Latium), 9, 102, 403
Antonine Wall (Scotland), 325
(p. 857) Aphrodisias (Caria), 82, 194–5, 288, 305 (Roman treaty with), 361, 367, 371, 377, 385–6, 544, 549, 615
Apollonia (Pisidia), 181
Apollonis (Lydia), 256
Apulum (Dacia), 430, 563, 573
Aquae Sulis (Bath, Britannia), 105, 424, 433, 704
Aquileia (N. Italy), 274, 407–8, 453–5, 633
Aquincum (Pannonia Inferior), 322–4, 637–8
Arabia, province, 381
Arausio (Orange, Gallia Narbonensis), 676
Arelate (Arles, Gallia Narbonensis), 123, 195, 240, 507
Argos (Achaea), 165
Ariminum (Rimini, Aemilia), 24, 34, 58–9
Aritium (Lusitania), 193–4
Arretium (Arezzo, Etruria), 27, 610
Asia, province, 211, 261–2, 277, 292–3, 351 (temples of), 351–2 (rights of asylia), 359–60
Asia Minor, 217, 257
Asisium (Assisi, Umbria), 68, 616
Astigi (Baetica), 687
Astypalaea (Aegean island), 305 (Roman treaty with)
Ateste (Este, Venetia), 231
Athens, 266, 370, 527
Atina (Lucania), 516
Augsburg. See Augusta Vindelicorum
Augusta Emerita (Mérida, Lusitania), 126, 179, 228 n. 3, 327–8, 434–5, 519, 542, 559–60, 591–2, 728
Augusta Treverorum (Trier, Gallia Belgica), 24, 430, 449, 455
Augusta Vindelicorum (Raetia), 334, 657
Auzia (Mauretania Caesariensis), 429
Aveia (Samnium), 640
Avila (Lusitania), 566–7
Baetica, province, 145, 211, 354, 684–7
Baetis river and valley, 683–4
Baetulo (Hispania Citerior), 129
Bath. See Aquae Sulis
Beneventum (Samnium), 185, 519
Beroia (Macedonia), 262–4, 546, 620
Bononia (Bologna, Aemilia), 321–2
Borbetomagus (Germania Superior), 218
Botorrita (Hispania Citerior), 701
Bovianum (Samnium), 165, 682
Brigetio (Pannonia Superior), 338–9, 381
Britannia, Roman province, 70, 98, 137, 145 (predominance of votive inscriptions), 244, 277, 291–2, 689 (mining), 757 (literacy in)
Brixellum (Brescello, Aemilia), 609
Brixia (Brescia, Venetia), 190, 413, 519–20
Brundisium (Brindisi, Calabria), 165
Bruttium, 45–6
Bulla Regia (Africa), 228, 290
Burdigala (Bordeaux, Aquitania), 146
Cabeço das Fráguas (Lusitania), 702–3
Caere (Cerveteri, Etruria), 275, 409, 753
Caesaraugusta (Zaragoza, Hispania Citerior), 676
Caesarea Maritima (Judaea), 127, 220–1, 689–90
Calama (Africa), 239, 529
Cales (Campania), 228, 237, 522
Callatis (Moesia Inferior), 305 (Roman treaty with)
Calleva (Britannia), 531
Campania, 93, 105, 137, 310
Canusium (Canosa, Apulia), 145, 228–31, 244
Cappadocia, province, 314
Capua (Campania), 156, 162–4, 166, 170, 172, 237, 614, 618–19, 637–8, 649, 654–6, 713–14
Caralis (Cagliari, Sardinia), 456–7, 712
Carnuntum (Pannonia Superior), 423, 427
Carpentras (Gallia Narbonensis), 28
Carrara marble quarries, near Luna, 123
Carsulae (Carsioli, Umbria), 126
Carthago (Carthage), 141, 161, 179, 186, 351, 434, 437–8, 652, 676, 711
Carthago Nova (Hispania Citerior), 381, 688–9, 690
Cartima (Baetica), 238
Cascantum (Hispania Citerior), 676
Casinum (Cassino, Latium), 552, 599
Castrum Rauracense (Kaiseraugst, Germania Superior), 380
Catania (Sicily), 53, 58
(p. 858) Caudium (Samnium), 237
Celti (Peñaflor, Baetica), 128
Cibyra (Asia), 267–8, 305
Cillium (Africa), 95, 633, 765
Cirta (Numidia), 141, 542, 659, 711
Cisauna (Samnium), 205
Civitas Igaeditanorum (Lusitania), 566
Claros (Asia), 436
Clusium (Chiusi, Etruria), 155, 168 (Etrusco-Latin inscriptions), 458–9
Cnidos (Asia), 305 (Roman treaty with)
Cnossus (Crete), 544
Colonia Claudia Ara Agrippinensium (Cologne, Germania Inferior), 80–1, 633
Colonia Genetiva Iulia (Urso, Baetica), 128, 229
Comum (Como, Transpadana), 529
Conimbriga (Lusitania), 564
Constantinople (Thracia), 367, 381 (Porta Aurea), 384
Contrebia Belaisca (Hispania Citerior), 100
Cora (Latium), 159, 523
Corduba (Baetica), 55, 525–6, 653, 687
Corfinium (Samnium), 168, 239, 565
Corinth (Achaea), 92, 186
Coroneia (Achaea), 676
Corsica, province, 160, 689
Cortona (Etruria), 707–8
Cos (Aegean island), 542
Cosa (Etruria), 684
Cueva Negra (Hispania Citerior), 99, 778
Cuicul (Numidia), 197, 198
Cumae (Campania), 56, 409, 528, 549, 638
Cyzicus (Asia), 287
Dacia, province, 137, 281
Dalmatia, province, 137, 685, 690 (mines)
Damascus (Syria), 484
Danube river, 334
Delos (Aegean island), 160, 164–5, 168
Delphi (Achaea), 164, 170, 611, 616, 672
Didyma (Asia), 370, 384
Diocletianopolis (Thracia), 653
Dion (Macedonia), 615, 661–2
Divodurum (Gallia Belgica), 620
Dougga. See Thugga
Dura Europus (Mesopotamia), 196, 667
Durostorum (Moesia Inferior), 381
Ebora (Lusitania), 437
Ebro river (rivus Hiberiensis), 100, 306, 676
Edeta (Hispania Citerior), 204
Egypt, province, 252, 257, 292, 665, 681
Einsiedeln (Switzerland), 23
El Burgo de Ebro (Hispania Citerior), 93
Emerita. See Augusta Emerita
Emona (Pannonia Superior), 635
Entella (Sicily), 710
Ephesus (Asia), 76, 189, 197, 352, 354, 361, 370, 385, 435
Epidauros (Achaea), 430
Etruria, 35, 137
Falerii Veteres (Etruria), 404
Falerio (Falerone, Picenum), 198
Fanum (Fano, Umbria), 34
Farfa, abbey of (Sabine region), 25
Ferentinum (Latium), 165, 499–500
Ferrara (Venetia), 44, 51
Ficulea (Latium), 506
Formiae (Latium), 198
Foruli (near Amiternum, Samnium), 508
Forum Iulium (Cividale, Venetia), 47
Forum Popilii (Forlimpopoli, Aemilia), 211–13
Forum Popilii (Polla, Lucania), 654–6, 682
Forum Segusiavorum (Gallia Lugdunensis), 551
Fundi (Fondi, Latium), 47–8, 208
Furfo, vicus (Samnium), 97, 413, 506
Furlo (Umbria), 34
Gabii (Latium), 752
Gades (Baetica), 549
Galatia, province, 180
Galicia (NW Hispania Citerior), 98
Gallia Narbonensis, province, 94, 137
Gaul, 367
Germania Inferior, province, 137, 334
Germania Superior, province, 137, 334, 689 (lead production)
Gigthis (Africa), 380
Glanum (Gallia Narbonensis), 633
Gondorf (Germania Superior), 733
Grado, near Aquileia, 446
(p. 859) Hadrian’s Wall (Britannia), 105, 321, 422
Hadrumetum (Africa), 374, 564, 598
Heba (Etruria), 352
Heliopolis (Syria), 331–2
Heraclea Sintica (Macedonia), 379, 384
Herculaneum (Campania), 117, 235, 311, 503, 617, 620
Hierapolis (Phrygia), 258, 464
Hippo Regius (Numidia), 3–7, 17–18
Hispalis (Baetica), 237, 599, 687, 689
Hispania Citerior/Tarraconensis, province, 54, 92–4, 198, 244, 359–60
Hispania Superior, province, 292
Hispellum (Spello, Umbria), 369, 385–6
Histonium (Samnium), 96, 543
Iader (Dalmatia), 228
Iasos (Caria), 254–5
Iberian peninsula. See Hispanic provinces
Ilipa (Baetica), 684
Interamna Nahars (Umbria), 174
Intercisa (Pannonia Inferior), 126, 438–9
Irni (Baetica), 230
Isola Sacra. See Ostia Portus
Italica (Baetica), 527, 547
Iulium Carnicum (Zuglio, NE Italy), 47, 506
Judaea, province, 291
Kaiseraugst. See Castrum Rauracense
La Graufesenque (Gallia Narbonensis), 704
Labitolosa (Hispania Citerior), 92–3
Lamasba (Numidia), 678
Lambaesis (Numidia), legionary camp, 141–2, 330–2, 336–7, 360, 430, 524, 666, 775–6
Lanuvium (Latium), 292, 413, 498, 613
Larinum (Samnium), 367, 549, 591
Larissa (Thessaly), 605
Latium, 137, 159
Laus Pompeia (Lodi, Transpadana), 178
Lavinium (Latium), 212
Leiden, 25
Lepcis Magna (Africa), 198, 380, 519–21, 527, 531, 553–4
Lesbos (Aegean island), 370
Libya, 381
Ligures Baebiani (Samnium), 244
Lilybaeum (Sicily), 197
litus Laurentinum, 190
Londinium (London), 620, 654
Lucania, 205
Luceria (Lucera, Apulia), 159, 308, 413
Lucus Feroniae (Etruria), 25, 186, 197, 217
Lug(u)dunum (Lyon, Gallia Lugdunensis), 32, 127–8, 240, 356–8, 572, 643
Lugdunum Convenarum (Aquitania), 666
Luna (Luni, Etruria), 123, 190
Lusitania, province, 179, 193, 677, 690
Lycia, province, 253, 265–6
Mactaris (Africa), 125, 142, 370, 454, 675
Madauros (Numidia), 766
Mantua (Mantova, Venetia), 58
Maroneia (Thracia), 254, 288, 305 (Roman treaty with), 662
Mauretania Caesariensis, province, 137, 336, 765
Mauretania Tingitana, province, 137, 765
Mediolanum (Milan), 768
Messene (Achaea), 266
Messina (Sicily), 53, 58
Methymna (Lesbos), 305 (Roman treaty with)
Miletus (Asia), 197–8
Minturnae (Latium), 166, 758
Misenum (Campania), 314, 496
Moesia Inferior, province, 137, 211, 213
Moesia Superior, province, 137, 689–90 (mines)
Mogontiacum (Mainz, Germania Superior), 179, 335, 422, 433, 572
Mopsuete (Cilicia), 653
Munigua (Baetica), 194
Mustis (Africa), 384
Mutina (Modena, Aemilia), 308
Mytilene (Lesbos), 280, 305–5 (Roman treaty with)
(p. 860) Naissus (Moesia Superior), 380
Narbo (Narbonne, Gallia Narbonensis), 97, 186, 197, 308, 434, 549, 657
Naryka in Locris (Achaea), 289
Naukratis (Egypt), 252
Nazareth (Judaea), 197
Neapolis (Naples), 29 (Temple of the Dioscuri), 168, 545, 591, 633
Nemausus (Nîmes, Gallia Narbonensis), 240, 519
Nemi (Latium), 553
Nepet (Etruria), 615
Nicopolis (Actium, Achaea), 545–6
Nicopolis ad Istrum (Moesia Inferior), 430
Nida (Germania Superior), 197
Nola (Campania), 228, 237
Norba (Latium), 404
Noricum, province, 292, 359–60
North Africa, 5, 70, 100, 105, 125, 141–3, 351, 367, 384
North Italy, 70
Novae (Moesia Inferior), 667
Noviodunum (Gallia Belgica), 666
Numidia, 137
Nursia (Samnium), 749
Odessus (Moesia Inferior), 425–6
Oea (Tripoli, Africa), 191
Oinoanda (Lycia), 255–8, 267–8, 435–6
Olbia (Sardinia), 589
Olympia (Achaea), 360
Olympos (Lycia), 566
Orcistus (Galatia), 361–2, 384
Ostia Portus, 114 (theatre portico), 145, 166, 174, 197, 221–2, 228, 231, 236, 243, 278, 507, 571, 585, 588, 598–600, 607, 613, 616, 620, 629, 687;
Isola Sacra, 132, 561–2, 630, 63940, 725
Otford (Britannia), 121
Paestum (Lucania), 202
Palaestina, province, 381
Pamphylia, province, 381
Pannonia, province, 137, 209, 213, 231, 690 (mines)
Panormus (Palermo, Sicily), 53, 58, 111, 747–8
Parthia, 331
Patara (Lycia), 261–2, 650
Patavium (Padua, Venetia), 25–6, 30, 48, 54, 231, 381
Pella (Macedonia), 616
Peltuinum (Samnium), 32, 506
Peñalba de Villastar (Hispania Citerior), 99
Pergamum (Asia), 287, 606
Perinthus (Thracia), 360
Pesaro (Umbria), 29
Petelia (Bruttium), 230
Petuaria (Britannia), 244–5
Philippi (Macedonia), 118, 334, 358
Pietrabbondante (Samnium), 404, 715–16
Pisae (Etruria), 306
Pisidian Antioch. See Antioch (Pisidia)
Poetovio (Pannonia Superior), 335
Pola (Pula, Istria), 236
Polla. See Forum Popilii
Pomptine marshes (Latium), 118
Pontus et Bithynia, province, 253
Potentia (Lucania), 405
Praeneste (Palestrina, Latium), 45–6, 61, 102, 164, 172, 403, 405, 407, 414, 501, 583, 628
Ptolemais (Cyrenaica), 252
Puteoli (Pozzuoli, Campania), 145, 179, 206, 228, 231, 240, 311, 313 (forum), 485, 497, 522, 553, 589, 607, 615, 620–1, 638, 673, 687
Raetia, province, 292, 334
Ravenna (Aemilia), 24, 33–4, 378 (church of St. John the Evangelist)
Reate (Rieti, Sabine region), 167
Red Sea region, 276, 333
Rhegium (Bruttium), 654–6
Rhosus (Syria), 309, 336
Ricina (Macerata, Picenum), 49
Rome, 42–61 (passim), 69, 70, 94, 111–12, 119–21, 137, 161–2, 165–6, 168–70, 179, 281–5, 290, 303, 366, 380–2, 384, 402–4, 415, 471–94, 566–7, 573, 592–3, 597, 633, 724
Aqua Claudia, 284
(p. 861) Aqua Virgo, 198
Arch of Augustus in Forum, 102
Arch of Constantine, 16, 23, 369
Arch of Septimius Severus, 122, 128, 188, 196
Arch of Tiberius (lost), in Forum Romanum, 197
Arch of Titus, 23, 122, 128
Aventine, 404, 597, 735 (St. Sabina)
basilica of Santa Maria sopra Minerva, 58
Baths of Constantine, 35
Baths of Diocletian, 35
Capitol, 100, 168
castra praetoria, 478
catacomb of St. Callixtus, 447, 459, 462
catacomb of St. Praetextatus, 453, 462
catacombs of Pamphilus, 455–6, 460
catacombs of Priscilla, 455, 459–60
catacombs of St. Alexander, 459
cemetery of Commodilla, 459, 462
cemetery of St. Marcellinus and St. Peter, 445, 450
cemetery of St. Valentine, 446
Christian pilgrims in, 22–3, 374
church of San Paolo fuori le Mura, 53–4, 387
church of Santa Maria in Publicolis, 57
church of St. Agatha, 381
church of Trinità dei Monti, 47
columbarium of the Volusii Saturnini, Via Appia, 115
Column of Marcus Aurelius, 488
Colosseum. ( See Flavian Amphitheatre)
curia athletarum, 481
curia Iulia (Senate-house), 195
Esquiline Hill, 161–2, 634 (burial sites)
Esquiline tomb, 348
Flavian amphitheatre (“Colosseum”), 128, 377, 549, 551–2
Forum Augustum, 279, 313, 471 (elogia), 487 (legal business in)
Forum Boarium, 404
Forum of Caesar, 747
Forum Holitorium, 345
Forum Romanum, 92, 102, 123, 169, 279, 345, 364, 381, 475 (paving of)
Forum of Trajan, 376, 378, 477
Galban warehouses (horrea Galbae), 593, 673
house of the Aradii, Caelian hill, 133
Lapis Niger, 97, 122, 169, 308, 699, 725, 752
Largo di Torre Argentina, 485
Lateran, 381
Ludus Magnus, 540
Ludus Matutinus, 540
Macellum Magnum (Large Market), 674
mausoleum of Augustus, 180
Memphi (garden), 489
military units stationed in, 320
Mithraeum under St. Prisca, 777
Mons Caelius (Caelian Hill), 358
Monte Testaccio, 683–7
necropolis on the Via Triumphalis, 96, 132
number and type of inscriptions from, 140, 145, 158 (in Republic), 365 (Late Antiquity), 472–4
Palatine, 104 (paedagogium), 353 (libraries), 412, 502
Pantheon, 42, 94, 128
pomerium (sacred boundary) of, 113
pons Fabricius, 474
pons Gratianus, 379
pons Salarius, 379
Porta Maggiore, 475, 632
Porta Salaria, 122
porticus Iulia in the Forum Augustum, 313
porticus Minucia frumentaria, 486
rediscovery of archaeological remains of, 43
Regia, 471
scrinium tellurense, 488
senatorial residences in, 217
St. Peter’s basilica, 24, 369, 374–5
statues of the Dioscuri (Castor and Pollux), 42
Tabularium, 285
Temple of Concordia, 23
Temple of Divus Augustus, 338–9
Temple of Divus Pius, 477
Temple of Divus Vespasianus, 23
Temple of Hercules Victor, 475
Temple of Jupiter Capitolinus, 55, 94
Temple of Mater Matuta ( regio VI), 489
Temple of Saturn, 23
(p. 862) Temple of Sol, 47
Theatre of Pompey, 94
tomb of the baker M. Vergilius Eurysaces, Porta Maggiore, 167
tomb of C. Cestius Epulo, 95
tomb of the Scipios, 92, 95–6, 279, 768
Trajan’s Column, 358
Trastevere, 398
Vatican necropolis, 631
Via Appia, 630
Via Triumphalis, 561
Viminal hill, 570
water supply of, 27, 198, 282, 284–5 See also breviaria, Mirabilia Urbis Romae
Rossano di Vaglio (Lucania), 404
Rubicon, river, 59
Rudiae (Apulia), 118
Rusicade (Numidia), 505
Saena (Siena, Etruria), 369
Saepinum (Samnium), 282, 682
Sagalassos (Pisidia), 653, 661
Saguntum (Hispania Citerior), 573
Saldae (Mauretania Caesariensis), 336
Salona (Dalmatia), 218, 434, 449, 571, 650–1
Samnium, 205
Samos (Aegean island), 195
Sardinia, province, 160, 285, 689
Sardis (Asia), 181 n. 4, 544, 547
Sarmizegetusa (Dacia), 438
Satafis (Mauretania Caesariensis), 574
Saticula (Samnium), 154
Satricum (Latium), 404, 707, 753–4
Savaria (Pannonia Superior), 657, 666
Segesta (Sicily), 710
Segobriga (Hispania Citerior), 123, 125, 132–3
Seleucia Pieria (Syria), 484
Serdica (Thracia), 653
Setia (Latium), 170
Siarum (Baetica), 352
Sicilia, province, 211, 213
Sicily, 160
Sierra Morena mining zone, 689
Signia (Latium), 408
Simitthu (Africa), 659
Singili(a) Barba (Baetica), 544
Singilis river valley (Baetica), 683
Sitifis (Mauretania Caesariensis), 191
Skaptopara (Thracia), 293
Smirat (Africa), 547–8
Smyrna (Asia), 289–90, 658
Soma (Mysia), 430
South Italy, 161
Sparta, 266, 268
Spoletium (Umbria), 24, 97, 197, 308, 413, 576
Stratonicea (Caria), 379, 424
Stuberra (Macedonia), 256
Suasa (Umbria), 501
Subiaco (Latium), 26
Sudan, 334
Suessa Aurunca (Campania), 165, 218–19, 522
Syracuse (Sicily), 633
Syria, province, 186, 292, 355, 381
Takina (Asia), 663
Taormina (Sicily), 228 n. 3
Tarentum (Taranto, Calabria), 168
Tarquinii (Etruria), 713
Tarracina (Latium), 405, 599, 652
Tarraco (Tarragona, Hispania Citerior), 18, 198, 358–60, 380
Taurasia (Samnium), 205
Tauromenium (Sicily), 403
Taurus Mountains, 652
Tergeste (Trieste), 462
Thamugadi (Timgad, Numidia), 125, 132, 134, 174, 228, 381, 385, 505
Theveste (Africa), 141–2, 310–11, 652
Thibilis (Numidia), 421
Thignica (Africa), 434
Thracia, province, 254, 305
Thugga (Africa), 141–2, 675, 713
Thyrreion (Achaea), 305 (Roman treaty with)
Thysdrus (Africa), 522
Tibur (Tivoli, Latium), 58, 164, 169, 173
Tolentinum (Picenum), 458, 496
Toletum (Hispania Citerior), 445
Tortora (Calabria), 699–700, 705
Tralleis (Caria), 261–2
Trebula Mutuesca (Samnium), 413, 498, 505, 629
Tres Galliae (“Three Gauls”), 137
Tripolitania, 82
Troesmis (Moesia Inferior), 235
Tusculum (Latium), 166, 171, 628
Tymandus (Pisidia), 384
Tyre (Syria), 673
Uley (Britannia), 433, 705
Utica (Africa), 376
Vaga (Africa), 197
Veii (Etruria), 171, 753
Velitrae (Latium), 589
Velleia (Aemilia), 197, 244
Venafrum (Latium), 522, 613
Venusia (Venosa, Lucania), 228
Vetus Salina (Pannonia Inferior), 576
Vicetia (Vicenza, Venetia), 462
Vienna (Vienne, Gallia Narbonensis), 326
Vina (Africa), 189
Vindobona (Vienna, Pannonia Superior), 58
Vindolanda (just south of Hadrian’s Wall), military fort, 82, 105, 321, 582–3, 663–4
Vindonissa (Germania Superior), legionary camp, 105, 330, 663–4
Vipasca mines (Lusitania), 690
Viterbo (Etruria), 55
Volaterrae (Etruria), 166
Volcei (Lucania), 381
Volsinii (Etruria), 464 (catacombs of St. Christina)
Xanten (Germania Inferior), 321
Xanthos (Lycia), 264–6, 351
C. Subjects
a bibliothecis, administrative post, 4, 18
a censibus, administrative post, 221
a cognitionibus, administrative post, 284
a libellis, administrative post, 221, 284
a rationibus, office of, 282, 682
a studiis, administrative post, 4, 18, 221
ab epistulis, administrative post, 4, 18, 284 (Graecis, Latinis)
abecedaria. See alphabets
abbreviations, epigraphic, 12, 14, 54, 155, 157, 787–98
ablative case, in inscriptions, 179, 527
Abstemio, Lorenzo, 34
abusive language, 314
Académie des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres, Paris, 3
acclamations, 238, 377, 381, 549
accounts and accounting, 104 (graffiti), 681
Accursio, Mariangelo, 31
Achivo ritu, 402
acta diurna/acta urbis, 60, 354
Actian games, 545–6
Actium, battle of, 102, 154, 196
actors, 542 (Greek, in the West), 542 (hierarchies among), 542 (musical performers)
Adams, J.N., 715, 737
adiutor operum publicum, equestrian post, 222
adlectio, 4, 18 (inter selectos, jury panels), 222 (into senatorial order), 243–4 (among decurions)
administration, Roman, 274–94, 308–10, 360–2
Adonis, cult of, 433
adoption, 190, 572–3, 802 (and onomastics)
advertisements, of games. See also edicta munerum
AE, 5, 72, 76, 84
aediles, municipal, 228–9, 231, 244–5, 499–500, 506, 521–2, 544, 660;
of the Roman state, 658
Aelius, Roman gentilicium, 15, 803
aerarium, 293–4;
of Saturn, 213, 222
Aetolians, treaty with, 280, 304–5, 351
afterlife, belief in, 144, 641–4
age at death, in inscriptions, 166, 561 (age-rounding)
ager publicus. See public land
agnomina, 801, 805
agon Capitolinus, 542–3, 545
agonothetes (festival president), 256, 258
agoranomos (market overseer), 256
agriculture, 217, 673, 674–81
Agustín, Antonio, 31, 34, 60
alae, 322–4, 329
Albertini, Francesco, 34
album, 229–31 (decurions), 244 (decurions), 304 (provincial governor’s)
Alciato, Andrea, 31, 60
alea, dice game, 504
Alexandria, battle of, 196
Alfonso II, Duke of Ferrara, 44
Alföldy, Géza, 8, 13, 74–5, 204, 366, 423, 552, 749, 754
alienae (inscriptions displaced from origin), 48
alimenta, alimentary schemes, 244, 381, 529, 599–600, 678
Alisanus, cult of, 421
Allies of Rome, 279, 348
altars (arae)
with cult regulations, 97, 308
funerary, 58, 114–15, 117, 563, 566, 568, 571–2, 576, 593, 631
honorific, 409, 615, 775
votive, 8, 53–4, 161, 703 See also arulae
Altieri, Marco Antonio, 48
alumni/ae, 453, 577
amor patriae, 217–18
amphitheatres, 128, 235, 377, 528, 549, 551–2;
seating at, 229, 240, 377, 550 (table)
amphoras, amphora stamps, 8, 104, 683–7. See also tituli picti
ancestors, 57 (legendary), 92 (masks of, imagines maiorum), 565
ancillae, 565. See also slaves
animal husbandry, 681–2
Anna Perenna, cult of, 402–3, 415
Année Epigraphique. See AE
Annio da Viterbo, 55
annona (food-supply of city of Rome and army), 685. See also praefectus annonae
“Anonymus Hispanus,” 33
Anthologia Latina, 766–9
Antonine plague, 436, 479, 528, 672 n. 9
Anubis Augustus, cult of, 407
apices, 127, 170
Apollo, cult of, 404, 424 (Grannus), 425, 427 (Grannus), 430, 436 (Claros)
apotheosis, 641
apparitores, 280
Appian Way. See Via Appia
aqueducts, 26–7, 198 (Virgo), 257, 282–4, 336, 475 (Anio Novus, Claudia), 524 (Titulensis),
775–6 (Alexandriana). See also curatores aquarum, water supply
Aramaic inscriptions, 76
archaeological contexts (of inscriptions), 7, 16, 131–6
arches, 16, 23, 92, 102, 122, 128, 188, 196–7, 369. See also Rome
archiereis (high priests of imperial cult), 257–8, 261–2 (Asia), 262–4 (Macedonia), 265 (Lycia)
archimimi, 542
architecti, 629
archives and archival practice, 285 (Rome), 292 (in provinces), 299 (private), 310–14, 336
(military), 336 (civic), 370
army, Roman, 277, 319–40, 327 (administration, fighting techniques, medical services), 330–32
(social life), 381 (late Empire), 687 (food supply)
;
recruitment, 264, 332–3, 335, 338–9
;
titles of units, 15, 325. See also auxiliary troops
Artemis, cult of, 616
artisans, 673
arulae (small altars), 98, 103
Arval Brethren, 400–1;
Acta of, 98, 191–2, 203, 353, 400–1, 477, 549
Asclepius/Asklepios, cult of, 413, 425, 430, 481, 712 (Asclepius Merre)
ash containers, 114–15 (chests), 593 (altars), 633–4
Asidia, cult of, 566
Asquini, Count Girolamo, 47
assemblies
of local municipalities, 251, 252–5, 264
of the Roman people, 184–5, 191–3, 236, 278, 279
of a province (concilium/koinon), 257, 262, 265, 385
assizes, in provinces, 292
Association of Dionysiac Artists, 289, 360
(p. 865) associations, in cities, 255, 258 (of Roman citizens in Hierapolis). See also collegia
asylia, rights of, 351–2
Atiedian Brethren, 402, 714–15
atria, in Roman houses, 103, 133
Attis, cult of, 399–400, 433
auctorati, 543
August, month of, 60
Augustus/a, 182, 190 (Augusta), 406 (epithet of a divinity)
Augustales, 239–40, 313–4, 407, 482, 496 (sacellum of), 516, 549, 553, 614. See also seviri Augustales
Aurelius, Roman gentilicium, 16, 616, 803, 805
aurifices (goldsmiths), 233
aurivestrices (sellers of gold-decorated garments), 673
auspices, taking of, 197–8
autopsy, importance of in editing inscriptions, 5–7, 24, 30, 66–70, 81
auxiliary troops, 196, 285, 292, 309, 322–4, 327–30, 335–6
Ba’al Hammon, cult of, 425
Bacax, cult of, 421
Bacchus, cult of, 402, 406
bail (vadimonium), 313–14
bakers (pistores), 233
Balbani, Timoteo, 28
balnea. See bathing
balnea vina Venus, 479
bandits, 666
banquets. See epula
baptism, 463–4
Bar Kochba revolt, 291, 607
Barberini, Cardinal Francesco, 47
bathing, baths, 103, 238, 257, 500–1, 507, 518, 522, 529, 531
“Bauinschriften,” 527. See building inscriptions
Bavares Mesegneitises, Mauretanian tribe, 607
Bebellahamon, cult of, 438
Belgae, Gallic tribe, 350
Belloni, Antonio, 57
bellum, Bosporanum, 334;
Serdicense, 334. See also wars
Bembo, Pietro, 31. See also Tabula Bembina
benefactions, benefactors. See euergetism
Benefal, cult of, 438
Berber. See languages
Berlin-Brandenburgische Akademie der Wissenschaften, 73–4
Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana (BAV), 22, 24, 26, 28–36, 47
bibliothecae. See libraries
Bienewitz, Peter (Apianus), 34
bilingual/multilingual corpora, 76, 699 n.
bilingual inscriptions, 111, 160, 164, 168, 179–82, 506, 519, 572, 644, 704–6, 712 (trilingual), 712–16, 747–8
birth registers, 574, 576
boatmen, 377
Boekh, August, 66
Boissard, Jean-Jacques, 47
Bona Dea, cult of, 408, 410–11, 597–8, 614
Boncompagno of Signa, 25
Bormann, Eugen, 34, 68
Bosio, Antonio, 448
boule (local council), 252–5, 256
bouleutes, 254
boulographos, 253
boundary disputes, 309
boundary markers (termini), 94, 113, 160–1, 279, 282–3, 308, 676
boustrophedon inscriptions, 699–700
breviaria, 22
brick-stamps and brick production, 8, 46, 71, 104, 218, 325 (military), 378, 476, 588–9, 613, 678–9
bridges, 474, 654–5, 658–9
bronze altars, 712
bronze lettering. See litterae aeratae
bronze stamps (signacula), 113
bronze tablets/plaques, 35, 99, 100, 113 (techniques of engraving), 121, 132–3, 160, 180, 192, 217, 229, 279, 285, 307, 336, 357, 366–7, 402 (Iguvine), 406, 435, 485, 547, 664, 701, 709 (Tabula Bantina), 714–15 (Iguvine). See also diplomas, military
bronzesmiths (aerarii), 113
brothels, graffiti in, 503–4
(p. 866) brothers, in army, 322–4, 577
Broughton, T. Robert S., 278
Brunelleschi, Battista and Filippo, 28
Brunt, Peter A., 275
Bufalini, Gesualdo, 47
building costs, 531
building inscriptions, 8, 14, 93–4, 162–4, 174, 178–9, 203, 214, 219, 325 (military), 333–4
(military), 367 (late antique), 474–6, 519–20, 522–6, 527–8 (imperial), 529–32, 551, 573, 615, 652, 654–60, 662, 710 (Oscan), 775–6 (metrical)
bullae, 380
bureaucracy, at Rome, 274–94
burial plots, 51, 166 (dimensions), 197 (violations of), 630, 633–4
burials, legal aspects, 197, 229, 314, 638–41
Burmann, Pieter, the Elder, 36
Burmann, Pieter, the Younger, 767
Burton, G.P., 294
businessmen (negotiatores), 160, 165, 254–5, 686–7
butchers (lanii), 377
Bücheler, Franz, 769–70
Caelestis Augusta, cult of, 429
“Caesar,” imperial rank, 190
Caetani, Duke Michelangelo, 54
Cagnat, René, 70
calendars (fasti), 101–3, 196, 403, 409, 507–8, 675 (rural), 706 (Etruscan)
Callender, M.H., 683
Campana, Marquis Giovanni Pietro, 54
camps, military, 144, 323, 326
candidatorum programmata. See election posters
capital punishment, 197
career, details of on inscription, 92, 208–15, 221–2, 277. See also cursus honorum
carmen Arvale, 401, 404
carmen saeculare, 402
carmina epigraphica. See verse inscriptions
Carmina Latina Epigraphica (edition), 769–71
Carthaginians, 345–8
Castor and Pollux. See Dioscuri
catacombs, 99, 374, 447–8, 450, 453, 455–6, 459–60, 462, 633 (locations)
Catullus, poetry of, 52–3
Cavaceppi, Bartolomeo, 51
cavalry, 278, 314, 327, 330 (auxiliary), 331–2 (legionary), 334, 336 (auxiliary)
Celtiberian. See languages
Celtic. See languages
cemeteries. See necropoleis
cenotaphs, 321–2, 326, 631
censors, municipal, 253, 675;
of the Roman state, 92
census, 229, 292 (provincial)
centurions, 321–3 n. 12, 326 (centuriae), 330
ceramics, with graffiti, 104, 323;
with stamps, 104–5. See also amphoras, terra sigillata
cereals, cultivation of, 675. See also wheat
Ceres, cult of, 55, 404, 437
Cesi family, at Rome, 57
Chacón, Alonso, 32–3
Chantraine, Heinrich, 281
charioteers, 462, 479–80, 540–1
children, 319, 327–8, 337, 574–7, 599–600 (alimentary schemes), 610–11 (slaves), 637 (epitaphs)
Chiron, journal, 84, 337
Choler, G., 58
Christian inscriptions, 24 (from basilicas at Rome), 28–9, 36, 97 (including carmina epigraphica), 373, 386 (Chi-Rho symbol), 412 (mocking?), 446 (heretical, schismatic), 449 (modern corpora), 449–50 (handbooks on), 453–8 (expressions of Christian belief), 454 (Christogram), 456 (naming martyrs), 456 (Psalm 50), 456–7 (prayers), 458 (Christogram), 459–60 (cult of martyrs and saints), 460 (prayer), 461–2 (occupations in), 462 (Crypt of the Popes), 462–3 (ecclesiastical hierarchy), 463–4 (neophiti), 463–5 (sacraments), 464–5 (oldest Christian inscription), 562–3 (dating), 572, 643 (epitaph), (p. 867) 733–5 (epitaph), 767–8 (epitaph by St. Ambrose), 774–5 (verse epitaphs)
Christianity, spread of, 98, 144, 365, 374–5, 381
churches, 53–4, 381, 446.
CIG, 66
CIIP, 76, 699
CIL, 12–13, 17, 21–2, 36, 42, 44–5, 51, 68–71, 81, 84, 136, 152–4 (CIL I, I2), 160 (CIL I2), 166 (CIL I2, VI), 365–6, 472–3 (CIL VI, history, structure, indices), 502 (CIL IV fascicles), 732 (CIL VI grammatical index), 771 (CIL XVIII, metrical inscriptions)
archives in Berlin, 8, 9
editorial principles, 12–13, 17–18
electronic resources, 81, 84
cinnabar (minium), 127
cippi, 8, 94, 169, 207 (marking public land for aqueducts), 381, 487, 607 (funerary), 628
(pinecone-shaped), 631 (funerary), 699–700 (archaic), 706 (Etruscan)
circuses (for chariot racing), 98, 377 (circus factions). See also charioteers
Ciriaco dei Pizzicolli d’Ancona (Ciriaco d’Ancona), 29, 49, 55, 59–60, 67
cities, provincial, 194 (with privileges), 250–69 (Greek East), 278 (Greek), 326
citizens, and citizenship, Roman, 16, 143, 255, 258, 260–1, 265, 279, 285, 309, 313–14, 336–40, 543, 564–5, 605, 617, 628–9, 801–5
Cittadini, Celso, 32
civil wars, at Rome, 358–60
c(larissima) f(emina), 218, 376, 802
c(larissima) p(uella), 218, 802
c(larissimus) v(ir), rank title of senator, 202, 382, 802
classical antiquity, rediscovery of, 42–61
Claudian letters, 114
clients and patrons, 132–3, 233, 242, 376–7, 384. See also patronage, patrons
clipeus virtutum, 123, 195
codex Einsidlensis, 23
Codex Justinianus, 299
Codex Salmasianus, 767
Codex Theodosianus, 299
codices, 21, 23–5, 28, 44
codicilli (letters of appointment), 290
cognomina, 5, 15, 155–6 (absence of in Republic), 182–3, 243 (Greek), 261, 266, 375, 450–3, 482–3, 560, 608–9 (slaves), 707 (Etruscan), 773–4 (in epitaphs), 800–1
cohorts, 329 (auxiliary), 337 (urban), 486 (urban)
Cola di Rienzo, 26
Coleman, Kathleen, 543
collactii/collactanei, 576
collective memory, role of inscriptions in, 251–2, 778. See also damnatio memoriae
collegia, 133, 160, 233, 240, 255, 377 (in Rome), 413–14, 413 (magistri, ministri), 415
(decuriones), 481, 496–9, 542, 613–14, 620 (owning slaves), 673
Colocci, Angelo, 31, 34
coloni (tenants), 681
coloniae, in Italy, 159, 274 (foundation of);
in the provinces, 128, 144, 251, 677–8
columba (dove), 454, 733
columbaria, 96, 114–15, 122, 482, 566–7, 590, 610, 633
columns, inscribed, 92
comitia. See assemblies
“commatica,” 769–71
commentarii (administrative files), 285, 309
commercial documents, 310–14, 673 (credit)
commercial signs, in towns, 103, 111–12, 114, 747–50
con / cun / cum variation, 727–8
concilium/koinon. See under assemblies
concubinae, 573
conductores (contractors/lessees), 286, 658–60 (road construction and repair), 680–1 (agrarian),
682 (flocks), 688–90 (mining), 712 (salt)
“confession-texts,” 430–2, 757
coniuges colonorum et incolarum, 615
consecration, 55, 445. See also divi and divae
consilium (advisory council): emperor’s, 276, 281, 285;
magistrate’s, 279
constitutio Antoniniana, 143, 375, 805
constitutions, imperial, 101, 288, 294, 370. See also decrees, edicts, epistulae, mandata,
rescripts, subscriptiones
(p. 868) consular dates, 47, 203, 206, 373, 446 (late antique), 452
consular fasti, 102 (Fasti Capitolini), 212, 278 (Fasti Capitolini), 354, 378
consular rank, 215, 266, 283
consuls, 209–10, 277–8, 290, 384
contractors. See conductores
contracts, 105, 299, 302, 313 (disputes over), 688
contubernales, contubernium, 567, 610
conubium, 564
conventus civium Romanorum, 258, 260
copper mines and mining, 688, 690
Coptic inscriptions, 82, 364
corporations (corpora). See collegia
corpses, 159, 308
cost of inscriptions, 114–15
councils, local, 252, 675. See also boule, decurions
couriers. See messengers
Courtney, Edward, 769
Crawford, Michael H., 709–10
credit and creditors, 313
criobolium, 399
Crivelli, Protasio, 31
crucifixion, 323 n. 12, 412
crustulum et mulsum, 527–8
Cugusi, Paolo, 771
culinae (kitchens), 409
cults, 408 (class distinctions), 421 (Gaul, Germania), 422–3 (“oriental”), 423–4 (distribution of)
cultores Larum, 413
cum / cun / con variation, 727–8
cum / qum variation, 748
cum suis, 411
cunnulingus, 503
Cupid, 238 (statue of)
cura aquarum, 488, 522. See also water supply
curatores aquarum, 207, 209, 211, 213–14, 283–4, 524
curatores operum publicorum, 92
curatores rei publicae, 254, 260, 282, 385–6, 405, 524–5
curatores viarum, 45, 60, 211, 213, 282, 658–9
curia (senate-house), 92, 191, 195, 228 (municipal)
curiae (divisions of municipal citizen body), 231
curiales (local senators), 228. See also decurions
curses and curse-tablets (defixiones), 105, 125, 161, 415, 432–3, 479–80, 555, 564 (family issues), 571–2, 737, 758, 777
cursive script, 119, 125, 370–1, 751, 777
cursus honorum, 92, 96, 206, 208–15, 231 (municipal). See also cursus inscriptions
cursus inscriptions,” 163, 214–15, 277
cursus publicus, 660–63
customs dues, provincial, 293, 354 (of Asia), 687
Cybele, cult of, 399–400, 405
cymatium inversum, 114
Da Piazzola, Rolando, 54
Dacian Wars, 204, 213–14
“damnatio memoriae, 188, 214, 355
dative case, use of in inscriptions, 165–6, 527, 630, 636
Dea Dia, cult of, 98, 400–1
Dea Syria, cult of, 614
death in childbirth, 574
debt and debtors, 313
decrees, 35, 100, 253, 288 (of emperor), 306 (decurions). See also d(ecreto) d(ecurionum), senatus consulta
d(ecreto) d(ecurionum), 4, 18, 117, 154, 213, 238, 239, 408, 438, 501, 516, 522, 615
decurions, municipal, 92–3, 117, 227–31, 240, 241–5;
album of, 229–31, 244
decurions, in Roman cavalry, 330
dedications, 10, 14, 97 (of buildings), 156, 160, 198 (to emperor), 204, 238, 242, 331, 365 (late antique), 398–9, 404–9, 422, 424–5, 427–8, 437–8, 445, 480, 506, 541, 563, 572, 596–7, 615–16, 666–7, 712 (trilingual), 724, 775 (verse)
deditio (surrender), 100, 349–51
defixiones. See curses and curse-tablets
Degrassi, Attilio, 74, 153–4, 212
Dei itinerarii, cult of, 666
Dei Mauri, cult of, 766
Dei patrii, cult of, 607
dekaprotoi, 258–9
Della Torre Valsassina, Michele, 47
demography, 561 (problematic data), 568 (age at marriage), 574 (children), 637 (age at death)
Demostheneia, festival, 256–7, 361
Dennison, Walter, 758
deposita/us, 447, 458
De Rossi, Giovanni Battista, 21–2, 37, 49, 365, 448
De Ruggiero, Ettore, 72
Dessau, Hermann, 76, 84, 162, 321, 365
d(e) s(ua) p(ecunia), 238, 527–9, 599, 662
Deus Aeternus sanctus, cult of, 667
devotus/dicatus numini maiestatique eius/eorum, 379–80
De Zelada, Cardinal, 52
diachronic language change, 722, 727
Diana, 93 (Tifatina, shrine), 413, 480 (Cariciana), 498
diaphasic language variety, 736
diastratic language varieties, 725–30, 735, 737–8
diatopic language varieties, 737
Di Blasi, Gabriele, 53
Diehl, Ernst, 365
Digesta (Digest), of Justinian, 299
digital epigraphic databases, 10, 80–2, 136–41, 474, 815–16
digital epigraphic resources, 80–4, 815–16
digital images of inscriptions, 9, 83
Dii Manes, cult of, 637, 640, 641–4. See also D(is) M(anibus) s(acrum)
diis deabusque, 436
D(is) M(anibus) s(acrum), 14, 15, 52, 97, 115, 142, 166, 595, 643. See also Dii Manes
dinners, public. See epula
Diocletian’s Edict of Maximum Prices, 191, 288, 294, 366, 370, 378, 379
Dionysiac Artists. See Association of Dionysiac Artists
Dioscuri (Castor and Pollux), 42 (statues of), 404 (cult of), 523
“dipinti,” (painted inscriptions), 103, 113, 121, 125, 161, 232, 334, 455, 502, 546, 622, 631, 713, 729, 777–8 (metrical)
diplomas, military, 70, 100–1, 124, 164, 278, 285–6, 309, 323, 325, 327–9, 333, 335, 337–40, 381, 485
Dis Pater, cult of, 55
dispensatores, 612, 617
Di Stefano Manzella, Ivan, 112
distribution (of benefactions), 516
Diva Augusta (Livia), 435
divi and divae (deified emperors and members of imperial family), 4, 18, 23, 45, 49, 98–9, 179–80, 182–9, 192, 195–6, 198, 290, 338, 352–3, 355, 357, 435
divination, 414
Dizionario Epigrafico, 72
dogs, 91, 103
dolia (storage vessels), inscribed, 678
Domaszewski, Alfred von, 326
Domergue, Claude, 688–9
domo (indication of origin), 483, 637
domus Augusta, 113–14, 186, 188–91, 306
domus divina, 186, 244–5
Dondi dall’Orologio, Giovanni, 26
Doni, Giovanni Battista, 34, 47
Dosaenos, cult of, 425
Dosi, Giovanni Antonio (Dosio), 31
dove. See columba
dreams, 414–15, 424–5
dress, Roman, 408
Dressel, Heinrich, 683–6
Duncan-Jones, Richard P., 634, 672
dung, illegal dumping of, 159, 161–2, 308
duoviri/duumviri/IIviri, 161, 228, 229, 236–7, 238, 311
duoviri/duumviri/IIviri quinquennales, 229, 236–7, 242, 244, 386
earthquakes, 243
Eck, Werner, 212, 277, 337
edicta munerum (gladiatorial announcements), at Pompeii, 103, 124, 235, 545
edicts, of emperors, 193–4, 197, 288, 639, 662;
provincial governors, 292–3, 304, 661
;
Roman
state magistrates, 100, 161–2, 299, 308–9, 313;
urban prefects, 377
editio princeps, 5, 7, 9, 12, 17, 72, 207
editorial conventions, 11–14, 72, 785–6
(p. 870) education, 104, 256, 266
eikosaprotoi, 259–60
“Einnamig”, 608, 803
election posters (candidatorum programmata), at Pompeii, 103, 124, 231–35, 242, 502
elections, in local municipalities, 231–6, 302
Electronic Archive of Greek and Latin Epigraphy (EAGLE), 81
elites, local, 94, 227–45 (Italy and western provinces), 250–69 (Greek East), 516, 526, 544–7
elogia, 27, 42, 55, 92, 97, 123, 206, 211, 279, 346, 471, 682, 767
elongated capitals, 125, 369
embassies, 302, 484–5
emitulae, 662
emperors, Roman, 178–201, 366. See also under individual emperors in Section A. Persons
accession, 205
acclamations of, 15
ancestry, 198
benefits and benefactions granted by, 194, 516, 519–20, 527–8, 545
and city of Rome, 54, 475, 551–2
clementia, 197–8
co-emperors, 190–1
cognomina commemorating conquests, 196
consilium (advisory council) of, 276, 281, 285
as consul, 185
correspondence/letters, 194, 287–91, 336, 360–2, 379, 381, 542, 544, 564, 667
court of (aula Caesaris), 189
dedications for the well-being of (pro salute), 178, 331–2, 381, 401, 411, 422, 506
deification, 186–8 (See also consecration, divi and divae)
embassies to, 254, 263–4, 287, 305–6
ideology of, 194–8
honorific inscriptions for, 183, 188, 323, 336–7, 368
imperator, salutation(s) as, 184–5
imperium, conferral of, 191, 197, 353
indulgence, 194
iustitia, 197–8
as judge, 197, 281, 284
mausolea, 178, 180
names and titulature, 15–16, 182–6, 379
oaths of allegiance, 193–4
pater patriae, 185, 189
as patron, 284
petitions to, 194–5, 284, 287, 293, 360–2
pietas, 197–8
as pontifex maximus, 184, 191, 379
powers, 92, 191–4, 353
praenomenImperator,” 182, 196
as proconsul, 185
rescripts (rescripta), 287–8, 294, 663
speeches, 100, 127–8, 287, 336–7, 356–8
style of rule (“Regierungsstil”), 287
travels, 281
tribunicia potestas, 15, 184–5
succession, 189–91
virtues, 194–8
Endovellicus, cult of, 421, 506
engravers, bronze (caelatores), 113, 121
Ennius, Roman poet, 24
ephebes, 252, 255–6
Ephemeris Epigraphica, 71
Epigrafia Anfiteatrale dell’Occidente Romano series, 538
epigrams, Latin, 364, 374, 405, 459, 764–8, 772 n. 32, 774
epigraphic abbreviations. See abbreviations, epigraphic.
“epigraphic audience,” 326
“epigraphic boom,” 139–40, 403, 754
epigraphic conventions (“Leiden system”), 12, 72, 785–6
epigraphic corpora, 5, 10, 29, 42, 66–76, 323, 366
epigraphic culture, 141–6, 158–9, 178
Epigraphic Database Clauss Slaby (EDCS), 10, 80–1, 136–41
epigraphic databases, digital, 10, 80–3, 136–41, 474, 815–16
epigraphic digital resources, 815–16
epigraphic evidence, representativeness of, 277, 334–5
(p. 871) “epigraphic field,” 126
“epigraphic habit,” 96, 141–6, 243–4, 269, 277, 335, 530, 561, 673, 710 (Oscan)
epigraphic formulae, 14, 56, 61, 98
epigraphic handbooks, 7 n. 5, 89
epigraphic journals, 83–4. See also Chiron, ZPE
epigraphic manuscripts, 10–11, 21–41, 43–8, 448, 459, 767
epigraphy, definition of, 89
epistulae (letters, formal), 179 (state magistrates), 194 (Titus), 198 (Domitian), 279 (state magistrates), 287–91, 336, 360–1 (Hadrian), 361 (Decius), 361–2 (Constantine), 379 (Constantine and his Caesars), 381, 386–7 (popes), 542 (Hadrian), 544 (Hadrian), 564 (Domitian), 605 (Philip V), 667 (Hadrian)
epitaphs. See funerary inscriptions
epula (public feasts), 236, 238, 240, 497–501, 508, 528–9
equites Romani (Roman equestrians), 92, 122, 215, 217–22, 229, 237, 261, 264, 266, 284, 366, 381–2, 543–4 (on stage), 549, 552, 573, 576 (rank), 661 (vehiculatio)
careers of, 6, 219–2, 276, 280, 540
in military positions, 219–21, 323, 333
property qualification, 219
rank titles of, 202, 219, 382, 802
recruited into senatorial order, 219 See also equo publico, procurators
equo publico, 236–7
era, 445 (Iberian), 447 (Iberian), 447 (Mauretanian), 447 (eastern)
erasures, in inscriptions, 21, 126, 213, 571–2 (in epitaphs), 652, 776
erotic inscriptions, 104, 503–4, 777 (graffiti)
errors, in inscriptions, 12, 118, 122, 125–6, 732, 757–8
Eshmun Merre, cult of, 712
Etruria, inscriptions from, 36, 706–8
Etruscan. See languages
Etruscan inscriptions, 136, 159–60, 705–9, 713–14
Etrusco-Latin inscriptions, 168
Études Celtiques, 702
euergetism, 94, 217, 218 (female), 236–9, 251, 264, 385 (late antique), 499–502, 507, 516, 525–30, 526 (munificentia), 530 (motivation), 531–2, 544, 552, 598–600 (female), 615 (by freedmen), 660
εὐχή, 429
ex aere conlato, 228, 238–9
ex iussu, 414, 429
ex manubiis, 552
ex s(enatus) c(onsulto), 496
ex voto, 98, 429
exegetic inscriptions, 446
eXtensible Markup Language (XML), 78
eyesight, problems with, 410–11
Fabretti, Raffaele, 34
fabri lapidarii, 113
fabri tignuarii, 481, 496–7
faciendum curare, 522–3
factions, circus, 541
fake inscriptions, 34, 42–8 (manuscripts, printed works), 48–54 (stone), 54–61 (historical, documentary)
Faliscan, 404, 709
Falletti, Girolamo, 57
familia, 95, 559 (concept of), 577, 596, 613–14 (association)
familia Silvani, 413
family, family relations and structures, 132, 241–2, 264–8, 319 (military), 373, 568, 572, 807–10
Farnese, Cardinal Alessandro, 44
fasti, 101–3, 211, 227 (lists of local magistrates), 242, 403, 471
fasti Amiternini, 102, 196
fasti Antiates maiores, 102, 403
fasti Maffeiani, 32
fasti Ostienses, 103, 187, 243, 545
fasti Praenestini, 102
(p. 872) of senatorial office-holders, 276, 278, 292 (provincial governors) See also consular fasti, triumphal fasti
Fauno, Lucio, 47
feasts, public. See epula
Feliciano, Felice, 26, 30, 55, 58, 60
feriale Cumanum, 409
feriale Duranum, 196, 326
Feronia, cult of, 405, 615
Ferrarini, Michele Fabrizio, 30, 55, 57
Ferretti, G.B., 769
Ferrua, Antonio, 448–9
fibula Praenestina, 54 n. 45, 61
fides, Roman sense of, 348–9
figlinae (potteries), 588–9, 678–9
filiation (in Roman names), 15, 167, 183, 198, 215–16, 574, 801
finances, civic, 257, 263–4, 302, 531–6
financial documents, 310–14, 673
fines, 159, 521, 639
Finley, Moses I., 671–2, 681
FIRA, 300
fiscus, 293–4, 687, 690
fish and fishermen, 673, 674
fish sauces (garum, liquamen, muria), 683, 685
Fishwick, Duncan, 434
fistulae aquariae (water pipes), 46, 104, 284, 477–8, 589, 613
flamines, 4, 18;
provincial, 13, 434, 549
;
municipal, 236–7, 239, 385, 437, 525–6, 546
flaminicae, 218, 437, 529, 598
flaturarii auri et argenti monetae, 51
Flavius, Roman gentilicium, 15, 803
fleet, Roman, 309, 340, 345–8
florilegia, medieval, 24
Fontei, Giovanni Battista, 57
Fonzio, Bartolomeo, 28
food supply, 264. See also annona, grain, olive oil, wine
foreigners, 134, 415, 483–4
forgeries, epigraphic, 11, 42–8 (manuscripts, printed works), 48–54 (stone), 54–61 (historical, documentary)
Forma Urbis (of Rome), 489
forts, 326
Fortuna, cult of, 156 (Obsequens), 614, 641
Fortuna Primigenia, cult of, 45–6, 164 n. 34, 405, 414, 541
forums, functions of, 92, 132–4
foundations, 496–7, 499–500
Fra Giocondo, 30–1, 33, 55, 56, 59–60
Frank, Tenney, 482–3, 671
frater, term used among soldiers, 322–4, 577
fratres Arvales. See Arval Brethren
freedmen/women (liberti/ae), 68, 113, 123, 128, 134, 145, 155–6 (onomastics of), 162–4, 166, 189, 221 (possible), 229, 240, 243–4, 260, 308, 313, 319 (in army), 321 n. 10, 422, 437, 486, 506–7, 529, 553, 563–4, 566–70, 572 (barred from tomb), 587, 591–3, 605–6, 608–9, 612–15, 615 (honoured), 615–17 (manumission), 617–20, 620 (barred from tomb), 629 (in epitaphs), 658–9 (contractors), 673, 681, 688–9 (and mining). See also familia Caesaris, imperial freedmen, public freedmen
frontiers of the Roman Empire, 101, 145, 196, 333
fruit-sellers (pomarii), 233
fullers (fullones) and fulleries, 481, 673
Fulvio, Andrea, 34
funerals, funerary rituals, 95, 159, 206, 314, 413, 571, 634–6, 638
“funerary associations,” 496
funerary inscriptions/epitaphs, 14, 32–3, 92, 95–7, 113, 125, 128, 141–3, 160, 164, 166, 203, 206, 214, 219, 242, 284, 365 (late antique), 369 (Christian martyr), 373–5, 561–70, 571–2 (erasures in), 572, 574–6, 583–7, 588, 590–1, 595, 607, 609–11, 617–20, 628–9 (early typology), 629–34 (typology), 630 (grammatical cases), 635–6 (emphasizing status), 636 (individuality), 636 (grammatical cases), 637 (terms of endearment), 637 (Dis Manibus), 637–8 (age), 638–41 (with legal content), 641–4 (religious beliefs), 643 (D.M.s. abbreviation), 666, 725 (non-classical Latin), 733 (late), 753 (archaic), 767 (early elogia), 767–8 (by St. Ambrose), 772 (Greek), 772–4 (metrical). See also tombstones
(p. 873) funerary monuments, 10–11, 16, 95, 103, 114–17, 127, 135, 142, 214 (senators, equites), 243 (local elite), 314, 326 (soldiers), 331 (soldiers), 335 (soldiers), 476, 538, 540, 562, 566–70, 572, 583, 586, 590, 611 (of freedmen), 619, 628–9 (early), 630–4 (typology), 631 (cenotaphium), 631–2 (cepotaphium), 634 (costs), 634–6 (conveying prestige), 638–41 (legal aspects), 641–4 (content, decoration), 666, 713–14 (Etruscan)
Gaetulians, 198
Galletti, Pier Luigi, 47, 53
Gallic inscriptions, 136
Gallo, Andrea, 53
“Gallo-Greek” inscriptions, 702
games, public. See ludi
gardens, 103
garum (fish sauce), 683, 685
Gaulish. See languages
Gauthier, Philippe, 251
gemstones, 104
generals, Roman, 93, 103, 253, 381 (late antique), 474–5 ( monuments in Rome)
genitive case, 155 (epitaphs), 166 (epitaphs), 537 (building inscription), 630 (epitaphs)
Genius, 563, 614 (of emperor), 642
gens, 57 (gens Atia, Caesia, Porcia, Valeria), 186 (Augusta, Iulia), 482 (concept of), 565, 632
gentilicia, 5, 122, 134–6 (in Republic), 261, 375, 799–800, 803 (abbreviated);
imperial: 15, 182
gerousia (council of elders), 254–5
gifts (to gods), 408
gilded bronze lettering. See litterae auratae
gladiatorial announcements. See edicta munerum
gladiatorial spectacles. See munera gladiatorum
gladiators, 104, 264, 282, 525–6, 537, 538 (in the West, East), 538 (types of), 538 (stage-names),
538 (female), 538 (rank), 539 (scaeva), 539 (primus palus), 544–6, 555 (popularity of), 591 (female), 622 (Spartaks)
gold mines and mining, 281 (Dacia), 689, 690 (NW Spain and Dacia)
gold tablets (Pyrgi), 706, 712
“golden” (Ciceronian) Latin, 724–6
Gori, Antonio Francesco, 34–6
Gracchan cippi and agrarian reforms, 94, 161, 279, 676, 681. See also Ti. and C. Sempronius
Gracchus
graffiti, 54, 96 (literary), 99 (on rocks), 99 (Celtiberian), 104, 125, 161, 326, 377, 398, 412, 462, 471, 479, 502–4, 546, 555, 702, 710, 735, 746–7, 756 (quoting literary texts), 776–7 (Pompeii), 777 (erotic)
grain and grain supply, 221, 258, 263. See also annona
Grasby, Richard, 121
Grata, Claudius Franciscus, 47
Greek alphabet, use and adaptation of, 122, 699–702, 707, 709
Greek cognomina, 243, 608–9, 803
Greek cultural identity, 435–6
Greek for Roman kinship terms, 807–10
Greek inscriptions, 66, 75–6, 95, 99, 137, 139, 164, 250–69, 473 (Rome), 675, 752 (Italy)
Greek rituals, 402, 404
Gruter, Jan (Gruterus), 34, 36, 55, 67, 365
Gude, Marquard, 36
guest-friendship. See hospitium
guidelines, used in inscriptions, 8, 118, 121, 369
Gummerus, Herman, 671
gymnasia, 252, 255, 256–7
Halfmann, Helmut, 204
Harris, William V., 745–7, 750, 755–6
haruspices, 399
health issues, 410–11, 415
“heavenly letters” (litterae caelestes), 370
Hebrew inscriptions, 76, 699 n
Hecate, cult of, 430
hederae (ivy-leaves), 121, 127
Helbig, Wolfgang, 54
Hellenization, 250–1 (in Asia Minor)
Henzen, Wilhelm, 153, 365
Heracles Monoikos, cult of, 405–6
heralds (curiones), 547–8
(p. 874) Hercules/Herakles, cults of, 157, 167, 405–6 (Herakles Monoikos), 423, 425–6, 428 (Saxanus), 475 (Victor), 481 (Hesychianus), 506, 616
heroes, 425
hexameters, 167, 775
hippodromes, 377
Hirschfeld, Otto, 70
Hofmann, J.B., 736
honestiores, 240
honey production, 680
“Honorationen.” See elites, local
honorific inscriptions, 91–4, 100, 164, 203, 214, 218–19, 242–3, 254–5, 258–64, 477, 484, 497–501, 528–30, 532, 553–4, 596, 598, 615 (freed slaves), 622
Hopkins, Keith, 569, 672
horrea. See warehouses
hospites publici, 549
hostages, 205, 208
hostes publici (enemies of Roman state), 359–60
humanism, 25–9, 43, 48–9, 365
Hübner, Emil, 13, 70, 112, 365
Hygia, cult of, 413, 481
Hypsistos, cult of, 421
Iberian. See languages
iconography, 538, 632, 635, 642–4, 774
ICUR, 22, 365, 448–9, 473
IG, 66, 75, 83
IGUR, 473
Iguvine bronze tablets, 402
Inschriften Kleinasiens series, 76
ILCV, 365
Ilerda, battle of, 196
ILS, 76, 84, 162, 321, 365
Imagines Italicae, 709
imagines maiorum. See ancestors
imperial cult, 97–8, 239, 256–9, 261, 263 (temples of), 406, 434–5 (provincial), 529, 544, 546, 551. See also consecration, divi and divae, flamines, flaminicae
imperial estates and properties, 287, 679–81, 684, 689–90
imperial family, Roman, 186–91, 352–6. See also gens Iulia, gens Augusta, domus Augusta, domus divina
imperial finances, 282, 293, 527
imperial freedmen/women, 15, 16, 113, 123, 202, 280–2, 284, 482, 615, 617–18, 642, 673, 682, 690. See also familia Caesaris
“imperial provinces,” 292
imperial slaves, 280–1, 284, 422, 482, 503, 617–18, 673. See also familia Caesaris
imperium, 193 (members of imperial family, state magistrates). See also emperors
import duties, 282–3 (at Rome)
incense and ointment dealers (thurarii et unguentarii), 673
“incertus/a”, 608, 803
inscriptions, typology of, 89–110, 160–4 (in Republic), 374–8 (Late Antiquity)
indictions (late antique fiscal cycles), 373, 387, 446–7
infamia, 543
ingots, lead, 104, 139, 688–70
inheritance tax, 282
inns, 662
inpiliarii (felt-shoes makers), 673
instructions, of emperor. See mandata
instrumentum domesticum, 8, 10, 46, 104–5, 136–40, 161, 203, 323, 378, 588–9, 610, 672, 678–9, 702, 704–6, 715–16, 756
“instrumentum publicum,” 99
international law, 299
interpretatio Graeca/Romana, 425–7
interpuncts (in inscriptions), 17, 121, 126–7, 146, 155, 170 (Republican), 368 (late antique), 372
(late antique)
IRN (Inscriptiones regni Neapolitani Latinae), 68
iron mines, 690
irrigation, regulations about, 100, 306–8, 313, 676, 701
Isis, cult of, 243–4, 422 (Panthea), 433, 735
Italians, overseas, 160, 164–5
Italic inscriptions, 99, 404, 699–700, 705–11
itinera (right of passage), 640, 653
(p. 875) I(upiter) O(ptimus) M(aximus), cult of, 331–2 (Heliopolitanus)
iuridici (senatorial officials), 282
ius trium liberorum, 576–7
Iuthungi, Germanic tribe, 334
iuvenes (youth associations), 240
ivy-leaves. See hederae
Janus, cult of, 55, 405
Jewish catacombs, 633
Jewish diaspora, 374
Jewish inscriptions, 374 (epitaphs), 454–5, 473 (from Rome)
Jewish prisoners, 606–7
Jones, A.H.M., 671–2
Jones, Indiana, 69
JSTOR, internet archive, 84
Judaean cults, 421
judges, 313
judicial procedure, 304, 306–8, 313 (formulae)
judicial records, 310–14
Junian Latin status, 313, 617
Juno (of materfamilias), 563, 642
Juno Lucina, cult of, 404
Jupiter, cults of, 342 (Vindex), 407 (Arcanus), 412 (Liber), 423, 430 (Monitor Conservator), 614
(Liber)
Jupiter O.M., cults of, 399 (Sol Sarapis), 423 (Karnuntinus), 424 (Dolichenus) 426
(Karnuntinus), 434, 563
juridical epigraphy, 99, 299–315
jurisdiction, 302 (civil)
jurists, Roman, 309–10
Kakasbos, cult of, 425
Karabasmos, cult of, 425
χαριστήριον, 429
kinship, 565–6, 566–7 (kinship groups), 568, 807–10
kinship terms, Roman, 807–9 (Latin/Greek)
knights, Roman. See equites Romani
koinon. See under assemblies
kosher food, 685
κράτιστος, rank title of equestrians (also of senators and imperial freedmen), 202, 219
Krummrey, Hans, 74
Königlich Preussische Akademie der Wissenschaften, Berlin, 66, 68
L’Année Epigraphique. See AE
Labbo, cult of, 702
labour, 681 (corvée), 690 (hired)
lagunarae, 462
λαμπρότατος, rank title of senators, 202
lamps (lucernae), 673
land surveys and surveyors, 336, 380–1, 676–7
landed property and land ownership, 217 (of senators), 244, 677–8
landlords and tenants, 378
languages, 76 (Phoenician), 82 (Celtic, Punic), 136 (Celtiberian, Iberian, Punic), 139 (Celtiberian, Iberian), 699 (Oenotrian), 699 n. (eastern), 700 (ancient Italy), 701 (Celtiberian, Iberian, Tartessian), 701–2 (Lusitanian), 702–5 (Gaulish), 705–9 (Etruscan), 707–9 (minor, ancient Italy), 709 (Faliscan, Umbrian), 709–10 (Oscan), 710–11 (Sicily), 711 (Messapic), 711–13 (Phoenician, Punic), 712–13 (Libyan, Berber), 713–14 (Etruscan), 714–15 (Umbrian), 715–16 (Oscan), 752–3 (Etruscan inscriptions)
lapicidae, lapicidicae, 113
lapidariae litterae, 750–1
lapidarii, 113
Lapis Niger, 97, 122, 169, 308, 699, 725, 752
lapis Satricanus, 404, 753–4
Lar Berobreus, sanctuary of, 98
Lares, 401, 407 (Augusti), 413 (various), 414 (Volusianorum), 563 (familiares)
largitiones, 526
Lassère, Jean-Marie, 141–3
late antique inscriptions, 140, 174, 364–87, 445–70
Late Antiquity, 95, 364–87, 445–70
Latin authors, quoted in inscriptions, 375, 747, 757, 770, 776–7
Latin inscriptions, number of, 131–2, 135–43, 158–60 (Republic), 364–5 (Late Antiquity), 472
(Rome), 627 (Rome), 764
Latin language, 153, 159, 164, 171–3, 251 (in Greek East), 721 (“vulgar”), 722–5 (concept of), 724 (“golden”), 724–5 (p. 876) (pre-Augustan), 725 (non-classical), 725–30 ((low) diastratic varieties), 725–6 (“golden”), 726–9 (“vulgar”), 727 (in Petronius’ Satyrica), 729–32 (phonology), 731 (pre-Augustan), 731 (manuscript transmission), 732–4 (morphology), 734–5 (syntax, semantics), 736 (colloquial), 736 (diaphasic variety), 737 (diatopic varieties), 737 (regional diversification), 737 (magical language), 752–4 (archaic and early texts), 757 (“vulgar”, colloquial), 757–8 (“errors” in inscriptions), 758 (syllabification in inscriptions);
archaic Latin morphology/orthography, 155, 167, 171–3, 346
;
Republican forms, 164–5, 171–3
Latin palaeography, 16, 26, 89, 112, 114–15, 122–5, 155–6, 169–70 (Republican), 368–9 (late antique), 759
latrones. See bandits
Laudatio Murdiae, 571
Laudatio Turiae, 124, 127, 571, 583–4
laws: of coloniae and municipia, 229, 253, 301–3;
of the Roman state, 160, 279, 285, 300–1, 308–9, 354
;
sacred (leges sacrae), 97, 99, 308, 412–13. See also leges, Twelve Tables
layout of inscriptions. See ordinatio
Lazius, Wolfgang, 58
l. d. d. d., 92, 498
lead pipes. See fistulae
lead, inscriptions on, 104–5, 702, 704–6. See also ingots, lead
leases, 673, 677–81, 688, 690
legal codes, 288
legal disputes, 125
legal documents, private, 310–14
legati (delegates) of office-holders, 277
legati Aug(usti) pro pr(aetore), 209, 211, 213, 290, 292
legati legionis, 211, 213
leges
lex Aelia Sentia, 575
lex agraria, 301, 682
lex Antonia de Termessibus, 32, 301
lex collegii, 413, 481, 498
lex coloniae Iuliae Genetivae, 61, 100, 128, 229, 302, 408, 437, 521, 549
lex Cornelia de XX quaestoribus, 32, 301
lex de flamonio provinciae Narbonensis, 302, 549
lex de Gallia Cisalpina (lex Rubria), 302
so-called lex de imperio Vespasiani, 100, 191–3, 301
lex de provinciis praetoriis, 301
lex ex tabellis divum de re futuaria”, 60
lex Flavia municipalis, 100, 127, 229, 231, 301–2, 314, 521, 564
lex Fonteia, 301
lex for Drusus Caesar, 301
lex Gabinia de insula Delo, 301
lex Hadriana de rudibus agris, 681
lex Iulia, 351
lex Iulia de adulteriis, 60
lex Latina Tabulae Bantinae, 302
lex libitinaria, 620–1, 638
lex Lucerina, 413
lex Manciana, 378, 681
lex Osca Tabulae Bantinae, 302
lex Papia Poppaea, 575–6
lex parieti faciendo, 522–3
lex Pompeia, 253
lex repetundarum, 301
lex rivi Hiberiensis, 306–8
lex Roscia, 303
lex Tarentina, 302
lex from Troesmis, 302
lex Valeria Aurelia, 301
lex Visellia, 229
LeGlay, Marcel, 428
legions, 292 (stationing of), 323, 330 (epithets), 332–3 (recruitment)
II Augusta, 125, 326, 328
II Adiutrix, 328, 638
II Gallica, 677
II Italica, 328
II Parthica, 328
II Traiana, 184, 328, 333
III Augusta, 330–1, 336–7, 652
IV Scythica, 213, 501
V Macedonica, 573
VI Hispana, 408
(p. 877) VI Victrix, 211, 213
VII Claudia pia fidelis, 330
VIII Augusta, 204
XIII Gemina, 335, 635
XIV Gemina, 204, 335
XV Primigenia, 428
XVIII, 321–2, 631
XX Valeria Victrix, 325
XXX Ulpia, 328
legumes, cultivation of, 675
“Leiden system” (of epigraphic conventions), 12, 72, 785–6
Leto, sanctuary and cult of, 265, 351
letters and letter-writing, 125, 290–1, 582–3 (women), 663–4 (private). See also epistulae
leuga, Celtic measure, 654
levitas animi, female, 587
liberalitas, 526, 529
librarial (actuarial) script, 16, 119, 124–5
libraries, 221, 353, 529
libraries, modern, with epigraphic manuscripts, 26–31
libri lintei (linen books) of the pontifices, 60
Libyan inscriptions, 136. See also languages
Licinio, Publio (? Lorenzo de Lallis), 26
lictors (lictores), 280
ligatures, 126
Ligorio, Pirro, 32, 44–7, 50–1, 55, 57, 60
line-drawings of inscriptions, 5–6, 8, 17
linguistic markedness, 727
Lipsius, Justus, 34
liquamen (fish sauce), 683, 685
lis fullonum, 481
literacy, 89, 144, 326 (in the army), 519, 595, 745–7, 746 (definition), 747–51 (levels of), 752–4
(early, in Italy), 754–9 (scholarly approaches to), 757 (in Britain)
litterae aeratae, 8, 122, 128, 552
litterae auratae, 122, 128
litterae Claudianae, 114
litterae lapidariae, 750–1
litterae rubricatae, 127
locus sepulturae. See burial plot
locusts, infestations of, 675
Lommatzsch, Ernst, 769
lots (sortes), 161, 414
love, 565 (gifts), 777–8 (confession of)
lucernae. See lamps
ludi (public shows), 163, 236, 240, 353 (ludi Augustales), 360–1, 525, 537, 540, 542–3 (ludi Capitolini), 549, 553 (without appropriate building)
ludi circenses, 537, 544
ludi saeculares, 287, 402, 544
ludi scaenici, 537, 540, 544
Lusitanian. See languages
Lycian League, 265–6, 351–2;
treaty with Rome, 280, 304–5, 351
Macedonian War, 351 (First)
MacMullen, Ramsay, 131, 141–3, 423
“Mactar harvester,” 125, 370, 675, 682
Maffei, Scipione, 36, 47
“magic,” 432–3, 737, 766 (magical grid)
Magister Gregorius (“Master Gregory”), 25
magister magnus ovium, 611
magistrae of Bona Dea, 408
magistrates, municipal, 15, 159–60, 229 (powers of), 231–6, 241–5, 252, 255–60 (Greek East), 264–6, 302, 313 (judicial powers), 499–502, 506–7, 521–3, 544, 551, 563–4, 575, 662. See also aediles, duoviri/duumviri/IIviri, magistri, municipal governance
magistrates, of Roman state, 15, 160. See also aediles, censors, consuls, praetors, proconsuls,
quaestors
magistri, 162–4 (Capua)
magistri vici, 406, 409, 486, 614
Magna Mater, cult of, 405, 433, 516
Mai, Angelo, 36
Malagbel, cult of, 438
Mallon, Jean, 112, 749–50
Malvasia, Carlo Cesare, 34
(p. 878) Manavat, cult of, 438
mandata (instructions), of emperors, 193, 288, 294, 661–2
Manimazos, hero, 425–6
Mann, Christian, 538
Mantegna, Andrea, 30
manumission, 611 (matrimonii causa), 611 (records, Delphi) , 615–17, 617 (age at). See also slaves
Manuzio, Aldo (“the Younger”), 32
marble, used for inscriptions, 16, 114, 123, 155, 169
Marcanova, Giovanni, 30, 55–6, 59–60
Marec, Erwan, 3–7, 18
Marica, cult of, 404
Marini, Gaetano, 36, 448
markets, 287 (rural), 508–9 (market days), 673 (taxes), 674, 688–9
Marliani, Bartolomeo, 47
marmorarii, 113
marriage, 327 (of auxiliary soldiers), 333 (of soldiers), 337–40 (conubium, auxiliaries), 374, 564–5, 568–73, 569–70 (age at), 583, 587–8 (cum manu), 610 (slaves, informal);
duration of, 728, 733
Mars, cults of, 238 (statue), 401, 404, 429 (Lelhunnus)
martyrs, Christian, 456, 459
Massimo, family at Rome, 58
Matal, Jean (Metellus), 31–2, 34, 55, 60
matella, 777
mater castrorum, title, 190, 411
mater castrorum senatus et patriae, title, 190
Mater Deum Magna Idaea, cult of, 399–400, 405
Mater Matuta, cult of, 404, 489
matronae, 402
Mauri conservatores, cult of, 607
mausolea, 96, 114, 178, 180, 374, 476, 628, 632–3
Mazzocchi, Giacomo (Jacopus Mazochius), 34
Mefitis, cult of, 404–5
Memnon, statue of, 665
memoria, 251–2, 778. See also damnatio memoriae
Mên, cult of, 421
“ménage-à-trois,” 587
menologia rustica, 102, 507–8
menologium rusticum Colotianum, 102, 507–8, 675
Mens Bona, cult of, 614
mercenaries, 319
Mercury, cult of, 9, 161, 433
messengers, 663–5
metals, extraction and distribution of, 688–90
metronyms, 168
Meyer, Elizabeth, 141, 143, 145
Meyer, Heinrich, 767
“middle class,” Roman, 239
milestones (miliaria), 47, 70, 94, 160, 323, 654–9
military careers, 219–21, 323, 333
military decorations, 204, 213–14, 321–2, 327, 333, 618 (imperial freedman)
military diplomas. See diplomas, military
“military inscriptions,” 14, 113, 203, 319–40, 428, 430, 438–9, 462 (Christian), 483, 485–6
(Rome), 637–8, 660 (road work), 661 (vehiculatio), 664 (letters)
military pay, 321
military ranks, 325–7
military records, 321
military terms and values, 326–30
military tribunes, 211, 213, 220, 236–7, 399–400
militias, local, 319
Millar, Sir Fergus, 275, 287
mimes, 462, 591–3 (female). See also archimimus
Minerva. See Sulis Minerva
mining, organization of, 688–90
miniscule letters, 125
ministri/ae, 411 (of Bona Dea)
Mirabilia Urbis Romae, 22
Mitchell, Stephen, 421
Mithras, Deus Invictus Mithras, 408, 422–3, 428, 777
mobility, geographical, 664–7
Mommsen, Theodor, 7, 21–2, 29, 37, 44, 47, 49, 58, 67–8, 153, 179, 275, 303, 585 n. 5, 749, 769
money, 104
money-changers (argentarii), 674
(p. 879) money-lenders and money-lending, 673, 678
monitu, 430
monograms, 376–7
monophthongs, 56
monopolies, 690
Montfaucon, Bernard de, 10–11, 55
Monumenta Linguarum Hispanicarum (MLH), 701
Monumentum Liviae, 590, 612, 633
Monumentum Statiliorum, 590, 633
moral virtues, 570–1 (in marriage)
Morcelli, Stefano Antonio, 36
mortaria (mixing bowls), inscribed, 678
mosaics, with inscriptions, 91, 93, 103, 113, 386, 446, 455, 460, 462, 547–9, 775
“Moselromanisch,” 733–4
mothers, 168, 311, 331, 337
mouldings, 126, 169
Mouritsen, Henrik, 145
Mrozek, Stanislaw, 141–2
munera gladiatorum, 240, 287, 537, 545–7, 549, 553
municipal governance, 15, 159, 160, 229, 231–6, 241–5, 252, 255–60 (Greek East), 264–6, 302, 313 (judicial hearings), 437, 499–502, 502 (elections), 506–7, 521 (revenues), 521–3, 525–6, 528, 544, 551, 563–4, 575, 598 (decree), 614 (freedmen), 662. See also councils, magistrates
municipalities (municipia), in Italy and the provinces, 302, 409, 521, 564, 676, 801
munificence. See euergetism
munus. See munera
Muratori, Lodovico Antonio, 36, 58, 67
murder, 571, 621, 637, 666
Musae lapidariae, 769
musicians, 542
Mylae, battle of, 345–8
names of humility, 452–3
naming practices. See onomastics
Naulochus, battle of, 196
navicularii. See shippers
navy, Roman. See fleet, Roman
necropoleis, 132, 164, 630–4
Nehalennia, cult of, 421
Neo-Etruscan, 706–7
neoi, 252, 254–5
neokoros, 258, 263
neophyti (neofiti), 463–4, 774
Nesselhauf, Herbert, 337
nexus, letters in, 126
nobilissimus Caesar, title, 190–1
nomina. See gentilicia
nominative case: building inscriptions, 178–9, 527;
epitaphs, 155, 166, 630, 636
;
Republican forms of, 155–7, 164
notables, local. See elites, local
Novellae of Justinian, 299
novercae (stepmothers), 572
numbers, in inscriptions, 813
Numen Aquae Alexandrianae, 775–6
Numen Augusti, 434
nundinae, 508–9
nutrices (wet-nurses), 576, 590
nymphs, 402, 775–6, 778
oaths, 193–4 (of allegiance to the emperor), 302, 314, 351
obscenities, 503, 586–7, 777
occupations. See professions
oculists’ stamps, 104
Oenotrian. See languages
“official” inscriptions, 99–103, 286–94, 300–10
officinae, officinatores/trices, 51 (monetae aurariae argentariae), 113–15 (stonecutters’), 588–9 (bricks), 678–9 (bricks)
olive oil, 165 (merchants), 256, 258, 380, 507 (distribution), 675, 680, 683–7 (production, distribution)
Oliver, James H., 288
onomastics, Roman, 5, 15, 61, 156–8 (Republic), 156 (slaves, freedmen), 182–6 (emperors), 216
(senators), 266 (elite families, Greek East), 281 (familia Caesaris), 375 (polyonymy), 375–6 (late antique), 450–3 (early Christians), 451–2 (supernomina), 482–3, 565, 572–3 (adoption), 574–5 (Sp.f.), 583 (female), 607–8 (slaves), 608 (“Einnamig”), 608 (“incertus/a”), 628, 707 (Etruscan), 714 (Etruscan), (p. 880) 715–16 (Oscan), 799–800 (praenomina), 799–800 (gentilicia), 800–1 (cognomina), 801–2 (polyonymy), 801–3 (social distinctions), 802 (“Rangtitel”),