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date: 21 November 2019

Abstract and Keywords

Late antique epigraphy differs in several respects from that of the High Empire, reflecting the changed political, economic, and cultural circumstances. This chapter focuses on the epigraphic habit of that fluctuating portion of the late antique world that remained Roman. Despite the emergence of inscriptions in additional languages, such as Syriac and Coptic, Latin and Greek retained their hegemony as the two main epigraphic languages of the Roman world. The establishment of an imperial court, with its attendant bureaucratic and military retinue, in major centres of the Greek East from the last decades of the third century coincided with a new flowering of Latin inscriptions in the region.

Keywords: inscriptions, Late Antiquity, late antique society, state in Late Antiquity, imperial elite, Roman provinces, Roman municipalities, Greek East, Diocletian, Christian inscriptions, Theodosius, Gregory the Great

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