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date: 21 November 2019

Abstract and Keywords

Roman rule in the provinces relied on cities, which were required to control their surrounding territory and had relative independence in all local matters. These cities also served as models of the Roman way of life and provided a framework for integrating the provincial population into the Roman imperial system. Rome relied on the wealthy local elite. In this regard, the eastern provinces did not differ substantively from Italy and the West, but there were important divergences (such as the existence of the polis and the politai, who enjoyed freedom and self-governance), which this chapter analyzes and outlines in full. The chapter stresses the importance of how the social prestige of elite groups and their families was advertised to contemporaries through a varied array of rituals and oral communications, and how inscribed monuments played a key role as permanent symbols of elite status within contemporary discourse.

Keywords: local elites, commemorative monuments, inscriptions, memory, polis, politai, civic institutions, magistrates, social status, Hellenistic world, Rome, Roman provinces, Macedonia, Achaia, Asia, Lycia, Beroia, Oinoanda

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