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date: 16 June 2019

(p. 1127) General Index

(p. 1127) General Index

Page numbers followed by f, t and n indicate figures, tables and notes, respectively. Numbers in italics indicate music examples.

For musical works, please see the Index of Musical Works.

Abbate, Carolyn, 30, 250, 309, 321–328, 336, 354–356, 733, 774, 1032
Abenddämmerung, 232
Abert, Anna Amalie, 739
Abert, Hermann, 158, 191
Abrahams, Darren, 411
Académie Royale de Musique (Paris Opéra), 17, 20, 64, 105, 140, 146, 149, 162, 246, 384, 427, 535, 1034, 1066
audiences, 667–669, 672, 676–681
“The Cantatrice and the Profession of Singing at the Paris Opéra and Opéra Comique, 1830-1848” (White), 382
Chambre, 484–485
Chapelle, 485
Comité de Mise en Scène, 538, 540
costumes, 558–559
dance, 514, 518, 520–521
foyer du chœur, 421–422
Grande bande, 484–485
Grande Écurie, 484
grands opéras, 429
lighting, 539–540
orchestra, 481, 484–493, 490f, 491f, 492f, 496, 500
parterre, 672
performance and rehearsal schedule, 422–424, 423t
Petite bande, 484–485
premieres, 424
publicity, 869–871
rehearsal practices, 420–424, 433, 493
staging, 422
Violons du cabinet, 484
Accademia degli Armonici, 847
Accademia Filarmonica of Bologna, 1022
Accademia Santa Cecilia, 990
accentuation, 206–211, 220–221
Accetto, Tommaso, 820
accompaniment, orchestral, 311
Achenbach, Oskar, 80, 80f
Achille et Déidamie, 558–559, 559f
Achilles, 285
acousmêtre, 925
acting, 340–341, 442–459, 894
modern, 453, 611
“Regeln für Schauspieler” (Rules for Actors) (Goethe), 584
Acting in Opera (Shea), 450
“Acting in Opera: The Eternal Feminine”(Newman), 894
Act preventing Stage-Plays and other Theatrical Entertainments (Massachusetts, US), 636
Adami, Giuseppe, 998
Adamo, Mark, 1075–1076, 1090, 1094, 1098
Adams, John, 22, 342, 358, 1067–1068, 1070, 1080–1081, 1083n2
compositional process, 981–982, 1090, 1098
exoticism, 796
orchestration, 1098
adaptation(s), 6–7, 446–447, 850–852, 917–918, 918n1
Adburgham, Alison, 563–564
Addison, Joseph, 107–108, 1077
Adelchi, 954
Adler, Guido, 1034
L’Adone (Marino), 282
Adorno, Theodor W., 325, 358, 708, 1057
advertising, 788–791, 789f, 948–949, 1072
Aeneid (Virgil), 283, 735
Aestheticism, 564–571, 565f
Aesthetic opera, 563–575
aesthetics, 114–115, 1077–1078
of collecting, 685–705
event, 668–671
of opera, 100, 1078–1079
of opera criticism, 886–889
of passion, 465–468
production, 531–552
Romantic, 42–43
work, 668–671
Afghanistan, 824
African-American influences, 55
African-American singers, 767–769
Agolini, Luca, 978
agonistic opera, 94
Agricola, 387
Agujari, Lucrezia, 405
Ahlquist, Karin, 636
Aida (1953), 952
Alagna, Roberto, 373–374, 377, 380, 390–391, 932, 934f
Albert Hall, 60, 84, 613
Alberti, Leonardo, 280
Albion and Albanus (Dryden), 29, 99
Alboni, Mariette, 438
album amicorum, 695
Alceste (Lully), 288
Alceste (Quinault), 139, 288
Alcidiane, 484
Aldeburgh Festival, 153
Alexander, 655
Alfano, Franco, 974, 999, 1054, 1056
Algarotti, Francesco, 3, 228, 301–302, 399, 402, 943
alienation, 123–124
Allanbrook, Wye Jamison, 246, 253–254, 337, 354, 512–513, 877, 944
alla turca operas, 799, 801, 803, 807–808, 812
allegorical staging, 590
Allen, Sir Hugh, 788
Allen, Woody, 948
Allgemeine musikalische Zeitung (AMZ), 80, 228, 233–234, 494, 500, 633, 881
Alli, Silvio degli, 556
Alm, Irene, 513, 515–516
Alma Tadema, Laura Theresa, 568
Alma Tadema, Sir Lawrence, 568
Alma Tadema family, 564
Almeida, Antonio de, 1003
alterations, 826
Altès, Ernest, 489
Alvin Theatre, 18
Amadeus (Shaffer), 95, 1089
amateurism, 907–912
Ambros, A. W., 111, 124
Americana, 757
American Book Prices Current (ABPC), 685
American Institute for Verdi Studies, 979
American opera, 634–638, 643–644, 1083n1
American Opera Theater, 77
American Physical Society, 1072
American Repertory Theatre, 593
Ameyden, Teodoro, 846
Amigoni, Jacopo, 946
Aminta (Tasso), 36
Ammannati, Luigi Floris, 743
AMZ (Allgemeine musikalische Zeitung), 80, 228, 233–234, 494, 500, 633
anachronisms, 152, 282–287
Analyzing Opera (Abbate and Parker), 257
ancient Greece, 74, 278–279, 462–465
ancient history, 122, 275–295
Anderson, Marian, 380, 769
André, Johann, 227–228, 911
André, Naomi, 755, 775
The Angel’s Cry: Beyond the Pleasure Principle in Opera (Poizat), 407
animals, 944–948
Anne, 107
Anne of Austria, 845
anni di galera, 1035
Anouilh, Jean, 152
L’Antigona delusa da Alceste (Aureli), 139
Antigone, 138
Antigone (Sophocles), 138
anti-Semitism, 707, 754, 756, 1057, 1080
Antonozzi, Antonio Maria, 854
Apolloni, Giovanni Filippo, 655
aposiopesis, 186
Appia, Adolphe, 453, 547, 584
appropriations, 918n3
Apuleius, 285
Arabian Nights, 947
Arblaster, Anthony, 709
archaisms, 741
Archilei, Vittoria, 37
Archives Nationales (Censors’ Bureau collection), 972
Ardant, Fanny, 925
Aretino, Pietro, 285
aria, 182–183
Aria, 923, 927–928
Ariadne, 9, 138, 150–153, 289
Ariadne (Brandes), 149
“Ariadne” (Gerstenberg), 149
“Ariadne” operas, 8, 144–150
aria-lamenti, 183
Ariane (Corneille), 146
Aricie, 105
Arie antiche (Bartoli), 863
Arie antiche (Parisotti), 863
ariette (arietta), 307
Ariosto, 37, 137–138, 280, 285, 652
Aristippe, 448–449
Aristotle, 36, 74, 101, 138, 194, 279
Armstrong, Thomas, 567
Arnold, Heinz, 595
Arnold Schoenberg Institute, 970
arrangements
piano arrangements, 899–900, 915–916, 918n1
potpourris, 907, 910–912, 911f
Arrivabene, Opprandino, 249
art, 949–950
approximate, 114–115
of collecting, 697–700
near-opera productions, 120–121
total works of art, 121–124
Artaserse (Metastasio), 9, 865
Artaud, Antonin, 806
artistic creativity, 700
The Artist in His Studio (Whistler), 564
“l’art pour l’art” movement, 707
Artusi, Giovanni Maria, 93
Ashman, Mike, 593, 885
Asian singers, 769–770
Asioli, Bonifazio, 495–496
association, 196–197
Astarto (Pariati), 139
Astrate, roi de Tyr (Quinault), 139
Atlanta Symphony, 1074
atomic bomb, 1070
atomic minimalism, 1074
Attila, König der Hunnen (Werner), 952, 954–955, 960–961
Attila the Hun, 952, 955, 957–959
Auden, W. H., 125, 289–290, 807, 1067
Audi, Pierre, 76, 590, 595
audiences, 59, 588, 666–684
Aufricht, Ernst Joseph, 1062
Augsburger Allgemeine Zeitung, 80–81
August, Ernst, 851
Augustus, 649
Aureli, Aurelio, 139, 820
Aurora, 138
Austin, Frederic, 780
Austrian opera, 23, 514–515
authenticity, 172–173, 606–607, 803, 811, 994
authorship, 387, 586
autograph albums, 695–696
autographomanes, 698
autographophiles, 698
autographs, 685–705
autograph scores, 976–979, 990, 1015, 1017–1018
The Autumn of Italian Opera: From Verismo to Modernism 1890-1915 (Mallach), 1054
avant-garde, 1067–1068
Aztecs, 736
Babbitt, Milton, 57
Babel, William, 907–908
The Bacchae (Euripides), 289
Bacelli, Monica, 613
Bach, C. P. E., 74–75
(p. 1130) Bach, Johann Christian, 395, 908
Bach, Johann Christoph Friedrich, 149
Bach, Johann Ludwig, 630
Bach, Johann Sebastian, 165, 616, 630–631
Bach, Wilhelm Friedemann, 630
Bachelier, Jean-Jacques, 950
Badoaro, Giacomo, 138, 283–284, 735
Bagnara, Francesco, 538
Bähr, Hugo, 547
Bajetti, Rinaldo, 1022
Baker, Evan, 531
Baker, Janet, 614–615
Bakhtin, Mikhail, 406
Balakirev, Mily, 160
Balbi, Giovan Battista, 534, 845–846, 857–858
ballet, 514, 520–521, 541. See also dance
Ballet comique de la Royne, 485
ballet d’action, 514–516
ballet héroïque, 146
balls, 518–519
Balochi, M. Louis, 1025
bals publics, 518
Balzac, Honoré de, 407, 693
Banducci, Antonia, 516–517
Banfield, Stephen, 58–59
The Banquet of Music (Playford), 901, 902f
Baragwanath, Nicholas, 251
Barbarini palace, 397
barbarism, 786
Barberini, Francesco, 119
Barberini, Maffeo, 19
Barberini family, 19
Barber Institute, 607, 614
Barbican Theatre, 60
Barcelona, Spain, 23
Bärenreiter-Verlag, 1018, 1020, 1020
Barfoot, Terry, 732
Barg, Lisa, 756–757
Bargagli, Girolamo, 120
Barker, Clive, 442
Barnett, Alice, 569, 570f
Barnett, Dene, 517
Baron, Hans, 280
Baroque dance, 611
Barrington, Rutland, 572f
Barshack, Lior, 338
Barthes, Roland, 357, 407
Bartlet, M. Elizabeth C., 488, 990, 1037
Bartók, Béla, 1056
Bartoli, Cecilia, 377–378, 825, 863, 995
Bartsch, Michael, 592
Baseball World Series, 89n7
Basevi, Abramo, 254, 955
basses, 321
Bastille, 17
Batson (Bergen), Flora, 763–765
Battle, Kathleen, 377
Baudelaire, Charles, 358, 1076
Baumgarten, Sebastian, 77
Bayreuth, 451–452
Bayreuth Festival, 584–585, 590–591, 593–594, 598, 639–640
Bayreuth Festspielhaus, 17, 20, 23, 501–502, 543–547, 670–671, 871
Beach, Amy, 639–640
Beardsley, Aubrey, 947
Beaton, Cecil, 556
Beauchamp, Pierre, 535
Beauchamp-Feuillet notation, 535
beauty, 564–566
Beckerman, Michael, 173
Beckett, Samuel, 1082
Beckford, William, 148
Beckmesser, 214–217
Bédier, Joseph, 1012
Beer, Jacob Liebmann Meyer, 756
Beerbohm, Max, 572
Beethoven, Ludwig van, 165, 237, 240, 248–249, 500, 915
compositional process, 254–255, 629
conflations, 993
sketchbooks, 688–689
Beethoven Journal, 686
Befreieungsgeschichte (story of liberation), 47–48
Beijing Festival, 707
Belasco, David, 540
bel canto, 408, 413, 445, 449, 946
Belgium, 873
Bell, Georges, 911
Bellaigue, Camille, 742
(p. 1131) la belle danse, 514–515
Bellini, Vincenzo, 498, 500, 686, 699, 970, 977–978
Bellman, Jonathan, 796
Benda, Georg Anton, 1032
Benedek, Mari, 951
Benedict, Julius, 228
Ben Hur, 783
Beni, Paolo, 280
Benjamin, Walter, 366, 699, 924
Benloew, Louis, 208, 208t
Bentivoglio family, 655
Bérain, Jean, 557
Bérain, Jean, the Younger, 557
Bérénice (Racine), 139
Berg, Alban, 22, 350, 354, 973–974, 994–995, 1056, 1067
Berg, Helene, 994–995
Bergen, Flora Batson, 763–765
Bergen, John, 764
Bergen Star Concert Company, 764
Berger, Karol, 105
Bergman, Ingmar, 936
Berio, Luciano, 974, 999
Berkeley Art Museum, 1072
Berlin, Germany, 1058
Berliner Ensemble, 1062
Berlin Opera, 489
Berlin Sing-Akademie, 977
Berlioz, Hector, 165, 248–249, 500–501, 881–882, 943, 973, 977
Bernacchi, Antonio, 399–402
Bernard, Joseph, 235
Bersuire, Pierre, 735
Bertati, Giovanni, 9
Berti, Giuseppe, 956
Bertoja, Giuseppe, 538, 542–543, 956
Betterton, Thomas, 851
Between Opera and Cinema (Theresa and Joe), 354
Betzwieser, Thomas, 516–517
Bey, Draneth, 499
Beyer, Ferdinand, 911
Bianchi-Giovini, Aurelio, 952, 956
Bianco, Baccio di, 854
Bianconi, Lorenzo, 137, 531, 877
biblical operas, 734, 744–746
Bibliomania (Dibden), 699
Biblioteca comunale (Udine), 992
Biblioteca estense universitaria of Modena, 1022–1023
Bibliothèque du Conservatoire de Musique, 6
Bie, Oskar, 732
Bieitos, Calixto, 23, 586–587
Bignami, Paola, 554
Billboard, 675
Bing, Rudolf, 769–770
Bingen, Hildegard von, 733, 950
biography, 1033–1034
biopics, 951–953
Birmingham Daily Post, 887
The Birth of Opera (Sternfeld), 104
Birtwistle, Harrison, 342
Biscottini, Francesco Antonio, 496
Bissari, Pietro Paolo, 283
Bizet, Georges, 342–348, 796, 983
Bizet’s Carmen, 932
blackcoats, 672
black musicals, 55
Black Patti (Matilda S. Jones, Sissieretta), 763, 765–767
Black Patti-Levy Concert Company, 765
Black Patti Troubadours, 766
Blackwell, Harolyn, 770
Blake, William Richmond, 565f
Blanc, Numa, 697
Blasis, Carlo, 448–449
Bledsoe, Jules, 768
Blewitt, Octavian, 955–956
blind casting, 757, 771
Bloch, André, 190, 1003
blocking, 609–612
Bloom, Harold, 98
Blythe, Stephanie, 1100
Blyton, Carey, 58–59
Boccabadati, Virginia, 381–382
Boccacio, 144, 735
Boccalini, Traiano, 282
Bocelli, Andrea, 674–675
body, 322–324
Boethius, 109–110, 112–113
Boileau, Nicolas, 115–116, 279–280, 288
Boito, Arrigo, 190, 971
(p. 1132) Bokina, John, 708
Bolivet, Alfred, 696
Bolshoi Ballet, 561
Bond, Christopher, 56
Bond, Jessie, 568–569
bond-value, 694
Bonheur, Raymond, 166
Bonhoeffer, Dietrich, 743
Bordoni, Faustina, 403, 403f, 630
Borges, Jorge Luis, 989
Bori, Lucrezia, 380
Borodin, Alexander, 160
Borsato, Giuseppe, 538
Boston, Massachusetts, 637–638, 643, 669
Boston Early Music Festival, 511, 607, 610, 620
Boston Gazette, 1092
Boston Opera Company, 79, 79f, 643
Boston Opera House, 641, 643
Boston Theater, 638, 643
Bottelho, Pedro José da Silva, 843
Bottesini, Giovanni, 495, 497
Boublil, Alain, 60, 63
Boulez, Pierre, 1065–1066, 1068, 1082
Bourdieu, Pierre, 56
bourgeoisie, 670, 672
Bowers, Sarah Sedgwick, 760
Bowers, Thomas J., 760
Boyd, Don, 923
Bragaglia, Anton Giulio, 405
Braham, John, 236
Braham, Leonora, 567
Brahms, Johannes, 239, 629, 631–633, 911
Brandes, Johann Christian, 149
Brantley, Ben, 862
Brauner, Patricia, 703
Brecht, Bertolt, 27, 453, 595, 1042, 1057–1062
Bregenz Festival, 938
Breitkopf & Härtel, 639, 1026
Brenner, Genovefa, 633
Brett, Oliver Sylvain Baliol, 788
Brett, Philip, 354
Bretzner, Friedrich, 587
The Bride of Lammermoor (Scott), 192
Brightman, Sarah, 675
Bristow, George, 638
Britain, 777–779, 784–791, 789f, 852. See also England
British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC), 107, 411
British Empire Shakespeare Society, 785
British Library (Museum), 6
British National Opera Company, 780
British Wagner Society, 593
Britten, Benjamin, 15, 706–707, 743, 975, 978, 1032
Britten-Pears Foundation, 970
broadcast operas
live streaming, 674–675, 923–924, 1073
on television, 875, 926
XM Sirius satellite radio, 1073
Broadway, 55–56
Broadway Belt, 68–69
Brod, Max, 169
Brook, Peter, 442
Brooks, Peter, 325, 1083n4
“Broom-Hilda,” 947
Broschi, Carlo (Farinelli), 147, 386, 395–396, 398–399, 400f–401f, 404, 408–409, 409f, 946
Brown, Bruce Alan, 513
Brown, Howard, 1042
Brown, Trisha, 621
Browne, Chris, 947
Browne, Dik, 947
Brownlee, Lawrence, 770–771
Büchner, Georg, 3, 26
Buckingham Palace, 759
Budden, Julian, 161, 384, 944, 1052
Buelow, George, 145
Buffalo Musical Association, 758
Bugs Bunny, 923
Bülow, Hans von, 481
Bulwer-Lytton, Edward, 758
Buontalenti, Bernardo, 120–121
Burgtheater (Vienna), 480
Burkhardt, Jacob, 111
Burleigh, Harry, 765
Burnacini, Ludovico, 534
Burnard, Sir Francis Cowley, 566–567
Burne-Jones, Edward, 567–568
Burney, Charles, 398–399, 907–908
Burney, Frances, 396
Burt, Richard, 832
Busenello, Giovanni Francesco, 141, 275–276, 283–284, 991–992, 992t
(p. 1133) business expenses, 18–23, 1090–1091
Busoni, Ferruccio, 84–85, 1051, 1059
Büsser, Henri, 980
Bussotti, Sylvano, 1054
Butler, Judith, 356, 834
Butt, John, 606
Buzzi, Antonio, 827–832
Byron, Lord, 954–955
Cabiria, 783, 949
Caccini, Francesca, 354, 383, 732
Caccini, Giulio Romano, 99, 281, 300–301, 383
Caffarelli (Gaetano Majorano), 398
Cage, Nicolas, 922, 942
Cagnola, Giovanni Battista, 690
Caimi, Eugenio, 220
Calcagno, Mauro, 820
Calderón de la Barca, Pedro, 229, 846, 854, 856–857
Calgary Opera, 1101, 1109
Calhoun, Craig, 881, 895
Callas, Maria, 375, 390–391, 408, 453–455, 671, 925–926, 1035
Callas Forever, 925
Calvé, Emma, 450
Calzabigi, Ranieri de’, 28, 302, 943
“The Cambridge Musical Squeeze!!-or- Double-Bass Entré to the Ochestra [sic]” (Cruikshank), 388, 389f
Cambridge Opera Handbooks, 531, 924–925, 970
Cambridge Opera Journal, 513, 531, 608, 883
Camerata, 75, 667
Cameron, John, 60
Cammarano, Salvadore, 826
Canadian Opera Company, 876
Canary Islands Music Festival, 999
canonical opera(s), 862, 873–876, 1050–1051
cantata, 75, 77
“The Cantatrice and the Profession of Singing at the Paris Opéra and Opéra Comique, 1830-1848” (White), 382
The Canterbury Tales Project (TCTP), 1013–1014, 1028n1
Cappella di San Marco, 655
Cappiani, Louise, 766
Caprice, 285
Caraci Vela, Maria, 1016
Carafa, Michele, 487, 978
Carbonne, Ernest, 419
Cardona, Rosanna, 376
Cardus, Briton Neville, 882
Carestini, Giovanni, 147, 399. See also Cusanino
caricature(s), 210–211, 944–948
Carlos II, 856
Carmen, 927
Carnegy, Patrick, 583
Carolsfeld, Ludwig Schnorr von, 546
Carpani, Giuseppe, 178
Carracci, Agostino, 120
Carreras, José, 15, 18, 674–675
Carrie, 57
Carter, Tim, 246, 251, 337, 1042–1043
cartes des visites (and costumes), 559–560
cartoons, 944–948
Caruso, Enrico, 375, 874
Carvalho, Léon, 977, 1003
Casa di Riposo, 744
Casamorata, Luigi, 956
Casella, Alfredo, 1054, 1056
Case of Wagner (Nietzsche), 710
Cassati, Signor, 376, 380
Cassidy, Claudia, 882
Cassini, Vincenzo, 148
Castel Sant’Angelo, 928, 931–932, 931f
Casti, G. B., 1069
Castil-Blaze (François Henri Joseph), 1025
casting, 1097
blind casting, 757, 771
cross-casting, 519–520, 523
Castle, Terry, 354, 776
Castle Garden, 762
castration, 403
Catalani, Angelica, 161, 375, 387–391, 389f, 562, 946
Catalogue des livres (Leopoldo), 690
Catán, Daniel, 1090, 1093, 1098
Catel, Charles-Simon, 486
Catholicism, 741–742
Catholics, 918n3
(p. 1134) Catullus, 143
Cavagna, Giovanni Antonio, 655–659
Cavalieri, Caterina, 420
Cavalieri, Emilio de’, 99, 442
Cavalli, Francesco, 8, 20, 22, 484–485, 655, 846, 1015
Cavell, Stanley, 320, 324–326, 354
CBS television, 503
Cecilia (patron saint of musicians), 115
celebrities, 373–394, 460–461
Cencetti, Giovanni Battista, 1025
Censor Libretto, 1003–1004
Censors’ Bureau collection (Archives Nationales), 972
censorship, 246, 421, 650–651, 707, 737–739, 817–839, 961, 995–996, 1036, 1061–1062
of chorus, 473
of librettos, 972
Censorship: A World Encyclopaedia (Jones), 821
Central Opera Service, 770
Centre de Musique Baroque de Versailles, 611, 619–620
Cephalus, 138
Cerda y Aragón, Juana de la, 850
Cerda y Aragón, Luis Francisco de la, 850
La Cérémonie, 926
Cerha, Friedrich, 973, 995
Cervantes, Miguel de, 180
Český Krumlov, 611
Cesti, Antonio, 655
Chabrol, Claude, 926
Chadwick, George Whitefield, 639–643
Chaliapin, Feodor, 671
Chamberlain, Houston Stewart, 547
chamber opera, 153
Chambre du Roy, 607
Chamfort, Sébastien-Roch-Nicolas, 304
Chan, Eugenie, 1095
chanter pour chanter, 305
chanter pour parler, 304
Chappell & Company, 573
characterization, 334–351, 617–619, 951–953
Charles, Ray, 951
Charles Felix of Sardinia, 819
Charles II, 851, 858
Charles X, 990, 1037
Chartier, Roger, 913
Chausson, Ernest, 166–167
Cheatham, Wallace, 770
Cher, 922, 942
Chéreau, Patrice, 23, 594, 598
Cherubini, Luigi, 486, 692
Chezy, Helmina von, 232–233
Chiave, Gregorio delle, 847
Chigi family, 658
China, 707
chœur appris/learned chorus, 307–308, 467–468, 472–473
chœur impromptu/spontaneous chorus, 308, 467–468, 471–473
choir or collective song, 307
Chomel, Mr., 426–429
Chomel/Chaumel, Amélie-Adèle (La Comelli), 426
Chopin, 776–777
choral voice, 2
choreography, 510–511, 516
Choron, Alexandre, 488–489, 490f
chorus, 460–479
chœur appris/learned chorus, 307–308, 467–468, 472–473
chœur impromptu/spontaneous chorus, 308, 467–468, 471–473
sacred, 339
Christian Socialists, 787
Christie, William, 607, 620
Christine of Lorraine, 120, 651
“A Chronology of Twentieth-Century Opera Premieres” (Simeone), 1050
Chrysander, Friedrich, 75, 80–82, 1015
Chusid, Martin, 819
Cicéri, Pierre-Luc Charles, 425–426, 540
Cicero, 182–183, 186
Cicognani, Giuseppe, 395
Cicognini, Giacinto Andrea, 139, 141, 284, 845
Cifacca (Giovanni Francesco Grossi; Siface), 404
Cimarosa, Domenico, 21, 693
cinema. See film productions
Cinti-Damoreau, Laure, 386
Cinzio, Giovanni Battista Giraldi, 36
Citron, Marcia, 354, 775
Citron, Stephen, 55
(p. 1135) City of London Baroque Sinfonia, 991
City University of New York, 1072
cladograms, 1013
Clapton, Nicolas, 411
Clark, Maribeth, 518–520
classicality, new, 1051
classical masculinity, 781–784
classical music, 1081
classicism, 138, 1061
Claudel, Paul, 152, 1055
Clayton, Thomas, 379–380
Clément, Catherine, 106, 328, 519–520, 774, 877
Clement IX, 733
Clement XI, 824
climax, musical, 191
clothing. See also costumes
Aesthetic dress, 564–566, 565f, 567–571
audience reform, 671
Rational Dress movement, 572
Clough, Estelle, 767
Cluck, Clara, 946
Cluer, John, 902–904, 904f, 918n2
Coates, Albert, 84
co-authorship, 586–587
Cochran, C. B., 780
Cocteau, Jean, 152, 1055
The Code of Terpsichore (Blasis), 448–449
Coen, Josef, 6
Coeyman, Barbara, 983
Cohen, H. Robert, 540–541, 982
Cohen, Sarah, 521
Colas, Damien, 487, 981
Colbran, Isabella, 383
Cold War, 1066
collectibles, 699–700
autographs, 691–697
gifts, 700–702
collecting, 685–705
Collection de mises en scènes de grands opéras et d’opéras-comiques publiées par M. L[ouis]Palianti, 982
collective individuality, 469–471
collective song, 307
Collegio di Musica, 693
The Colonel (Burnard), 566–567
Colonna, Lorenzo Onofrio, 655, 657–659
Colonna, Maria Mancini, 655–656, 658–659
color, 221–222
Colored Opera Company, 763
comédie-ballet, 94, 520–521
Comédie-Française, 679
Comédie Italienne, 427
comedies, 755
comic opera, 398
comic realism (komödiantischen Realismus), 586, 590
commedia dell’arte, 21, 120, 844–845
commercial opera, 20, 39–40, 900–905
commercials, 948
commissions, 1095–1096
“A Communication to My Friends” (Wagner), 743
Communism, 711
Complete Music Master (Mattheson), 398
completions, 994–995, 999, 1039–1042
Composer and Critic: Two Hundred Years of Musical Criticism (Graf), 883
composer-critics, 882
Composer Resource Manuals (Routledge Music Bibliographies) (Garland/Routledge), 970
composers, 1093–1095. See also individual composers by name
as conductors, 498
earnings, 537–538
illustrations of, 944–948
religious attitudes of, 743–746
composition, 62, 248–249, 629–647, 1089–1109
computer-assisted, 981–982, 1107
current practices, 1096–1109
drafts, 974–976
as invention, 383
process analysis, 254–255
for radio, 503
sketches, 972–974
transcultural, 804–805
computer-assisted drafting, 981–982, 1107
Computerized Mensural Music Editing Project (CMME), 1014
Le Comte de Monte-Cristo (Dumas), 61
(p. 1136) concertato tradition, 190, 193–194
concert halls, 868
concertino, 485
Cone, Edward T., 62, 308–309, 320, 338–339, 356
Conestabile, Giancarlo, 403
Confalonieri, Giulio, 743–744
conflations, 991–994
Congress of Italian Musicians, 495
The Conquest of Mexico (Artaud), 806
conservatism, 486–488, 785
Conservatorio San Pietro a Majella, 554
Conservatory in Bologna, 1022
Conservatory of Palermo, 1038
Contemporary Review, 883, 887
contestation, 92–93
Conti, Francesco, 278
contradiction, 197–198
Cooke, Deryck, 267
Coote, Charles, 688
Coover, James, 688–689
copyright issues, 903
copy-text editing, 1012–1013
Il corago, 301
Corbiau, Gérard, 410–411
Corelli, Franco, 769
Coresi, Antonia, 655–657, 659
Coresi, Nicola, 656–657
Corghi, Azio, 1032
Corneille, Thomas, 139, 141, 146, 188
Corona Borealis, 144
Corral del Príncipe, 845
Corsaro, Frank, 444, 947
corsets, 566
Corsi, Jacopo, 19, 817
Cortot, Alfred, 699
Costa, Stefano, 397
Costantini, Natale, 690–691
Coughlan, Sean, 411
countertenors, 614
court ballet, 520–521
courtesans, 669
court operas, 19–20
Court Theater, 544, 592
Covent Garden. See Royal Opera House (ROH)
Cowart, Georgia, 105, 520–521, 675
Craig, Edward Gordon, 584, 780
Cramer, Henri, 911
Crane, Walter, 565
Cranz, August, 911
creativity, 385–386, 700
critical editions, 504, 591, 686, 871, 970, 1012–1014, 1099
criticism, 319, 877, 886–889, 895–896, 1080–1081
New Criticism, 1033, 1078, 1083n4
of opera transcription, 912–914
Cromwell (Hugo), 195
Cronenberg, David, 1083n1
cross-casting, 519–520, 523
cross-dressing, 406, 519–520. See also costumes
crossover works, 73, 75
Crozier, Eric, 975
Cruikshank, Isaac Robert, 388, 389f
Crutchfield, Will, 1026–1027
Crystal, Billy, 941
Cry to Heaven (Rice), 406
Csobádi, Peter, 583
Cui, César, 160
Cullen, David, 69
cult of beauty, 564–566
“The Cult of Beauty” (Victoria and Albert Museum), 564
cults of virtuosity, 914–918
cultural appropriation, 803
cultural clashes, 755
cultural environment, 629–647, 670
Fascism, 1056
operatic, 408, 1066
culturalism, 517–518, 521, 524
cultural models, 689–690
cultural nationalism, 159–160
cultural redefinition, 562
Culture Studies, 708
Cuney-Hare, Maud, 758, 764
Cupid and Psyche, 285–286
The Curse of the Were-Rabbit, 57
(p. 1137) Curtis, Alan, 607, 991, 1015
Cusanino (Giovanni Carestini), 408–409
Cusick, Suzanne, 354, 651
Cuvilliés Theater, 544
Cuzzoni, Francesca, 16
cyclorama (Rundhorizont), 584
Cyr, Mary, 516–517
Czerny, Carl, 500, 915
D., H., 888
Dadaism, 757
Dafne, 115
Dafne (Rinuccini), 865
d’Agoult, Marie, 632
Daguerre, Louis-Jacques-Mandé, 540
Dahlhaus, Carl, 156, 158, 177, 179, 183, 194, 199, 256–257, 796, 802–803
Daily Chronicle, 763
Daily Saratogian, 765
The Daily State Register, 759
Daisy Pattern, 569, 570f
Dallapiccola, Luigi, 1054, 1056
Dallas Aquarium, 1101
Dallas Opera, 1090, 1099–1101, 1107, 1108f
Dallas Opera Chorus, 1106
La dama duende (de la Barca), 846
Dame, Joke, 407
La dame aux camélias, 143
Dameron, Pauline-Eulalie, 438
dance, 68–69, 510–530, 944. See also specific works
Baroque, 611
Beauchamp-Feuillet notation, 535
historically informed performances, 620–622
popular, 615
dance tunes, 209
The Dancing Body and Renaissance Choreography (Franko), 512
Dancourt, Florent Carton, 139, 679–680
d’Anglebert, Jean Henri, 905–906, 906f
d’Anjou, Philippe, 856
Dante, 280
Danzi, Franz, 233
Daphne, 138
Daphnephoria (Leighton), 567
Da Ponte, Lorenzo, 9, 26, 249, 337, 556, 592, 594, 634–636, 707
Darcy, Warren, 256–257
Das denkwürdige Leben des Richard Wagner (Marcuse), 710
Das Kapital (Marx), 702
David, Jacques-Louis, 191, 950
Davies, James Q., 412–413
Davies, Robertson, 419
Davis, Andrew, 251
Davoux-Maillard, Marie-Thérèse, 426
Davy, Gloria, 769
Dawkins, Richard, 1013
d’Azeglio, Massimo, 161, 830
Dean, Winton, 614–615
The Death of General Wolfe (West), 950
The Death of Socrates (David), 950
Deathridge, John, 713, 973
death songs, 327–328
de Bavière, Isabelle, 438
Debussy, Claude, 163, 166–171, 334, 350, 980, 1052, 1055
de Cahusac, Louis, 466
The Decline of the Art of Composition (Schenker), 248–249
deconstructions, 598, 708
decorum, 670–671
degenerate music, 1056
D’Egville, James Harvey, 558–559, 559f
De institutione musica (Boethius), 109–110
de la Cerda, Luis (duke of Medinaceli), 848
de Lafage, Adrien, 488, 490f
De l’Allemagne (de Staël), 953–955
De Lara, Isidore, 779, 785, 787
Della dissimulazione onesta (On Honest Dissimulation) (Accetto), 820
Della poesia rappresentativa o del modo di rappresentare le favole sceniche (Ingegneri), 35–36
Deller, Alfred, 614
Delsarte, François, 541
De Lucca, Valeria, 1042
Demented: The World of the Opera Diva (Mordden), 378
Demetrios II, 139
Demme, Jonathan, 926
democratization of art, 1073
(p. 1138) demographics, 671–675
Demy, Jacques, 297
Dent, Edward, 250, 732–733, 780
de Palma, Brian, 57
De Pictura (Alberti), 280
Der Neue Merker, 595
de Roo, Hans, 1068
Derrida, Jacques, 407
Der Spiegel, 1065–1066, 1082
de Sade, Marquis, 412
de Saint-Évremond, Charles, 1077–1078
Descartes, Rene, 186, 397–398
descent, 115–117
Deshayes, André, 558–559, 559f
Design from Romance of the Rose (Burne-Jones), 567
Dessay, Natalie, 443, 447
de Staël, Madame de, 953–955, 961
Deutsche Kammermusik Festival, 1059
Deutsche Oper Berlin, 707
Deutsche Staatsoper, 17
de Van, GIlles, 744, 805
Devret, François, 488
Devrient, Eduard, 78–79, 238
Dexter, John, 56
Diaghilev, Serge, 170
Dialoghi con Leucò (Pavese), 153
dialogue opera, 156, 164–171, 239–240, 303–306
Dibden, Thomas Frognall, 699
Di Benedetto, Renato, 300–301
di Candia, Giovanni Mario, 760
Diderot, Denis, 186–187, 307, 311, 402, 466
Dido, 284, 523
Dido, 523
Dido and Aeneas, 510, 521–525
DiDonato, Joyce, 1027
diegesis, 74
diegetic music, 305, 339
diegetic transformations, 590
Die Königliche Kapelle betreffend (Wagner), 500
Die Oper von Gluck bis Wagner (Klob), 48
Die Welt, 1075
dilettantes, 698
d’India, Sigismondo, 383
d’Indy, VIncent, 878
Dionysus, 104, 118–120, 143–144
diplomacy, 857–858
directing, 596
director's theater (Regietheater), 23, 298, 582–605, 622, 942, 1066
discipline, 115–120
discours dramatique, 308
discourse analysis, 708
discrimination, 756
Disney, 946
disposizioni sceniche, 451, 982–983
Distinction (Bourdieu), 56
Dittersdorf, Karl, 228
divas and divos, 373–394, 1036. See also individual singers by name
diva worship, 407–408, 776
divertissements, 463–465, 511–512, 516, 520, 537
Divina Commedia (Dante), 280
Il Divo, 674–675
Dobbs, Mattiwilda, 769
documentation, 685–687. See also sources
autograph albums, 695–696
autographs, 685–705
autograph scores, 976–979
disposizioni sceniche, 451, 982–983
drafts, 974–976
livrets (or librettos), 689–690, 992
livrets de mise en scène, 540–542, 870–871, 982
livrets scèniques, 451
morceaux détachés, 429–433, 430f
opera publications, 903
performing scores and parts, 979–981
production books, 451
production manuals, 870–871
production materials, 531–552, 982–983
programma, 971
promptbooks, 536, 536f, 537
Regiebuch, 419
sales catalogues, 685–686
selvas, 971
staging manuals, 982–983
Dodger Stadium, 674–675
Doepler, Carl, 546
(p. 1139) Dolan, Jill, 675
Dolar, Mladen, 468–469
Dolfin, Pietro, 851
Dolmetsch, Arnold, 504
domestication, 866–867
Domingo, Plácido, 15, 674–675, 771, 929, 930f, 931f
Don Giovanni, 921, 932
Doni, Giovanni Battista, 301, 482, 516
Donington, Robert, 586, 735
Donizetti, Gaetano, 8, 21, 64, 668, 822
autographs, 692
manuscript materials, 686
orchestra, 489, 496
sources, 970
Don Juan, 9
Donmartin, Mr., 6
Donne, John, 358, 1078, 1083n4
Don Sanche d’Aragon (Corneille), 139
Dormont de Belloy, 949–950
d’Ormy, Josephine, 762
Dorus, Julie (Julie-Aimée Vansteenkiste), 429
Dorus-Gras, Julie, 439
Dotto, Gabriele, 1039
double-marking, 452
D’Oyly Carte, Richard, 563, 572
drafting, 974–976, 981–982
Dragonetti, Domenico, 388–390, 389f
drama, 23, 27, 77
absolute, 311
liturgical, 732
modern, 1068–1070
musical, 41–42, 49, 335
open-form, 193
operatic, 62, 125, 1080–1081
pastoral, 35–36
public, 1070
tragic, 74
dramatic cantata, 75
dramatic oratorio, 75
dramatic realism, 470
dramatists, 62. See also individual dramatists by name
drameninhärente Musik, 304–305
dramma giocoso, 47
dramma in musica, 27–29
dramma per musica, 23–26, 38–41, 119, 301, 398, 630, 844
draperies, 567–571
The Drawing Room, Townsend House (Whistler), 564
Dreisparten-Theater, 588
Dresden Court Theater, 544
Dresden Opera, 488, 490f
dress. See also clothing, costumes
Aesthetic dress, 565–566, 565f, 567–571
audience reform, 671
Rational Dress movement, 572
Dreyfus, Laurence, 606
Drill Book on Vocal Culture and Gesture (Thwing), 449
Drottningholm, 610, 612, 618
Drury, Theodore, 766–767
Dryden, John, 29, 99–100, 851
Du Bellay, Joachim, 279–280
Dubos, Abbé, 515
Ducis, 138
Duke, Vernon, 56
Dukelsky, Vladimir, 56
Dumas, Alexandre, 61, 143
Dumestre, Vincent, 607, 611, 620, 878
Dumitrescu, Ted, 1014
Duncan, Todd, 768
Duponchel, Henri, 540
Durante, Sergio, 375, 381
Durastanti, Margherita, 825
Duret, Cécile (Anne-Cécile Saint-Aubin), 427
D’Urfey, Thomas, 523, 526n4
Duse, Eleonora, 450
DVD releases, 22, 875
Dvořák, Antonín, 178, 767
Dwight, John Sullivan, 637–638
Dwight’s Journal of Music, 882
Dwight’s Musical Journal, 637
Earle, Ben, 1056
Early Music, 510–512, 606–609
Ebony, 770
Eckermann, J. P., 584
L’Éclipse, 947
“Ecrasons l’infâme!” (Newman), 894
(p. 1140) Edel, Leon, 1034
Edelstein, Gordon, 586
Edge, Dexter, 480
Edipo re (Sophocles), 36
Edirom Digitale Musikedition, 1015
editing, 1012–1031
editions, critical, 504, 591, 686, 871, 970, 1012–1014, 1099
editorial interpretation, 1018–1020
education about opera, 106–108
Edwards, (Henry) Sutherland, 867
Ehrman, Edwina, 564–565
Eine Kapitulation (Wagner), 162–163
Einstein, Alfred, 75
E la nave va, 925
electric lighting, 547, 870
electronic instruments, 503
Elements of Musical Rhythm, with Special Regard to Our Operatic Music (Westphal), 872
Elguera, Amalia, 153
Ella, John, 868
Ellis, Katharine, 883
Elson, Arthur, 732
Elson, Louis, 638
embellishments, 386–387
emotional moods, 165
Empire Exhibition, 786
Empire Line, 565, 565f
Empire Marketing Board, 786
enchanted pastoral, 464
encores, 671
Encyclopédie (Diderot and d’Alembert), 307, 466
endings, 140–141
endurance, 114–115
Engel, Carl, 634, 643
England, 823, 901. See also Britain
English National Opera, 23, 76–77, 170–171, 514–515, 885
English National Opera Guides, 531
ENO, 456, 798
ensemble acting, 451–453
Enslin, Gudrun, 298
entrepreneurs, 648–650
Ephron, Nora, 941
epic opera, 1059
Epic theater, 453
Epistolae familiares (Petrarch), 190
The Era, 783–785, 787
Ermiona, 844
eroisatirico (heroic satire), 280
eroticization, 775–776
Erwartung, 310
Escudier, 425
Esputa, John, 763
Essai sur le don (Mauss), 700
Essai sur l’opéra-comique (Quétant), 304
Essay on Opera (Algarotti), 402
essentialism, 93, 103
Este, Cesare d’, 36
Estill, Jo (Josephine), 56
Euridice (Rinuccini), 865
Euripides, 138, 141, 144, 288–289
Evanti (Evans), Lillian, 768
Evelina (Burney), 396
Evelyn, John, 404
event aesthetics, 668–671
Everist, Mark, 140, 796, 800
Ewans, Michael, 735
exemplars, 94–97, 103–104
exotic authenticity, 811
exoticism, 503, 745, 755, 795–816, 1055
experimentation, 486–488, 1057
expression, bodily, 515–517
fabrics, 567–571
fabula, 137–139, 190
Fabulae (Hyginus), 138
Faccio, Franco, 496, 499
faces (historical), 951–953
Fächer, 21
Fairbairn, C. T., 73, 84
Fairtile, Linda, 254, 825, 1035
Falco (Johann Hölzel), 595
Falcon, Cornélie, 421, 439
Falconet, Etienne-Maurice, 790
fanaticism, 697
Fancelli, Giuseppe, 378
fantasy, 277–279
Les fantômes de l’opéra (Leibowitz), 310
Farinelli, 410–411
Farinelli (Carlo Broschi), 147, 386, 395–396, (p. 1141) 398–399, 400f–401f, 404, 408–409, 409f, 946
Farkas, Andrew, 375
Farnese, Margherita, 652
Farnese, Odoardo, 652
Fascism, 475, 1055–1056
Fashioning Opera and Musical Theater: Stage Costumes from the Late Renaissance to 1900 (De Lucca), 554
Fashion Museum, 555
Fashion Theory, 555
Fassbaender, Brigitte, 354, 776
Fauré, Gabriel, 1055
Faust (Goethe), 1070–1071
Faustini, Giovanni, 141, 285–286, 656, 658–659
Faustini, Marco, 483, 532, 655–656, 658
Favières, Etienne Guillaume François de, 139
Febiarmonici, 21, 844
Fede, Giuseppe, 655
Fehling, Jürgen, 584
Feingold, Michael, 70
Feldman, Martha, 386–387, 832–833
Felix Bloch Erben, 592
Fellini, Federico, 925, 1043
Felsenstein, Walter, 452–453, 585–586, 595
female voice types, 775
femininity, 775–776
feminist interpretations, 707–708
Ferdinand Karl, 655
Ferdinando II, 652
Fernandes, Vasco, 960
Fernández de la Cueva, Francisco, 850
Ferrarese, Adriana, 974
Ferrari, Benedetto, 844
Ferrarini, Giulio Cesare, 381–382
Ferri, Baldassare, 403–404
Feste, 180
Festspielhaus, 43
Fétis, François-Joseph, 427, 488
fetishes, 699
fetishism, 912
Filippi, Filippo, 497
filles de l’Opéra, 669
film noir, 34
film productions, 297–298, 586, 875, 921–922, 924, 926–932
biopics, 951–953
“Movies as Opera” (Franklin), 354
opera in, 941–942
Filocolo (Boccaccio), 144
financial costs, 18–23, 1090–1091
financial support, 653
government subsidy, 674, 895
patronage, 648–665, 844–845, 852, 1073
prices and value of memorabilia, 687–689
Finch, Peter, 926
Fischer, Ludwig, 420
Fisk Jubilee Singers, 761
Fitzcarraldo, 926
Fitzgerald, F. Scott, 1081, 1083n1
Fitzgerald, Percy, 561
Fleming, Renée, 15, 378, 443–444, 447, 942, 1100
Fletcher, Alice Cunningham, 756
Les Fleurs du mal (Baudelaire), 1076
Flora, 138
Florentine opera, 667, 845
Flórez, Juan Diego, 671
Florimo, Francesco, 161, 498, 698–699
Floyd, Carlisle, 1094
Fo, Dario, 1038
Fodor, Jerry, 446
Foerster, Josef, 1053
Foglia, Leonard (Lenny), 1095, 1101, 1105–1106
Foglio periodico e ragguaglio de’ spettacoli musicali, 882
folk music, 55
Fondazione Cini, 554
Fontaine, Pierre Jules, 691, 698–699
fools, 180–187
Foote, Arthur, 639
“fop-allies” or “Fop’s Alley,” 672
Ford, John, 1083n1
Forman, Miloš, 199
Forsyth, Cecil, 777
forte-piano, 907–912
Fortescue, May, 568
Fortnightly Review, 883
Fort Worth Opera, 1095
Foster, Susan, 516, 523–524
Foucault, Michel, 406, 410, 834, 907
Fouqué, Friedrich de la Motte, 229–230
Foxx, Jamie, 951
Fracassi, Clemente, 952
(p. 1142) France, 21, 45, 823
Frances, Mary, 565
Francesco Cavalli—Opere (Rosand, ed.), 1015
Francesco II d’Este, 19
Franchetti, 161
François I, 484
Franklin, Peter, 354
Franko, Mark, 512
Franz Joseph, 990
Frawenzimmer Gesprächspiele (Harsdörffer), 227
Frederick the Great, 735
The Freeman, 758
Freischütz-Buch (Kind), 230–231, 231f
Frémy, Dr., 6
French Baroque opera, 614, 619–620, 623, 983
French opera, 23, 68–69, 162–164, 279–280, 301, 845
audience behavior, 670
canon of, 865
chorus in, 463–464
dance in, 511, 514–515
development of, 905
of ideas, 1055
notational style, 535
performing scores and parts, 979–980
production books, 451
production materials, 982
production practices, 535–537
publicity, 869–870
Frères, Marquerie, 1025
Freud, Sigmund, 202, 585
Frezzolini, Erminia, 384
Fricke, Richard, 419
Friedrich, Götz, 924
Friedrich III, 149
Froemke, Susan, 548
Fröhlich, Joseph, 500
Frolova-Walker, Marina, 1057
From the Score to the Stage: An Illustrated History of Continental Opera Production and Staging (Baker), 531
Fry, William Henry, 638, 882
Frye, Northrop, 355
Fuchs, Aloys, 692
Fuchs, Eduard, 699
Fulcher, Jane, 1055
Fuld, James J., 698
Furies, 515
Fusconi, Giovanni, 283
future directions, 9–10, 1060
Futurism, 1054–1055
Fuzelier, Louis, 679
Gabrieli, Andrea, 36
Gaffurius, 113–114
Gagliano, Marco da, 447–448, 652
Gaiety Theatre, 563
Gail, Jean-François, 426
Gail, Sophie, 426
Gaillard, René, 558
Galilei, Vincenzo, 93, 277–278, 280–281
Galliari family, 534
Galli Bibienas, Ferdinando, 534
Galli-Curci, Amelita, 380
Gallo, Fortune T., 21
Galloway, W. Johnson, 889–892
Gänsbacher, Johann, 633
García, Manuel, 21, 374, 383, 635–636, 1021, 1023
García, Manuel, Jr., 1023
Garden, Mary, 381, 450, 755–756
Gardiner, Sir John Eliot, 607, 618
Garrick, David, 402
gas lighting, 542, 956
Gassner, Ferdinand Simon, 500
Gattungsreform, 81
Gavazzeni, Gianandrea, 1035
Gazetta privilegiata di Venezia, 956
Gazzaniga, Giuseppe, 9
Gazzetta musicale di Milano (GMM), 496–497, 832, 882
GDR-TV, 596
Gefühlsstimmungen, 165
Gelb, Peter, 444, 671, 1072–1073
Gelinek, Joseph, 915, 918n6
gender allocations, 353–354, 774–794
in audiences, 675–676
in dance, 519–520
vocal, 405–410
gender politics, 1080
Genealogie deorum gentilium, 735
Genelli, Buonaventura, 81
Genet, Jean, 1082
Genette, Gérard, 820
genre, 17, 33–52
Geoffroy, Julien-Louis, 883
Georgia minstrels, 761
Gerbino, Giuseppe, 279
Gere, Richard, 942
“Germanic” or “North of the Alps” approach, 254
German opera, 45, 157–159, 305, 633–634, 1052–1053
audience behavior, 670–671
audience demographics, 672
early nineteenth-century librettos, 227–244
first, 227
nineteenth-century prosodic standards, 211–214
in pre-war America, 635
verisimilitude in, 305–306
German Rossini Society, 1038
Germany, 21, 23, 44–45
Gerusalemme liberata (Tasso), 285, 652
Gervinus, Georg Gottfried, 165
Gesamtkunstwerk, 74, 123–124, 299, 451, 502, 1059
Geschichte der Oper (Kretzschmar), 877
gesture(s), 448–449, 452, 546, 606–607, 611, 944
Gevaert, François-Auguste, 495
Gewitterzaubermotif (storm-magic motif), 196, 196f
Gheorghiu, Angela, 932, 934f, 936
Ghezzi, Leone, 946
Giacomo Puccini e l’opera internazionale (Torrefranca), 776
Giannini, G. Sesto, 220
Gibson, Edmund, 77
Giger, Andreas, 251, 826–827
Gil, José, 699–700
Gilbert, Alan, 1072–1073
Gilbert, W. S., 567–571
Gill, André, 947
Gilliam, Bryan, 1051
Gilmore, Patrick S., 762
Ginisty, Paul, 196
Girón y Sandoval, María de, 850
La Giuditta (Salvadori and Gagliano), 652
Glass, Philip, 22, 342, 1032, 1067–1068, 1090, 1094, 1097–1098
Glass Menagerie (Williams), 586
Glimmerglass Opera, 1043
Glixon, Beth, 384, 1042
Glixon, Jonathan, 1042
The Globe, 759
Gluck, Christoph Willibald Ritter von, 3, 27–28, 48, 93, 139, 165, 255, 467, 865–866
characterizations, 341
orchestra, 486
variation sets, 915
Gluck and the French Theatre in Vienna (Brown), 513
Gluck and the Opera: A Study of Musical History (Newman), 881, 886
Glyndebourne Festival, 798, 923
Godbout, Jacques, 688, 700
Godet, Robert, 167
Godfather, 922
Godlewska, Ewa Mallas, 411
Goehr, Alexander, 153
Goehr, Lydia, 709
Goehr, Walter, 153
Goethe, Johann Wolfgang von, 149, 227, 240, 306, 592, 961
Jery und Bätely, 140
“Regeln für Schauspieler” (Rules for Actors), 584
Goff, Moira, 516
Gogol, Nikolai, 165
Goldoni, Carlo, 1038
Goldschmidt, Hugo, 1015, 1057
Goldstein, Bluma, 745–746
Gombrowicz, Witold, 137
Gonzaga, Francesco, 396
Goodman, Alice, 1070–1071, 1079–1081, 1083n2, 1083n5
Gordon, Bonnie, 411–412, 774
Goring, F., 6
Gossett, Philip, 251, 254, 338, 374, 473, 702n2, 823–824, 961, 975, 990, 996, 1018
Gotham Chamber Opera, 1090
(p. 1144) Gottlieb, Anna, 16
Gottsched, Johann Christoph, 305, 881
Gould, Corissa, 782
Gounod, Charles, 22, 138, 163, 950, 976–977
government subsidies, 674, 895
Gozzi, Carlo, 997
Grabu, Louis, 851
Grace, Harvey, 73
Graf, Max, 883
Graham, Susan, 942
“The Grain of the Voice” (Barthes), 407
Grammy Award, 675
Gramophone, 779–780
Gramophone and Typewriter Company, 410
Grand-Carteret, John, 947
La Grande Écurie, 607
grand opéra, 45, 48–49, 54, 76, 195, 239, 299–300
audiences, 668
rehearsal practices, 424–438
Grand Tour, 852
Graneri, Giovanni Michele, 496
Grant, Mark N., 882
Graves, Denyce, 1100
Gray, Cecil, 787–788
The Great Caruso, 952
Greater Berlin Act, 1058
The Great Gatsby (Fitzgerald), 1081
Greek myths, 279
Greek tragedy, 74, 278
A Greek Woman (Alma Tadema), 568
Greene, Grahame, 1083n1
Greenfield, Elizabeth Taylor, 758–760
Greenwald, Helen, 450, 742, 927, 943, 1012, 1039
Greetham, D. C., 1013
Greg, Walter, 1016
Gregor, Hans, 584
Grétry, André Ernest Modeste, 304–305, 312, 501, 873, 915, 1032
Greuze, Jean-Baptiste, 950
Grey, Thomas, 160–161, 251, 261–262
Grier, James, 1013–1014
Griffi, Giuseppe Patroni, 928–932
Grimaldi, Nicola (Nicolini), 150, 402, 852
Grimani family, 654
Grimm, Friedrich Melchior, 307–308, 466
Grisi, Giulia, 760
Groban, Josh, 675
Groos, Arthur, 883
Grosses Schlosstheater, 851
Grossi, Giovanni Francesco (Cifacca; Siface), 397
Grossmith, George, 571f
Grosvenor Gallery, 571
grotesque dance, 516
grotesquerie, 59
groundswell, 193
Grout, Donald, 877
Grove Music Online (GMO), 733
Grover-Friedlander, Michal, 354
Grünbaum, Johann Christoff, 1025–1026, 1028n12
“Grundthema,” 195–196
Guadagni, Gaetano, 402
Guazzoni, Enrico, 783
Guccini, Gerardo, 99
Guevara y Tassis, Iñigo Vélez de (Count of Oñate y Villamediana), 845–846
Guidi, 1025
Guiraud, Ernest, 1002–1004
Gunn, Nathan, 1100
Guskin, Mrs. Frances Bailey, 763–764
Gustafson, Bruce, 905
Gustav III, 558, 821, 1036
Gwynne, Julia, 568–569, 569f
Habeneck, François-Antoine, 422, 500
Haböck, Franz, 405
Hadamowsky, Franz, 733
“Hägar the Horrible,” 947
Hagen, Daron, 982–983
Hagen, Oskar, 410, 584
hair samples, 699
Halévy, Fromental, 421, 425, 487, 500, 744
Halévy La Juive FS, 425
Halévy La Juive PV, 425
Hall, Patricia, 973
Halle Händel Festival, 607, 614–615
Hall-Witt, Jennifer, 669–670, 675
Hamburg, Germany, 40–41
Hamburg Opera, 305
Hamburg Orchestra, 481
(p. 1145) Hampson, Thomas, 456
A Hand-book for Travellers in Central Italy Including the Papal States, Rome, and the Cities of Etruria (Blewitt), 955–956
Handel, George Frideric, 8, 21–22, 25, 852, 873, 1032, 1042
characterization, 350
Halle Händel Festival, 607, 614–615
historically informed performances, 607–608, 613–617, 623
publications, 903–904, 904f
racism, 755
reversions, 995
sources, 1015
Handel and Haydn Society, 637
“Handel and the Castrati” (BBC), 411
handwritten relics. See autographs
Hanks, Tom, 926
Hanning, Barbara Russano, 104–105
Hansell, Kathleen, 513–514, 516, 977
Hanslick, Eduard, 754, 885
Hapsburg Court Opera, 690
Harbison, John, 1015, 1081
Harburg, E. Y., 56
The Hard Nut, 525
Hare, David, 340
Harness, Kelley, 651
Harnoncourt, Nikolaus, 410, 591, 607, 878
Haro y Guzmán, Gaspar de, 848, 854
Harper’s Weekly, 950
Harris, Augustus, 890
Harris, Ellen, 383, 523, 1042
Harris-Warrick, Rebecca, 465, 511, 513, 515–516, 520
Harsdörffer, Georg Philipp, 227
Hart, Charles, 64–65
Haskell, Francis, 698
Haskell, Harry, 606
Hasse, Johann Adolf, 630
Hauptmann, Anna, 592
Hausmusik, 902, 913
Haydn, Franz Josef, 255
Hayes, Roland, 768
Hayes, Rutherford B., 764
Haym, Nicola, 852, 971
Haynes, Bruce, 606
HD broadcasts, 674–675, 923–924
Head, Matthew, 802–803
Headington, Christopher, 732
Healy, Patrick, 593
Heartz, Daniel, 409, 946, 1042
Hebbel, Friedrich, 239
Hébert-Massy, Marie, 438
Heckel, Wilhelm, 501
Heckroth, Hein, 584
hegemony, 1061
Heggie, Jake, 1089–1090, 1098–1109
Heine, Heinrich, 870
Heinrich, Rudolf, 548, 594, 597
Heinrich der Vogeler, 710
Heliodorus, 959
Hellenism, 28
Heller, Wendy, 301, 513, 774
Hempel, Frieda, 385
Hennion, Antoine, 1055
Henrici, Karl Ernst, 695
Henry IV, 19, 532, 650, 817
Henze, Hans Werner, 22, 1066–1067
Hepokoski, James, 980–981
Heppner, Ben, 1101
Herder, Johann Gottfried, 119, 157, 211–213
Herheim, Stefan, 587, 589, 595
Her Majesty’s Theatre, 64, 899
Hermann, Karl-Ernst, 589
Hermann, Ursel, 589
Hermann of Thuringia, 710
hero, Wagnerian, 326–327
heroic roles, 614
heroic satire (eroisatirico), 280
Hervé, Emmanuel, 488–489
Herz, Henri, 915
Herz, Joachim, 548, 583, 586, 594–598, 597f, 598f, 885
Herzl, Theodor, 710
Herzog, Werner, 926
Heseltine, Philip, 780
Hess, Carol, 631
Heuberger, Richard, 631
Hey, Julius, 546
HGOco, 1095
Hickox, Richard, 991
Hidalgo, Juan, 855
Hilbert, David, 179
Hill, Aaron, 107
(p. 1146) Hiller, Johann Adam, 908–909, 909f
Hindemith, Paul, 598, 1050, 1054, 1056–1057
Hinduism, 736
Hinton, Stephen, 1058
Hiroshima, 1071, 1083n3
Hirschfeld, Al, 945–946, 946f
historical awareness, 615–616
historical figures, 951–953
historical illustration, 962
historically aware performance, 606
historically based explanations, 250
historically informed performance, 606–626
historical performance, 608–609, 616–620
historical performance movement, 607–608
historical perspectives, 300–303
historical revivals, 623
historicism, 103, 121–124
historicity, 609–616
historicization, 878
history
complete, 1039–1042
politics of, 714–716
popular, 953–956
of works, 1039–1042
A History of Opera (Abbate and Parker), 1032
History of the Opera: From Monteverde to Donizetti (Edwards), 867
Hitler, Adolf, 117, 710, 976, 1056
Hitler: Ein Film aus Deutschland (Syberberg), 710
Hitzig, Julius, 229
Höckner, Angelika, 951
Hodgdon, Barbara, 561
Hoffmann, E. T. A., 100, 124, 228–230, 237–238, 240n3, 306, 631
Hoffmann, François-Benoît, 141
Hoffmeister, Adolf, 947
Hofmannsthal, Hugo von, 26, 94, 151–152, 289, 584, 590, 971–972
Hofmeister, Friedrich, 910
Hoftheater, 20
HOGGIdì, 281
Hohenstein, Adolfo, 949
Holab, Bill, 1107
Holbein, Franz von, 229
Hollywood, 23
Holocaust, 1057, 1083n3
Holocaust Studies, 1057
Holst, Imogen, 978
Holten, Kasper Bech, 548
Hölzel, Johann (Falco), 595
Homer, 74, 138, 143, 280, 735
homosexuality, 101, 407–408, 675, 1067
Hoppenot, Henri, 152
Horace, 112, 138, 649
Horne, Marilyn, 18, 808–809, 809f
Hotel Meurice, 421
Hotel Wagram, 421
House of Liberty, 567
Houston Grand Opera, 607–608, 1095, 1100–1101
Howard, David, 411
“How the Other Half Lives” (Riis), 641–642
Huber, Hans, 84
Hudson, Richard, 798
Huebner, Steven, 167–168, 977
Hueffer, Francis, 367n2
Hugo, Victor, 42, 60–63, 195, 823
humanism, 138, 275–370
Humboldt, Wilhelm von, 260
Hume, Robert, 514
Huneker, James, 882
Hungarian State Opera, 951
Hunter, Mary, 354, 803, 902
Husserl, Edmund, 179
Huston, John, 928
Hutcheon, Linda, 775
Hutcheon, Michael, 775
Hutchinson, Abby, 760
Hutchinson, Asa, 760
Hutchinson, John, 760
Hutchinson, Judson, 760
Hutchinson Family Singers, 760
Hyers, Anna Madah, 761–762
Hyers, Emma Louise, 761–762
Hyers Sisters Comic Opera Company, 763
Hyers Sisters Concert Company, 761–763
iconography, 968
Iconologia (Ripa), 952
ideological critique, 520–521
Ideologiekritik, 708
(p. 1147) ideology
historically informed, 613–616
opera of ideas, 1055
stagecraft as, 951–961
idiomatic distinctions, 68–70
Il Complesso Barocco, 607
Il conciliatore, 42
Iliad (Homer), 74
illusionism, 543
illustration, 944–948, 962
Il matrimonio per concorso (Goldoni), 1038
Il natal d’amore (Strozzi), 282
Il pastor fido (Guarini), 280
Il teatro alla moda (Marcello), 3
images, operatic, 941–968
immorality, 669
Imperial Fascist League, 785
Imperial Grand Opera Company, 785
Imperial Hotel, 785
Imperial Institute, 786
imperialism, 785–786, 790
Imperial League of Opera (ILO), 777–789, 789f, 790–791, 895
Imperial Opera House, 785
Imperial Theatre of Vienna, 496, 587
Imperial Viennese Opera, 872
impresarios, 654
improvisation, 386
incidental music, 335
Incogniti, 283
“In der Schlangengrube” (Petras and Kauenhowe), 77
Indice, o sia Catalogo dei teatrali spettacoli italiani di tutta l’Europe, 882
individuality, collective, 469–471
Ingegneri, Angelo, 35–36
The Inner Voice (Fleming), 443
“In Search of Wagner” (Adorno), 1057
instrumental music, 616, 943–944, 1069
Instrumentorum opus (Gaffurius), 113–114
instruments, 482–483, 486–488, 494–495, 501, 503. See also orchestra
Intendanten (impresarios), 588
intermedi, 120–122
intermediality, 353–354
intermediate sources, 139
intermezzi, 537
International Händel-Festspiele, 607
International Musicological Society, 653
International Salzburg Association, 583
Internet access, 673, 923, 1073
interpretation
editorial, 1018–1020
reinterpretations, 592–593, 595
interview chords, 358
In The Heart of the Sea: The Tragedy of the Whaleship Essex (Philbrick), 1102
Ionides, Mrs. Luke, 565, 565f
Iphigénie (Racine), 186
Ipson, Douglas, 955–956
Irises (Van Gogh), 688
Irving, Sir Henry, 561
Irving, Washington, 640
Islam, 736–737
isolationism, 1056
“I”-songs, 30–31
Istituto Musicale of Florence, 495
Istituto nazionale di studi verdiani, 690
L’Italia musicale (LIM), 692, 831, 952, 956
Italian Music during the Fascist Period (Illiano), 1056
Italian opera, 106–107, 160–162, 217–222
audience behavior, 670–671
canon of, 865
censorship in, 995–996
dance in, 511, 514–515
early, 532–535
exporting, 847–849
financial support for, 653
first sung in Italian in US, 383
importing, 846–847
modern, 1054–1056
orchestra, 485, 494–498
patronage, 648
in pre-war America, 634–636
production materials, 451, 982–983
production practices, 532–535, 537–539
scanning in, 217–222
verisimilitude in, 301–302
Italian Renaissance, 280
Italy, 23
censorship in, 830–832, 834–835
musical newspapers, 882
Partenope travels in, 847–849
(p. 1148) Ivory, James, 192
Izzo, Francesco, 738, 953, 1036
“J’accuse” (Zola), 164
Jacobs, René, 621
Jacobshagen, Arnold, 983
Jacquot, Benoît, 932–938
Jadassohn, Salomon, 640
Jäger, 158
Jagiellonian University, 977
Jähns, Friedrich Wilhelm, 157–158
Jakob, Raimund, 583
James, Henry, 153, 1034
Janáček, Leoš, 22, 171, 178, 876, 980, 1053–1054
Jankélévitch, Vladimir, 356
Japanese Noh theater, 584
Japan Society of New York, 1073
Japonisme, 927
Jarboro, Catarina, 768–769
Jason, 284
jazz, 503
Jeanneret, Christine, 556
Jensen, Niels Martin, 480
Jery und Bätely (Goethe), 140
Jesurum, Olga, 983
Jewison, Norman, 942
Jews, 123, 126, 217, 1057, 1061
Joachim, Joseph, 631
Jochum, Eugen, 481
Jockisch, Walter, 142–143
Joe, Jeongwon, 354
Johann Friedrich (Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg), 850–851
John Bull at the Italian Opera (Rowlandson), 944–945, 945f
Johnson, Douglas, 689, 973, 1033
Johnson, James H., 669–670, 914
Johnson, Samuel, 29, 31–32
Jommelli, Niccolò, 843
Jones, Andrew V., 971
Jones, Derek, 821
Jones, Matilda S. Joyner (Sissieretta) (the “Black Patti”), 763, 765–767
Jones, Richard, 765
Jordan, Armin, 936
Joseph II, 20, 706
Joyner (Jones), Matilda (Sissieretta), 763, 765–767
Judaism, 744–745
Judith, 652
Juilliard Opera Theater, 8, 444
Juilliard School, 688
Juliette, ou la clé des songes (Neveux), 152
Julius II, 959
Jung, C. G., 585
Junker, Carl Ludwig, 419
Kaffka, Johann Christoph, 228
Kallberg, Jeffrey, 776–777
Kallman, Chester, 289–290, 807, 1067
Kant, Immanuel, 1069
Karajan, Herbert von, 584
Karl VI, 404
Katz, Derek, 171, 1054
Kauenhowe, Jan, 77
Kaye, Michael, 1002–1003, 1005t
Kazan, Elia, 1083n1
Keary, Charles, 756
Keck, Jean-Christophe, 1003–1004
Kemp, Francesca, 411
Kenyon, Nicholas, 606
Kepler, Johannes, 95
Kerman, Joseph, 125, 179, 248, 321, 340, 356, 807, 1033–1034, 1080–1081
Opera as Drama, 62, 340, 877, 1033, 1068–1069
Ketterer, Robert C., 279
Kettle, Martin, 377
keyboard adaptations, 899–900
keyboard transcriptions, 900–905
Kiel, August, 693
Kierkegaard, Søren, 96
Kiev Conservatory, 977
Kimbell, David R. B., 670
Kind, Friedrich, 230–232, 231f, 240
King, Wallace, 762
King Arthur, or The British Worthy (Dryden), 851
King Edward’s School, Birmingham, 786
King Lear, 561
King’s Theatre, 77, 413n2, 514, 558–559, 559f
Kinski, Klaus, 926
(p. 1149) Kintzler, Catherine, 288, 463–464
Kirchner, Alfred, 594
Kivy, Peter, 309, 320, 335, 340
Klavier-Auszug (Hiller), 908–909, 909f
Klein, Herman, 779, 784
Kleinmichel, Georg, 911
Klemperer, Otto, 584, 1061
Kling, Henri, 489
Klob, Karl Maria, 48
Klopstock, Friedrich Gottlieb, 211
Klotz, Volker, 179, 193
Koestenbaum, Wayne, 407–409, 675, 776
Kohler plumbing, 948
Kokoschka, Oskar, 73
Komische Oper Berlin, 77, 452, 584–586, 595–596
komödiantischen Realismus (“comic realism”), 586, 590
Kopytoff, Igor, 562
Korngold, 1054, 1057
Kosman, Joshua, 1073–1074
Kossdorff, Jörg, 594
Koßmaly, Karl, 239
Kovalik, Bálasz, 951
Kovner, Bruce, 688
Kramer, Lawrence, 1051–1052
Krehbiel, Henry, 642
Krenek, Ernst, 297, 780, 1050, 1054, 1057
Kretzmer, Herbert, 60
Kretzschmar, Hermann, 877
Kreuzer, Gundula, 944
Kristeller, Paul Oscar, 101–102
Kroll Oper, 1061
Kroll-Oper, 584
Kron, Wolfgang, 229
Kuhn, Gustav, 589
Kuhn, Thomas, 515
Kühnel, Jürgen, 590
Kupfer, Harry, 597
Kurt Weill Foundation for Music, 970
Kurz, Selma, 385
Kusej, Martin, 590–591, 595
Kushner, Tony, 947
La Bruyère, Jean, 619
Lacan, Jacques, 357
Lacépède, Bernard de, 197–198
Lachenmann, Helmut, 22
Lachmann, Karl, 1012–1013
La Comelli (Amélie-Adèle Chomel/Chaumel), 426
La Fenice, 411, 542, 952, 956, 958
Lafitte, Pierre, 639–640
La Flesche, Francis, 756
La Fura dels Baus, 548
la Gorce, Jérôme de, 949
Lagrenée, Louis Jean François, 950
Lahr, John, 586
λαϊκή μουσική, 53
Lamacchia, Saverio, 1028n6
Lambert, Constant, 780
lamento, 182
Lamon, Jeanne, 522
La Motte, Antoine Houdar de, 678–679
Lanari, Francesco, 956
Lancellotti, Secondo, 281
Landestheater Salzburg, 594
Landini, Maria, 147
Lang, Fritz, 1058
Lang, Paul Henry, 410
Langtry, Lillie, 564
language, 2
Lanza, Mario, 952
Lapine, James, 961
Largesse (Starobinski), 701
Lasso de la Vega, Melchor Portocarrero, 857
The Last of the Valerii (James), 153
Launer, Veuve, 1025
Laura Pels Theatre, 586
Lauzières, Achille de, 220–221
Laws (Plato), 104, 112
Lazar, Benjamin, 611, 620, 878
Lebensbeschreibung (Dittersdorf), 228
Leborne, Aimé-Ambroise-Simon, 420–421
Lebrecht, Norman, 882
Leclerc, Pierre-Charles, 487
leçons de grace, 562
Lectures on Dramatic Art and Literature (Schlegel), 42
Ledoux, Claude Nicolas, 501
Lee, Hermione, 1034
Lee, Josephine, 572
Leese, Arnold, 785
Le Figaro, 764
(p. 1150) Left Coast Ensemble, 1072
legislation, 636, 822–824
Lehnhoff, Nicholas, 456–457
Leibowitz, René, 310
Leichtentritt, Hugo, 111, 873
Leichtman, Karl, 1073
Leipzig Opernhaus, 596
leitmotif, 195–199, 237, 261, 335
Lely, Durward, 563, 574f
Lemaire, Ferdinand, 76, 82
Le monde illustré, 491, 493f
Lemoyne, Jean-Baptiste, 427, 486
Lendvai, Paul, 954
Lenya, Lotte, 1061–1062
Leoncavallo, Ruggero, 323
Leopardi, Giacomo, 954
Leopoldo, Pietro, 690
Leopoldo II, 690
Leo the Great, 955
Leo X, 959
Leo XIII, 764
Lepage, Robert, 548
Leppard, Raymond, 614
Leppert, Richard, 948
Lerner, Alan Jay, 65
Le Rochois, Marthe, 146
Lerolle, Henri, 167
Leroux, Gaston, 64–65
Les Arts Florissants, 607, 614
Lescaut, Manon, 137–138, 143
Les Musiciens du Louvre, 607
Letter to M. Chauvet (Manzoni), 42
Lettre sur le méchanisme de l’opéra italien (Villeneuve), 301–302
Levi, Erik, 1056
Levin, David, 583
Levine, James, 460–461
Levine, Lawrence, 670, 869–872
Lévy, François, 139
Levy, Jules, 765
Lewis, Diana, 760
Leyland, Frederick Richards, 571
Libera, 144
The Liberation of Saint Peter (Raphael), 959
libertinism, 678
librettos (libretti), 68, 137–271, 1093–1094, 1097
censored, 972
as documents, 992
as not program notes, 1074–1076
poetic structures, 24–26
recyclings, 864–865
sources for, 971–972
Liceo musicale (Bologna), 1025
Lichtenstein, Carl August von, 228
Lichtenthal, Pietro, 495
Lieberson, Lorraine Hunt, 385, 461
“Liebestod” (Roddam), 923
Life of Hughes (Johnson), 29
Life of Rossini (Stendhal), 745
Life of Wagner (Newman), 886–887
Ligeti, György, 342
lighting, 422, 539–540, 878
electric, 547, 870
gas, 542, 956
historically informed, 609–612
Liliuokalani, 764
L’illustration, 489, 491f, 492f
Lima, Peru, 856
Lincoln Center, 1072, 1077
Lincoln Center Theater, 1095
Lind, Jenny, 758, 762
Lindenberger, Herbert, 709, 745, 810–811, 1060
Lippman, Edward, 1077–1078
The Listener, 107
Liszt, Franz, 8–9, 59, 165, 248–249, 544, 632, 693
adaptations, 916–918
literary theory, classic, 36
Literaturoper, 26, 142–143, 202
Literaturopern, 2
liturgical drama, 732
live film, 928–932
Liverani, Domenico, 1022
Liverani, Romolo, 956, 983
Liverani, Tancredi, 983
live streaming, 674–675, 923, 1073
“Livre d’Or” (Rothschild), 695
livrets, 689–690
livrets de mise en scène, 540–542, 870–871, 982
livrets scèniques, 451
Lloyd Webber, Andrew, 55, 65
Locatelli, Tommaso, 956
(p. 1151) Locke, Brian S., 1053
Locke, Ralph P., 354, 745, 755, 796–797, 799–801, 804–805
Lockhart, William, 910
Loesser, Arthur, 910
logos, 181
London, England, 20, 41, 673, 779
London Daily Journal, 77–78
Lonergan, Kenneth, 941
Lope de Vega Carpio, Félix, 846, 853–854
Loren, Sophia, 952
Lorenz, Alfred, 260–261, 873
Loret, Jean, 484
Lorraine, Christine of, 120, 651
Los Angeles Times, 1074
Lösch, Volker, 592
Loschelder, Josef, 744
Losey, Joseph, 921, 932
Lotti, Cosimo, 853–854
Louis IV, 520–521
Louis XIII, 520–521
Louis XIV, 19, 145, 484–485, 520–521, 535, 649, 676, 854
love affairs, 695
love and procreation, 716–718
LOVE/DEATH: The Tristan Project, 102
Lovensheimer, Jim, 59
love triangles, 144
Lowe, David, 454
Lubarsch, Otto, 207–208, 210
Luca, Alexander, 760
Luca, Cleveland, 760
Luca, John C., 760–761
Luca, John C., Jr., 760–762
Luca, Simeon, 760
Lucas, John, 785
Lucca, Francesco, 956
Luccardi, Vincenzo, 958
Lucio, 139
Lucio Vero (Zeno), 139
Ludovisi, Giovanni Battista, 855–856
Ludovisi, Lavinia, 855–856
Ludwig II, 20, 544, 649, 719
Luehrs-Kaiser, Kai, 587
Lully, Jean-Baptiste, 8, 20, 484–485, 689, 865–867, 878, 983
dance, 511, 535
historically informed performances, 620–621
performances, 22
transcriptions, 904–905, 905f, 907
La Lune, 947
Lunel, Armand, 142–143
Lüttichau, August von, 500
Lyceum Theatre, 561
The Lyre of Orpheus (Davies), 419
lyricism, poetic, 192
Lyric Opera, 77, 674, 1043
Lyric Theatre, 893
Maccabees, 959
Macdonald, Hugh, 170–171, 595
MacDonald, Malcolm, 746
MacDowell, Edward, 639
Machiavelli, Niccolò, 708
Maciste, 783
Mackintosh, Cameron, 60
Madama Butterfly (1973), 928
Madama Butterfly (1995), 928
madmen, 180–187
madness, 180–187
Madrid, Spain, 41, 854–855
madrigal dramatique, 732
Maecenas, Gaius Cilnius, 649
Maeterlinck, Maurice, 2–3, 26, 1055
Maffei, Clara, 744
Magasin building, 518
Maggio Musicale Fiorentino, 995
Magli, Giovanni Gualberto, 396
Maguire, Janet, 999
Mahler, Gustav, 584
Major Orchestra Librarians’ Association (MOLA), 1027
Malfitano, Catherine, 929, 930f
Malgloire, Claude, 607
Malibran, Maria, 383, 449–450, 1023
Malipiero, Gian Francesco, 1054, 1056
Malisch, Kurt, 593
Mallach, Alan, 783, 1052
Manchester Guardian, 893
Mancia, Luigi, 848
Mancini, Giovanni Battista, 442–443
(p. 1152) Manelli, Francesco, 844
Mangan, J. A., 782
Manhattan Project, 1070–1071
mania, 698–699
Maniaci, Michael, 411
Manifesto dei musicisti futuristi (Pratella), 1054
Manni, Silvia Gailarti, 384
Mantua, Duke of, 655
Manzoni, Alessandro, 42, 694, 954
Manzuoli, Giovanni, 395
Marcello, Benedetto, 3, 694
Marchesi, Luigi, 405
Marcuse, Ludwig, 710
Margaret, 941
Margarita, 855
Le mariage de Bachus (Visé), 146
Maria-Louise of Orléans, 856
Maria Magdalena, 651–653
Mariani, Angelo, 496, 498–499
María Teresa, 854, 856
María Teresia, 386
María Therese, 649
Mariette, Auguste, 559
Mariinsky Theater, 1040
Marino, Giambattista, 282
Marks, G. W., 911, 911f, 916
Marmontel, Jean-François, 140, 198, 307–308, 311–312, 467
Marsyas, 114, 118–119
Martello, Pierjacopo, 179
Martin, Jean Baptiste, 558
Martin, Nicolas-Jean Blaise, 426
Martorella, Rosanne, 674
Marvin, Roberta M., 823
Marx, Adolf Bernhard, 75, 882, 1070–1071
Marx, Karl, 702
Marx Brothers, 23, 354, 660, 875, 922
Marxism, 1062
Mascagni, Pietro, 1052, 1056
Mascheroni, Edoardo, 497–498
masculinism, 519–520
masculinity, 523, 775–776, 781–788
Mason, Lowell, 638
Masonic symbolism, 137
Masotti, Giulia, 655, 657–659
masque, 75
Massachusetts, 636
Massenet, Jules, 22, 163, 323
The Mass of Bolsena (Raphael), 959
master narrative, 103–104
materials. See documentation
Materialstand, 299
Mattei, Giuseppe, 692
Matteuccio (Matteo Sassani), 408–409
Mattheson, Johann, 227, 398
Mauceri, Marco, 1038
Mauclair, Camille, 164
MAUSS (Mouvement anti-utilitariste dans les sciences sociales), 688, 700
Mauss, Marcel, 700
Mazarin, Jules (Giulio Mazzarini), 845
Mazzarini, Giulio (Jules Mazarin), 845
Mazzini, Giuseppe, 954
Mazzucato, Alberto, 496–497, 499
McCarthy, Elaine, 1107
McClary, Susan, 354, 519, 775, 799–800, 803
McCleave, Sarah, 516
McCreless, Patrick, 257
McGann, Jerome, 1013, 1035
McGegan, Nicholas, 607
McKenna, Reginald, 788
McKerrow, Ronald, 1012
McLeod, Tex, 783–784
McNally, Terrence, 1089, 1094, 1099–1100
McVicar, David, 615–616, 798
meaning, 352–370
Medea, 925
Medea placate (Faustini), 141
media, 922–924
Medici, Cosimo I de’, 105
Medici, Cosimo II de’, 651
Medici, Ferdinando I de’, 120
Medici, Maria de’, 19, 140–141, 276, 532, 650–651, 817
Medici, Vincenzo, 845
Medici family, 655
Medinaceli, Luis de la Cerda duke of, 848
The Meeting of Leo the Great and Attila (Raphael), 955, 955f, 958–961
megamusicals, 60–64
meganovels, 60–64
Mehta, Zubin, 931
Mei, Girolamo, 75, 667
(p. 1153) Meier, Waltraud, 456
Meistergesang, 232
Melani, Atto, 383, 408
Melba, Nellie, 787
Melba, Nelly, 15
Melchinger, Ulrich, 593–594
Meleto Castle, 557
Los melindres de Belisa (Lope de Vega), 846
melodic revues, 899
melodrama, 58–59, 239–240, 1032
mélodrame, 45, 196
mélodrame à grand spectacle, 196
melodramma, 17, 23–24
mélophone, 487
Melville, Herman, 1100–1101
Mémoires (Grétry), 501
memorabilia, 685–705
memory space, 1071–1072
Mendelssohn, Felix, 79–80, 238, 248–249, 961
Menotti, Gian Carlo, 8
The Merchant of Venice (Shakespeare), 116
Mercure gallant, 483
Merelli, Bartolomeo, 822
Merrill, Robert, 380
merveilleux, 288
Messager, André, 980
Messel, Oliver, 560
Messiaen, Olivier, 503
Metamorphoses (Apuleius), 285
Metamorphoses (Ovid), 105, 121, 144, 817
Metanexus Institute, 1072
metaphor, musical, 197
Metastasio, Pietro (Pietro Antonio Domenico Trapassi), 8–9, 26, 139, 141, 234, 289, 310, 402, 537, 696, 733, 865–867
Method for Learning to Draw the Passions (Le Brun), 397–398
Metlicovitz, Leopoldo, 949
Metropolis, 1058
Metropolitan Opera, 6–8, 56, 76–77, 79, 85, 87f, 170, 377–378, 380, 460, 461f, 548, 607–608, 639–641, 644, 715f, 768–771, 784, 798, 922, 1027, 1028n11, 1068, 1073
audience, 671, 673–674
Live in HD broadcasts, 674–675, 923
new opera development program, 1095
operating expenses, 18–19
patronage, 660
ticket prices, 22
video transmissions, 875
Meucci, Filippo, 827–832
Mexico City, Mexico, 849–850
Meyer, Birgit, 589
Meyer, Stephen, 157
Meyerbeer, Giacomo, 69, 126, 195, 500, 971, 1067
audiences, 671
dramaturgy, 178
ethnicity, 756
orchestra, 487
publicity, 871
rehearsal practices, 420–424, 439
Meyerhold, Vsevolod, 310, 313
Meynier, Charles, 790
Michelangelo, 959
Michiel, Giustina Renier, 961
Michiele, Pietro, 283
The Midday Slumbers (Alma Tadema), 568
MIDI sketches, 981–982
A Midsummer Night’s Dream (Shakespeare), 341
Mielke, Georg, 586, 596
Milan Conservatory, 495
Milhaud, Darius, 503, 1055
Milhous, Judith, 514
militarism, 785
military orchestras, 487–488
Miller, Jonathan, 23, 798
Miller, Lucasta, 595
Millico, Giuseppe, 412
Millington, Barry, 754, 885–886
Milo of Croton, 781–782, 790, 791f
mime, 514–516
mimesis, 74, 188
mimographic music, 197
Minato, Nicolò, 655
Mingotti, Regina, 405
minimalism, 455, 1067–1068, 1074
Minkowski, Marc, 607
Minos, 143
Miolan-Carvalho, Marie, 977
misaccentuations, 220–221
mise-enscène, 534, 584
(p. 1154) Les Misérables (Hugo), 60–63
Mitchell, Leona, 770
Mitterrand, Frédéric, 927
Miura, Tamaki, 769
mixed-mode system, 19
Mizrahi, Isaac, 461
Moby-Dick (Melville), 1100–1101
modern canon, 873–876
modernity, 150–153
modern opera, 1049–1086
modern rhetoric, 41–42
Modern Russian Songs (Newman, ed.), 893
modern transpositions, 142–143
Molière, 94, 289, 535, 676
Moline, 149
Monanni, Bernardo, 853
Moncrif, François Augustin Paradis de, 146–147
Montemezzi, Italo, 1052
Monteverdi, Claudio, 93, 108–109, 275–276, 281
conflations, 991–992, 992t
exoticism, 796
historically informed performances, 613–614, 621–623
operas, 1034
orchestration, 482–483, 488
performances, 22
sources, 1015
Monty Python’s Life of Brian, 519–520
Moody-Manners Opera Company, 83f
Moonstruck, 23, 922, 925–926, 928, 942
Moore, John, 412
morality, 669
morbus, 183, 186–187
morceaux détachés, 425–433, 430f
morcellé, 424
Moreen, Robert, 251
Moreschi, Alessandro, 410
Móricz, Klara, 745
Morning Post, 388, 389f
Morris, Mark, 460–461, 461f, 462, 467, 477, 510, 521–525
Morris, Mitchell, 354, 675
Morris, William, 569, 570f
Moscow Art Theatre, 452
Moshiri, Farnoosh, 1095
mostly opera, 587
motive(s)
recurring, 7–9
for singing, 305–306
Motley, Genevieve, 767
mousikê, 112, 122
movies. See film productions
“Movies as Opera” (Franklin), 354
Mozart, Leopold, 494, 498, 706
Mozart, Wolfgang Amadeus, 8–9, 16, 21, 24, 28, 48, 55, 64, 69–70, 149, 238, 248, 396, 411
autograph scores, 976, 978, 994
canonization of, 869–872
characterizations, 337–338, 350
choruses, 468–469
comic operas, 448
compositional process, 1089, 1099
conflations, 993–994
drafts, 974
exoticism, 796
orchestras, 480–481
performances, 22, 607, 616, 618, 622
performing scores and parts, 980
production materials, 982–983
publicity, 869
reversions, 995
“Staging Mozart’s Women” (Allanbrook, Hunter, and Wheelock), 354
style, 156
tonal approach to, 258
variation sets, 914–915
verisimilitude, 309
voices, 337
Mozart orchestra, 480
Mozart’s Operas (Dent), 250
MTV, 923
Muir, Edward, 957
Müller, Gudrun (“Rosalie”), 594
Müller, Therese, 1028n12
Müller, Ursula, 595
Müller, Wenzel, 1028n12
Müller, Wolfgang, 80–81
multiculturalism, 802
(p. 1155) Munch, Edvard, 950
Murata, Margaret, 1042
Murphy, Kerry, 883–884
La muse historique, 484
Museo internazionale e biblioteca della musica di Bologna, 1017
Museum of Costume (Bath, United Kingdom), 555
music, 111–112, 924–925
analysis of, 245–271
as Apollonian, 110
as art, 112
classical, 1081
composition of, 383
as concept, 96–97
constant presence of, 121
contributions to drama, 335
degenerate, 1056
diegetic, 305, 308, 339
Early Music, 510–512, 606–609
folk, 55
function of, 303–304
heard but not seen, 925
historically informed, 612–613
iconography of, 968
incidental, 335
instrumental, 943–944, 1069
interview chords, 358
mimographic, 197
motive for, 305–306
non-diegetic, 308
noumenal, 309, 321
operatic, 250–259, 308–309
orchestral, 310–312, 1074
personification of, 37–38
phenomenal, 309, 320–321
political, 709
of power, 720–726
power of, 313
primacy of, 339–341
as productive art, 110
realistic, 308–309
Renaissance, 111
role of, 117–118
sacred, 193–194
sacred works, 733
serious, 55
Third Type, 55–56, 59
visual, 115
La Musica, 115–116
musica divina, 101
musica ex machina, 116–117
musica humana, 101, 110
musica instrumentalis, 101, 110, 113
musical characterization, 334–336, 341–342
Musical Courier, 882
musical criticism, 877
musical dramaturgy, 177–205
musica leggiera, 53
Musical England (Galloway), 889
Musical Exoticism: Images and Reflections (Locke), 800
The Musical Herald, 83–84
“Musical Libretto-Books” (Davidson), 868
musical men, 101
musical motive, 237–240
musical newspapers, 882
musicals, 53–56, 60–64, 102
musical signposting, 196–197
musical theater(s), 53–72
Musical Times, 78, 83, 779, 787, 884
musica mundana, 101, 110–113, 122
Music and German National Identity (Applegate and Potter), 708
Music and Nationalism (Forsyth), 777
Music and Some Highly Musical People (Trotter), 757
Music and the Politics of Culture (Norris), 708
music collecting, 685–687
music critics, 882
music drama, 41–42, 49, 73, 259–267
Musicians’ Club, 784–785
“The Music of the Future” (Robertson), 885
musicology, 873
Musicology and Difference (Solie), 774–775
music theater, 49–50
Music-Theatre Group, 1090
Musik-och teaterbiblioteket (The Music and Theater Museum), 558
Musiktheater, 595–596
(p. 1156) musique parlante, 511–512
Musorgsky, Modest, 160, 165
Mussolini, 1056
Müthel, J. G., 915
Muti, Riccardo, 589–590
Muzio, Claudio, 450, 496, 498
Muzio, Emanuele, 481
Myers, Russell, 947
My Life of Song (Tetrazzini), 379
Nabucco, 953
Nadar, 697
Nagano, Kent, 1004
Nagel, Ivan, 469
Napier, John, 60
Naples, Italy, 21, 825, 845–846, 1037
Napoleon III, 718
Narcissus, 138
Narici, Ilaria, 975, 996
narration, 197–198
narratives, master, 103–104
Nashe, Thomas, 1012
National Conservatory of Music, 767
National Endowment for the Arts, 674
national genres, 17
nationalism, 468–469, 711, 796, 1052–1053, 1061
cultural, 158–160
official, 159–160
Romantic, 169
National Negro Opera Company, 768
National-Oper, 157–158
National Opera Scheme (Britain), 779
National Opera Trust, 895
National Reformer, 887
national service, 44–45
National Socialism (Nazism), 585, 711, 1055–1057, 1061
national style, 156–176
National Theater (Brno), 980
National Theatre (London), 85
National Theatre (Prague), 480
naturalism, 27, 163
Nau, Maria-Dolorès-Bénédicta-Joséphine, 421, 429, 433, 437f
Nazari, Bartolomeo, 408, 409f
Nazism (National Socialism), 585, 711, 1055–1057, 1061
NBC radio, 503
near-opera productions, 120–121
Negri, Luigi, 495
Negro Musicians and Their Music (Cuney-Hare), 758
Nejedlý, Zdeněk, 169, 1053
neo-Baroque, 1061
neoclassicism, 152
Nesselrath, Arnold, 959
Netherlands Opera, 1068
Neudeutsche Schule, 631
“Neue Bahnen” (Schumann), 631
Neuenfels, Hans, 477, 589, 707
Neues Theater, 1061
Neue Zeitschrift für Musik, 631, 882
Neumann, Angelo, 546
Neveux, George, 152
Neville, Don, 733
new Bayreuth, 76
New Chamber Opera series, 511
new classicality, 1051
New College (Oxford, England), 511
New Criticism, 1033, 1078, 1083n4
New England School, 638–640, 643–644
New German School, 85
New Grove Dictionary, 881
New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians, 17
New Grove Dictionary of Opera, 375, 443, 531, 649
New Historicists, 708
Newman, Ernest, 250, 444, 881, 884, 886–889, 892–896
Newmarch, Rosa, 882
New Musicology, 774
The New Music Theater (Salzman and Desi), 49
New Works Forum, 1095
New York Age, 758, 767
New York City, New York, 70, 636–637, 643
New York City Opera, 614, 674, 768, 1035
The New Yorker, 1071–1072
New York Herald, 766
New York Herald Tribune, 882
(p. 1157) New York Park Theatre, 636
The New York Times, 85, 373, 377–378, 593, 764, 767, 770, 945–946
Niblo, Fred, 783
Niccoli, Bruno, 554
Niccolini, Antonio, 542
Nichols, Robert, 780
Nicolai, Otto, 9, 633–634
Nicolaus, Johann, 630
Nicolini (Nicola Grimaldi), 150, 402, 852
Niedecken-Gebhard, Hans, 584
Nietzsche, Friedrich, 93, 125, 710
Nieweg, Clinton, 1027
A Night at the Opera, 23, 354, 660, 875, 922
A Night in at the Opera (Tambling), 354
Nilsson, Birgit, 715f
19th-Century Music, 708
Nixon, Richard, 952
noblesse oblige, 19–20
Noh theater, 584
Noiray, Michel, 360
Nono, Luigi, 503, 1054
Norman, Buford, 288
Norman, Jessye, 770
Norrington, Sir Roger, 607
“North of the Alps” approach, 254, 258
notation, 535
Nottebohm, Gustav, 254
noumenal music, 309
Nourrit, Adolphe, 421
nouveaux-riches, 698
Novák, Vítĕzslav, 1053
Noverre, Jean-Georges, 516
number opera, 54, 179, 193, 245, 1061
Nunn, Trevor, 60
Nuremberg Chronicle, 952
Nyman, Michael, 1067–1068
Oakes, Meredith, 446
obsession, 182–186
octosyllabe, 206–207
The Odyssey (Homer), 138, 143, 735
Oe, Kenzaburo, 1083n3
Oeser, Fritz, 1003
Offenbach, Jacques, 55, 1002–1007, 1005t, 1015
Ogolevets, Aleksey, 164–165
L’Olimpiade (Metastasio), 95
Olivero, Pietro Domenico, 496
Oñate y Villamediana, Viceroy (Iñigo Vélez de Guevara y Tassis), 845–846
On connaît la chanson, 296–297
ondes Martenot, 503
one-acts, 1050
Online Computer Library Center (OCLC), 686
On Naïve and Sentimental Poetry (Schiller), 42
ontology, 100
open-form drama, 193
Oper, 40–41
Opera, 780–781
opera(s). See also Index of Musical Works
adaptations, 592, 850–852
agonistic, 94
alla turca, 799, 801, 803, 807–808, 812
alterations, 592, 826
of ancient history, 122, 275–295
arguing about, 1–4
and art, 949–951
as art, 97, 106
bel canto, 408, 413, 445, 449, 946
biblical, 734, 744–746
boundaries of, 68–70
business of, 19–23
canonical, 862, 1050–1051
chamber, 153
commercial, 20, 39–40, 900–905
composition of, 629–647, 1089–1109
concept of, 92–133
conflations, 991–994
contemporary, 127, 1065–1086
as contested concept, 92–94
criteria for, 503
culture of, 408, 1066
deconstructions, 598
defense of, 36
(p. 1158) determinants of, 327
development programs, 1095
dialogue, 156, 164–171
diegetic transformations, 590
discipline of, 115–120
as drama, 23, 125, 1080–1081
early, 37–38, 279
on the edge, 1049–1086
education about, 106–108
endings, 140–141
epic, 1059
exemplars, 103–104
exporting, 847–849
faces of, 125–126
financial support for, 648–665
finished, 1099
first, 99–101, 650
first extant, 37
first public performance, 844
first subjects, 104–106
future directions, 9–10, 1060
as genre, 355
genrification of, 34–38
historical performance in, 616–620
as hybrid, 101–103, 122–123
of ideas, 1055
importing, 846–847
intertextual networks, 138–140
live streaming of, 674–675, 923–924, 1073
love of, 1107–1109
as melodramma, 17
mistaken for symphony, 1074
mixed-mode system, 19
as mobile, 101–103
modern, 1049–1086
modernist, 1060–1061
music of, 107–108, 122–123, 308
naming, 37–39
national, 106–107
as national service, 44–45
nature of, 125
near-opera productions, 120–121
new commissions, 1095–1096
as new musical, 102
number, 54, 179, 193, 245, 1061
one-act, 1050–1051
oratorio as, 75–82
as Ovidian art, 106
paragonal, 94
patronage of, 648–665
on phonographs, 926
as placed product, 941–942
pocket editions, 903, 904f
political, 202, 706–709
posters for, 949
postmodern, 1065–1086
power of, 325–327
prevalent color (or tinta) of, 221–222
production of, 373–626
prohibition against, 824–827
prologues, 37
public, 20, 1070
radio, 503, 1050
raison d’être of, 301, 305
reception of, 843–1046
reconstructions, 989–1011
recyclings, 864–866
reinterpretations, 592–593, 595
rescue (Rettungsstück), 709
reversions, 995–997
Russian style, 172–173
sacred, 76, 81, 85
semantic transformations, 590
sentimental, 45
sexual liberation through, 926
singing and speaking, 303–306
social meaning of, 517–521
in Spanish orbit, 853–857
spiritual, 76–77, 81–82, 926
spread of, 40–41
staged, 1070
stereotypes of, 785
stories of, 1092–1093
structural features of, 53–54
subjects of, 104–106, 641–642
as term, 98
terms for, 17–18, 37–39
as total work of art, 121–124
transcriptions, 900–907, 910–914, 911f, 917–918, 918n1
transmission and reception of, 843–1046
Turkish (Türkenoper), 587
urbanization of, 20
as variable, 101–103
variations, 915–916, 1025
verisimilitude of, 29–32
Volksoper, 706–707
Opera, or the Undoing of Women (Clément), 519–520
OPERA America, 1091, 1095
Opera and Society in Italy and France from Monteverdi to Bourdieu (Johnson, Fulcher, and Ertman), 708–709
opera arrangements
piano arrangements, 899–900, 915–916, 918n1
potpourris, 907, 910–912, 911f
Opera as Drama (Kerman), 62, 340, 877, 1033, 1068–1069
Opera Atelier (Toronto), 620–621
opera audiences, 59, 588, 666–684
opéra-ballet, 146, 520–521, 668, 677–678, 680–681
Operabase, 22–23
opera buffa, 27, 40–41, 47, 49, 95, 156, 300, 537,