Show Summary Details

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD HANDBOOKS ONLINE (www.oxfordhandbooks.com). © Oxford University Press, 2018. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Handbooks Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 15 November 2019

Abstract and Keywords

The term local government does not appear in the Constitution Act of 1867. The closest reference is in section 92 (8), where the authority to make laws relating to “Municipal Institutions in the Province” is placed under the jurisdiction of provincial legislatures. All Canadian provinces have enacted laws that provide for the existence of municipalities. In its Fiscal Management System, Statistics Canada defines “local government” as including both municipalities and their associated “autonomous boards, commissions, funds and school boards.” Although commonly accepted, the definition is nonetheless precise. This article discusses local government in Canada. It discusses the functions of local government and the provincial controls on such government. The article also discusses special-purpose bodies and two-tier urban systems. Municipal elections, local political leaders, and municipal finance are also examined.

Keywords: local government, provincial legislatures, municipalities, government, functions, provincial controls, urban systems, local political leaders

Access to the complete content on Oxford Handbooks Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can''t find the answer there, please contact us.