Show Summary Details

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD HANDBOOKS ONLINE ( © Oxford University Press, 2018. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Handbooks Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 12 November 2019

Abstract and Keywords

This article discusses the variety of religious thoughts that existed in society during and before the Transcendentalist period and the impact of such thoughts on the movement and its relation with them. The article puts a emphasis on Unitarianism as the movement had its roots in Transcendentalism. The Transcendentalists sympathized with their elders' modernizing revolt against surviving forms of Puritanism and may be said to have sustained that revolt ably throughout their first and second generations. Unitarian and Transcendentalist alike shared a conclusion that Calvinism was no proper guide for nineteenth-century Americans, who required a principle of progress in their religious views, room for effectual moral education, and scope for the advancement of the intellect. The article also discusses two significant parallel developments in American popular culture: spiritualism and “New Thought” philosophy as they emerged as extensions or caricatures of Transcendentalism.

Keywords: Unitarianism, Calvinism, Puritanism, spiritualism, New Thought” philosophy

Access to the complete content on Oxford Handbooks Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can''t find the answer there, please contact us.