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date: 17 November 2019

Abstract and Keywords

The Transcendentalists' embrace of particular provinces was central to their strategy of escaping what might be called the anxiety of provincialism. The article states that the majority of them possessed that feeling. However, as the article puts it, they had to reach beyond Boston. In both its origins and continuing development, Transcendentalism was transnational. It had its beginnings in the work of writers such as Johann G. Fichte, Samuel Taylor Coleridge, William Wordsworth, and Thomas Carlyle. That deepening contacts between American writers and like-minded colleagues in England proved to be essential to Transcendentalism's growth and development from the 1830s through the Civil War. The article explains in detail that the involvement of scholars and writers in the movement proved the insignificance of the concept of provincialism. And that mainly came from Britain.

Keywords: provincialism, Boston, Westminster, antislavery struggle, Harriet Martineau

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