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date: 20 February 2020

Abstract and Keywords

This article explains famous Transcendentalists' ideas on health and the body. People such as Emerson and Alcott considered the body as a kind of pivot point between nature and spirit. Transcendentalists preached respect for historically oppressed bodies, which included the establishment of women's rights and the abolition of slavery. This fundamental core of ideas respecting the body constituted a common ground among the various and interrelated health reform movements that sprang up in the early nineteenth century: that the body had remarkable powers of self-healing; that nature offered aid in curing the body of disease; and that healthful moral living could strengthen the constitution and help prevent disease. What united the widely diverse health reforms advocated during this period was a proffered paradigm shift to a model of wellness through natural healing and disease prevention. The article also states that there was widespread interest in less radical forms of vegetarianism.

Keywords: health reforms, Fruitlands experiment, medication, homeopathy, vegetarianism

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