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date: 12 December 2019

Abstract and Keywords

It was during the period 1830 to 1860, which was called “the era of reform”, that the Transcendentalist movement flourished. This article talks about the political and economic changes that took place in America during that time and how they helped the Transcendentalists to prosper with their ideology. This was the time in which America experienced change on all the levels, including migration from Europe. Though the Transcendentalists had taken part in the capitalist market economy, they strongly argued to alter it in favor of the working class. They demanded political and economic reforms and spent their time projecting poverty, women's rights, and labor reform. Recognition for the honor and dignity of labor in the new market economy was widely demanded for the future felicity of American democracy. The Transcendentalists also criticized the growing materialism and capitalistic emphasis on property, which seemed to dominate America's social consciousness

Keywords: politics, economic, democracy, capitalist market economy, materialism

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