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date: 13 August 2020

Abstract and Keywords

The Mahāyāna Buddhist philosophy of India and Tibet contains several major strands, and while some strands were eventually construed to be flawed, one became dominant in Indian Mahāyāna. Its hegemony continued in Tibet, where it became the largely unquestioned pinnacle of Buddhist thought. It is the Mādhyamika or “Middle Way” philosophy, initially developed by Nāgārjuna (fl. third century). This article focuses on Nāgārjuna's initial articulation of Mādhyamika and examines the central developments in the Indian and Tibetan traditions he inspired.

Keywords: Buddhist philosophy, Mahāyāna, Indian philosophy, Tibetan philosophy, Nāgārjuna

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