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date: 03 August 2020

(p. ix) Contributors

(p. ix) Contributors

Derek H. Davis is Dean of the College of Humanities and Dean of the Graduate School at University of Mary Hardin-Baylor, Belton, Texas, and Director of the UMHB Center for Religious Liberty. He was formerly Director of the J.M. Dawson Institute of Church-State Studies and Professor of Political Science, Baylor University, and Editor of Journal of Church and State. He is the author or editor of 17 books, including Original Intent: Chief Justice Rehnquist & the Course of American Church-State Relations (Prometheus, 1991), and Religion and the Continental Congress, 1774–1789: Contributions to Original Intent (Oxford, 2000). Dr. Davis has also published more than 150 articles in various journals and periodicals. He serves numerous organizations given to the protection of religious freedom in American and international contexts.

N.J. Demerath III is the Emile Durkheim Distinguished Professor of Sociology Emeritus at the University of Massachusetts, Amherst, where he has served since 1972. During that time, he has had visiting professorships at Harvard University, Jawaharlal Nehru University, the London School of Economics, and Yale University. He is a past-President of the Society for the Scientific Study of Religion, the Association for the Sociology of Religion, and the Eastern Sociological Society. Dr. Demerath’s publications include such recent books as A Bridging of Faiths: Religion and Politics in a New England City (Princeton, 1992); Sacred Companies: Organizational Aspects of Religion and Religious Aspects of Organizations, Crossing the Gods: World Religions and Worldly Politics (Rutgers, 2001); Sacred Circles and Public Squares: The Multi-Centering of American Religion (Indiana, 2004); and the Sage Handbook of the Sociology of Religion (Sage, 2007).

Daniel L. Dreisbach is Professor of Justice, Law and Society in the School of Public Affairs at American University, Washington, D.C. He received a Doctor of Philosophy degree from the University of Oxford and a Juris Doctor degree from the University of Virginia. He has authored or edited seven books, including Thomas Jefferson and the Wall of Separation between Church and State (2002) and The Sacred Rights of Conscience: Selected Readings on Religious Liberty and Church-State Relations in the American Founding (2009) (coeditor). Dr. Dreisbach has published numerous book chapters, reviews, and articles in scholarly journals, including American Journal of Legal History, Constitutional Commentary, Emory Law Journal, Journal of Church and State, North Carolina Law Review, and William and Mary Quarterly.

Bette Novit Evans is Professor Emerita of Political Science at Creighton University, Omaha, Nebraska, where she has taught since 1975. Her academic specializations include constitutional jurisprudence, political philosophy, and religion and politics in the United States. Dr. Evans has published articles on constitutional concepts of racial and ethnic equality, civil rights law and policy, and law and religion in the United States. During the past decade, Dr. Evans’ work has been directed toward the First Amendment guarantees of religious freedom, and religious pluralism in the American context. Her book, Interpreting the Free Exercise of Religion was published in 1998 by the University of North Carolina Press, and in 2001 she received the Alpha Sigma Nu National Jesuit Book Award. She has published numerous articles on topics at the intersection of law and religion, and to relate religious pluralism to general theories of pluralism, both in the United States and internationally.

Roger Finke is Professor of Sociology and Religious Studies at the Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania and is Director of the Association of Religion Data Archives ( He has published in numerous social science journals and has coauthored two award-winning books with Rodney Stark: Acts of Faith: Explaining the Human Side of Religion (University of California Press, 2000) and The Churching of America, 1776–1990: Winners and Losers in our Religious Economy (Rutgers University Press, 1992; 2005). Dr. Finke’s recent cross-national research on the relationship between government regulation of religion and religious persecution has appeared in the American Sociological Review. His newest book, The Price of Freedom Denied: Religious Persecution and Violence, coauthored with Brian J. Grim, will be published by Cambridge University Press.

Ronald B. Flowers is the John F. Weatherly Emeritus Professor of Religion at Texas Christian University, Fort Worth, Texas. He taught at TCU for 37 years and was chair of the Religion Department for 9 years. He is the author of several books, including Toward Benevolent Neutrality: Church, State, and the Supreme Court (coauthored with Robert T. Miller) which went through five revised and updated editions; Religion in Strange Times: The 1960s and 1970s; That Godless Court?: Supreme Court Decisions on Church-State Relationships (2nd edition 2005); and To Defend the Constitution: Religion, Conscientious Objection, Naturalization, and the Supreme Court. Dr. Flowers has also served as President of the American Academy of Religion/Southwest and is currently a member of the Editorial Council of the Journal of Church and State. He is still teaching at TCU part-time and recently completed a book, with Steven K. Green and Melissa Rogers, entitled Religious Freedom and the Supreme Court.

Steven K. Green is a Professor of Law, Adjunct Professor of History, and Director of the interdisciplinary Center for Religion, Law and Public Affairs at Willamette University in Salem, Oregon. Before joining the Willamette faculty in 2001, Green served for 10 years as Legal Director and Special Counsel for Americans United for Separation of Church and State in Washington, DC. Green has participated in (p. xi) many of the leading church-state cases before the U.S. Supreme Court, including serving as co-counsel in Zelman v. Simmons-Harris, the Cleveland voucher case. Green has testified in Congress and in several state legislatures on a variety of First Amendment issues. Since moving to Oregon, Dr. Green has filed friend of the court briefs in Supreme Court cases involving the Pledge of Allegiance and the Ten Commandments, among others. He is the author of the forthcoming book, The Second Disestablishment: Church and State in the Nineteenth Century (Oxford University Press, 2010), co-author of Religious Freedom and the Supreme Court (Baylor University Press, 2008), a casebook in church-state law, and author of more than 30 articles on religion and the law.

T. Jeremy Gunn is a professor of international relations at Al Akhawayn University in Morocco. He is also Senior Fellow for Religion and Human Rights at the Center for the Study of Law and Religion at Emory University School of Law and a member of the Advisory Council on Freedom of Religion and Belief of the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE). His previous positions have included those of Director of the Program on Freedom of Religion and Belief at the American Civil Liberties Union, Director of Research for the U.S. Commission on International Religious Freedom, and Senior Fellow at the U.S. Institute of Peace. Dr. Gunn has taught at several universities, including the law faculties of the Université de Paris II (Panthéon-Assas), Université d’Aix-Marseille III, and the Universität Trier in Germany. He is the author of A Standard for Repair: The Establishment Clause, Equality, and Natural Rights (1992) and Spiritual Weapons: The Cold War and the Forging of an American National Religion (2009).

Nikolas K. Gvosdev is a professor of national security studies at the U.S. Naval War College, Newport, Rhode Island. He was the Editor of The National Interest and a Senior Fellow of Strategic Studies at The Nixon Center. He is currently a senior editor at The National Interest. Dr. Gvosdev is a frequent commentator on U.S. foreign policy and international relations, Russian and Eurasian affairs, developments in the Middle East, and the role of religion in politics. He received his doctorate from St. Antony’s College, Oxford University, where he studied on a Rhodes Scholarship. He was also associate director of the J.M. Dawson Institute of Church-State Studies at Baylor University. Dr. Gvosdev is the author or editor of six books, including the co-author of The Receding Shadow of the Prophet: The Rise and Fall of Political Islam.

Allen D. Hertzke is Presidential Professor of Political Science and Director of Religious Studies at the University of Oklahoma, Norman, Oklahoma. He is author of Representing God in Washington, an award-winning analysis of religious lobbies, which has been issued in a Chinese language translation; Echoes of Discontent, an account of church-rooted populist movements; and coauthor of Religion and Politics in America, a comprehensive text now in its third edition. His latest book is entitled Freeing God’s Children: The Unlikely Alliance for Global Human Rights. (p. xii) A winner of numerous teaching awards, Dr. Hertzke has lectured at the National Press Club, the U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum, the Council on Foreign Relations, the Carnegie Council on Ethics and International Affairs, and before numerous audiences in China. He has consulted with both the Pew Charitable Trusts and the John Templeton Foundation on global religious freedom.

Ted G. Jelen is Professor of Political Science at the University of Nevada, Las Vegas. His main research interests are in public opinion, religion and politics, feminism, and the politics of abortion. He is a former editor of the Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, and now serves as the coeditor of the journal Politics and Religion. Dr. Jelen has published extensively in the area of religion and politics, and in church-state relations. His publications include To Serve God and Mammon: Church-State Relations in the United States, 2nd ed. (Westview, 2010); The Political World of the Clergy (Praeger, 1993); and The Political Mobilization of Religious Beliefs (Praeger, 1991).

Caitlin S. Kerr graduated with honors from Christ College, the Honors College of Valparaiso University, Valparaiso, Indiana, in 2008. She is currently a Juris Doctor candidate at Indiana University Maurer School of Law-Bloomington, where she also serves as a teaching assistant in the Graduate Legal Studies office. While at Valparaiso, she served on the Honor Council, led an international student cultural conversation group through the University’s Writing Center, and studied in Tuebingen, Germany. She is a member of Phi Beta Kappa.

Andrew R. Murphy is Associate Professor of Political Science at Rutgers University, New Brunswick, New Jersey. His interests focus on the intersections between religious and political thought and practice, focusing especially on the Anglo-American tradition, in both historical and contemporary contexts. Dr. Murphy is the author, most recently, of Prodigal Nation: Moral Decline and Divine Punishment from New England to 9-11 (Oxford, 2008); as well as Conscience and Community: Revisiting Toleration and Religious Dissent in Early Modern England and America (Penn State, 2001). He has edited The Political Writings of William Penn (Liberty Fund, 2002); Religion, Politics, and American Identity: New Directions, New Controversies, with David S. Gutterman (Lexington, 2006); and The Blackwell Companion to Religion and Violence (forthcoming). He serves as a Book Review Editor for Politics and Religion.

Richard V. Pierard is Professor of History Emeritus, Indiana State University, Terre Haute, Indiana. He served on the Indiana State University faculty from 1964 to 2000, and then spent 6 years at Gordon College, Wenham, Massachusetts as a scholar in residence and Stephen Phillips Professor of History. He is currently a visiting lecturer at the South Asia Institute of Advanced Christian Studies, Bangalore, India. He was a Fulbright Professor at the University of Frankfurt (1984–1985) and the University of Halle-Wittenberg (1989–1990), both (p. xiii) in Germany, and a visiting lecturer at the University of Otago, New Zealand (2002). Among his many books are, The Unequal Yoke: Evangelical Christianity and Political Conservatism (1970, new edition, 2006), Civil Religion and the Presidency (with R. D. Linder, 1988), The American Church Experience: A Concise History (with T.A. Askew, 2004, new edition, 2008), and Baptists Together in Christ: A Hundred-year History of the Baptist World Alliance (2005). Dr. Pierard lives in Hendersonville, North Carolina.

Sam Potolicchio is a doctoral candidate in the department of Government at Georgetown University, Washington, DC. He is a graduate of the Program in Religion and Secondary Education (PRSE) at Harvard University and the Christianity and Culture program where he earned a masters degree in Theological Studies. He frequently lectures on church–state issues for the American Councils for International Education at the Library of Congress. He teaches a course entitled “Religion and Politics” at Georgetown.

James T. Richardson is Professor of Sociology and Judicial Studies at the University of Nevada, Reno, Nevada, where he also directs the Judicial Studies graduate degree programs for trial judges, as well as the Grant Sawyer Center for Justice Studies, a research arm of the university. He has done research on minority religions for many years, focusing particularly on the relationship of law and the judicial system to such entities. He has produced a dozen books and over 250 articles and book chapters, mostly dealing with new or minority religions, but also with use of scientific evidence in court. Dr. Richardson has done research in a number of countries, particularly in Western, Eastern, and Central Europe. His most recent book is Regulating Religion: Case Studies from Around the Globe (Kluwer, 2004).

Thomas Robbins is an independent scholar, living in Rochester, Minnesota, who taught at Queens College, The New School for Social Research, Yale University, and the Graduate Theological Union. A Harvard undergraduate, his Ph.D. in sociology is from the University of North Carolina. He is the author of numerous articles and books focusing on the social and theological elements of new religions. More recently, Dr. Robbins has focused on legal and church–state issues related to new religious movements. He has written extensively on the alleged use of mind control by religious groups and has been a vocal critic of the anti-cult movement’s views on brainwashing.

Melissa Rogers serves as director of the Center for Religion and Public Affairs of the Wake Forest University Divinity School, Winston-Salem, North Carolina. She previously served as the executive director of the Pew Forum on Religion and Public Life and as general counsel of the Baptist Joint Committee on Religious Liberty. In 2008 Baylor University Press published a casebook coauthored by Rogers, Religious Freedom and the Supreme Court. She has written extensively on church–state issues, and (p. xiv) particularly on the legal impact of the Religious Freedom Restoration Act. Rogers earned her law degree from the University of Pennsylvania Law School, where she was a member of the National Moot Court Team. She graduated Phi Beta Kappa from Baylor University.

Elizabeth A. Sewell is Associate Director of the BYU International Center for Law and Religion Studies, Provo, Utah, where she has been involved in recent years in sponsoring numerous church–state conferences, especially in Eastern Europe and Russia. She speaks English, Russian, Czech, and French. She graduated summa cum laude in 1997 from the J. Reuben Clark Law School, Brigham Young University, where she was Editor-in-Chief of the BYU Law Review. She is the associate editor of Law and Religion in Post-Communist Europe (Peeters, 2003), which has been translated and republished in Slovak, Greek, and Italian, and Facilitating Freedom of Religion or Belief: A Deskbook (Martinus Nijhoff, 2004), and the author of other publications on law and religion in various law journals and other periodicals.

Barry Alan Shain is Associate Professor of Political Science at Colgate University, Hamilton, New York. He earned B.A.s in industrial-arts education and philosophy from San Jose State and San Francisco State Universities, respectively, and a Ph.D. from Yale University in political science. In 1992, he was a National Endowment for the Humanities Fellow; in 1993, a John M. Olin Foundation Fellow in History; and in 2005, a National Endowment for the Humanities Fellow for the Understanding of American History and Culture. He has also won several awards for his teaching at Yale and Colgate Universities. His publications include: The Myth of American Individualism: the Protestant Origins of American Political Thought; Man, God, and Society: An Interpretive History of Individualism; The Nature of Rights at the American Founding and Beyond; and forthcoming, The Declaration of Independence in Historical Context. His teaching and research interests include British-American political thought and constitutionalism, Protestant political theology, Enlightenment thought, early-modern natural and international law, and American political culture and conservatism. Of particular interest to him are the changing late-eighteenth meanings of key political concepts: liberty and rights.

Clyde Wilcox is professor of Government at Georgetown University, Washington, DC. He is the author of a number of books, chapters, and articles on religion and politics, gender politics, interest group politics, campaign finance, public opinion and electoral behavior, and the politics of social issues such as abortion, gay rights, and gun control. Dr. Wilcox has authored, coauthored, edited, or coedited more than 30 books. His books include Public Attitudes on Church and State; Onward Christian Soldiers: The Christian Right in American Politics; and Religion and Politics in Comparative Perspective. His latest books include The Politics of Same-Sex Marriage, coedited with Craig Rimmerman, and The Values Campaign: The Christian Right in the 2004 Elections, coedited with John Green and Mark Rozell.

John F. Wilson was appointed to the Princeton University (Princeton, New Jersey) faculty in 1960 and became the Agate Brown and George L. Collord Professor of Religion in 1977. He served as Dean of the Graduate School from 1994–2002 and retired in 2003. His scholarly interests primarily concern American religious history. Pulpit in Parliament (1969) and Public Religion in American Culture (1979) were among his early publications while he also edited The Study of Religion in American Colleges and Universities (1970) with Paul Ramsey. Dr. Wilson later transcribed and published a critical edition of A History of the Work of Redemption (1989) in The Works of Jonathan Edwards (Yale Edition). A collection of readings and commentary on religion and American law, Church and State in American History (1965), has continued through several editions with Donald L. Drakeman (1987, 2003). Dr. Wilson directed a long-term project on “Church and State in American History” at Princeton that published two volumes (Church and State in America: A Bibliographical Guide 1986, 1987) and commissioned a number of specialized studies. He has also written essays exploring religion and the law in America about particular episodes and periods.

John Witte, Jr. is Jonas Robitscher Professor of Law and Director of the Center for the Study of Law and Religion Center at Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia. A specialist in legal history, marriage law, and religious liberty, he has published 150 articles, 12 journal symposia, and 24 books, including recently Religion and the American Constitutional Experiment (2000, 2nd. ed. 2005); Law and Protestantism: The Legal Teachings of the Lutheran Reformation (2002); Sex, Marriage and Family Life in John Calvin’s Geneva (2005); Modern Christian Teachings on Law, Politics, and Human Nature, 2 vols. (2006); God’s Joust, God’s Justice: Law and Religion in the Western Tradition (2006); The Reformation of Rights: Law, Religion, and Human Rights in Early Modern Calvinism (2007); Christianity and Law: An Introduction (2008); and Sins of the Fathers: The Law and Theology of Illegitimacy Reconsidered (2009). He has been selected 10 times by the Emory law students as the Most Outstanding Professor and has won many other awards and prizes for his teaching and research.

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