- Introduction: Religious Pluralism as the Essential Foundation of America’s Quest for Unity and Order
- The Founding Era (1774–1797) and the Constitutional Provision for Religion
- Eighteenth-Century Religious Liberty: The Founding Generation’s Protestant-Derived Understanding
- Church and State in Nineteenth-Century America
- Religious Advocacy by American Religious Institutions: A History
- Constitutional Language and Judicial Interpretations of the Free Exercise Clause
- The U.S. Supreme Court and Non-First Amendment Religion Cases
- The Meaning of the Separation of Church and State: Competing Views
- Managed Pluralism: The Emerging Church–State Model in the United States?
- Religious Liberty and Religious Minorities in the United States
- Religious Symbols and Religious Expression in the Public Square
- Religious Liberty as a Democratic Institution
- Pursuit of the Moral Good and the Church–State Conundrum in the United States: The Politics of Sexual Orientation
- Monitoring and Surveillance of Religious Groups in the United States
- The U.S. Congress: Protecting and Accommodating Religion
- The Christian Right and Church–State Issues
- American Religious Liberty in International Perspective
- Supply-side Changes in American Religion: Exploring The Implications of Church–State Relations
- Peeking through Jefferson’s Relocated Wall: A Sociological Assessment of U.S. Church–State Relations
- The Role of Civil Religion in American Society
- The Interplay of Law, Religion, and Politics in the United States
- Historical Perspectives
- Constitutional Perspectives
- The States and Religious Freedom
- Theological and Philosophical Perspectives
- Religious Pluralism
- Ethics and Values
- Political Perspectives
- Sociological Perspectives
- Table of Cases
Abstract and Keywords
America is defined as a “nation of faith.” Some statesmen claim that it is a republic whose governmental institutions presuppose belief in the Supreme Being and which respects, promotes, and protects religious pluralism. As part of its public diplomacy, the U.S. State Department stresses the connection between American religiosity and freedom. The strong connection between religion and freedom created a religious diversity unmatched by other countries. While the Constitution recognizes religious freedom and religious pluralism, it nonetheless admits the impossibility of absolute pluralism. Within this context, the U.S. Constitution permits limitations for the sake of civic peace, social cohesion, the protection of public safety, and the fundamental rights and freedoms of others. This article discusses how America manages religious pluralism, as well as the meaning of managed pluralism, the theories surrounding it, and the court's standpoint on the issue of managed pluralism.
Nikolas K. Gvosdev is a professor of national security studies at the U.S. Naval War College, Newport, Rhode Island. He was the Editor of The National Interest and a Senior Fellow of Strategic Studies at The Nixon Center. He is currently a senior editor at The National Interest. Dr. Gvosdev is a frequent commentator on U.S. foreign policy and international relations, Russian and Eurasian affairs, developments in the Middle East, and the role of religion in politics. He received his doctorate from St. Antony’s College, Oxford University, where he studied on a Rhodes Scholarship. He was also associate director of the J.M. Dawson Institute of Church-State Studies at Baylor University. Dr. Gvosdev is the author or editor of six books, including the co-author of The Receding Shadow of the Prophet: The Rise and Fall of Political Islam.
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