- Introduction: Religious Pluralism as the Essential Foundation of America’s Quest for Unity and Order
- The Founding Era (1774–1797) and the Constitutional Provision for Religion
- Eighteenth-Century Religious Liberty: The Founding Generation’s Protestant-Derived Understanding
- Church and State in Nineteenth-Century America
- Religious Advocacy by American Religious Institutions: A History
- Constitutional Language and Judicial Interpretations of the Free Exercise Clause
- The U.S. Supreme Court and Non-First Amendment Religion Cases
- The Meaning of the Separation of Church and State: Competing Views
- Managed Pluralism: The Emerging Church–State Model in the United States?
- Religious Liberty and Religious Minorities in the United States
- Religious Symbols and Religious Expression in the Public Square
- Religious Liberty as a Democratic Institution
- Pursuit of the Moral Good and the Church–State Conundrum in the United States: The Politics of Sexual Orientation
- Monitoring and Surveillance of Religious Groups in the United States
- The U.S. Congress: Protecting and Accommodating Religion
- The Christian Right and Church–State Issues
- American Religious Liberty in International Perspective
- Supply-side Changes in American Religion: Exploring The Implications of Church–State Relations
- Peeking through Jefferson’s Relocated Wall: A Sociological Assessment of U.S. Church–State Relations
- The Role of Civil Religion in American Society
- The Interplay of Law, Religion, and Politics in the United States
- Historical Perspectives
- Constitutional Perspectives
- The States and Religious Freedom
- Theological and Philosophical Perspectives
- Religious Pluralism
- Ethics and Values
- Political Perspectives
- Sociological Perspectives
- Table of Cases
Abstract and Keywords
This article discusses law, religion, and politics in the United States. It looks at these issues within the following contexts; 1) separation of the church and state; 2) cooperation between sacred and secular; 3) integration of religion and politics; and 4) accommodation of civil religion. Each of these four categories is important to the overall American public philosophy and to the confusing yet interconnected system that has as its goal the Good Society. Although conflicting in many aspects, the principles of the separation of church and state, cooperation between sacred and secular, integration of religion and politics, and accommodation of civil religion combine to provide a distinctive but significant contribution to America's public philosophy. While the role of religion in American public life has been controversial since its founding and may remain so, the separation–cooperation–integration–accommodation typology described in this article removes some of the hard edges from the controversy as it embraces elements of both conservative and liberal thought, of competing philosophical and theological beliefs, and of argument advanced by the separationists and anti-separationists. Such is the way the democracy should work—disparate elements coming together to produce a common good and to achieve the Good Society.
Derek H. Davis is the Dean of the College of Humanities and Dean of the Graduate School at the University of Mary Hardin-Baylor and Director of the UMHB Center for Religious Liberty. He was formerly Director of the J.M. Dawson Institute of Church-State Studies and Professor of Political Science, Baylor University, and Editor of the Journal of Church and State. He is the author or editor of seventeen books, including Original Intent and Religion and the Continental Congress, 1774-1789, and more than 150 articles in various journals and periodicals. He serves numerous organizations given to the protection of religious freedom in American and international contexts.
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