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date: 03 August 2020

Historical Perspectives

Historical Perspectives

Development of Western Church–State Relations

Ahlstrom, Sydney E. A Religious History of the American People, 2 vols. Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1975.Find this resource:

(p. 520) Bainton, Roland. The Travail of Religious Liberty. New York: Harper and Brothers, 1951.Find this resource:

Barraclough, Geoffrey. The Medieval Papacy. New York: Harcourt, Brace & World, 1968.Find this resource:

Bates, M. Searle. Religious Liberty: An Inquiry. New York: Harper and Brothers, 1945.Find this resource:

Benestad, J. Brian, ed. Classical Christianity and the Political Order; Ernest Fortin: Collected Essays. Lanham, MD: Rowman and Littlefield, 1996.Find this resource:

Berman, Harold J. Faith and Order: The Reconciliation of Law and Religion. Atlanta, GA: Lightning, Source, Inc., 1993.Find this resource:

Bratton, Fred Gladstone. The Legacy of the Liberal Spirit: Men and Movements in the Makings of Modern Thought. New York: Scribner’s, 1943.Find this resource:

Canavan, Francis. Edmund Burke: Perception and Providence. Durham, NC: Carolina Academic Press, 1987.Find this resource:

Ehler, Sidney Z. and John B. Morrall, eds. Church and State through the Centuries: A Collection of Historic Documents with Commentaries. Westminster, MD: Newman Press, 1954.Find this resource:

Ellul, Jacques. The Theological Foundation of Law. trans. Marguerite Weiser. London: SCM Press, 1961.Find this resource:

Kamen, Henry. The Rise of Toleration. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1967.Find this resource:

Norwood, Frederick A. Strangers and Exiles: A History of Religious Refugees. 2 vols. Nashville, TN: Abingdon Press, 1969.Find this resource:

O’Donovan, Oliver and Joan Lockwood O’Donovan, eds. From Irenaeus to Grotius: A Sourcebook in Christian Political Thought. Grand Rapids, MI: William B. Eerdmans, 1999.Find this resource:

Reynolds, Noel B. and W. Cole Durham, eds. Religious Liberty in Western Thought. Atlanta, GA: Emory University Studies, in Law and Religion, 1996.Find this resource:

Skinner, Quentin. The Foundations of Modern Political Thought. 2 vols. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1978.Find this resource:

Tierney, Brian. Religion, Law, and the Growth of Constitutional Thought, 1150–1650. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 1982.Find this resource:

Tierney, Brian. The Crisis of Church and State, 1050–1300. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1988.Find this resource:

Sagorin, Perez. How the Idea of Religious Toleration Came to the West. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2003.Find this resource:

Colonial Era

Ahlstrom, Sydney E. A Religious History of the American People. 2 vols. Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1975.Find this resource:

Backus, Isaac. Appeal to the Public for Religious Liberty Against the Oppressions of the Present Day. 1773.Find this resource:

Bonomi, Patricia U. Under the Cope of Heaven: Religion, Society and Politics in Colonial America. New York: Oxford University Press, 1986.Find this resource:

Bridenbaugh, Carl. Mitre and Sceptre: Transatlantic Faiths, Ideas, Personalities and Politics, 1689–1775. London: Oxford University Press, 1962.Find this resource:

Balmer, Randall. A Perfect Babel of Confusion: Dutch Religion and English Culture in the Middle Colonies. New York: Oxford University Press, 1989.Find this resource:

Bloch, Ruth H. Visionary Republic: Millennial Themes in American Thought, 1756–80. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 1985.Find this resource:

Bodo, John R. The Protestant Clergy and Public Issues, 1812–1848. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1954.Find this resource:

(p. 521) Boles, John B. The Great Revival, 1787–1805. Lexington, KY: University Press of Kentucky, 1972.Find this resource:

Bonomi, Patricia U. Under the Cope of Heaven: Religion, Society, and Politics in Colonial America. New York: Oxford University Press, 1986.Find this resource:

Brauer, Jerald C., Sidney E. Mead, and Robert N. Bellah. Religion and the American Revolution. Philadelphia: Fortress Press, 1976.Find this resource:

Brauer, Jerald C. The Great Awakening: Documents on the Revival of Religion, 1740–1745. New York: Atheneum Publishers, 1969.Find this resource:

Butler, Jon. Awash in a Sea of Faith: Christianizing the American People. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1990.Find this resource:

Cobb, Sanford H. The Rise of Religious Liberty in America. New York: Macmillan, 1902.Find this resource:

Cousins, Norman, ed. “In God We Trust:” The Religious Beliefs and Ideas of American Founding Fathers. New York: Harper, 1958.Find this resource:

Coyle, Wallace, Roger Williams: A Reference Guide. Boston: G.K. Hall, 1977.Find this resource:

Curry, Thomas J. The First Freedoms: Church and State Relations to the Passage of the First Amendment. New York: Oxford University Press, 1986.Find this resource:

Dargo, George. “Toleration and its Limits in Early America.” Northern Illinois University Law Review 16 (Spring 1996): 341.Find this resource:

Davidson, Elizabeth H. The Establishment of the English Church in Continental American Colonies. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 1936.Find this resource:

Davis, Derek H. Religion and the Continental Congress, 1774–1789: Contributions to Original Intent. New York: Oxford University Press, 2000.Find this resource:

Davis, Derek H. “The Enduring Legacy of Roger Williams: Consulting America’s First Church-State Expert on Today’s Controversies.” Journal of Church and State 41 (Spring 1999): 201.Find this resource:

Dunn, Mary. William Penn: Politics and Conscience. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1967.Find this resource:

Eckenrode, H.J. Separation of Church and State in Virginia: A Study in the Development of the Revolution. Richmond, VA: Virginia Historical Society, 1910.Find this resource:

Ellis, John T. Catholics in Colonial America. Baltimore: Helicon, 1965.Find this resource:

Frost, William J., A Perfect Freedom: Religious Liberty in Pennsylvania. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 1993.Find this resource:

Gaustad, Edwin S., ed. A Documentary History of Religion in America to the Civil War. Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 1986.Find this resource:

Gaustad, Edwin S. “Colonial Religion and Liberty of Conscience.” In The Virginia Statute for Religious Freedom: Its Evolution and Consequences, eds. Merrill D. Peterson and Robert Vaughan. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1988.Find this resource:

Gaustad, Edwin S. Liberty of Conscience: Roger Williams in America. Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 1991.Find this resource:

Gaustad, Edwin S. Neither King nor Prelate. Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 1993.Find this resource:

Greene, Louise M. The Development of Religious Liberty in Connecticut. Cambridge, MA: The Riverside Press, 1905.Find this resource:

Hall, David. Worlds of Wonder, Days of Judgement: Popular Religious Belief in Early New England. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1990.Find this resource:

Hall, Timothy L. Separating Church and State: Roger Williams and Religious Liberty. Urbana, IL: University of Illinois Press, 1998.Find this resource:

Handy, Robert T. A Christian America: Protestant Hopes and Historical Realities. 2nd rev. ed. New York: Oxford University Press, 1984.Find this resource:

Haskins, G.L. Law and Authority in Early Massachusetts. Totowa, NJ: Rowman and Littlefield, 1960.Find this resource:

(p. 522) Heimert, Alan E. Religion in the American Mind: From the Great Awakening to the Revolution. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1966.Find this resource:

Howe, Mark D. The Garden and the Wilderness: Religion and Government in American Constitutional History. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1965.Find this resource:

Humphrey, Edward F. Nationalism and Religion in America, 1774–1789. New York: Russell & Russell, 1965.Find this resource:

Isaac, Rhys. The Transformation of Virginia, 1740–1790. Williamsburg, VA: University of North Carolina Press, 1982.Find this resource:

Johnson, Curtis D. Islands of Holiness: Rural Religion in Upstate New York, 1790–1860. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1989.Find this resource:

Kinney, Charles B., Jr. Church and State: The Struggle for Separation in New Hampshire, 1630–1900. New York: Teachers College, Columbia University, 1955.Find this resource:

Levy, Leonard. The Establishment Clause: Religion and the First Amendment. New York: Macmillan, 1986.Find this resource:

Love, William DeLoss, Jr. The Fast and Thanksgiving Days of New England. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1895.Find this resource:

Lutz, Donald S., ed. Colonial Origins of the American Constitution: A Documentary History. Indianapolis, IN: Liberty Fund, 1998.Find this resource:

Marcus, Jacob R. The Colonial American Jew, 1492–1776. Detroit, MI: Wayne State University Press, 1970.Find this resource:

Mathews, Donald G. Religion in the Old South. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1977.Find this resource:

McGarvie, Mark Douglas. One Nation Under Law: America’s Early National Struggles to Separate Church and State. Dekalb, IL: Northern Illinois Press, 2005.Find this resource:

McLoughlin, William G. New England Dissent, 1630–1833. 2 vols. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1971.Find this resource:

Meyer, Jacob C. Church and State in Massachusetts, 1750–1833. Cleveland, OH: Western Reserve Press, 1930.Find this resource:

Miller, Perry. Roger Williams: His Contribution to the American Tradition. Indianapolis, IN: Bobbs‑Merrill, 1953; reprinted New York: Atheneum, 1962.Find this resource:

Miller, Perry. The New England Mind, vol. l: “The Seventeenth Century.” New York: Oxford University Press, 1939; and vol. 2: “From Colony to Province.” Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1963.Find this resource:

Miller, William Lee. The First Liberty: Religion and the American Republic. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1986.Find this resource:

Moore, Leroy. “Religious Liberty: Roger Williams and the Revolutionary Era.” Church History 34 (March 1965): 57–76.Find this resource:

Morgan, Edmund S. Roger Williams: Church and State. New York: Harcourt, Brace & World, 1967.Find this resource:

Norwood, Frederick A. Strangers and Exiles: A History of Religious Refugees. 2 vols. Nashville, TN: Abingdon Press, 1969.Find this resource:

Palm, Daniel C. On Faith and Free Government. Lanham, MD: Rowman and Littlefield, 1997.Find this resource:

Penn, William. The Great Case of Liberty of Conscience. London, 1670.Find this resource:

Peterson, Merrill and Robert C. Vaughan. The Virginia Statute for Religious Freedom: Its Evolution and Consequences. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1988.Find this resource:

Stout, Harry S. The New England Soul: Preaching and Religious Culture in Colonial New England. 1986.Find this resource:

Strout, Cushing. The New Heavens and the New Earth: Political Religion in America. New York: Harper & Row, 1974.Find this resource:

(p. 523) Ward, Harry M. “Unite or Die”: Intercolony Relations, 1690–1763. Port Washington, NY: Lefert’s Press, 1971.Find this resource:

Williams, George Hunston. “The Chaplaincy in the Armed Forces of the United States of America in Historical and Ecclesiastical Perspective.” In Military Chaplains: From a Religion Military to a Military Religion, ed. Harvey G. Cox, Jr. New York: American Report Press, 1972.Find this resource:

Williams, Roger. The Bloudy Tenet, of Persecution, for Cause of Conscience. London, 1644. In The Complete Writings of Roger Williams. 7 vols. Boston: Russell & Russell, Inc., 1963.Find this resource:

Wilson, John F. and Donald Drakeman. The Church and State in American History. 3rd ed. Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 2003.Find this resource:

Puritan Thought

Bercovitch, Sacvan. The Puritan Origins of the American Self. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1975.Find this resource:

Brauer, Jerald C. “Puritanism, Revivalism, and the Revolution.” In Religion and the American Revolution, Jerald C. Brauer. Philadelphia: Fortress Press, 1976.Find this resource:

Breen, T.H. The Character of the Good Ruler: A Study of Puritan Political Ideas in New England, 1630–1730. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1970.Find this resource:

Bushman, Richard L. From Puritan to Yankee: Character and the Social Order in Connecticut, 1690–1765. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1967.Find this resource:

Cohn, Charles Lloyd. God’s Caress: The Psychology of Puritan Religious Experience. New York: Oxford University Press, 1986.Find this resource:

Holstun, James. A Rational Millennium: Puritan Utopias of Seventeenth-Century England and America. New York: Oxford University Press, 1987.Find this resource:

Morgan, Edmund S. Puritan Political Ideas, 1558–1794. Indianapolis, IN: Bobbs-Merrill, 1965.Find this resource:

Morgan, Edmund S. The Puritan Dilemma: The Story of John Winthrop. Boston: Little, Brown, 1958.Find this resource:

Morgan, Edmund S. “The Puritan Ethic and the American Revolution.” The William and Mary Quarterly 24 (January 1967): 3.Find this resource:

Morgan, Edmund S. Visible Saints: A History of a Puritan Idea. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1974.Find this resource:

Holifield, Brooks E. The Covenant Sealed: The Development of Puritan Sacramental Theology in Old and New England, 1974.Find this resource:

Winthrop, John. “Speech to the General Court.” In The Puritans: A Sourcebook of Their Writings, eds. Perry Miller and Thomas H. Johnson. New York: Harper & Row, 1963.Find this resource:

Revolutionary Era

Bailyn, Bernard, ed. Pamphlets of the American Revolution 1750–1776. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1965.Find this resource:

Bailyn, Bernard. The Ideological Origins of the American Revolution. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1967.Find this resource:

Buckley, Thomas E. Church and State in Revolutionary Virginia, 1776–1787. Charlottesville, VA: University of Virginia Press, 1977.Find this resource:

Carroll, Peter N., ed. Religion and the Coming of the American Revolution. Waltham, MA: Ginn-Blaisdell, 1970.Find this resource:

Chauncy, Charles. “A Discourse on the Good News from a Far Country.” (1766). In The Pulpit of the American Revolution, ed. John Thornton. New York: Da Capo Press, 1970.Find this resource:

(p. 524) Davis, Derek H. “Religious Dimensions of the Declaration of Independence: Fact and Fiction.” Journal of Church and State 36 (Summer 1994): 469–482.Find this resource:

Davis, Derek H. “Religion and the American Revolution.” Journal of Church and State 36 (Autumn 1994): 709–724.Find this resource:

Fay, Bernard. Revolution and Freemasonry, 16801800. Boston: Little, Brown, 1935.Find this resource:

Gilpin, Thomas. Exiles in Virginia: With Observations on the Society of Friends During the Revolutionary War. Philadelphia: C. Sherman, 1848.Find this resource:

Hatch, Nathan O. “In Pursuit of Religious Freedom: Church, State, and People in the New Republic.” In The American Revolution: Its Character and Limits, ed. Jack P. Greene. New York: New York University Press, 1987.Find this resource:

Hatch, Nathan O. The Sacred Cause of Liberty: Republican Thought and the Millennium in Revolutionary New England. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1977.Find this resource:

Hogue, William M. “The Religious Conspiracy Theory of the American Revolution: Anglican Motive.” Church History 45 (1976): 277.Find this resource:

Henderson, H. James. “The Structure of Politics in the Continental Congress.” In Essays on the American Revolution, eds. Stephen G. Kurtz and James H. Hutson. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 1973.Find this resource:

Hoffman, Ronald, and Peter J. Albert, eds. Religion in a Revolutionary Age. Charlottesville, VA: NC/London, 1994.Find this resource:

Joyce, Lester Douglas. Church Clergy in the American Revolution. New York: Exposition Press, 1966.Find this resource:

Katz, Stanley N. “The Legal and Religious Context of Natural Rights Theory: A Comment.” In Party and Political Opposition in Revolutionary America, ed. Patricia U. Bonomi. Tarrytown, NY: Sleepy Hollow Press, 1980.Find this resource:

McLoughlin, William G. “The Role of Religion in the Revolution.” In Essays on the American Revolution, eds. Stephen G. Kurtz and James H. Hutson. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 1973.Find this resource:

Mead, Sidney E. “American Protestantism during the Revolutionary Epoch.” Church History 22 (December 1953): 279.Find this resource:

Moore, Frank, ed. The Patriot Preachers of the American Revolution. New York: Charles T. Evans, 1862.Find this resource:

Noll, Mark A. Christians in the American Revolution. Washington, DC: Christian University Press, 1985.Find this resource:

Otis, James. The Rights of the British Colonies Asserted and Proved. Boston, 1764. In Pamphlets of the American Revolution, 1750–1776, ed. Bernard Bailyn. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1965.Find this resource:

Prowell, George Reeser. Continental Congress at York, Pennsylvania and York County in the Revolution. York, PA: York Printing Co., 1914.Find this resource:

Singer, C. Gregg. “Theological Aspects of the Revolution.” Christianity Today 3 (22 June 1959): 5.Find this resource:

Thornton, John Wingate. The Pulpit of the American Revolution. 1860; reprinted, New York: Da Capo Press, 1970.Find this resource:

White, Morton. The Philosophy of the American Revolution. New York: Oxford University Press, 1978.Find this resource:

Wood, Gordon S. The Creation of the American Republic, 1776–1787. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 1969.Find this resource:

Wood, Gordon S. The Radicalism of the American Revolution. New York: Random House, 1991.Find this resource:

Wright, Esmond, ed. Causes and Consequences of the American Revolution. Chicago: Quadrangle Books, 1966.Find this resource:

Founding Era

Allen, Brooke. Moral Minority: Our Skeptical Founding Fathers. Chicago: Ivan R. Dee, 2006.Find this resource:

Alley, Robert, ed. James Madison: A Free Conscience in a Secular Republic. Buffalo, NY: Prometheus books, 1985.Find this resource:

Baker, John S. “James Madison and Religious Freedom.” Benchmark 3 (January–April 1987): 71.Find this resource:

Banning, Lance. “James Madison, the Statute for Religious Freedom, and the Crisis of Republican Convictions.” In The Virginia Statute for Religious Freedom, eds. Merrill D. Peterson and Robert D. Vaughan. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 1988.Find this resource:

Becker, Carl. The Declaration of Independence: A Study in the History of Political Ideas. New York: Vintage Books, 1958.Find this resource:

Beeman, Richard, Stephen Botein, and Edward C. Carter II, eds. Beyond Confederation: Origins of the American Constitution and American National Identity. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 1987.Find this resource:

Boller, Paul F., Jr. George Washington and Religion. Dallas, TX: Southern Methodist University Press, 1963.Find this resource:

Borden, Morton. “Federalists, Anti-Federalists, and Religious Freedom.” Journal of Church and State 21 (1979): 469.Find this resource:

Botein, Stephen. “Religious Dimensions of the Early American State.” In Beyond Confederation: Origins of the American Constitution and American National Identity, eds. Richard Beeman, Stephen Botein, and Edward C. Carter II. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 1987Find this resource:

Buckley, Thomas E. “The Political Theology of Thomas Jefferson.” In The Virginia Statute for Religious Freedom: Its Evolution and Consequences in American History, ed. Merrill D. Peterson and Robert C. Vaughan. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 1988.Find this resource:

Burnett, Edmund C. The Continental Congress: A Definitive History of the Continental Congress from its Inception in 1774 to March, 1789. New York: Macmillan, 1941.Find this resource:

Burnett, Edmund C., ed. Letters of Members of the Continental Congress. 8 vols. Washington, DC: The Carnegie Institution, 1921–1936.Find this resource:

Castro, William. “Oliver Ellsworth’s Calvinism: A Biographical Essay on Religion and Political Psychology in the Early Republic.” Journal of Church and State 36 (1994): 507.Find this resource:

Church, Forest. So Help Me God: The Founding Fathers and the First Great Battle Over Church and State. New York: Harcourt, 2007.Find this resource:

Cobb, Sanford. The Rise of Religious Liberty in America: A History. New York: Macmillan, 1902.Find this resource:

Cole, Franklin P., ed. They Preached Liberty. Indianapolis, IN: Liberty Press, 1976.Find this resource:

Cousins, Norman, ed. In God We Trust: The Religious Beliefs and Ideas of the American Founding Fathers. New York: Harper & Brothers, 1958.Find this resource:

Cox, Harvey G., Jr., ed. Military Chaplains: From a Religion Military to a Military Religion. New York: American Report Press, 1972.Find this resource:

Curry, Thomas J. The First Freedoms: Church and State in America to the Passage of the First Amendment. New York: Oxford University Press, 1986.Find this resource:

Davis, Derek H. Religion and the Continental Congress, 1774–89: Contributions to Original Intent. New York: Oxford University Press, 2000.Find this resource:

DePauw, Linda Grant, ed. Documentary History of the First Federal Congress of the United States of America. 3 vols. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1971.Find this resource:

(p. 526) Donovan, Frank. Mr. Jefferson’s Declaration: The Story Behind the Declaration of Independence. New York: Dodd, Mead and Co., 1968.Find this resource:

Dreisbach, Daniel. “The Constitution’s Forgotten Religion Clause: Reflections on the Article VI Religious Test Ban.” Journal of Church and State 38 (Spring 1996): 267.Find this resource:

Dreisbach, Daniel. Thomas Jefferson and the Separation between Church and State. New York: NYU Press, 2002.Find this resource:

Dreisbach, Daniel L. and Mark David Hall, eds. The Sacred Rights of Conscience: Selected Readings on Religious Liberty and Church-State Relations in the American Founding. Indianapolis, IN: Liberty Fund, 2009.Find this resource:

Dumbald, Edward. The Declaration of Independence and What It Means Today. Norman, OK: University of Oklahoma Press, 1950.Find this resource:

Dunn, Mary Maples. William Penn: Politics and Conscience. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1967.Find this resource:

Edwards, Jonathan. Some Thoughts Concerning the Revival of Religion in New England. In The Works of Jonathan Edwards, ed. C.C. Goen. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1972.Find this resource:

Elliot, Jonathan, ed. The Debates of the Several State Conventions on the Adoption of the Federal Constitution (collected and revised by John Elliot, 1836), cited in the edition issued by J.B. Lippincott Co., Philadelphia, 1901.Find this resource:

Fleet, Elizabeth, ed. “Madison’s Detached Memoranda.” William and Mary Quarterly 3 (October 1946): 554.Find this resource:

Ford, Worthington C., ed. The Washington-Duche Letters. Brooklyn, NY: Cole Printing Co., 1890.Find this resource:

Ford, Worthington C., et al., eds. Journals of the Continental Congress. 34 vols. Washington, DC: 1904–1937.Find this resource:

Gaines, William H. “The Continental Congress Considers the Publication of a Bible, 1777.” Studies in Bibliography 3 (1950–1951): 274.Find this resource:

Gaustad, Ed. Faith of Our Fathers: Religion and the New Nation. San Francisco: Harper & Row, 1987.Find this resource:

Humphrey, Edward Frank. Nationalism and Religion in America, 1774–1789. Boston: Chipman Law Publishing Company, 1924.Find this resource:

Hutson, James. Church and State in America: The First Two Centuries. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2008.Find this resource:

Hutson, James. Forgotten Features of the Founding: The Recovery of Religious Themes in the Early American Republic. Lanham, MD: Lexington Books, 2003.Find this resource:

Hutson, James. Religion and the Founding of the American Republic. Washington, DC: Library of Congress, 1998.Find this resource:

Hutson, James. “Thomas Jefferson’s Letter to the Danbury Baptists: A Controversy Rejoined.” William and Mary Quarterly, 3d ser., 56, no. 4 (1999): 775.Find this resource:

Hutson, James H., ed. Religion and the New Republic: Faith in the Founding of America. Lanham, MD: Rowman and Littlefield, 2000.Find this resource:

Hyneman, Charles S. and Donald S. Lutz, eds. American Political Writings During the Founding Era, 1760–1805. Indianapolis, IN: Liberty Press, 1983.Find this resource:

Isaac, Rhys. The Transformation of Virginia, 1740–1790. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 1982.Find this resource:

Kurland, Philip B. and Ralph Lerner, eds. The Founders’ Constitution, 5 vols. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1987.Find this resource:

Madison, James. Notes of Debates in the Federal Convention of 1787. Adrienne Koch, ed. Athens, OH: Ohio University Press, 1966.Find this resource:

(p. 527) Henton, Ronald E. Masonic Membership of the Founding Fathers. Silver Spring, MD: Masonic Service Association, 1965.Find this resource:

Hills, Margaret T. “The First American Bible, as Published by Robert Aitken.” Bible Society Record 113 (January 1968): 1.Find this resource:

Hofstadter, Richard. “The Founding Fathers: An Age of Realism.” In The Moral Foundations of the American Republic, ed. Robert Horwitz. Charlottesville, VA: University of Virginia Press, 1986.Find this resource:

Horwitz, Robert H., ed. The Moral Foundations of the American Republic. 3rd ed. Charlottesville, VA: University Press of Virginia, 1986.Find this resource:

Kramnick, Isaac, ed. The Federalist Papers. New York: Penguin Books, 1987.Find this resource:

Labunski, Richard. James Madison and the Struggle for the Bill of Rights. New York: Oxford University Press, 2006.Find this resource:

Lambert, Frank. The Founding Fathers and the Place of Religion in America. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2003.Find this resource:

Malbin, Michael. Religion and Politics: The Intentions of the Authors of the First Amendment. Washington, DC: American Enterprise Institute, 1978.Find this resource:

McConnell, Michael W. “Establishment and Disestablishment at the Founding, Part I: Establishment of Religion.” 44 William and Mary Law Review (1992): 2105.Find this resource:

McGarvie, Mark. One Nation Under Law: America’s Early Struggles to Separate Church and State. DeKalb, IL: Northern Illinois University Press, 2005.Find this resource:

Meacham, Jon. American Gospel: God, the Founding Fathers, and the Making of a Nation. New York: Random House, 2006.Find this resource:

Mead, Sidney E. “Neither Church nor State: Reflections on James Madison’s ‘Line of Separation.’” Journal of Church and State 10 (1968): 349.Find this resource:

Munoz, Vincent Phillip. “James Madison’s Principles of Religious Liberty.” American Political Science Review 97 (February 2003): 17.Find this resource:

Pearson, Samuel C., Jr. “Nature’s God: A Reassessment of the Religion of the Founding Fathers.” Religion in Life 46 (Summer 1977): 152.Find this resource:

Peters, Thomas Nathan. “Religion, Establishment, and the Northwest Ordinance: A Closer Look at an Accommodation Argument.” 89 Kentucky Law Journal (2000–2001): 743.Find this resource:

Sandoz, Ellis. “Religious Liberty and Religion in the American Founding Revisited.” In Religious Liberty in Western Thought, eds. Noel B. Reynolds and W. Cole Durham. Grand Rapids, MI: Scholars Press, 1996.Find this resource:

Sandoz, Ellis, ed. Political Sermons of the American Founding Era, 1730–1805. Indianapolis, IN: Liberty Press, 1991.Find this resource:

Schlissel, Lillian. Conscience in America: A Documentary History of Conscientious Objection in America, 1757–1967. New York: E.P. Dutton & Co., 1968.Find this resource:

Sheldon, Garrett W. and Daniel L. Dreisbach, eds. Religion and Political Culture in Jefferson’s Virginia. Totowa, NJ: Rowman and Littlefield, 2000.Find this resource:

Stevens, William Perry. The Faith of the Signers of the Declaration of Independence. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1926.Find this resource:

Tocqueville, Alexis De. Democracy in America. J.P. Mayers and Max Lerner, eds. George Lawrence, trans. New York: Harper & Row, 1969.Find this resource:

Vetterli, Richard and Gary Bryner. In Search of the Republic. Totowa, NJ: Rowman and Littlefield, 1987.Find this resource:

Waldman, Steven. Founding Faith, Providence, Politics, and the Birth of Religious Freedom in America. New York: Random House, 2008.Find this resource:

West, John G., Jr. The Politics of Revelation and Reason: Religion and Civic Life in the New Nation. Lawrence, KS: University Press of Kansas, 1996.Find this resource:

(p. 528) Wood, Gordon S. The Creation of the American Republic 1776–1787. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 1969.Find this resource:

Enlightenment Thought

Davis, Derek H. “Jesus vs. the Watchmaker: Which Ideas Energized the American Revolution—Those of Evangelical Christianity or Enlightened Deism?” Christian History 15 (No. 2, 1996): 35.Find this resource:

May, Henry F. The Enlightenment in America. New York: Oxford University Press, 1976.Find this resource:

Cranston, Maurice William. Philosophers and Pamphleteers: Political Theorists of the Enlightenment. New York: Oxford University Press, 1986.Find this resource:

Gavin, Frank. Seven Centuries of the Problem of Church and State. New York: Hawood Fertig, 1971. Originally published in 1938 by Princeton University PressFind this resource:

Gavin, Frank. The Enlightenment: An Interpretation. 2 vols. New York: Knopf, 1966–1999.Find this resource:

Hampson, Norman. The Enlightenment: An Evaluation of its Assumptions, Attitudes, and Values. 1968. Reprint, New York: Penguin Books, 1986.Find this resource:

Koch, Adolf. Religion of the American Enlightenment. New York: Thomas Y. Crowell and Co., 1968.Find this resource:

Nicholls, David. God and Government in an Age of Reason. London: Routledge, 1995.Find this resource: