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date: 15 January 2021

Abstract and Keywords

This article presents a biography of Thomas Aquinas, who was born in the family castle of Roccasecca in southern Italy between Rome and Naples. He was sent to Paris (1245–48), to the convent of St. James, for his studies under the direction of Albert the Great, who introduced him to the work of Pseudo-Dionysius. He deepened his knowledge of the Ethics of Aristotle and appropriated the methods of the masters of the arts. He spent two years (1252–54) commenting on the sentences of Peter Lombard but did not manage to write his text until 1256. Aquinas had to go to Valenciennes to the General Article of the Dominicans to participate in a commission charged with the task of promoting studies at the end of the preceding period June 1259. Aquinas took the role of convent lector and helped his confreres prepare for the ministries of teaching and confession. Aquinas wrote Super Iob, which offers a lovely example of literal exegesis that is used in the service of doctrinal reflection on the suffering of the just innocent, in which suffering is reconciled with divine goodness. Aquinas was sent to Rome by his superiors to found an experimental studium at Santa Sabina for some select students of his Order over whom he would have complete authority.

Keywords: ethics of Aristotle, Lamentations, Super Boetium De Trinitate, Summa contra Gentiles

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