Abstract and Keywords
This chapter examines alternatives to punishment itself, not other forms of punishment. Those who say that people should end state punishment and replace it with something else are penal abolitionists. They conclude, for one reason or another, that punishment is not justified, and perhaps cannot be, no matter what form it takes and no matter what the offense for which it is imposed. Penal abolitionists must answer at least two questions: First, why is punishment never justified? Second, what, if anything, should replace it? The chapter explores negative abolitionism, positive abolitionism, and restorative justice.
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