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date: 30 May 2020

Abstract and Keywords

Anxiety is one of the most common mental health problems affecting children and youth today. Prevention approaches offer an alternative and adjunct to treatment, and have become a priority for governments, offering a cost-effective and efficient means of providing services to children and youth prior to the onset of psychopathology. This chapter presents a review of current prevention strategies for anxiety disorders and examines the role of risk and protective factors in the development of anxiety. Current evidence-based prevention strategies are discussed at an indicated, selective, and universal level of prevention. Cognitive behavioral approaches to anxiety prevention are discussed based on a model of risk and resilience. Future directions for prevention practice and research are highlighted.

Keywords: anxiety, child, cognitive behavioral treatment, prevention, protective factors, risk factors, youth

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