Show Summary Details

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD HANDBOOKS ONLINE ( © Oxford University Press, 2018. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Handbooks Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 14 December 2019

Abstract and Keywords

A number of programs have been developed to treat posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and acute stress disorder (ASD). Few of these programs have substantial empirical support for their efficacy. Most programs with established efficacy are based on techniques of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), including exposure therapy, cognitive therapy, and anxiety management training or, in the case of Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing, incorporate techniques similar to those used in CBT approaches. This chapter describes the major treatment approaches that have been empirically evaluated and reviews the treatment outcome literature for these programs. It concludes that there is substantial evidence for the efficacy of CBT approaches, particularly those that incorporate exposure to the traumatic memory. However, the literature provides little guidance to select among the available treatments as those studies that directly compare two or more treatments show largely equivalent outcomes.

Keywords: acute stress disorder, posttraumatic stress disorder, therapy, trauma, treatment

Access to the complete content on Oxford Handbooks Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can''t find the answer there, please contact us.