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date: 06 March 2021

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter describes a theoretical framework based on hierarchical models of personality and the anxiety disorders that is able to reflect both the DSM-IV organization of anxiety disorders as a distinct internalizing cluster (separate from mood disorders) as well as the diagnostic specificity within the category of anxiety disorders. The literature examining relationships between higher-order personality dimensions, such as Neuroticism and Extraversion, as well as lower-order facets of personality, such as self-criticism, perfectionism, and anxiety sensitivity, and the anxiety disorders is reviewed. Several mechanisms of interaction between personality factors and anxiety disorders are considered, specifically, vulnerability, scar, and pathoplasty models. Based on this literature, specific personality profiles associated with each anxiety disorder are proposed.

Keywords: anxiety, anxiety sensitivity, extraversion, general anxiety disorder, neuroticism, obsessive-compulsive disorder, panic, perfectionism, phobia, posttraumatic stress disorder, self-criticism

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