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date: 26 January 2021

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter provides a review of research findings on the nature of anxiety and panic, and a summary and update of Barlow's (1988, 2000, 2002) theory of triple vulnerability in the etiology of anxiety and its disorders. A description of the nature of anxiety is followed by an explication of the emotion of fear, and panic. A model of an integrated set of vulnerabilities is summarized, including a generalized biological (heritable) vulnerability, a generalized psychological vulnerability based on early experiences that contributes to the development of a sense of control over salient events, and a more specific psychological vulnerability associated with learning experiences that serve to focus anxiety on specific objects or situations.

Keywords: animals, anxiety disorders, behavioral genetic, development, temperament, theories of etiology, traits, vulnerability

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