- The Substance of Coinage: The Role of Scientific Analysis in Ancient Numismatics
- Archaic and Classical Greek Coinage
- The Monetary Background of Early Coinage
- Asia Minor to the Ionian Revolt
- The Coinage of the Persian Empire
- The Coinage of Athens, Sixth to First Century B.C.
- Aegina, the Cyclades, and Crete
- The Coinage of Italy
- The Coinage of Sicily
- Greece and the Balkans to 360 B.C.
- The Hellenistic World
- Royal Hellenistic Coinages: From Alexander to Mithradates
- The Hellenistic World: The Cities of Mainland Greece and Asia Minor
- The Coinage of the Ptolemies
- The Seleucids
- Greek Coinages of Palestine
- The Coinage of the Parthians
- The Roman World
- Early Roman Coinage and Its Italian Context
- The Denarius Coinage of the Roman Republic
- The Julio-Claudians
- The Ancient Coinages of the Iberian Peninsula
- Flavian Coinage
- The Coinage of the Roman Provinces through Hadrian
- Trajan and Hadrian
- Antonine Coinage
- The Provinces after Commodus
- Syria in the Roman Period, 64 BC–AD 260
- Roman Coinages of Palestine
- The Severans
- From Gordian III to the Gallic Empire (AD 238–274)
- The Later Third Century
- The Coinage of Roman Egypt
- Tetrarchy and the House of Constantine
- The Coinage of the Later Roman Empire, 364–498
- The Transformation of the West
- Marks of Value (Certain and Possible) on Late Roman Coins <i>with</i> Intrinsic Values (from Aurelian)
- Earliest Christian Symbols on Roman Coinsrichard abdy
Abstract and Keywords
At the opening of the third century, monetary pluralism prevailed in the Roman world. In the west, the monetary system remained, that put in place by Augustus, and the mint of Rome retained, with temporary exceptions, the monopoly of striking in the three metals, gold, silver, and bronze. A century later, the system was no longer dual: the coinage reform of Diocletian put in place a unified system to the exclusive benefit of the central imperial coinage. The only denominations in currency were those of the Roman system, Latin became the exclusive language of coins, and mints other than the imperial ones were closed. The apparatus of production was reduced and at the same time standardized: a dense network of mints was developed, along the frontiers and near the needs of the army, prefiguring the tetrarchic division of the empire into dioceses. These alterations opened up a new era.
Sylviane Estiot is Directeur de recherche, Centre national de la recherche scientifique, Lyon.
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